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Bronco - Oro
Bronco - Oro
Published: 2010/11/29
Channel: deyvid4855
Oro Part 1 Latest Yoruba Nollywood Movie Staring Odunlade Adekola Mercy Aigbe
Oro Part 1 Latest Yoruba Nollywood Movie Staring Odunlade Adekola Mercy Aigbe
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: TheOkinTv
Bronco - Oro ( Primera Fila ) (En Vivo)
Bronco - Oro ( Primera Fila ) (En Vivo)
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: BroncoVEVO
Documental HD Oro: El Dia Que Todo Cambio (Seleccion Olimpica Mexicana)
Documental HD Oro: El Dia Que Todo Cambio (Seleccion Olimpica Mexicana)
Published: 2013/01/17
Channel: DiceHasDab
Encuentro ORO en una GRIETA del RÍO ¡fiebre del oro en España 2017! - Detección Metálica ep. 109
Encuentro ORO en una GRIETA del RÍO ¡fiebre del oro en España 2017! - Detección Metálica ep. 109
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Detección Metálica
¿Hay ORO en Todos Los Rios? ¿Donde Encontrar ORO?
¿Hay ORO en Todos Los Rios? ¿Donde Encontrar ORO?
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Gatinhitoluz
🤑 ¡¡Buscando ORO en el RÍO con DETECCIÓN METÁLICA!! 💦 Cómo BUSCAR y ENCONTRAR Oro en los RÍOS
🤑 ¡¡Buscando ORO en el RÍO con DETECCIÓN METÁLICA!! 💦 Cómo BUSCAR y ENCONTRAR Oro en los RÍOS
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: The Crazy Haacks
10 Cosas que Desconocías del ORO
10 Cosas que Desconocías del ORO
Published: 2016/01/17
Channel: Luan Palomera
Jelena Tomasevic - Oro
Jelena Tomasevic - Oro
Published: 2008/05/24
Channel: LolasWhisper15
EL TRÁGICO FINAL del HOMBRE que se HIZO una CAMISA de ORO
EL TRÁGICO FINAL del HOMBRE que se HIZO una CAMISA de ORO
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Archivos Miedo
🔴Mochilero encuentra oro perdido en playa de México. CTX 3030 subtitle
🔴Mochilero encuentra oro perdido en playa de México. CTX 3030 subtitle
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: MX Hunter
Encuentran Pepitas de ORO en la Sierra de Mexico
Encuentran Pepitas de ORO en la Sierra de Mexico
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Gatinhitoluz
Haciendo el botón de "Oro" de Youtube
Haciendo el botón de "Oro" de Youtube
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Tim
Buscando Oro en la Selva Temporada 2016 Parte 1
Buscando Oro en la Selva Temporada 2016 Parte 1
Published: 2016/05/01
Channel: Gatinhitoluz
Oro Part 2
Oro Part 2
Published: 2015/05/27
Channel: TheOkinTv
¡Encontramos oro!
¡Encontramos oro!
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: Discovery Latinoamérica
cómo probar el oro verdadero o falso...
cómo probar el oro verdadero o falso...
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Humor DNC
LOS OBJETOS DE ORO MÁS GRANDES DEL MUNDO
LOS OBJETOS DE ORO MÁS GRANDES DEL MUNDO
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: TopMas+
Mango - Oro
Mango - Oro
Published: 2010/02/13
Channel: Leagas91
BUSCADOR DE TESOROS encuentra ORO MACABRO !!!
BUSCADOR DE TESOROS encuentra ORO MACABRO !!!
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: ProCali Adventures
El Hombre Piña Se Viste De Oro🍍⚱ | Caso Cerrado | Telemundo
El Hombre Piña Se Viste De Oro🍍⚱ | Caso Cerrado | Telemundo
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: Caso Cerrado
HALLAZGO DE ORO EN CUEVA EXTRATERRESTRE
HALLAZGO DE ORO EN CUEVA EXTRATERRESTRE
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: JAC DETECTOR
Geología del oro en el mundo - Origen de los yacimientos de oro en el mundo
Geología del oro en el mundo - Origen de los yacimientos de oro en el mundo
Published: 2014/07/01
Channel: elnegociodeloro
O.R.O. - Vivo per lei
O.R.O. - Vivo per lei
Published: 2007/07/05
Channel: ThelmaLouise00100
Encuentro ORO en un NUEVO RÍO ¡fiebre del oro en España 2017! - Detección Metálica ep. 103
Encuentro ORO en un NUEVO RÍO ¡fiebre del oro en España 2017! - Detección Metálica ep. 103
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Detección Metálica
SPINNER de Oro Casero
SPINNER de Oro Casero
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: TheSurvivorSpanish
Como Identificar si es Oro ó Pirita (oro de los tontos)
Como Identificar si es Oro ó Pirita (oro de los tontos)
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Gatinhitoluz
Canadian and Filipino Breaking Down In Mindanao... (Cagayan de Oro Roadtrip)
Canadian and Filipino Breaking Down In Mindanao... (Cagayan de Oro Roadtrip)
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Kyle Jennermann
Donde Buscar Oro?: Muestreo de Oro... Como se Hace? Temporada 2017
Donde Buscar Oro?: Muestreo de Oro... Como se Hace? Temporada 2017
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Gatinhitoluz
Oro - Jelena Tomasevic (reci pesme/lyrics)
Oro - Jelena Tomasevic (reci pesme/lyrics)
Published: 2008/04/03
Channel: vvvsss84
Andjela Nedeljkovic - Oro
Andjela Nedeljkovic - Oro
Published: 2014/12/05
Channel: Pinkove Zvezde
Como fundir y laminar Oro técnica
Como fundir y laminar Oro técnica
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: Trucos de la guerra
BUSCADOR DE TESOROS encuentra ORO ENCANTADO !!!
BUSCADOR DE TESOROS encuentra ORO ENCANTADO !!!
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: ProCali Adventures
Así es el dinero en Venezuela | UN DÓLAR VALE ORO!
Así es el dinero en Venezuela | UN DÓLAR VALE ORO!
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Luisito Comunica
Cómo ENCONTRAR ORO en tu CASA extrayéndolo de componentes electrónicos - Detección Metálica ep. 85
Cómo ENCONTRAR ORO en tu CASA extrayéndolo de componentes electrónicos - Detección Metálica ep. 85
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Detección Metálica
Buscando ORO con Sluice Box en un Balneario Natural
Buscando ORO con Sluice Box en un Balneario Natural
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Gatinhitoluz
Fani Trančeva - Oro
Fani Trančeva - Oro
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Pinkove Zvezde
12 Cosas INSÓLITAS Que Están Hechas con ORO
12 Cosas INSÓLITAS Que Están Hechas con ORO
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: Top Manias
L
L'oro della Banca d'Italia (imperdibile)
Published: 2015/10/20
Channel: GOLDSET
ORO - Quando ti senti sola
ORO - Quando ti senti sola
Published: 2012/01/01
Channel: MySassy1982
La Trakalosa de Monterrey - Broche de oro (Video Oficial)
La Trakalosa de Monterrey - Broche de oro (Video Oficial)
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: RemexMusic
ROMANTICOS DE ORO SOLO EXITOS
ROMANTICOS DE ORO SOLO EXITOS
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: El Corrillo
Sinead O
Sinead O'Connor - Oro Se do Bheatha Bhaile
Published: 2011/07/05
Channel: Lokiloclay
實測ORO TPMS胎壓監測器
實測ORO TPMS胎壓監測器
Published: 2013/09/30
Channel: buycartv
Marija Serdar - Oro
Marija Serdar - Oro
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: Pinkove Zvezde
Tijana Milentijević - ORO
Tijana Milentijević - ORO
Published: 2013/02/13
Channel: Dragana Ignjatić Marković
Jelena Tomašević feat. Bora Dugic - Oro (Serbia) Live 2008 Eurovision Song Contest
Jelena Tomašević feat. Bora Dugic - Oro (Serbia) Live 2008 Eurovision Song Contest
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Eurovision Song Contest
Oro oro, by THE FUREYS
Oro oro, by THE FUREYS
Published: 2010/09/16
Channel: Joseph Coyle
L
L'EMPLACEMENT DU LÉGENDAIRE ORO JACKSON ET SON PONÉGLYPHE - ONE PIECE THÉORIE
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Goji - Chaîne One Piece
ORO. Teaser Tráiler HD. En cines 10 de noviembre.
ORO. Teaser Tráiler HD. En cines 10 de noviembre.
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Sony Pictures España
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A sacred god figure wrapping for the war god 'Oro, made of woven dried coconut fibre (sennit), which would have protected a Polynesian god effigy (to'o), made of wood. The mana of the god was symbolised by feathers, usually red in colour, which were attached to the surface of the woven covering. Figure held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

'Oro is a god of the Polynesian pantheon. The veneration of Oro, although practiced in varying intensity among the islands, was a major cult of the Society Islands in the 17th and 18th centuries, especially Tahiti and Raiatea. On Tahiti 'Oro was the main deity and the god of war. The secret society of Arioi was closely linked because of its rites. On the Marquesas Islands, 'Oro bore the name Mahui.[1]

Origins[edit]

Four main gods were venerated on the Society Islands: Ta'aroa, originally the god of the sea and fishing, Tane, god of the forest and handicrafts, Tu, the old god of war and Ro'o, god of agricultural products and the weather. These main gods were also venerated on the other Polynesian islands.

The colonists who settled as part of the Polynesian expansion spread their religion amongst the various islands. Over the centuries the continual movement and developments of the original society groups brought about local differences and adaptations of the cult within the Polynesian Triangle.

On the island of Raiatea the priests elevated the god Ta'aroa from the role of sea god - already an important function in a maritime society - to the god responsible for creating the world. A possible explanation for this is that the ariki, the hereditary chiefs and members of the highest noble ranks on Raiatea, could trace their lineage directly to Ta'aroa. A further development of this cult was the veneration of Oro, the son of Ta'aroa and Hina tu a uta, to whom the marae Taputapuatea in the Opoa valley on Raiatea is dedicated.[2] According to tradition, Taputapuatea is the mythical birthplace of Oro. The cult of Ta'aroa also spread to the Cook Islands, the Tuamotu Archipelago and Mangareva. Large islands, such as New Zealand and Hawaii, remained unaffected by the cult and its developments and Ta'aroa retains his original function there as god of the sea.[3] Similarly, on many of the other islands of the south Pacific Oro did not have the same superior function as on Tahiti and Raiatea.

Due to the growing influence of Taputapuatea - one can characterize it as a type of central pilgrimage site - Oro gained more political power and religious influence within the Polynesian pantheon. On the neighboring island of Tahiti the veneration of Oro grew in importance during the late proto-historical or early historical period and can be seen as a clear step from Polytheism to Monotheism. This development was substantially driven by the influential secret society of Arioi, who were of great religious and political importance. From within their ranks came the upper echelons of the nobility and the priesthood. The Arioi could trace the foundation of their order back to the god Oro himself.

On Tahiti Oro was the god of war, who in times of peace became the god of the fine arts. Not only pigs but also humans were sacrificed to him. During his third voyage in 1777 James Cook was witness to such a human sacrifice. The prisoner was held securely on a platform whilst a priest smashed his skull with a holy mace.[4]

Legends[edit]

Taputapuatea marae on Raiatea

According to legend Oro lived with his sisters Teouri and Oaaoa on Mount Pahia on the island of Bora Bora. He asked his sisters for help in finding a suitable wife and descended to earth on a rainbow in the guise of a warrior. His search of the various islands at first proved futile, which also saddened his sisters. In the course of their journey home to Pahia the sisters arrived in the village of Vaitape, near Vai'otaha marae on Bora Bora. There they spotted Vairaumati, a beautiful young woman bathing in a pool of water. The sisters told Oro of their encounter and he decided to make Vairaumati his wife. Vairaumati found this young, strong warrior attractive. Every morning Oro would descend to earth to meet Vairaumati and then leave again in the evening to return to Pahia. 'Oro's brothers 'Oro-tetefa and Uru-tetefa, transformed themselves into a bunch of red feathers and a pregnant sow as wedding gifts.[2]:79-80

Vairumati gave birth to a son, who one day would become a powerful chieftain. Oro flew across the sky in the shape of a flame and made Vairaumati into a goddess.

The rainbow is also a symbol in Hawaiian mythology, even though the cult of Oro is a relatively late creation, coming about sometime after the settlement of the Hawaiian Archipelago by Polynesians from the Society Islands. In Hawaii the god Lono also descended to earth on a rainbow. The motif of the marriage of a human woman with a god descended from the sky is recurrent in Polynesian mythology, as well as being evident in numerous other mythologies from various cultures.[5]

Manifestations[edit]

Polynesian gods manifest themselves in two different ways: as "Ata" and as "To'o".

Ata was a natural object or artefact sought after by humans that would symbolise the incarnation of the gods. For the god Oro this was as either:

  • Oro-i-te-maro-tea: (Oro of the yellow belt), the manifestation of Oro as a light yellow thrush.
  • Oro-i-te-maro-ura: (Oro of the red belt), the manifestation of Oro as a red-green A'a-bird.[6]

To'o was a man-made object, for example a figure made of wood or stone, that presented a figurative image of the god. On Tahiti the god Oro was presented in an effigy wrapped in coconut fibers with a mace-shaped wooden "soul" in the middle. Red and yellow feathers—the symbols of the god—were placed within the layers of coconut fiber. The To'o was stored and kept safe on the ceremonial platform and would be regularly re-clothed in tapa fiber during a complicated ceremony. This ritual possibly has to do with the local burial cult where the body would be swathed in tapa.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J.A. Moerenhout, Voyages aux îles du Grand Océan, Paris, 1837; englische Übersetzung: Travels to the Islands of the Pacific Ocean, Lanham - London, 1983, S. 244
  2. ^ a b Salmond, Anne (2010). Aphrodite's Island. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 24–26. ISBN 9780520261143. 
  3. ^ Peter Buck: Vikings of the Sunrise, New York 1938, S. 89 f.
  4. ^ James Cook: Entdeckungsfahrten im Pazific, Logbücher der Reisen 1768 - 1779; deutsche Ausgabe Tübingen-Basel, 1971
  5. ^ Martha Beckwith: Hawaiian Mythology, Yale University Press 1940
  6. ^ Robert D. Craig: Dictionary of Polynesian Mythology, S. 194
  7. ^ Anthony JP Meyer: Ozeanische Kunst, Köln 1995, p. 515

Further reading[edit]

  • Robert D. Craig. "Oro". Dictionary of Polynesian mythology. Greenwood Publishing Group (1989), p. 193-194.

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