Ávila, Spain - 1 day visit - travel channel
Ávila, Spain - 1 day visit - travel channel
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Travel Tranquilo
ÁVILA A walking tour around the city / Un paseo por la ciudad.
ÁVILA A walking tour around the city / Un paseo por la ciudad.
Published: 2012/08/06
Channel: ProudBasque
Avila, Walk on the City Walls - Spain 4K Travel Channel
Avila, Walk on the City Walls - Spain 4K Travel Channel
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: myVideoMedia
Madrid Day Trips: Segovia, Toledo, Avila & El Escorial
Madrid Day Trips: Segovia, Toledo, Avila & El Escorial
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: Wolters World
Medieval Wall of Avila - Avila, Spain
Medieval Wall of Avila - Avila, Spain
Published: 2009/12/20
Channel: Davidsbeenhere
Ávila, Spain
Ávila, Spain
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: ASU Hispanic Research Center
Ávila, Spain - LCU Study Abroad
Ávila, Spain - LCU Study Abroad
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: Lubbock Christian University
Avila, Spain - Virtual Tour
Avila, Spain - Virtual Tour
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: oiradrex
Ávila, Spain
Ávila, Spain
Published: 2011/08/08
Channel: WatchingWorldPassBy
Avila Spain, 2016
Avila Spain, 2016
Published: 2016/01/23
Channel: richheimreal
Salamanca & Ávila | Spain
Salamanca & Ávila | Spain
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: Valerie Michelle
Walking the streets of Ávila, Spain
Walking the streets of Ávila, Spain
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Joshjames1234
Avila (Spain) Travel - Basilica of San Vicente
Avila (Spain) Travel - Basilica of San Vicente
Published: 2011/03/31
Channel: geobeats
Ávila Spain
Ávila Spain
Published: 2010/03/14
Channel: Herman Ashley
Avila Spain - Medieval Town
Avila Spain - Medieval Town
Published: 2012/04/13
Channel: banoncom
SPAIN Avila, Castilla y Leon (hd-video)
SPAIN Avila, Castilla y Leon (hd-video)
Published: 2015/07/07
Channel: Harry Mateman
Avila,  Santa Teresa de Jesús  and Palacio de Polentinos - Spain 4K Travel Channel
Avila, Santa Teresa de Jesús and Palacio de Polentinos - Spain 4K Travel Channel
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: myVideoMedia
Avila, Spain
Avila, Spain
Published: 2009/06/30
Channel: Encyclopaedia Britannica
Ávila, Spain
Ávila, Spain
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Louis Frank
Avila, Spain
Avila, Spain
Published: 2011/12/03
Channel: Alex Colao
Bishop Barron Greetings from Avila, Spain
Bishop Barron Greetings from Avila, Spain
Published: 2009/07/28
Channel: Bishop Robert Barron
Tour with us to avila spain/// Medieval Wall of Avila//Mother Theresa"s home
Tour with us to avila spain/// Medieval Wall of Avila//Mother Theresa"s home
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: AfricanFoodRecipes
Avila Spain 2014
Avila Spain 2014
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: John & Virginia's Videos
Avila Walls Spain Drone Aerial DJI
Avila Walls Spain Drone Aerial DJI
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Stan Covington
Vlog #14: Avila, Spain
Vlog #14: Avila, Spain
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Quick Ape
Avila, Spain
Avila, Spain
Published: 2015/12/03
Channel: ben sedin
The Medieval Walls of Ávila, Spain
The Medieval Walls of Ávila, Spain
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Dan Perez
Yemas de Santa Teresa - Avila, Spain
Yemas de Santa Teresa - Avila, Spain
Published: 2009/12/20
Channel: Davidsbeenhere
Avila and Segovia Spain - Carmelites
Avila and Segovia Spain - Carmelites
Published: 2015/04/12
Channel: Steve Ray
St. Teresa of Avila HD
St. Teresa of Avila HD
Published: 2015/10/14
Channel: Catholic Online
2017 IberRadio Avila SPAIN
2017 IberRadio Avila SPAIN
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: LEMD49
Hotels in Avila, Spain: Meson del Rastro
Hotels in Avila, Spain: Meson del Rastro
Published: 2009/10/31
Channel: Davidsbeenhere
Avila Spain
Avila Spain
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Ivan Tang
Palacio de Monjaraz Avila - Spain 4K Travel Channel
Palacio de Monjaraz Avila - Spain 4K Travel Channel
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: myVideoMedia
SATRIA Training Camp (Avila, Spain) 2016
SATRIA Training Camp (Avila, Spain) 2016
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Satria Arts
Avila, Spain (
Avila, Spain (
Published: 2007/04/02
Channel: Britannica Classic
Folk dance in Avila, Spain 05
Folk dance in Avila, Spain 05
Published: 2006/08/08
Channel: donnat54
Vaughantown Barco de Avila, Spain
Vaughantown Barco de Avila, Spain
Published: 2012/11/06
Channel: PobreDiabla20
Avila, Spain
Avila, Spain
Published: 2014/12/23
Channel: Arturo Pelimiano
Luxury Hotels - Parador de Ávila - Ávila
Luxury Hotels - Parador de Ávila - Ávila
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Luxury Hotels HD
III Concentración a Caballo Gredos 2015 - Hoyos del Espino, Ávila (Spain) -
III Concentración a Caballo Gredos 2015 - Hoyos del Espino, Ávila (Spain) -
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: Gredos a Caballo
Avila (Spain) UNESCO heritage site (Impression) 阿維拉(西班牙)世界遺產之城印象
Avila (Spain) UNESCO heritage site (Impression) 阿維拉(西班牙)世界遺產之城印象
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Long-Kwang Hsieh 謝隆廣
Places to see in (Avila - Spain ) The Walls of Avila
Places to see in (Avila - Spain ) The Walls of Avila
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Places to see in
Avila, Spain
Avila, Spain
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: Arturo Pelimiano
Embalse de las Cogotas. Ávila, Spain
Embalse de las Cogotas. Ávila, Spain
Published: 2015/07/02
Channel: Franklin A. Mendoza C.
Easter 2017 (Avila, Spain)
Easter 2017 (Avila, Spain)
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Eilon Wissmann
The Walled City of Ávila, Spain
The Walled City of Ávila, Spain
Published: 2011/08/06
Channel: Gary France
Avila, Spain
Avila, Spain
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: SuperChrisger
Avila, Spain
Avila, Spain
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: Luis Rivas
Timelapse nocturno - Noche de Niebla - Aldeavieja, Ávila - Spain
Timelapse nocturno - Noche de Niebla - Aldeavieja, Ávila - Spain
Published: 2015/09/13
Channel: Sin parar de viajar
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ávila with its famous town walls
Ávila with its famous town walls
Flag of Ávila
Official seal of Ávila
Nickname(s): Ávila de los Caballeros, Ávila del Rey, Ávila de los Leales
Motto(s): Una ciudad para todos... (A town for everyone...)
Ávila is located in Spain
Coordinates: 40°39′N 4°41′W / 40.650°N 4.683°W / 40.650; -4.683Coordinates: 40°39′N 4°41′W / 40.650°N 4.683°W / 40.650; -4.683
Country  Spain
Autonomous Community  Castile and León
Province Ávila
 • Mayor Miguel Ángel García Nieto (PP)
 • Land 231.9 km2 (89.5 sq mi)
Elevation 1,132 m (3,714 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 59,258
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 05001 - 05006
Area code(s) 34 (Spain) + 920 (Ávila)
Website (in Spanish)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Old Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches
Criteria Cultural: (iii), (iv) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 348
Inscription 1985 (9th Session)

Ávila (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈaβila]; Latin: Abila and Obila) is a Spanish town located in the autonomous community of Castile and León, and is the capital of the Province of Ávila.

It is sometimes called the Town of Stones and Saints, and it claims that it is one of the towns with the highest number of Romanesque and Gothic churches per capita in Spain.[citation needed] It has complete and prominent medieval town walls, built in the Romanesque style. The town is also known as Ávila de los Caballeros, Ávila del Rey and Ávila de los Leales (Ávila of the Knights, the King and the Loyalists), each of these epithets being present in the town standard.

The writer José Martínez Ruiz, in his book El alma castellana (The Castilian Soul), described it as "perhaps the most 16th-century town in Spain", and it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.


Situated 1132 metres (3714 feet) above sea level on a rocky outcrop on the right bank of the Adaja river, a tributary of the Duero, Ávila is the highest provincial capital in Spain. It is built on the flat summit of a rocky hill, which rises abruptly in the midst of a veritable wilderness; a brown, arid, treeless table-land, strewn with immense grey boulders, and shut in by lofty mountains.[1]


Ávila's position results in a temperate Mediterranean climate (Csb, according to the Köppen climate classification), with warm summers and chilly winters with snowfalls, bordering on a cold semi-arid climate (BSk). The hottest month, July, has an average temperature of 20.6 °C (69 °F), and the coldest month, January, has an average of 3.0 °C (37 °F). The average annual precipitation is 416 mm (16.38 in).[2] Annual rainfall is low compared to surrounding areas, implying that it lies in a rain shadow. The Adaja is dry for several months of the year and the town has historically had water supply problems.

Climate data for Ávila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.6
Average high °C (°F) 7.6
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
Average low °C (°F) −1.6
Record low °C (°F) −16.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 34
Average precipitation days 6 5 4 8 9 5 2 3 4 8 7 7 67
Average snowy days 5 4 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 20
Average relative humidity (%) 78 72 63 63 59 51 43 45 56 69 78 79 63
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133 154 212 223 253 312 353 322 244 182 131 117 2,636
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[3]


In pre-Roman times (5th century BC), Ávila was inhabited by the Vettones, who called it Obila ("High Mountain") and built one of their strongest fortresses here. There are Bronze Age stone statues of boars (known as verracio) nearby.

Gate Alcazar

Ávila may have been the ancient town known as Abula, mentioned by Ptolemy in his Geographia (II 6, 60) as being located in the Iberian region of Bastetania. Abula is mentioned as one of the first towns in Hispania that was converted to Christianity by Secundus of Abula (San Segundo), however, Abula may alternatively have been the town of Abla.[4]

After the conquest by ancient Rome, the town was called Abila or Abela. The plan of the town remains typically Roman; rectangular in shape, with its two main streets (cardo and decumanus) intersecting at a forum in the centre. Roman remains that are embedded in town walls at the eastern and southern entrances (now the Alcazar and Rastro Gates) appear to have been ashlar altar stones.[5]

By tradition, in the 1st century, Secundus, having travelled via the Roman province of Hispania Baetica, brought the Gospel to Avila, and was created its first bishop.[6]

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Ávila became a stronghold of the Visigoths. Conquered by the Arabs (who called it Ābila, آبلة), it was repeatedly attacked by the northern Iberian Christian kingdoms, becoming a virtually uninhabited no man's land. It was repopulated about 1088 following the definitive reconquest of the area by Raymond of Burgundy, son in law of Alfonso VI of León and Castile. He employed two foreigners, Casandro Romano and Florin de Pituenga, to construct a stone frontier town and creating the walls that still stand.[7]

The city achieved a period of prosperity under the Catholic Monarchs in the early 16th century, and their successors Charles V and Philip II of Spain, but began a long decline during the 17th century, reducing to just 4,000 inhabitants.

In the 19th century, there was some population growth with the construction of the railway line from Madrid to the French border at Irun and an important junction near the town. In 1936, at the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, the town quickly became part of the area occupied by rebel troops. Growth continued slowly again under Franco, but Ávila has not had a major influence in Spanish society in recent history, apart from the nurturing of politicians such as Adolfo Suárez, the first democratically elected prime minister Spanish post-Franco, and José María Aznar, prime minister from 1996 to 2004, who represented Ávila in the Cortes but was not from the town.


The Walls of Ávila[edit]

Main walls of Ávila

Its main monument is the imposing Walls of Ávila (11th-14th centuries), begun in 1090. The enclosed area is 31 hectares (77 acres) with a perimeter of 2,516 metres (2,752 yd), 88 blocks or semicircular towers, 2,500 merlons, curtain walls 3 m (9 ft 10 in) thick, with an average height of 12 m (39 ft) and 9 gates. It is the largest fully illuminated monument in the world. It is possible to walk upon the walls themselves for roughly half their circumference. Whilst some of the walls will never be navigable in this way because of their integration into other structures, there is a large stretch of the walls that has yet to be made safe for pedestrians.


Main view of the Cathedral of Ávila
Apse of the cathedral through the town walls

The construction of the iron-grey granite Gothic Cathedral of Ávila is said to have commenced in 1107 under Alvar Garcia de Estrella. Other historians believe the Cathedral to be the work of the master mason Fruchel in the 12th century, coinciding with the repopulation of the town led by Raymond of Burgundy. The eastern apse, which forms part of the town walls, is half church, half fortress, and it was here that the loyal citizens elevated Alonso VII as their king, hence Ávila del Rey. The transept was finished in 1350 by Bishop Sancho de Ávila. The earlier Romanesque parts are made of a striking red-and-white "blood" limestone, while the Gothic parts were built with pure white stone

  • Northern façade: Gothic style at left and added renaissance at right. Porch of the Apostles.
  • Western front: Burgundian style, with two towers forming a covered portal.
  • Interior: Latin cross with three naves, a crossing and ambulatory.
  • Capilla Mayor: Features a monumental altarpiece by Pedro Berruguete.
  • Chapel of San Segundo, the first bishop: Attached to a column of the cruise. Renaissance style.
  • Chapel of Santa Catalina: Made of alabaster.
  • Choir and Rood screen: Renaissance style, decorated with reliefs depicting scenes of saints, carved from limestone. The alabaster tomb of Alonso Tostado de Madrigal, bishop in 1499, shown in the act of writing is in the ambulatory: "so enlightened were his doctrines that they caused the blind to see".
  • Cloister: Access from the Romanesque cathedral by a door on the south aisle. Gothic style.

Basílica de San Vicente[edit]

Basilica of San Vicente
The Plaza de Santa Teresa with the Iglesia de San Pedro at background
  • Construction began in the 12th century and lasted until the 14th century. Its design is attributed to the French master Giral Fruchel, the author himself from the cathedral and pioneer of the Gothic style in Spain.
  • The overall structure is similar to the Latin basilicas. It has a Latin cross plan, three naves, dome, tribunes, three apses, atrium, two towers, and crypt.
  • All the façade and the environment where it is located are of great artistic value.
  • Interior: Latin cross room with three naves. The pillars are of a Greek cross with half columns on the heads.
  • Crypt: Consists of three chapels, for the three apses of the church are mainly romanesque and have the best capitals of the monument.

Highlight the tomb of Saint Peter of the Boat and, above all, the Cenotaph of the Holy Brothers Martyrs, the head of the temple, Saint Vincent of Ávila, and her sisters, along with the torture he suffered in the 4th century, Saint Sabina and Saint Cristeta, (Cenotafio de los santos Vicente, Sabina y Cristeta), one of the most important works of Romanesque sculpture in Spain.

Convento de San José[edit]

Convento de San José

The Convent of Saint Joseph is the first monastery of Discalced Carmelite nuns founded by Saint Teresa of Jesus. The convent was built in the year of 1562, although the most important architectural element, the church, was built in 1607. The Church was designed by the architect Francisco de Mora (1553-1610). It has been designated a national monument since 1968.

Iglesia de San Pedro[edit]

  • Start date: about 1100.
  • The church of Saint Peter is located outside the town walls in the Plaza de Mercado Grande at the door of the Alcazar. Presents analogous with that of San Vicente.
  • Latin cross floor and three naves of five sections. Apsidal chapels: mayor chapel, chapel of the south apse and chapel of the north apse.

Ermita de San Segundo[edit]

Torreón de los Guzmanes.
Santuario de Nuestra Señora de Sonsoles.

Beautiful hermitage located to the west of Ávila, outside the town walls, on the right bank of the Adaja river. Highlights the sculpted capitals in which the sculptor is the footprint of the apse of San Andrés. Alabaster statue made by Juan de Juni. Popular belief has it that, on introducing a handkerchief into the tomb and asking for three wishes, the saint will grant one. His pilgrimage is celebrated on 2 May, Segundo being the patron saint of Ávila.

Palacio de Don Diego del Águila[edit]

This 16th-century palace is located inside the walls and attached to it as junt walk through the door of San Vicente, defended the access of Muslim troops.[clarification needed] Located on a busy street by different arms of the Águila family.[clarification needed]

Real Monasterio de Santo Tomás[edit]

Real Monasterio de Santo Tomás is a Dominican convent of the late 15th century. Despite being away from the historic centre, it is one of the most important monuments of the town.

Santuario de Nuestra Señora de Sonsoles[edit]

Detail of the Cathedral at dusk, from the street Tomás Luis de Victoria
Convento de Santa Teresa

This sanctuary is located 6 km from the capital in a picturesque area, and has a restaurant, hostel, picnic areas, and playgrounds.

There is located the statue of the Virgin of Sonsoles, co-patroness of Ávila, and patroness of the fields in the province.

It is tradition in this town to make pilgrimage to the sanctuary, making a wish to the Virgin, and to get to the door barefoot until you enter the church.

Secular architecture[edit]

Notable examples of secular architecture are the Valderrábanos Palace (15th century), the Casa de los Deanes (16th century), the Torreón de los Guzmanes and the Verdugos Palace (15th-16th centuries).

Conference and Exhibition Centre Lienzo Norte[edit]

  • In mid-2007, work began on the convention centre. In April 2009, its construction was completed and it opened its doors.
  • The building, designed by architect Francisco José Mangado, is modern in style. It covers and area of 19,800 m2 (213,125 sq ft), including the area of the neighbouring gardens and parking.
  • There is a large symphony hall, large glass galleries, café, restaurant, conference room, catering services, storage, reception, store room, etc.
  • The symphony hall has a capacity of 2,000 and the secondary hall of 500. The two conference rooms have each 1,000 seats.

Museums and sights[edit]

Los Cuatro (The Four) Postes, landmark spot in Avila
  • Museum of Ávila
  • Museum of la Encarnación
  • Museum of Santa Teresa
  • Museum of the Cathedral
  • Museo of Santo Tomás
  • Museum of Oriental Art
  • Museum of Natural Sciences
  • Living Water
  • Hall of Torreón de los Guzmanes
  • Sala de la Diputación
  • Sala del Episcopio
  • Caprotti Museum (future museum located in the Superunda Palace currently under rehabilitation, which will house the work of Italian painter Guido Caprotti (1887–1966), based in Avila from 1916)[8]


Ávila has two universities: the Catholic University of Ávila (UCAV) and the University of Mysticism, which became operational on September 2, 2008.[citation needed] There are three colleges of the University of Salamanca (USAL): the Polytechnic School of Ávila, the College of Education and Tourism in Ávila, and the School of Nursing.

Sports buildings[edit]

  • Town Sport: swimming Pool, heated pool, tennis, paddle tennis, athletics, football, basketball, etc.
  • North Zone: heated pool, football, basketball and tennis.
  • Abulense Casino Club: pools, golf, tennis, paddle, cafeteria, restaurant, football, skating, basketball etc.
  • Naturávila: golf, swimming, horse riding, walking, basketball, paddle tennis, football.
  • San Antonio Sports Hall: in the north of the town is a large covered pavilion with basketball courts, tennis, soccer, squash, climbing.
  • Polideportivo Carlos Sastre, on the outskirts of the town. His inauguration took place on January 30, 2009 by a friendly match between Óbila Club de Basket of LEB Plata and LEB Oro C.B. León. It has basketball courts, soccer, tennis, volleyball, etc.

Sports teams[edit]

The town is home to Óbila CB, a professional basketball team of Spain's LEB Plata. The team plays its home games at the Multiusos Carlos Sastre.

Popular celebrations[edit]

The first public festival after the winter cold is the Holy week. The temperature is cold, especially at night, so one should not forget warm clothes.

Ávila holidays are October 15, Santa Teresa de Jesús, and May 2, San Segundo. The festivities take place around October 15 and the Summer Festival in mid-July.

Holy Week[edit]

Holy Week as celebrated in Ávila is considered of national tourist interest. It is one of the highest expressions of art and wealth as seen in numerous steps of Holy Week along the town walls. Processions have either or fifteen or twelve fraternities.

Fiestas de Santa Teresa[edit]

Fiestas de Santa Teresa (Procession, 2007).

The festivities of Santa Teresa last almost the entire month of October. The proclamation is done by the mayor in the Plaza Mayor, accompanied by some celebrity. After the proclamation was organized in the same place a musical performance with renowned singers.

The festival program includes several musical concerts, a fairground, bullfights, passacaglia, processions of the fan groups, chocolate with churros and liturgical acts naturally focus on the day of the patroness, on 15 October with multitudinous mass presided by Bishop, then celebrated a great procession, headed the image of Santa Teresa with the Virgin of La Caridad, and is accompanied by all the authorities of Ávila, civil and military, and several bands music. The procession takes place between the Cathedral of Ávila and Santa Teresa Church. Takes place the day before the "Procession Girl" from the Iglesian de Santa Teresa to the Cathedral.


Typical dishes of the town and region are "Judías del Barco", "Chuletón de Ávila", "Patatas revolconas" and "Yemas de Santa Teresa". Also worth mentioning is "Hornazo", "Bun stuffed with sausage, bacon, steak and eggs", "Mollejas de ternera" or the "Cochinillo", which can be found in the capital and in Arévalo.

Yemas de Santa Teresa[edit]

Yemas de Santa Teresa.

This sweet can always be found in the traditional pastry shop "La Flor de Castilla". In the other bakeries in the town it is produced under the name "Yemas de Ávila", or simply "Yemas", produced as its name indicates from egg yolk.

Chuletón de Ávila[edit]

This is a grilled T-bone steak, best cooked rare, which can be enjoyed in any hotel in the town. It is made from Avileña-Negra ibérica, an indigenous black cow of excellent meat, whose fame transcends the borders of the province and the country.

Judías del Barco[edit]

White beans from Barco de Ávila cooked with sausage, chorizo, ear, etc.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Ávila is twinned with:

A view of the Walls of Ávila.


Ávila Railway Station serves the town.

See also[edit]


  1. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ávila". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 64. 
  2. ^ "Valores climatológicos normales - Ávila". Agencia Estatal de Meteorologica. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Valores Climatológicos Normales. Ávila". Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Avitiano (December 23, 2008). "Abulenses". Centro de estudios abulenses. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  5. ^ Almarza, Armando Ríos (2007). Apuntes de Ávila. Ávila: Ayuntamiento de Ávila. ISBN 978-84-606-4259-6. 
  6. ^ Rudd, Charles (1905). The Cathedrals of Northern Spain. Boston: L.C. Page & Co. at Project Gutenberg
  7. ^ Ford, Richard (1855). A handbook for travellers in Spain. 2. London: John Murray. p. 744. 
  8. ^ Estudio Caprotti

Further reading[edit]

  • Parkinson Keyes, Frances (1957). The Land of Stones and Saints. Doubleday.  (Lives of five famous people of the province of Avila, Spain, in the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries: Isabel the Catholic, St Teresa of Ávila, St John of the Cross, María Vela and San Pedro Bautista)

External links[edit]


None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license