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Bericht über den Frauenmarsch in Berlin am 17.02.2018
Bericht über den Frauenmarsch in Berlin am 17.02.2018
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Hans-Erich Kraft
Uber nedir? Nasıl Kullanılır?
Uber nedir? Nasıl Kullanılır?
Published: 2016/07/09
Channel: SOSYOSELF
MEGA - XXL - ♥BLUSHES♥ AUSSORTIEREN !!! Über 80 fliegen raus!!!
MEGA - XXL - ♥BLUSHES♥ AUSSORTIEREN !!! Über 80 fliegen raus!!!
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Moldavit
Meine Brustvergrößerung | Alles über meine Operation | Jolina Mennen
Meine Brustvergrößerung | Alles über meine Operation | Jolina Mennen
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Jolina Mennen
So putzig: Anna-Maria Zimmermanns Matti staunt über Spieluhr
So putzig: Anna-Maria Zimmermanns Matti staunt über Spieluhr
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Promiflash
Schacht & Wasabi über GZUZ, Schwesta Ewa, Sido, Fler und Eunique (Podcast Folge 56)
Schacht & Wasabi über GZUZ, Schwesta Ewa, Sido, Fler und Eunique (Podcast Folge 56)
Published: 2018/02/17
Channel: Schacht & Wasabi
Picking Up Uber Riders In A Bugatti!
Picking Up Uber Riders In A Bugatti!
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Coby Persin
Über LAVA laufen [GLITCH] in Super Mario Odyssey 🔥😁
Über LAVA laufen [GLITCH] in Super Mario Odyssey 🔥😁
Published: 2017/12/27
Channel: Theo
MSC: CDU-Politikerin Motschmann über die Neuausrichtung der EU
MSC: CDU-Politikerin Motschmann über die Neuausrichtung der EU
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: RT Deutsch
257ers feat. Alligatoah - Über alle Berge (Official HD Video)
257ers feat. Alligatoah - Über alle Berge (Official HD Video)
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: Selfmade Records
Haze über Bonez & RAF, Sido, Nate57, Drogen, Autounfall, "Die Zwielicht LP" uvm. – Toxik (Interview)
Haze über Bonez & RAF, Sido, Nate57, Drogen, Autounfall, "Die Zwielicht LP" uvm. – Toxik (Interview)
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: Hiphop.de
7 FAKTEN über deinen BAUCHNABEL!
7 FAKTEN über deinen BAUCHNABEL!
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: Made My Day
11 FAKTEN über PEEVES 👻
11 FAKTEN über PEEVES 👻
Published: 2018/02/17
Channel: dagilp_lbh
UBER SÜRÜCÜSÜ BENİ DOLANDIRDI! (KANITLI!!)
UBER SÜRÜCÜSÜ BENİ DOLANDIRDI! (KANITLI!!)
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: Duru Önver
ZICKENKRIEG BEI GNTM l MEINE MEINUNG ÜBER ZOE UND VICTORIA
ZICKENKRIEG BEI GNTM l MEINE MEINUNG ÜBER ZOE UND VICTORIA
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: neelejay
Die ganze Wahrheit über China-Smartphones!
Die ganze Wahrheit über China-Smartphones!
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: iKnowReview
Hand in der Kreissäge: Mann verliert über 1 Liter Blut | Auf Streife - Die Spezialisten | SAT.1 TV
Hand in der Kreissäge: Mann verliert über 1 Liter Blut | Auf Streife - Die Spezialisten | SAT.1 TV
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: Auf Streife
Happy Huhn Folge 68: Zehn Dinge über Hühner die du noch nicht wusstest - Zahlen und Fakten
Happy Huhn Folge 68: Zehn Dinge über Hühner die du noch nicht wusstest - Zahlen und Fakten
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: Robert Höck
Die Lügen über Vielfalt und Gleichheit
Die Lügen über Vielfalt und Gleichheit
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: Hagen Grell
Mädchen hat über Nacht rätselhafte Verletzungen - ist sie ausgebüxt? | Klinik am Südring | SAT.1 TV
Mädchen hat über Nacht rätselhafte Verletzungen - ist sie ausgebüxt? | Klinik am Südring | SAT.1 TV
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: Klinik am Südring
Niederländischer " Außenminister " wegen öffentlicher - Lüge - über Putin zurückgetreten
Niederländischer " Außenminister " wegen öffentlicher - Lüge - über Putin zurückgetreten
Published: 2018/02/17
Channel: Tagesschlau
Ein Gerichtsurteil über Landesvorsitzenden der  JA kommt einem Offenbarungseid gleich
Ein Gerichtsurteil über Landesvorsitzenden der JA kommt einem Offenbarungseid gleich
Published: 2018/02/17
Channel: Volksentscheid in Deutschland
UBER mi taksi mi?
UBER mi taksi mi?
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: ShiftDelete.Net
Interview: Armin Laschet über die Politik der CDU
Interview: Armin Laschet über die Politik der CDU
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: faz
Stefanie Giesinger über ihre Menstruation und Marcus!
Stefanie Giesinger über ihre Menstruation und Marcus!
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: Itsin TV
10 Fakten über 6IX9INE! | 7,4 Millionen Dollar VERDIENT!
10 Fakten über 6IX9INE! | 7,4 Millionen Dollar VERDIENT!
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: RyzeedHiphop
JESUS SPRICHT ÜBER DIE SICH ABZEICHNENDEN TRAGÖDIEN ❤️ Liebesbrief von Jesus
JESUS SPRICHT ÜBER DIE SICH ABZEICHNENDEN TRAGÖDIEN ❤️ Liebesbrief von Jesus
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Liebesbriefe von Jesus - Loveletters from Jesus
Köln-Keeper wütet über Videobeweis-Willkür, Schiri Schmidt fühlt sich "scheiße"
Köln-Keeper wütet über Videobeweis-Willkür, Schiri Schmidt fühlt sich "scheiße"
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Focus
FLER über "FLIZZY", Epic-Tour 2018, MASKULIN GHETTO SPORT, Jalil-Album!
FLER über "FLIZZY", Epic-Tour 2018, MASKULIN GHETTO SPORT, Jalil-Album!
Published: 2018/02/14
Channel: FLER
HEFTIGE NACHRICHT ÜBER UNSERE FAMILIE! | 14.02.2018 | ✫ANKAT✫
HEFTIGE NACHRICHT ÜBER UNSERE FAMILIE! | 14.02.2018 | ✫ANKAT✫
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: AnKat
Star Wars: 25 coole Fakten über Boba Fett
Star Wars: 25 coole Fakten über Boba Fett
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: Star Wars Basis [DE]
Amerika
Amerika'da Uber Yaparak Zegin Olunur mu? Amerika'da Uber Detayları
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Semih Gun
Alles über den DAX - Statistiken/Berechnung/Aufstieg Abstieg etc.
Alles über den DAX - Statistiken/Berechnung/Aufstieg Abstieg etc.
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: Aktien mit Kopf
Die Wahrheit über Nia ★ Xenoblade Chronicles 2 Deutsch
Die Wahrheit über Nia ★ Xenoblade Chronicles 2 Deutsch
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Der Nephias
Über használata Budapesten!
Über használata Budapesten!
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: Pal Briak
Freshtorges über seine zweite Rolle in einem Horrorfilm
Freshtorges über seine zweite Rolle in einem Horrorfilm
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: ENERGY - HIT MUSIC ONLY!
Uber Sürücüsü Olarak Tavsiyelerim/ ABD
Uber Sürücüsü Olarak Tavsiyelerim/ ABD'de Uber Sürücüsü Olmak
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Malkoç Ömer
Bruchhagen im Interview über Banner mit Aufforderung zur Gewalt gegen Spieler I HSV VS Bayer 1-2
Bruchhagen im Interview über Banner mit Aufforderung zur Gewalt gegen Spieler I HSV VS Bayer 1-2
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: TIME 4 SPORT
Reinhard Mey - Über den Wolken (ZDF, live)
Reinhard Mey - Über den Wolken (ZDF, live)
Published: 2009/01/05
Channel: mrjazzycharon2
Dead Kennedys   California Über Alles
Dead Kennedys California Über Alles
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: Francisco Javier Legnani
taksici: sarı taksinin bitaksi ve uber ile imtihanı
taksici: sarı taksinin bitaksi ve uber ile imtihanı
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: 140journos
Klemmbausteinlyrik News über Aktuelles von LEGO (u.a. Kessel Run Millennium Falcon und Sportwagen)
Klemmbausteinlyrik News über Aktuelles von LEGO (u.a. Kessel Run Millennium Falcon und Sportwagen)
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: klemmbausteinlyrik
ALLE meine Shiny Pokemon! Überblick über alle Shiny - sind es zu viele geworden?! Pokemon Go!
ALLE meine Shiny Pokemon! Überblick über alle Shiny - sind es zu viele geworden?! Pokemon Go!
Published: 2018/02/17
Channel: Hong & Friends
Das Lied über mich - Bewegungslieder zum Mitsingen || Kinderlieder
Das Lied über mich - Bewegungslieder zum Mitsingen || Kinderlieder
Published: 2018/02/02
Channel: Kinderlieder zum Mitsingen und Bewegen
CNNTürk Uber Turkey 27 8 2015
CNNTürk Uber Turkey 27 8 2015
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: A K
Eure Fragen - Meine Antworten / Sickergrube / Ziele / Kartoffeln / mein Umfeld / über mich / uvm.
Eure Fragen - Meine Antworten / Sickergrube / Ziele / Kartoffeln / mein Umfeld / über mich / uvm.
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: Stefans-Hobby-Garten
Das Lied über mich - Singen, Tanzen und Bewegen || Kinderlieder
Das Lied über mich - Singen, Tanzen und Bewegen || Kinderlieder
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Kinderlieder zum Mitsingen und Bewegen
Schau, was die Form deiner Lippen über dich verrät!
Schau, was die Form deiner Lippen über dich verrät!
Published: 2018/02/14
Channel: Gesundheitsblatt
Dead Kennedys - California Über Alles
Dead Kennedys - California Über Alles
Published: 2007/05/01
Channel: rp61productions
SALTATIO MORTIS - Wachstum über alles (offizielles Video) | Napalm Records
SALTATIO MORTIS - Wachstum über alles (offizielles Video) | Napalm Records
Published: 2013/07/05
Channel: Napalm Records
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Über (German pronunciation: [ˈyːbɐ] (About this sound listen), sometimes written uber /ˈbər/[1]), in English-language publications, is a German language word meaning "over", "above" or "across." It is an etymological twin with German ober, and is cognate (through Proto-Germanic) with English over, Dutch over, Swedish över and Icelandic yfir, among other Germanic languages. It is also distantly cognate to both Latin super and Greek ὑπέρ (hyper), through Proto-Indo-European. It is relatively well-known within Anglophone communities due to its occasional use as a hyphenated prefix in informal English, usually for emphasis. The German word is properly spelled with an umlaut, while the spelling of the English loanword varies. It is distantly cognate to Sanskrit word upari and Hindi uper (both meaning 'above', 'over' or 'up') probably through Proto-Indo-European. It is interesting to note that the Sanskrit/Hindi cognates have more similarity in meaning for the word than that of Latin super and Greek ὑπέρ (hyper).

In German[edit]

In German, über is a preposition, as well as being used as a prefix. Both uses indicate a state or action involving increased elevation or quantity in the physical sense, or superiority or excess in the abstract.

elevation: "überdacht" - roof-covered, roofed, [also: reconsidered, thought over] (überdacht (from Dach (roof)) means roof-covered, roofed while überdacht (from the strong verb denken-[dachte, gedacht] (think, thought, thought) means reconsidered, thought over)
quantity: "über 100 Meter" - more than 100 meters, "Überschall" - supersonic
superiority: "überlegen" - (adj) superior, elite, predominant. (verb) to think something over
excess: "übertreiben" - to exaggerate, "überfüllt" - overcrowded)

As a preposition, über's meaning depends on its context. For example, über etwas sprechen – to speak about something, über die Brücke – across the bridge.

Über also translates to over, above, meta, but mainly in compound words. The actual translation depends on context. One example would be Nietzsche's term Übermensch, discussed below; another example is the Deutschlandlied, which begins with the well-known words "Deutschland, Deutschland über alles" meaning "Germany, Germany above everything" (this strophe is not sung anymore, because it is mistaken as meaning "Germany above the rest of the world"; its original meaning was the German nation above its constituent states [Prussia, Hanover, Württemberg etc.]).

The German word unter, meaning beneath or under, is antonymous to über. Unter can be found in words such as U-Bahn (Untergrundbahn – underground (rail-)way), U-Boot (Unterseeboot – submarine), as well as toponyms, such as Unter den Linden.

Grammatically, über belongs to that set of German prepositions that can govern either the accusative case or the dative case ("an, auf, hinter, in, neben, über, unter, vor, zwischen"). The choice is determined by whether the prepositional phrase indicates movement (accusative) or an unmoving state (dative).

In English[edit]

Origins[edit]

The crossover of the term "über" from German into English goes back to the work of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. In 1883, Nietzsche coined the term "Übermensch" to describe the higher state to which he felt men might aspire. The term was brought into English by George Bernard Shaw in the title to his 1903 play Man and Superman. During his rise to power, Adolf Hitler adopted Nietzsche's term, using it in his descriptions of an Aryan master race. It was in this context that American Jewish comic book creator Jerry Siegel encountered the term and conceived the 1933 story "The Reign of the Superman", in which the superman (not to be confused with his later superhero character) is "an evil mastermind with advanced mental powers".[2] Shortly afterward, Siegel and artist Joseph Shuster recast Superman into the iconic American hero he subsequently became. It is through this association with the superhero that the term "über" carries much of its English sense implying irresistibility or invincibility.[3]

Differences from the German[edit]

Spelling[edit]

The normal transliteration of the "ü" ('u' with an umlaut) when used in writing systems without diacritics (such as airport arrival boards, older computer systems, etc.) is "ue", not just "u". Because of different usage, the English language version of the word is distinct from "über". It is not possible to translate every English "uber" back into "über": for example, "uber-left" could not be translated into "Überlinks": a Germanophone would say "linksaußen" ("outside left").

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Define Uber". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 2015-01-23. 
  2. ^ "Jewish Virtual Library". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  3. ^ "The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition: "Superman" definition, "Word History" entry". Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. 2010. Retrieved Mar 14, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Clausing, Stephen. English Influence of American German and American Icelandic. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., 1986.
  • Stanforth, Anthony W. Deutsche Einflüsse auf den englischen Wortschatz in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1996.
  • Hock, Hans Heinrich, and Brian D. Joseph. Language History, Language Change, and Language Relationship: An Introduction to Historical and Comparative Linguistics. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1996.
  • Burridge, Kate. Blooming English: Observations on the Roots, Cultivation and Hybrids in the English Language. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
  • Burridge, Kate. Weeds in the Garden of Words: Further Observations on the Tangled History of the English Language. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 2005.
  • Savan, Leslie. Slam dunks and No-Brainers: Language in your Life, Media, Business,Politics, and, like, Whatever. New York: Knopf, 2005.

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