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Picking Up Uber Riders In A Bugatti!
Picking Up Uber Riders In A Bugatti!
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Coby Persin
Uber nedir? Nasıl Kullanılır?
Uber nedir? Nasıl Kullanılır?
Published: 2016/07/09
Channel: SOSYOSELF
Audio88 & Yassin - ÜBER LIEBE (Suff Daddy & The Lunchbirds Version 2017) // Livesession
Audio88 & Yassin - ÜBER LIEBE (Suff Daddy & The Lunchbirds Version 2017) // Livesession
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Normale Musik
FIFA 18 (XXXL PACK OPENING ZUM BLACK FRIDAY ÜBER 40 K POINTS) ERSTE ICON?
FIFA 18 (XXXL PACK OPENING ZUM BLACK FRIDAY ÜBER 40 K POINTS) ERSTE ICON?
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Real Skreips
iPhone X - Mein Fazit nach einer Woche - Quatsch für über 1000€?
iPhone X - Mein Fazit nach einer Woche - Quatsch für über 1000€?
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Der Hardi
🔴 10 Fakten über Ufo361 🔴 STREIT mit MERT!? (+Beweise) | "STAY HIGH" (2017)
🔴 10 Fakten über Ufo361 🔴 STREIT mit MERT!? (+Beweise) | "STAY HIGH" (2017)
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: ALPHA KENAN
Dieses Flugzeug kostet mich insgesamt über 8.000.000 $$$
Dieses Flugzeug kostet mich insgesamt über 8.000.000 $$$
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Paluten
🔴 10 Fakten über XATAR 🔴Wahrheit über Goldraub | STATUS QUO
🔴 10 Fakten über XATAR 🔴Wahrheit über Goldraub | STATUS QUO
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: ALPHA KENAN
FLER spricht über "Kampf" mit FARID BANG | FLER über BUSHIDO vs KOLLEGAH & FARID
FLER spricht über "Kampf" mit FARID BANG | FLER über BUSHIDO vs KOLLEGAH & FARID
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: Rap Check Deutschrap
"Dünnungsstufe": GNTM-Kim Hnizdo spricht über Magervorwürfe!
"Dünnungsstufe": GNTM-Kim Hnizdo spricht über Magervorwürfe!
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Promiflash
Wilde Prinzessin? 3 kontroverse Fakten über Meghan Markle
Wilde Prinzessin? 3 kontroverse Fakten über Meghan Markle
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Promiflash
ICH habe über 220.000$ SCHULDEN Mercedes kommt weg? KW Five Life!
ICH habe über 220.000$ SCHULDEN Mercedes kommt weg? KW Five Life!
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Standart Skill
7 nie dagewesene Fakten über das Internet [Faktillon]
7 nie dagewesene Fakten über das Internet [Faktillon]
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: Postillon24
Matthias Schweighöfer über seine Firma PANTAFLIX,  seine Lieblingsserien & Geld ausgeben
Matthias Schweighöfer über seine Firma PANTAFLIX, seine Lieblingsserien & Geld ausgeben
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Mission Money
Werder-Coach Kohfeldt über Jiri Pavlenka: "Überragende Saison"
Werder-Coach Kohfeldt über Jiri Pavlenka: "Überragende Saison"
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: DeichStube
SPD in der Klemme: Die Basis soll über eine große Koalition entscheiden
SPD in der Klemme: Die Basis soll über eine große Koalition entscheiden
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: N24
LIVE: Londons U-Bahn-Station "Oxford Circus" wird evakuiert nach Berichten über einen Zwischenfall
LIVE: Londons U-Bahn-Station "Oxford Circus" wird evakuiert nach Berichten über einen Zwischenfall
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: RT Deutsch
Die Action-Höhle in Wales: Trampolinspringen über dem Abgrund | Galileo | ProSieben
Die Action-Höhle in Wales: Trampolinspringen über dem Abgrund | Galileo | ProSieben
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: Galileo
Beziehungsstatus unsicher? Rocco klärt über Nathalie auf
Beziehungsstatus unsicher? Rocco klärt über Nathalie auf
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Promiflash
ÜBER 100 PRODUKTE 😨 MAKEUP AUSSORTIEREN #2 - Primer, Foundation, Concealer - #GLOWvember
ÜBER 100 PRODUKTE 😨 MAKEUP AUSSORTIEREN #2 - Primer, Foundation, Concealer - #GLOWvember
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Alycia Marie
Die Gerüchteküche kocht über | ChicMomy
Die Gerüchteküche kocht über | ChicMomy
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: ChicMomy
UBER SÜRÜCÜSÜ BENİ DOLANDIRDI! (KANITLI!!)
UBER SÜRÜCÜSÜ BENİ DOLANDIRDI! (KANITLI!!)
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: Duru Önver
John Lennon über Gott - Sehr schönes Zitat // Oh(r) des Tages
John Lennon über Gott - Sehr schönes Zitat // Oh(r) des Tages
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Ohrinsel
Bundestagspräsident Schäuble über das Ende von Jamaika
Bundestagspräsident Schäuble über das Ende von Jamaika
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: TutorialsGerman
50.000.000 Fakten über Gaffi
50.000.000 Fakten über Gaffi
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: Gaffi
🎧 Creepypasta German | Eine Geschichte über Angst ♦ Autor: Toehle
🎧 Creepypasta German | Eine Geschichte über Angst ♦ Autor: Toehle
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Ver - Toni - Verfall dem Wahnsinn!
UBER mi taksi mi?
UBER mi taksi mi?
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: ShiftDelete.Net
SHINDY im INTERVIEW über FASHION | Always Overdressed
SHINDY im INTERVIEW über FASHION | Always Overdressed
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: Always Overdressed
● WENN BEDWARS ÜBER SCHULE STEHT... [PLATZ #1 REDET DARÜBER] | Feuerstaihn ●
● WENN BEDWARS ÜBER SCHULE STEHT... [PLATZ #1 REDET DARÜBER] | Feuerstaihn ●
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Feuerstaihn
Über használata Budapesten!
Über használata Budapesten!
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: Pal Briak
Ungeliebtes Denkmal: Polen denkt über den Abriss des Kulturpalasts nach
Ungeliebtes Denkmal: Polen denkt über den Abriss des Kulturpalasts nach
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: RT Deutsch
10 NEUE FAKTEN über Newt SCAMANDER
10 NEUE FAKTEN über Newt SCAMANDER
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: dagilp_lbh
SOUTH PARK 2 💨 035: Wahre Helden stehen über ihren Differenzen!
SOUTH PARK 2 💨 035: Wahre Helden stehen über ihren Differenzen!
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: Gronkh
Nicolaus Fest über den neuen Fetisch von Politik und Medien
Nicolaus Fest über den neuen Fetisch von Politik und Medien
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Nicolaus Fest
Schauspiel über Karl May am Landestheater Dinkelsbühl
Schauspiel über Karl May am Landestheater Dinkelsbühl
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Bayerischer Rundfunk
Armin WOLF 🔴 Wirbel um Van-der-Bellen-Sager über Kurz
Armin WOLF 🔴 Wirbel um Van-der-Bellen-Sager über Kurz
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: Oesterreich TV
KFOR-Einsatz: Überblick über den längsten Auslandseinsatz der Bundeswehr
KFOR-Einsatz: Überblick über den längsten Auslandseinsatz der Bundeswehr
Published: 2017/11/20
Channel: Bundeswehr
TINDER TYPEN # 2 - Was dein Tinderprofil über dich aussagt || Schruppert
TINDER TYPEN # 2 - Was dein Tinderprofil über dich aussagt || Schruppert
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: Schruppert
Uber Sürücüsü Olarak Tavsiyelerim/ ABD
Uber Sürücüsü Olarak Tavsiyelerim/ ABD'de Uber Sürücüsü Olmak
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Malkoç Ömer
Merkel SAUER über Scheitern von Jamaika
Merkel SAUER über Scheitern von Jamaika
Published: 2017/11/20
Channel: I LOVE DEUS
Wellness vom Staat: Ärger über Luxus-Förderung | quer vom BR
Wellness vom Staat: Ärger über Luxus-Förderung | quer vom BR
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: quer
Doku über Kelly Family: Diese Geständnisse rührten die Fans!
Doku über Kelly Family: Diese Geständnisse rührten die Fans!
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: Promiflash
Marco Buschmann (FDP): "Uns war klar, dass die Republik über uns herfällt" Fahrt ins Wochenende
Marco Buschmann (FDP): "Uns war klar, dass die Republik über uns herfällt" Fahrt ins Wochenende
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: BILD REPORTER
Unsere OMA verrät ALLES über uns!! #WKA | Die Lochis
Unsere OMA verrät ALLES über uns!! #WKA | Die Lochis
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: DieLochis
Warframe Alles Über Verstärker und wie man sie Veredelt [Deutsch/German]
Warframe Alles Über Verstärker und wie man sie Veredelt [Deutsch/German]
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Vernoc
Über die Rakete springen - ♠ Fortnite Battle Royale ♠ - Deutsch German - Dhalucard
Über die Rakete springen - ♠ Fortnite Battle Royale ♠ - Deutsch German - Dhalucard
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: Dhalucard
LS17  Strohbergung - Alles Über die Heu & Strohpellets Produktion- L17 Addon Strohbergung
LS17 Strohbergung - Alles Über die Heu & Strohpellets Produktion- L17 Addon Strohbergung
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: SachsenLetsPlayer
JORIS - Herz über Kopf
JORIS - Herz über Kopf
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: JorisVEVO
Peter Maffay - über sieben Brücken mußt du gehn
Peter Maffay - über sieben Brücken mußt du gehn
Published: 2008/10/30
Channel: xaver rathgeb
Picking Up UBER Riders In A Lamborghini!
Picking Up UBER Riders In A Lamborghini!
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Vehicle Virgins
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Über (German pronunciation: [ˈyːbɐ] (About this sound listen), sometimes written uber /ˈbər/[1]), in English-language publications, is a German language word meaning "over", "above" or "across." It is an etymological twin with German ober, and is cognate (through Proto-Germanic) with English over, Dutch over, Persian "darbare (درباره)", Swedish "över" and Icelandic yfir, among other Germanic languages. It is also distantly cognate to both Latin super and Greek ὑπέρ (hyper), through Proto-Indo-European. It is relatively well-known within Anglophone communities due to its occasional use as a hyphenated prefix in informal English, usually for emphasis. The German word is properly spelled with an umlaut, while the spelling of the English loanword varies. It is distantly cognate to Sanskrit word upari and Hindi uper (both meaning 'above', 'over' or 'up') probably through Proto-Indo-European. It is interesting to note that the Sanskrit/Hindi cognates have more similarity in meaning for the word than that of Latin super and Greek ὑπέρ (hyper).

In German[edit]

In German, über is a preposition, as well as being used as a prefix. Both uses indicate a state or action involving increased elevation or quantity in the physical sense, or superiority or excess in the abstract.

elevation: "überdacht" - roof-covered, roofed, [also: reconsidered, thought over] (überdacht (from Dach (roof)) means roof-covered, roofed while überdacht (from the strong verb denken-[dachte, gedacht] (think, thought, thought) means reconsidered, thought over)
quantity: "über 100 Meter" - more than 100 meters, "Überschall" - supersonic
superiority: "überlegen" - (adj) superior, elite, predominant. (verb) to think something over
excess: "übertreiben" - to exaggerate, "überfüllt" - overcrowded)

As a preposition, über's meaning depends on its context. For example, über etwas sprechen – to speak about something, über die Brücke – across the bridge.

Über also translates to over, above, meta, but mainly in compound words. The actual translation depends on context. One example would be Nietzsche's term Übermensch, discussed below; another example is the Deutschlandlied, which begins with the well-known words "Deutschland, Deutschland über alles" meaning "Germany, Germany above everything" (this strophe is not sung anymore, because it is mistaken as meaning "Germany above the rest of the world"; its original meaning was the German nation above its constituent states [Prussia, Hanover, Württemberg etc.]).

The German word unter, meaning beneath or under, is antonymous to über. Unter can be found in words such as U-Bahn (Untergrundbahn – underground (rail-)way), U-Boot (Unterseeboot – submarine), as well as toponyms, such as Unter den Linden.

Grammatically, über belongs to that set of German prepositions that can govern either the accusative case or the dative case ("an, auf, hinter, in, neben, über, unter, vor, zwischen"). The choice is determined by whether the prepositional phrase indicates movement (accusative) or an unmoving state (dative).

In English[edit]

Origins[edit]

The crossover of the term "über" from German into English goes back to the work of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. In 1883, Nietzsche coined the term "Übermensch" to describe the higher state to which he felt men might aspire. The term was brought into English by George Bernard Shaw in the title to his 1903 play Man and Superman. During his rise to power, Adolf Hitler adopted Nietzsche's term, using it in his descriptions of an Aryan master race. It was in this context that American Jewish comic book creator Jerry Siegel encountered the term and conceived the 1933 story "The Reign of the Superman", in which the superman (not to be confused with his later superhero character) is "an evil mastermind with advanced mental powers".[2] Shortly afterward, Siegel and artist Joseph Shuster recast Superman into the iconic American hero he subsequently became. It is through this association with the superhero that the term "über" carries much of its English sense implying irresistibility or invincibility.[3]

Differences from the German[edit]

Spelling[edit]

The normal transliteration of the "ü" ('u' with an umlaut) when used in writing systems without diacritics (such as airport arrival boards, older computer systems, etc.) is "ue", not just "u". Because of different usage, the English language version of the word is distinct from "über". It is not possible to translate every English "uber" back into "über": for example, "uber-left" could not be translated into "Überlinks": a Germanophone would say "linksaußen" ("outside left").

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Define Uber". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 2015-01-23. 
  2. ^ "Jewish Virtual Library". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  3. ^ "The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition: "Superman" definition, "Word History" entry". Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. 2010. Retrieved Mar 14, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Clausing, Stephen. English Influence of American German and American Icelandic. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., 1986.
  • Stanforth, Anthony W. Deutsche Einflüsse auf den englischen Wortschatz in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1996.
  • Hock, Hans Heinrich, and Brian D. Joseph. Language History, Language Change, and Language Relationship: An Introduction to Historical and Comparative Linguistics. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1996.
  • Burridge, Kate. Blooming English: Observations on the Roots, Cultivation and Hybrids in the English Language. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
  • Burridge, Kate. Weeds in the Garden of Words: Further Observations on the Tangled History of the English Language. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 2005.
  • Savan, Leslie. Slam dunks and No-Brainers: Language in your Life, Media, Business,Politics, and, like, Whatever. New York: Knopf, 2005.

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