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Windows 10 Update, 1nm Transistor, New Oculus Touch Games
Windows 10 Update, 1nm Transistor, New Oculus Touch Games
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: NCIX Tech Tips
Why is processor nanometer size important?
Why is processor nanometer size important?
Published: 2014/05/10
Channel: Steve Smith
IBM Breaks 10nm Barrier For Faster, Lighter Computer Chips - Newsy
IBM Breaks 10nm Barrier For Faster, Lighter Computer Chips - Newsy
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: Newsy Tech
Samsung 10nm SoC for Galaxy S8: Starts mass production.
Samsung 10nm SoC for Galaxy S8: Starts mass production.
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Aban Tech
What is a 16nm, 14nm, 10nm and 28nm processor? What are the differences between them? EXPLAINED !
What is a 16nm, 14nm, 10nm and 28nm processor? What are the differences between them? EXPLAINED !
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: Pros & Cons
Finding the Killer Defects at 10nm and Beyond
Finding the Killer Defects at 10nm and Beyond
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: appliedschannel
Intel at 10nm ... a conversation with Mark Bohr of Intel
Intel at 10nm ... a conversation with Mark Bohr of Intel
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: wesrch
How Big Is a Nanometer?
How Big Is a Nanometer?
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: World Science Festival
Tech Talk: 10nm Patterning
Tech Talk: 10nm Patterning
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: SperlingMediaGroup
Intel Begins 10nm Trial Production This Quarter | 10nm Cannonlake on Track
Intel Begins 10nm Trial Production This Quarter | 10nm Cannonlake on Track
Published: 2016/07/31
Channel: RedGamingTech
Explanation of Intel
Explanation of Intel's 14nm Process
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: TalkTechNews
IBM unveils world’s first 7nm chip
IBM unveils world’s first 7nm chip
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: Rajamanickam Antonimuthu
Intel 10nm Process Technology chips ( cannon lake )
Intel 10nm Process Technology chips ( cannon lake )
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Desire Tech Tips
10 NANOMETRE CHIPS ENTER MASS PRODUCTION IN 2017 -BrosTV
10 NANOMETRE CHIPS ENTER MASS PRODUCTION IN 2017 -BrosTV
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: BrosTV
Qualcomm Brings World’s First 48-Core 10nm Processor
Qualcomm Brings World’s First 48-Core 10nm Processor
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: BACK-2-BACK
HOW SMALL IS A NANOMETER? Size Comparison 1*10^-9
HOW SMALL IS A NANOMETER? Size Comparison 1*10^-9
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: Me And My Life
HW News: 10nm Intel CPUs, Record NVidia Revenue
HW News: 10nm Intel CPUs, Record NVidia Revenue
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: Gamers Nexus
TSMC assured there are no problems with a 10-nm process technology
TSMC assured there are no problems with a 10-nm process technology
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: HOT GAME NEWS
Intle Hitting hard on 10 nm chips
Intle Hitting hard on 10 nm chips
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: AnewS
Designing 7-nm IP, Bring It On Moore!
Designing 7-nm IP, Bring It On Moore!
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Synopsys
Samsung Begins Mass-Production of 10 Nanometer Scale Chips | Teh Tech News - Oct 18
Samsung Begins Mass-Production of 10 Nanometer Scale Chips | Teh Tech News - Oct 18
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: IRL Server
Intel 9th Generation Processor Cannon Lake - Introduced 10"nm Process ,more multi core.
Intel 9th Generation Processor Cannon Lake - Introduced 10"nm Process ,more multi core.
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: Official Tech
Qualcomm unveils 10nm Snapdragon 835 Mobile Processor with Quick Charge 4.0 | QPT
Qualcomm unveils 10nm Snapdragon 835 Mobile Processor with Quick Charge 4.0 | QPT
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Rajamanickam Antonimuthu
MediaTek Helio X30, 10nm Tri-Cluster 10-core ARM Cortex-A73, ARM Cortex-A53, ARM Cortex-A35
MediaTek Helio X30, 10nm Tri-Cluster 10-core ARM Cortex-A73, ARM Cortex-A53, ARM Cortex-A35
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Charbax
CONFUSED?16nm,14nm,10nm,etc.NANOMETER EXPLAINED
CONFUSED?16nm,14nm,10nm,etc.NANOMETER EXPLAINED
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Yashraj Creations tech
Nano - 10 Nanometer Ferrofluid
Nano - 10 Nanometer Ferrofluid
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Ben Schleifer
Ultimate Resurrection vs Megaera 10 nm
Ultimate Resurrection vs Megaera 10 nm
Published: 2013/07/13
Channel: Jeremie Mignon
Ultimate Resurrection vs Tortos 10 nm
Ultimate Resurrection vs Tortos 10 nm
Published: 2013/07/04
Channel: Jeremie Mignon
Les3frer - Gardes pierre 10 NM
Les3frer - Gardes pierre 10 NM
Published: 2012/12/06
Channel: Les3frerswow
Shining @Hyjal vs The Fallen Protectors 10 NM - PoV DK Frost
Shining @Hyjal vs The Fallen Protectors 10 NM - PoV DK Frost
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: Origaming
Schellenberg 20610 Rohrmotor Maxi Standard 10 Nm
Schellenberg 20610 Rohrmotor Maxi Standard 10 Nm
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: Bolanle Lilja
Absynthe   Garrosh 10 Nm
Absynthe Garrosh 10 Nm
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: Elemeth Rise
Garrosh 10 NM VS ADVictoriam
Garrosh 10 NM VS ADVictoriam
Published: 2013/11/19
Channel: Ackir Advictoriam
Sindragosa 10 NM LDA
Sindragosa 10 NM LDA
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: Aurélien Bisson
IVALICE-SERVEUR / Yakuza (icc 10 Nm) Blood Princes
IVALICE-SERVEUR / Yakuza (icc 10 Nm) Blood Princes
Published: 2013/08/26
Channel: Patou Kikou
icc 10 nm solo  Arthas
icc 10 nm solo Arthas
Published: 2014/02/13
Channel: TheTheTigoul
[ 19 \ 06 \ 2017 ] 5.4.8 SoO 10 Nm on WF RO server \ GR
[ 19 \ 06 \ 2017 ] 5.4.8 SoO 10 Nm on WF RO server \ GR
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Ceasar Ion
ThunderBolt vs Garaj
ThunderBolt vs Garaj'al 10 NM - PoV Paladin heal
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: eldomir1
Pushed Limit | Down Garalon 10 NM
Pushed Limit | Down Garalon 10 NM
Published: 2012/12/11
Channel: Deathwings
Vae Victis - Lei Shen 10 nm
Vae Victis - Lei Shen 10 nm
Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: Arienalolz
ThunderBolt vs Jin
ThunderBolt vs Jin'rok 10 NM - PoV Paladin Heal
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: eldomir1
Para Bellum Vs Garrosh Hellscream 10 Nm (Druid heal PoV )
Para Bellum Vs Garrosh Hellscream 10 Nm (Druid heal PoV )
Published: 2013/09/19
Channel: drood fir
Myst@Kael
Myst@Kael'thas VS Garrosh 10 NM POV chaman heal
Published: 2013/09/26
Channel: Almior
Morchok 10 NM Earthquake
Morchok 10 NM Earthquake
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: gogolplus
Wow-Mania -- ICC 10 NM Lich King Kill! Healer PoV
Wow-Mania -- ICC 10 NM Lich King Kill! Healer PoV
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Royalty Smite
Omega VS Tsulong 10 nm
Omega VS Tsulong 10 nm
Published: 2013/03/01
Channel: Guilde Omega
Chamanes Korkr
Chamanes Korkr'ons 10 NM
Published: 2014/06/21
Channel: ferrari modena
Ingésiège Boîte-noire 10 NM
Ingésiège Boîte-noire 10 NM
Published: 2014/10/09
Channel: ferrari modena
Mana Mana - Siegecrafter Blackfuse 10 NM
Mana Mana - Siegecrafter Blackfuse 10 NM
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: NotNosa
NøStress Ji
NøStress Ji'kun 10 NM
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: maxime linard
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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In semiconductor fabrication, the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) defines the 10 nanometer (10 nm) node as the technology node following the 14 nm node. "10 nm class" denotes chips made using process technologies between 10 and 20 nanometers.

Samsung first released their version of a "10 nm" process node in 2017.[1][2]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The ITRS's original naming of this technology node was "11 nm". According to the 2007 edition of the roadmap, by the year 2022, the half-pitch (i.e., half the distance between identical features in an array) for a DRAM should be 11 nm. Pat Gelsinger, at the time serving as Intel's Chief Technology Officer, claimed in 2008 that Intel saw a 'clear way' towards the 10 nm node.[3][4] At the 11 nm node, Intel expected (in 2006) to be using a half-pitch of around 21 nm, in 2015,[5] Nvidia's chief scientist, William Dally, claimed (in 2009) that they would also reach 11 nm semiconductors in 2015, a transition he claimed would be facilitated principally through new electronic design automation tools.[6]

As of 2014, "10 nm" node was projected to use a metal pitch of 40–50 nm.[7]

This 10 nm design rule is considered likely to be realized by multiple patterning,[8][9][10] given the difficulty of implementing EUV lithography.

Potential technologies[edit]

While the roadmap has been based on the continuing extension of CMOS technology, even this roadmap does not guarantee that silicon-based CMOS will extend that far. This is to be expected, since the gate length for this node may be smaller than 6 nm, and the corresponding gate dielectric thickness would scale down to a monolayer or even less. Scientists have estimated that transistors at these dimensions are significantly affected by quantum tunnelling.[11] As a result, non-silicon extensions of CMOS, using III-V materials or carbon nanotube/nanowires, as well as non-CMOS platforms, including molecular electronics, spin-based computing, and single-electron devices, have been proposed. Hence, this node marks the practical beginning of nanoelectronics.

The extensive use of ultra-low-k dielectrics (such as spin-on polymers or other porous materials) means that conventional photolithography, etch, or even chemical-mechanical polishing processes are unlikely to be used, because these materials contain a high density of voids and gaps. At the ~10 nm scale, quantum tunneling (especially through gaps) becomes a significant phenomenon.[12] Controlling gaps on these scales by means of electromigration can produce interesting electrical properties.[13]

Quantum tunneling may be advantageous if its effect on device behavior can be understood, and exploited, in the design. Future transistors may have insulating channels. An electron wave function decays exponentially in a "classically forbidden" region at a rate that can be controlled by the gate voltage. Interference effects are also possible;[14] Alternate option is in heavier mass semiconducting channels.[15] Photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) data has been used to show that low energy electrons ~1.35 eV could travel as far as ~15 nm in SiO2, despite an average measured attenuation length of 1.18 nm.[16]

Technology demos and pre-production.[edit]

In 2012, IBM produced a sub-10 nm carbon nanotube transistor that outperformed silicon on speed and power.[17] "The superior low-voltage performance of the sub-10 nm CNT transistor proves the viability of nanotubes for consideration in future aggressively scaled transistor technologies," according to the abstract of the paper in Nano Letters.[18]

In April 2015, TSMC announced that 10 nm production would begin at the end of 2016.[19]

On 23 May 2015, Samsung Electronics showed off a 300 mm wafer of 10 nm FinFET chips.[20]

In c. August 2016, Intel began trial production at 10 nm.[21]

On 17 October 2016, Samsung Electronics announced mass production at 10 nm.[22]

On 29 March 2017, Samsung started preorders for their Samsung Galaxy S8 which uses Samsung's version of a "10 nm" processor.[23]

Shipping devices[edit]

As of mid-2016, semiconductor business Intel, and foundries at TSMC, and Samsung were all expected to ship or begin volume production of 10 nm devices in the first quarter of 2017, with foundry customers for 2017 including Qualcomm (Snapdragon 835) at Samsung, and Apple Inc. and MediaTek at TSMC.[24]

On 21 April 2017, Samsung started shipping their Samsung Galaxy S8 which uses Samsung's version of a "10 nm" processor.[25]

On 12 June 2017, Apple delivered iPad Pro 2nd Generation tablets powered with TSMC produced Apple A10X chips using the 10 nm FinFET process.[26]

10 nm process nodes[edit]

ITRS Logic Device

Ground Rules

Intel

(proposed)

Samsung TSMC
Process name 11/10nm 10nm 10nm 10nm
Transistor Fin Pitch (nm) 36 34 N/A N/A
Transistor Fin Height 42 53 N/A N/A
Transistor Gate Pitch (nm) 48 54 68 64
Interconnect Pitch (nm) 36 36 51 42

Lower numbers are better. Transistor gate pitch is also referred to as CPP (contacted poly pitch) and interconnect pitch is also referred to as MMP (minimum metal pitch).[27][28][29][30][31]

Currently, TSMC's 10 nm process is reportedly denser than Intel's 14 nm process or Samsung's 10 nm process, thus giving TSMC a technological lead in terms of density, respectively.[32][33][34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kellex (2016-10-17). "Samsung Starts Production on 10nm Processors, Possibly for the Snapdragon 830". Droid Life. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  2. ^ "Samsung Starts Industry’s First Mass Production of System-on-Chip with 10-Nanometer FinFET Technology". news.samsung.com. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  3. ^ Damon Poeter. "Intel's Gelsinger Sees Clear Path To 10nm Chips". Archived from the original on 2009-06-22. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 
  4. ^ "MIT: Optical lithography good to 12 nanometers". Archived from the original on 2009-06-22. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 
  5. ^ Borodovsky, Y. (2006). "Marching to the beat of Moore's Law". Proc. SPIE. 6153. doi:10.1117/12.655176. 
  6. ^ "Nvidia Chief Scientist: 11nm Graphics Chips with 5000 Stream Processors Due in 2015". XBit Labs. July 30, 2009. Archived from the original on September 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  7. ^ Who will lead at 10nm?
  8. ^ SEMICON West - Lithography Challenges and Solutions
  9. ^ J. Word et al., Proc. SPIE 6925 (2008).[full citation needed][not in citation given]
  10. ^ Intel extending ArF lithography Archived July 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ "Intel scientists find wall for Moore's Law". ZDNet. December 1, 2003. 
  12. ^ Naitoh, Y.; et al. (2007). "New Nonvolatile Memory Effect Showing Reproducible Large Resistance Ratio Employing Nano-gap Gold Junction". MRS Symposium Proceedings. 997: 0997–I04–08. doi:10.1557/PROC-0997-I04-08. 
  13. ^ Kayashima, S.; et al. (2007). "Control of Tunnel Resistance of Nanogaps by Field-Emission-Induced Electromigration". Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 46 (36–40): L907–909. doi:10.1143/JJAP.46.L907. 
  14. ^ Ahmed, Khaled; Schuegraf, Klaus (November 2011). "Transistor Wars: Rival architectures face off in a bid to keep Moore's Law alive". IEEE Spectrum: 50. 
  15. ^ Mehrotra, S.; et al. (2013). "Engineering Nanowire n-MOSFETs at Lg < 8 nm". Preprint. arXiv:1303.5458Freely accessible. 
  16. ^ Ballarotto, V. W.; et al. (2002). "Photoelectron emission microscopy of ultrathin oxide covered devices". JVST B. 20 (6): 2514–2518. doi:10.1116/1.1525007. 
  17. ^ "IBM: Tiny carbon nanotube transistor outshines silicon". Cnet.com. January 30, 2012. 
  18. ^ Franklin, Aaron D.; et al. (2012). "Sub-10 nm Carbon Nanotube Transistor". Nano Letters. 12 (2): 758–762. doi:10.1021/nl203701g. 
  19. ^ "TSMC Launching 10 nm FinFET Process In 2016, 7nm In 2017". 19 April 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  20. ^ "Samsung vows to start 10nm chip production in 2016". 23 May 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  21. ^ Pirzada, Usman (Aug 2016), "Intel Starts Up 10nm Factory – Trial Production Will Begin This Quarter, 10nm Canonnonlake Processors On Track For 2H 2017", wccftech.com 
  22. ^ [1]
  23. ^ http://www.samsung.com/uk/smartphones/galaxy-s8/performance/
  24. ^ Manners, David, "10nm Lines Up For Q1.", www.electronicsweekly.com 
  25. ^ http://www.samsung.com/us/explore/galaxy-s8/buy/
  26. ^ techinsights.com. "10nm Rollout Marching Right Along". www.techinsights.com. Retrieved 2017-06-30. 
  27. ^ "Intel Details Cannonlake's Advanced 10nm FinFET Node, Claims Full Generation Lead Over Rivals". 
  28. ^ "International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors 2.0 2015 Edition Executive Report" (PDF). 
  29. ^ "14nm 16nm 10nm and 7nm - What we know now". 
  30. ^ "Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 First to 10 nm". 
  31. ^ "10 nm lithography process". 
  32. ^ "Samsung’s 14 nm LPE FinFET transistors". 
  33. ^ "International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors 2.0 2015 Edition Executive Report" (PDF). 
  34. ^ "Intel’s 22nm Tri-Gate Transistors". 


Preceded by
14 nm
CMOS manufacturing processes Succeeded by
7 nm

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