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1
An intro to 110 film
An intro to 110 film
::2012/06/01::
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2
110 Film Photography
110 Film Photography
::2010/12/19::
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3
110 Film Photography! Baby Diana 110 Camera!
110 Film Photography! Baby Diana 110 Camera!
::2013/03/05::
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Lomography ORCA 110 Film Images
Lomography ORCA 110 Film Images
::2012/06/19::
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110 FILM - New Film in 2013!
110 FILM - New Film in 2013!
::2013/02/27::
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110 Film Photography! Fresh 110 Film!
110 Film Photography! Fresh 110 Film!
::2012/01/12::
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The Smallest SLR Of All Time: Asahi Pentax Auto 110 Film Camera Review
The Smallest SLR Of All Time: Asahi Pentax Auto 110 Film Camera Review
::2011/11/05::
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110 Film Reload Part 2
110 Film Reload Part 2
::2012/04/17::
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Scanning 110 film negatives with the Epson Perfection V700/750 (digitizing to jpeg, bmp, tif file)
Scanning 110 film negatives with the Epson Perfection V700/750 (digitizing to jpeg, bmp, tif file)
::2012/08/05::
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10
110 Film Photography - Kodak Tele-Instamatic 608
110 Film Photography - Kodak Tele-Instamatic 608
::2012/03/17::
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110 film Film Photography - Kodak Ektralite10 Camera
110 film Film Photography - Kodak Ektralite10 Camera
::2013/03/10::
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110 Film Reload part 1
110 Film Reload part 1
::2012/03/03::
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13
Baby Fisheye 110 - Inserting Your 110 Film Cartridge
Baby Fisheye 110 - Inserting Your 110 Film Cartridge
::2012/12/04::
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The Holga 110 Film Camera!
The Holga 110 Film Camera!
::2012/01/13::
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value village find vivitar LF 110 film camera
value village find vivitar LF 110 film camera
::2013/11/02::
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110 Film Photography - Kodak Trimlite Instamatic 18
110 Film Photography - Kodak Trimlite Instamatic 18
::2012/03/17::
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Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Baby Fisheye 110 - Inserting Your 110 Film Cartridge
Baby Fisheye 110 - Inserting Your 110 Film Cartridge
::2012/12/04::
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19
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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21
Minolta Autopak 430 X  110-film, Breve/Descripcion
Minolta Autopak 430 X 110-film, Breve/Descripcion
::2012/06/18::
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22
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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23
Kenro Reflecta x7-Scan Stand-Alone Film Scanner Review, 35mm, Slide, 110 & 126
Kenro Reflecta x7-Scan Stand-Alone Film Scanner Review, 35mm, Slide, 110 & 126
::2013/07/28::
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24
110 film camera RYUSTAR SUPERCOLOR110 Vintage Retro 1970s
110 film camera RYUSTAR SUPERCOLOR110 Vintage Retro 1970s
::2014/02/26::
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Minolta 110 zoom SLR Mark II. MF (110 film)
Minolta 110 zoom SLR Mark II. MF (110 film)
::2011/10/10::
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26
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Awesome Cameras Under $20 - #1 Demikin Fish Eye 110 Film Camera
Awesome Cameras Under $20 - #1 Demikin Fish Eye 110 Film Camera
::2013/12/29::
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28
Minolta Autopak 450 E  110-film, Breve/Descripcion
Minolta Autopak 450 E 110-film, Breve/Descripcion
::2012/06/18::
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29
Loading 110 Film Into A 110 Manual Camera
Loading 110 Film Into A 110 Manual Camera
::2014/07/21::
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30
Baby Fisheye 110 - When You
Baby Fisheye 110 - When You've Finished Your Film Cartridge
::2012/12/04::
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31
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Minolta Pocket Pak 60 110-film. Breve/Descripcion
Minolta Pocket Pak 60 110-film. Breve/Descripcion
::2012/06/19::
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34
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Projekt "Moto 110" - Film 1 - Trailer
Projekt "Moto 110" - Film 1 - Trailer
::2014/01/26::
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36
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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37
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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38
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Dorozhnye vojny 110 film 2011 XviD SATRip
Dorozhnye vojny 110 film 2011 XviD SATRip
::2014/07/22::
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40
Roland JV 1080 - Preset Bank B - 110   Film Orch
Roland JV 1080 - Preset Bank B - 110 Film Orch
::2014/02/23::
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Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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42
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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PROJEKT MOTO 110 - Film 2013
PROJEKT MOTO 110 - Film 2013
::2013/08/31::
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46
Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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47
Diana Baby 110   How To Load Film
Diana Baby 110 How To Load Film
::2013/07/23::
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Technics SU-V900D wraz z Tonsil Altus 110 (Film na życzenie użytkownika ReggaeKielce)
Technics SU-V900D wraz z Tonsil Altus 110 (Film na życzenie użytkownika ReggaeKielce)
::2012/12/17::
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Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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Wolverine  and 110 Film to Digital Converter
Wolverine and 110 Film to Digital Converter
::2013/10/29::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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110 film cartridge (shown from front and from rear.)
For the unrelated roll-film format produced from 1898 to 1929, see 110 film (roll format).

110 is a cartridge-based film format used in still photography. It was introduced by Kodak in 1972. 110 is essentially a miniaturised version of Kodak's earlier 126 film format. Each frame is 13 mm × 17 mm (0.51 in × 0.67 in), with one registration hole.

The film is fully housed in a plastic cartridge, which also registers the image when the film is advanced. There is a continuous backing paper, and the frame number and film type are visible through a window at the rear of the cartridge. The film does not need to be rewound and is very simple to load and unload. It is pre-exposed with frame lines and numbers, a feature intended to make it easier and more efficient for photofinishers to print.

Unlike later competing formats, such as disc and APS film, processed 110 negatives were returned in strips, without the original cartridge.

Comparison of Disc, 110, and 135 image size.

History[edit]

The 110 cartridge was introduced by Kodak in 1972 with Kodak Pocket Instamatic cameras. The new pocket-sized cameras became immediately popular, and soon displaced competing subminiature cameras, such as the Minolta 16 series, from the market. The 110 film width is 16 mm. A four frame strip measures 111 mm.

Fujifilm stopped manufacturing 110 in September 2009.[1] Lomography re-commenced 110 film production in 2011.[2]

Estes Industries has long marketed several model rockets, the most notable being the Astrocam, with a simple 110 camera in the nose; the shutter is triggered when the nose cone separates from the rocket body.

Design and technical issues[edit]

Negative strip of 110 film (with pencil for scale). The strip shown measures 111 mm × 16 mm (4.37 in × 0.63 in)

Although the format is most closely associated with cheaply produced, low-cost cameras, Canon, Minolta, Minox, Pentax, Rollei, Voigtländer, and others, as well as Kodak, offered sophisticated, expensive 110 cameras, with excellent multi-element focusing lenses and precise, electronically controlled exposure systems. Such cameras are capable of making high-quality images on 110 film. Some of these cameras are quite small and still hold appeal to subminiature-photography enthusiasts.

The small negative size of 110 film makes it difficult to enlarge successfully. For these reasons, the 110 format is associated with prints that are often rather grainy and unsharp. This has led to the misconception that the cartridge itself is incapable of holding film flat enough for making high-quality negatives.

A 110 cartridge of ISO 400 film. The arrow indicates the modification made so that sophisticated cameras detect the proper film speed

The 110 cartridge, as specified by Kodak, has a plastic tab on one end. Camera designers had the option of using this tab to sense film speed, enabling sophisticated cameras to switch between high- and low-speed film. A short tab indicated high-speed film, and a long tab indicated low-speed film. Kodak left it to the film manufacturer to decide which film speeds were high or low. Only a few cameras took advantage of this feature: Rollei A110, Canon 110 ED, Minolta 110 Zoom SLR Mark I/II, Minox 110S, Pentax Auto 110.

The last 110 film that Kodak produced was ISO 400 speed packed in a cartridge that senses as "low" speed.[3] As shown in the photograph to the right, these cartridges can be modified by hand so that they signal the proper speed to the camera.

Film types[edit]

Although the format is commonly associated with print film, Kodak also produced Kodachrome 110 slide film until 1982.[4][5] In 2012 Lomography re-introduced slide film for 110 with their Peacock 200 ASA model.[6] However, since not all 110 cameras have a settable ASA dial (low or high, depending on presence of a notch in the cassette), a ND filter has to be used over the lens or the exposure compensation dial has to be used wher available.[7] Otherwise, over-exposure by a factor of x2 will result, leading to over-exposed negatives.

Along with standard sized slides that fit into standard projectors, 110 slide film could also be processed into smaller format slides. The latter required special Pocket Carousel projectors.[4] or the Leica 110 projector. The sub-miniature slides were mounted in small mounts, or for Kodachrome mounted in 35mm sized mounts with a 110 frame. There were also mount adapters available that allowed the small mounts to be projected in a common 35mm projector from gepe. These adapters were not entirely satisfactory however, as to project the smaller slide at a size comparable to that from 35mm the projector had to be moved further from the screen, resulting in a dimmer image. Dedicated 110 projectors overcame this by using a brighter lamp.

Kodak's Verichrome-Pan was the only 110 black and white film produced until 2012, when Lomography manufactured their new Black and White Orca film at 100 ISO speed. This speed is supported by most 110 cameras. As of 2014, this film is still in production.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. International standard: ISO 13450
  1. ^ "Sayonara 110 – Fujifilm discontinues 110 colour negative film". Archived from the original on 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  2. ^ "110 Film – Lomography Shop". Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-06-30. 
  3. ^ Frugal Photographer
  4. ^ a b Marcus, Ted R., APS, 110, "Disc," and Formats du Jour, Ted Marcus' Virtual Light Table. Article copyright date 2006, retrieved 2006-11-09.
  5. ^ Marcus, Ted R., Europe Through the Front Door, Ted Marcus' Virtual Light Table. Article copyright date 2004, retrieved 2006-11-09.
  6. ^ "110 Film – Lomography Shop". Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-06-30. 
  7. ^ http://www.mshobbies.co.uk
  8. ^ "Lomography – The Home Of Creative Analogue Photography & Cameras". Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-06-30. 

External links[edit]

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