|110th United States Congress|
United States Capitol (2007)
|January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2009|
|Senate President||Dick Cheney (R)|
|Senate Pres. pro tem||Robert Byrd (D)|
|House Speaker||Nancy Pelosi (D)|
5 Non-voting members
|Senate Majority||Democratic (coalition)|
|1st: January 4, 2007 – December 19, 2007
2nd: January 3, 2008 – January 3, 2009
The One Hundred Tenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, between January 3, 2007, and January 3, 2009, during the last two years of the second term of President George W. Bush. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 2000 U.S. Census.
The Democratic Party controlled a majority in both chambers for the first time since the end of the 103rd Congress in 1995. Although the Democrats held fewer than 50 Senate seats, they had an operational majority because the two independent senators caucused with the Democrats for organizational purposes. No Democratic-held seats had fallen to the Republican Party in the 2006 elections. Democrat Nancy Pelosi became the first woman Speaker of the House. The House also received the first Muslim (Keith Ellison) and Buddhist (Hank Johnson and Mazie Hirono) members of Congress.
Following President Bush's 2007 State of the Union Address, Congress debated his proposal to create a troop surge to increase security in Iraq. The House of Representatives passed a non-binding measure opposing the surge and then a $124 billion emergency spending measure to fund the war, which included language that dictated troop levels and withdrawal schedules. President Bush, however, vetoed the bill as promised, making this his second veto while in office. Both houses of Congress subsequently passed a bill funding the war without timelines, but with benchmarks for the Iraqi government and money for other spending projects like disaster relief.
|Contents: Enacted • Pending or failed • Vetoed|
These are partial lists of prominent enacted legislation and pending bills.
Membership changed with one death and two resignations.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous Congress||44||1||55||100||0|
|June 4, 2007||48||99||1|
|June 25, 2007||49||100||0|
|December 18, 2007||48||99||1|
|December 31, 2007||49||100||0|
|November 16, 2008||48||99||1|
|Final voting share||50.5%||49.5%|
|Beginning of the next Congress||55||2||41||98||2|
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous Congress||203||229||432||3|
|February 13, 2007||201||434||1|
|April 22, 2007||232||433||2|
|July 1, 2007||231||432||3|
|July 17, 2007||202||433||2|
|August 21, 2007||232||434||1|
|September 5, 2007||201||433||2|
|October 10, 2007||200||432||3|
|October 16, 2007||233||433||2|
|November 26, 2007||199||432||3|
|December 11, 2007||201||434||1|
|December 15, 2007||232||433||2|
|December 31, 2007||200||432||3|
|January 14, 2008||199||431||4|
|February 2, 2008||198||430||5|
|February 11, 2008||231||429||6|
|March 8, 2008||232||430||5|
|March 11, 2008||233||431||4|
|April 8, 2008||234||432||3|
|May 3, 2008||235||199||434||1|
|May 13, 2008||236||435||0|
|May 31, 2008||235||434||1|
|June 17, 2008||236||435||0|
|August 20, 2008||235||434||1|
|November 18, 2008||236||435||0|
|November 24, 2008||198||434||1|
|January 2, 2009||235||433||2|
|Final voting share||54.3%||45.7%|
|Beginning of next Congress||256||178||434||1|
Senators are listed by state, then by class, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 2008; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 2010; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 2012.
There were two resignations and one death.
|Vacator||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's
|Wyoming (1)||Craig Thomas (R)||Died June 4, 2007||John Barrasso (R)||June 22, 2007|
|Mississippi (1)||Trent Lott (R)||Resigned December 18, 2007||Roger Wicker (R)||December 31, 2007|
|Illinois (3)||Barack Obama (D)||Resigned November 16, 2008 to focus on his transition as President-elect of the United States||Vacant until the next Congress|
|District||Vacator||Reason for change||Successor||Date successor
|Georgia 10th||Charlie Norwood (R)||Died February 13, 2007. A special election was held June 19, 2007||Paul Broun (R)||July 17, 2007|
|California 37th||Juanita Millender-McDonald (D)||Died April 22, 2007 A special election was held August 21, 2007||Laura Richardson (D)||August 21, 2007|
|Massachusetts 5th||Marty Meehan (D)||Resigned July 1, 2007, to become Chancellor of University of Massachusetts Lowell. A special election was held October 16, 2007||Niki Tsongas (D)||October 16, 2007|
|Ohio 5th||Paul Gillmor (R)||Died September 5, 2007. A special election was held November 6, 2007||Bob Latta (R)||December 11, 2007|
|Virginia 1st||Jo Ann Davis (R)||Died October 6, 2007. A special election was held December 11, 2007||Rob Wittman (R)||December 11, 2007|
|Illinois 14th||Dennis Hastert (R)||Resigned November 26, 2007. A special election was held March 8, 2008||Bill Foster (D)||March 8, 2008|
|Indiana 7th||Julia Carson (D)||Died December 15, 2007. A special election was held March 11, 2008||André Carson (D)||March 11, 2008|
|Mississippi 1st||Roger Wicker (R)||Resigned December 31, 2007, when appointed U.S. Senator. A special election was held May 13, 2008||Travis Childers (D)||May 13, 2008|
|Louisiana 1st||Bobby Jindal (R)||Resigned January 14, 2008 to become Governor of Louisiana. A special election was held May 3, 2008||Steve Scalise (R)||May 3, 2008|
|Louisiana 6th||Richard Baker (R)||Resigned February 2, 2008 to become President of the Managed Funds Association. A special election was held May 3, 2008||Don Cazayoux (D)||May 3, 2008|
|California 12th||Tom Lantos (D)||Died February 11, 2008. A special election was held April 8, 2008||Jackie Speier (D)||April 8, 2008|
|Maryland 4th||Albert Wynn (D)||Resigned May 31, 2008, having lost re-nomination. A special election was held June 17, 2008||Donna Edwards (D)||June 17, 2008|
|Ohio 11th||Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D)||Died August 20, 2008. A special election was held November 18, 2008||Marcia Fudge (D)||November 18, 2008|
|Virginia 11th||Thomas M. Davis (R)||Resigned November 24, 2008 in advance of his retirement.||Vacant until the next Congress|
|Illinois 5th||Rahm Emanuel (D)||Resigned January 2, 2009 to become White House Chief of Staff|
|Puerto Rico At-large||Luis Fortuño (R and PNP)||Resigned January 2, 2009 to become Governor of Puerto Rico|
Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
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