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The first enlargement (1973)
The first enlargement (1973)
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: The European Union in the Contemporary World
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
1973 enlargement of the European Communities
1973 enlargement of the European Communities
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: WikiWikiup
EU enlargement waiting list
EU enlargement waiting list
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: European Parliament
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Drinie Depk
The European Commission 1973-1986: History and Memories of an Institution
The European Commission 1973-1986: History and Memories of an Institution
Published: 2014/10/24
Channel: European Commission
History of the European Communities (1973–93)
History of the European Communities (1973–93)
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
2007 enlargement of the European Union
2007 enlargement of the European Union
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
Europe, How Are You? - European Enlargement (2004)
Europe, How Are You? - European Enlargement (2004)
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Cos Drag
Who Was The Prime Minister In 1973?
Who Was The Prime Minister In 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Question Rack
Michael Geary, Workshop on European Union (EU) Enlargement
Michael Geary, Workshop on European Union (EU) Enlargement
Published: 2014/04/07
Channel: EuropeanUnionSC
The big enlargement (2004)
The big enlargement (2004)
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: The European Union in the Contemporary World
When Did The UK Join The EC?
When Did The UK Join The EC?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
A Brief Summary of the history of European Union enlargement
A Brief Summary of the history of European Union enlargement
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: Onestop Verbatim
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe [Part 1]
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe [Part 1]
Published: 2014/04/27
Channel: European Union
EU EEC - a definition
EU EEC - a definition
Published: 2010/10/12
Channel: easyeu
Accession to the EU : Future Enlargement: countries applying to be members
Accession to the EU : Future Enlargement: countries applying to be members
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Love Aludo
How was the EU founded?
How was the EU founded?
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Avery Thing
Theories of European Integration The European Union Series
Theories of European Integration The European Union Series
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: Paula Caldwell
When Did The UK Join The European Economic Community?
When Did The UK Join The European Economic Community?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
Knut Fleckenstein on the Western Balkans and EU Enlargement
Knut Fleckenstein on the Western Balkans and EU Enlargement
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: Socialists and Democrats
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe [Part 2]
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe [Part 2]
Published: 2014/04/26
Channel: European Union
What is the European Union
What is the European Union
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: Viet Net
European Union Enlargement: A Comparative History Audiobook
European Union Enlargement: A Comparative History Audiobook
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: Brant Harwood
EU Enlargement Commissioner:
EU Enlargement Commissioner: 'Europe Is Built On Solidarity'
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
When Did The UK Join The European Union?
When Did The UK Join The European Union?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
History of the European Union
History of the European Union
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Audiopedia
European Communities Flag on the Earth
European Communities Flag on the Earth
Published: 2015/01/10
Channel: Takefumi ohara
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe [Part 4]
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe [Part 4]
Published: 2014/04/27
Channel: European Union
Is Denmark A Member Of The European Union?
Is Denmark A Member Of The European Union?
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Question Rack
Accession of Turkey to the European Union
Accession of Turkey to the European Union
Published: 2014/10/05
Channel: Audiopedia
Founding fathers of the European Union: Joseph Bech
Founding fathers of the European Union: Joseph Bech
Published: 2014/10/24
Channel: European Commission
European Communities flag
European Communities flag
Published: 2014/07/22
Channel: Takefumi ohara
The European Union Part 2
The European Union Part 2
Published: 2009/08/27
Channel: Fouche93
Analysts reacting to EU enlargement
Analysts reacting to EU enlargement
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
EEC TREATY
EEC TREATY
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
UK leaving European Union?
UK leaving European Union?
Published: 2014/07/07
Channel: News Magazine 10
Difference Between European Union and European Commission
Difference Between European Union and European Commission
Published: 2016/02/12
Channel: Terry
ICELAND - Country renounces bid to join the EU
ICELAND - Country renounces bid to join the EU
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: FRANCE 24 English
1967: Enlargement on the agenda of the Foreign Affairs Council
1967: Enlargement on the agenda of the Foreign Affairs Council
Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: Council of the EU
United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, 1975
United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, 1975
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
1970s: How European Summits used to be...
1970s: How European Summits used to be...
Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: Council of the EU
The UK economy after Brexit: sink or swim?
The UK economy after Brexit: sink or swim?
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: worldwrite
EU Decides on Euro Currency - 1995 | Today in History | 15 Dec 16
EU Decides on Euro Currency - 1995 | Today in History | 15 Dec 16
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: AP Archive
Greenlandic European Communities membership referendum, 1982
Greenlandic European Communities membership referendum, 1982
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: WikiAudio
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe [Part 3]
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe [Part 3]
Published: 2014/04/27
Channel: European Union
When Did We Join The EU?
When Did We Join The EU?
Published: 2017/08/12
Channel: Omega Omega
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe
The European Parliament and the Construction of Europe
Published: 2014/03/31
Channel: Nicolae Sfetcu
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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EC enlargement in 1973: new members Denmark, Ireland and UK in yellow.

The 1973 enlargement of the European Communities was the first enlargement of the European Communities (EC), now the European Union (EU). Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom (UK) acceded to the EC on 1 January 1973. Gibraltar and Greenland also joined the EC as part of the United Kingdom and Denmark respectively, but the Faroe Islands, the British Overseas Territories and the Crown dependencies of the United Kingdom did not join the EC.

Ireland and Denmark both held referenda in 1972 in May and October respectively, and the UK held a referendum in 1975, on membership of the EC, all which approved membership of the EC. Norway planned to accede, but this was rejected in a referendum held in September 1972. Norway later reapplied to join, but voters again rejected the proposal in a 1994 referendum.

Greenland later withdrew from the EC on 1 January 1985 after a referendum in 1982. This was followed by the UK holding a referendum in 2016 on membership which resulted in the United Kingdom voting to leave the now EU.

Background[edit]

The United Kingdom was recovering from the Second World War and Ireland remained economically dependent on the latter, which represented nearly 75% of its exports and this was codified in the Anglo-Irish Free trade agreement of 1966.[1]

In 1960 the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was established and was formed by Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. These countries were often referred to as the Outer Seven, as opposed to the Inner Six of the founding members of the European Community (EC).[2] The EFTA was founded by a convention known as the Stockholm Convention in 1960, with the aim of liberalisation of trade in goods amongst its member states. On 31 July 1961 the United Kingdom,[3] Ireland[4] and Denmark[5] applied to join the EC. In 1963, after negotiations,[6] France vetoed Britain's application because of the aversion of Charles de Gaulle to the UK,[4] which he considered a "trojan horse" for the United States.[1] De Gaulle resigned the French presidency in 1969.[7][8] In the 1970s, the EFTA states concluded free trade agreements with the EC.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


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