FIA Formula One World Championship season
|Races by country • Races by season|
The 1984 Formula One season was the 35th season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1984 Formula One World Championship for Drivers and the 1984 Fomula One World Championship for Manufacturers which were contested concurrently over a sixteen-race series which commenced on March 25, 1984, and ended on October 21.
In the Championship for Drivers, the season became a duel between McLaren's Alain Prost and Niki Lauda. Lauda eventually prevailed by the slimmest of margins – half a point – despite Prost winning the last two Grands Prix of the year.
The season had been expected to see a continuation of the Brabham-Renault-Ferrari battle, with supporting roles for McLaren, Williams and Lotus. McLaren however had stolen a march on its competitors thanks to its TAG turbo engine and the John Barnard-designed MP4/2. The combination of dual World Champion Lauda, nine time Grand Prix winner Prost, the TAG-Porsche and the MP4/2 quickly becoming the class of the field.
The FISA had introduced new fuel economy rules aimed at reducing speeds, ruling that cars must have a 220 litre fuel tank, with re-fueling now banned (the tank had to be 220L but teams were free to try and squeeze more in if they could, which some tried with methods such as freezing the fuel inside the tank). TAG, who had switched from being just a sponsor with Williams to being a partner with McLaren team boss Ron Dennis, commissioned German sports car manufacturer Porsche to design and build a V6 turbocharged engine. Porsche had extensive experience with similar economy rules due to its participation in endurance racing and this translated in superior fuel economy.
Reigning world driver's champion Nelson Piquet and his Brabham-BMW were usually the fastest combination on track but appalling early season reliability, where the reigning Drivers' World Champion failed to score a point due to numerous engine and turbo failures before his win in Canada, meant he was never able to challenge consistently, and by half way through the season it was apparent he wouldn't repeat as champion.
The season saw a titanic battle between both McLaren drivers Niki Lauda and Alain Prost. Prost had been sacked by Renault after failing to win the 1983 title (Prost had openly criticised Renault for failing to develop the RE40 during the season, resulting in the loss of both the Drivers' and Constructors championships). Fast and ambitious, the Frenchman quickly established his dominance over his teammate, especially in qualifying, though Lauda's race driving saw him often a match for his younger team mate.
Austrian Niki Lauda had returned to F1 in 1982 and soon showed he had lost nothing of his earlier determination and guile. He regularly matched the pace of his 1982-1983 McLaren team mate John Watson, but Alain Prost was a different kettle of fish. Lauda quickly realized he could not beat his young team mate on speed. The wily Austrian therefore ignored qualifying and concentrated on his race strategies. By winning races when Prost ran into trouble and scoring relentlessly when Prost proved quicker, Lauda was just able to win the title. He was the only second driver after Denny Hulme in 1967 to have ever won the title without achieving a single pole position in the season.
During the season, the Tyrrell team had its results stripped after a technical infringement.
McLaren dominated the season, with Prost winning a record 7 races, and Lauda winning 5. The team also scored four 1-2 results during the season to easily win the Constructors Championship with a then record 143.5 points, some 86 points in front of second placed Ferrari. McLaren won 12 of the season's 16 races, with Brabham's reigning World Champion Nelson Piquet scoring two wins and Michele Alboreto (Ferrari) and Keke Rosberg (Williams-Honda) won one race each. For Japanese giant Honda, Rosberg's win in Dallas would be the first of 40 wins for their turbocharged V6 engines until the turbos were phased out following the 1988 season.
|MRD International||Brabham-BMW||BT53||BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t||M||1||Nelson Piquet||All|
|2||Teo Fabi||1-5, 8, 10-15|
|Corrado Fabi||6-7, 9|
|Tyrrell Racing Organisation||Tyrrell-Ford||012||Ford Cosworth DFY 3.0 V8||G||3||Martin Brundle||1-9|
|4||Stefan Bellof||1-10, 12-13|
|Williams Grand Prix Engineering||Williams-Honda||FW09
|Honda RA163E 1.5 V6t
Honda RA164E 1.5 V6t
|Marlboro McLaren International||McLaren-TAG||MP4/2||TAG TTE PO1 1.5 V6t||M||7||Alain Prost||All|
|Skoal Bandit Formula 1 Team||RAM-Hart||01
|Hart 415T 1.5 L4t||P||9||Philippe Alliot||All|
|10||Jonathan Palmer||1-6, 8-16|
|John Player Team Lotus||Lotus-Renault||95T||Renault EF4B 1.5 V6t||G||11||Elio de Angelis||All|
|Team ATS||ATS-BMW||D7||BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t||P||14||Manfred Winkelhock||1-14|
|Equipe Renault Elf||Renault||RE50||Renault EF4 1.5 V6t||M||15||Patrick Tambay||All|
|Barclay Nordica Arrows BMW||Arrows-Ford||A6||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||17||Marc Surer||1-3, 5, 7-8|
|18||Thierry Boutsen||1-2, 4|
|Arrows-BMW||A7||BMW M12/13 1.5 L4t||17||Marc Surer||4, 6, 9-16|
|18||Thierry Boutsen||3, 5-16|
|Toleman Group Motorsport||Toleman-Hart||TG183B
|Hart 415T 1.5 L4t||P||19||Ayrton Senna||1-13, 15-16|
|Hart 415T 1.5 L4t||P||21||Mauro Baldi||1-6, 15-16|
|Huub Rothengatter||7, 9-14|
|Spirit-Ford||101C||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||21||Huub Rothengatter||8|
|Benetton Team Alfa Romeo||Alfa Romeo||184T||Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8t||G||22||Riccardo Patrese||All|
|Osella Squadra Corse||Osella-Alfa Romeo||FA1F||Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8t||P||24||Piercarlo Ghinzani||All|
|30||Jo Gartner||4, 10-16|
|Renault EF4 1.5 V6t||M||25||François Hesnault||All|
|26||Andrea de Cesaris||All|
|Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC||Ferrari||126C4||Ferrari 031 1.5 V6t||G||27||Michele Alboreto||All|
|Rnd||Race||Date||Location||Pole Position||Fastest Lap||Race Winner||Constructor||Report|
|1||Brazilian Grand Prix||March 25||Jacarepaguá||Elio de Angelis||Alain Prost||Alain Prost||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|2||South African Grand Prix||April 7||Kyalami||Nelson Piquet||Patrick Tambay||Niki Lauda||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|3||Belgian Grand Prix||April 29||Zolder||Michele Alboreto||René Arnoux||Michele Alboreto||Ferrari||Report|
|4||San Marino Grand Prix||May 6||Imola||Nelson Piquet||Nelson Piquet||Alain Prost||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|5||French Grand Prix||May 20||Dijon||Patrick Tambay||Alain Prost||Niki Lauda||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|6||Monaco Grand Prix1||June 3||Monaco||Alain Prost||Ayrton Senna||Alain Prost||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|7||Canadian Grand Prix||June 17||Circuit Gilles Villeneuve||Nelson Piquet||Nelson Piquet||Nelson Piquet||Brabham-BMW||Report|
|8||Detroit Grand Prix||June 24||Detroit||Nelson Piquet||Derek Warwick||Nelson Piquet||Brabham-BMW||Report|
|9||Dallas Grand Prix||July 8||Dallas||Nigel Mansell||Niki Lauda||Keke Rosberg||Williams-Honda||Report|
|10||British Grand Prix||July 22||Brands Hatch||Nelson Piquet||Niki Lauda||Niki Lauda||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|11||German Grand Prix||August 5||Hockenheimring||Alain Prost||Alain Prost||Alain Prost||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|12||Austrian Grand Prix||August 19||Österreichring||Nelson Piquet||Niki Lauda||Niki Lauda||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|13||Dutch Grand Prix||August 26||Zandvoort||Alain Prost||René Arnoux||Alain Prost||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|14||Italian Grand Prix||September 9||Monza||Nelson Piquet||Niki Lauda||Niki Lauda||McLaren-TAG||Report|
|15||European Grand Prix||October 7||Nürburgring||Nelson Piquet|| Nelson Piquet
|16||Portuguese Grand Prix||October 21||Estoril||Nelson Piquet||Niki Lauda||Alain Prost||McLaren-TAG||Report|
Points towards the 1984 Formula 1 World Championship for Drivers were awarded on a 9-6-4-3-2-1 basis to the first six finishers in each race.
† Half points were awarded at the Monaco Grand Prix as less than 75% of the scheduled distance was completed.
Points towards the 1984 Formula 1 World Championship for Manufacturers were awarded on a 9-6-4-3-2-1 basis to the first six finishers in each race.
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