|Race 14 of 16 in the 1984 FIA Formula One World Championship|
|Date||9 September 1984|
|Official name||55o Gran Premio d'Italia|
|Location||Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza|
|Course||Permanent racing facility|
|Course length||5.800 km (3.604 mi)|
|Distance||51 laps, 295.800 km (183.802 mi)|
|Time||1:31.912 on lap 42|
The 51-lap race was won by Austrian Niki Lauda, driving a McLaren-TAG, with local drivers Michele Alboreto and Riccardo Patrese second and third in a Ferrari and an Alfa Romeo respectively. With team-mate Alain Prost retiring, Lauda opened up a 10.5-point lead over the Frenchman in the Drivers' Championship.
In the fortnight between the Dutch and Italian Grands Prix, the FIA Court of Appeal upheld the exclusion of the Tyrrell team from the championship for alleged technical infringements, and the team were duly banned from the final three races of the season. The Italian Grand Prix would thus be the first all-turbo Formula One race in history.
Meanwhile, the Toleman team had suspended Ayrton Senna for not informing them of his signing for Lotus for 1985 before the deal was announced at Zandvoort. Stefan Johansson, out of a drive as a result of Tyrrell's ban, was drafted in to replace the Brazilian at Monza; he would be joined by newcomer Pierluigi Martini.
Qualifying saw Nelson Piquet take his seventh pole position of the season in his Brabham, with Alain Prost alongside him on the front row in his McLaren. The second row was made up of Elio de Angelis in the Lotus and Niki Lauda in the second McLaren, while the third row consisted of Teo Fabi in the second Brabham and Keke Rosberg in the Williams. The second Lotus of Nigel Mansell, the Renault of Patrick Tambay and the two Alfa Romeos of Riccardo Patrese and Eddie Cheever completed the top ten. Martini, unfamiliar with the Toleman, came 27th and last and thus failed to qualify.
At the start, de Angelis passed Prost and Piquet, though the Brabham driver retook the lead into the first chicane. Tambay also made a fast start to run fourth, while Lauda fell to seventh behind Mansell and Fabi. While Piquet set about building a lead, Prost and Tambay overtook de Angelis, only for Prost's engine to fail on the fourth lap. In the meantime, Fabi and Lauda passed both Lotuses, and were thus up to third and fourth.
On lap 8, Fabi spun at the Roggia chicane, dropping to eighth; a charge put him back up to fourth by lap 12. By this point, Michele Alboreto in the Ferrari had also passed both Lotuses and was now fifth. While this was going on, a high attrition rate was building: the second Ferrari of René Arnoux suffered a gearbox failure on lap 6, while the two Ligiers of Andrea de Cesaris and François Hesnault dropped out on lap 8, followed shortly afterwards by the two Williams of Rosberg and Jacques Laffite. By lap 15 the two Lotuses had also retired, Mansell spinning off and de Angelis' gearbox failing.
Piquet continued to lead from Tambay, both clear of Lauda. On lap 16, Piquet's engine failed; at around the same time Fabi, continuing his charge, overtook Lauda to run second. Fabi then started to catch up to Tambay and by half-distance was on the Renault's tail, with Lauda keeping close behind; all three were clear of Alboreto, with Derek Warwick in the second Renault up to fifth and Cheever sixth. On lap 32, Warwick suffered an oil pressure problem, moving Johansson's Toleman into the top six.
On lap 40, Lauda overtook Fabi at the Parabolica, before passing Tambay for the lead at the Roggia three laps later. Then, on lap 44, Fabi and Tambay suffered engine and throttle failures respectively. This left Lauda with a lead of 20 seconds over Alboreto, with Cheever up to third followed by Johansson, Patrese and the Osella of Piercarlo Ghinzani. On lap 46 Cheever ran out of fuel, followed three laps later by Ghinzani; meanwhile, Patrese passed Johansson for third. At the chequered flag, only Lauda and Alboreto were on the lead lap, with Patrese one lap behind Lauda and Johansson a further lap back. Completing the top six were Jo Gartner in the second Osella and Gerhard Berger in the second ATS, though neither driver would receive points as both their teams had officially entered only one car for the championship.
The win, Lauda's fifth of the season, put him 10.5 points clear of Prost at the top of the Drivers' Championship with two races remaining. In the Constructors' Championship, Alboreto's result enabled Ferrari to move ahead of Lotus into second behind McLaren.
|2||27||Michele Alboreto||Ferrari||51||+ 24.249||11||6|
|3||22||Riccardo Patrese||Alfa Romeo||50||+ 1 Lap||9||4|
|4||19||Stefan Johansson||Toleman-Hart||49||+ 2 Laps||17||3|
|5||30||Jo Gartner||Osella-Alfa Romeo||49||+ 2 Laps||24||0*|
|6||31||Gerhard Berger||ATS-BMW||49||+ 2 Laps||20||0*|
|7||24||Piercarlo Ghinzani||Osella-Alfa Romeo||48||Out of Fuel||22|
|8||21||Huub Rothengatter||Spirit-Hart||48||+ 3 Laps||25|
|9||23||Eddie Cheever||Alfa Romeo||45||Out of Fuel||10|
|10||18||Thierry Boutsen||Arrows-BMW||45||+ 6 Laps||19|
|Ret||16||Derek Warwick||Renault||31||Oil Pressure||12|
|Ret||10||Jonathan Palmer||RAM-Hart||20||Oil Pressure||26|
|Ret||11||Elio de Angelis||Lotus-Renault||14||Gearbox||3|
|Ret||12||Nigel Mansell||Lotus-Renault||13||Spun Off||7|
|Ret||26||Andrea de Cesaris||Ligier-Renault||7||Engine||16|
|Ret||25||François Hesnault||Ligier-Renault||7||Spun Off||18|
* Neither Gartner nor Berger were eligible for points, as they were driving the respective "second entries" of Osella and ATS and both teams had officially entered only one car for the entire championship.
1984 Dutch Grand Prix
|FIA Formula One World Championship
1984 European Grand Prix
1983 Italian Grand Prix
|Italian Grand Prix||Next race:
1985 Italian Grand Prix
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