|Motto||Green, Clean and Friendship|
|Opening ceremony||11 December 2013|
|Closing ceremony||22 December 2013|
|Officially opened by||Nyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
|Officially closed by||Nyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
|Athlete's Oath||Sandi Oo|
|Torch lighter||Maung Wai Lin Tun|
|Main venue||Wunna Theikdi Stadium|
|Website||2013 Southeast Asian Games|
The 2013 Southeast Asian Games (Burmese: ၂၀၁၃ ခုနှစ် အရှေ့တောင် အာရှ အားကစား ပြိုင်ပွဲ), officially known as the 27th Southeast Asian Games, was a multi-sport event took place in Naypyidaw, Myanmar, and in other main cities, Yangon and Mandalay as well as in Ngwesaung Beach. Around 4730 athletes from 11 participating nations participated at the games, which featured 460 events in 37 sports.
It was the third time Myanmar hosted the Southeast Asian Games. The country hosted the Games in 1961 and 1969 respectively in Yangon, then capital. Singapore withdrew its hosting rights due to expected delays in the completion of its new national stadium. Naypyidaw became the second city in Myanmar to host the Southeast Asian Games. The games was opened and closed by Nyan Tun, the Vice-president of Myanmar.
The final medal tally was led by Thailand, followed by host Myanmar and Vietnam. Several Asian Games, Southeast Asian Games, and national records were broken during the games. Though there were several controversies, the Games were generally deemed successful with Myanmar hosting after 44 years, and with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.
Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines and Thailand revealed their intentions to host the Games. However, since the latter three nations hosted the 2003, 2005 and 2007 editions, respectively, these countries were less favored to host this edition.
Myanmar held the longest interval between hosting the games, spanning a time of 44 years. The Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF) Council met in Jakarta on 31 May 2010 unanimously agreed to award the Myanmar Olympic Committee the right to host the 27th edition of the games. The official website of the Olympic Council of Asia also approved the fact that Myanmar would host the 27th Southeast Asian Games in its news launched on 7 June 2010. ASEAN Football Federation (AFF)'s official website also announced that Myanmar would host the games.
The Myanmar SEA Games Organising Committee (MYASOC) was formed to oversee the staging of the event.
Wunna Theikdi Sports Complex
Zayarthiri Sports Complex
As Naypyidaw was yet to be fully developed into a city, only shuttle bus services were provided throughout the games and were used to ferry athletes and officials to and from the airport, games venues and games village. The co-host cities of the games, Yangon, Mandalay and Ngwesaung also provided the same services during the games.
The official countdown to the games' opening ceremony began a year prior on 11 December 2012. The countdown clocks were located in Naypyidaw and other cities in Myanmar that co-hosted the games.
The logo of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games is the map of Myanmar. The ball with eleven rings resembling the 11 Southeast Asian countries and the Southeast Asian Games Federation represents the successful holding of Southeast Asian Games in Myanmar and yellow, green and red are the three national colours represented in Myanmar's National Flag. The yellow circle represents equality and fraternity, green color represents love of nature and the green economy and red color represents courage and hard working nature of Myanmar. The circular shape represents complete perfection and endless prosperity among the Southeast Asian countries.
The official mascot of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games was a couple of owls named Shwe Yoe and Ma Moe. The owls are considered lucky charms in Burmese tradition. Owl is globally taken as the wisest, calmest and balanced animal. But, in Myanmar, it is also taken to be auspicious and believed to bring forth luck and prosperity to the family, for which the owl dolls are kept at their homes as lucky charms. The owl as official mascot of Myanmar SEA Games 2013 has a personality: wise, calm, lucky, loyal, and friendly. The personality of an owl was intended to bring forth co-operation, friendship, and better understanding among the participating countries.
Several songs, including the theme of the games "Colourful Garden", were written for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.
A total of 18 sponsors, comprising 14 official sponsors and 4 official supporters, sponsored the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.
Official Sponsors (Continue)
Official Sponsors (Continue)
The opening ceremony was held on 11 December 2013 at the Wunna Theikdi Stadium. It marked the nation's biggest sporting event since 1969. It was led with pre-launch entertainment and a series of screens beamed a dramatic lights show during the Chinese-backed extravaganza.
The ceremony began with fireworks displays at the stadium. The theme song "Colourful Garden" was performed during the flag-raising ceremony after performances made by 12,000 school children and the Myanmar Royal Auspicious Orchestra. Chairman of the 27th SEA Games Organising Committee, Vice-President Nyan Tun opened the Games with another explosion of colourful fireworks. The Games' torch was relayed by six former Burmese athletes before Aye Myint Kyu, the Union Minister for Culture, handed it to a Burmese archer where he lit up the Games cauldron by shooting an arrow into it.
The closing ceremony was held at Wunna Theikdi Stadium on 22 December 2013. It was started with an hour of music following the performance of "Colorful Garden", the theme song for the Games and subsequently, "Loyalty of Blood" was later presented by well-known artists May Sweet and Maykhala. The musical hors d'oeuvres concluded with all artists joining together in "Be Peaceful". President Thein Sein and his wife Khin Khin Win then entered the stadium, following which the Closing Ceremony was officially opened with pyrotechnic displays.
Four performances were presented with the first directly connected the SEA Games to Burmese tradition, celebrating the sport of chinlone, which is believed to have first appeared in Myanmar in the 5th century. It then followed with the "Elephant Dance" which about paying tribute to the elephants in Myanmar.
The Closing Ceremony then paid homage to the 135 officially recognised ethnic races diversity of the country with the performance of "Everlasting Myanmar", depicting the rich diversity of the population, and simultaneously the many obstacles on the path to realising a new, peaceful and prosperous modern state.
Medal winners of every participating countries were then paraded onto the stadium floor to the beat of martial music – chants of "Myanmar" ringing through the stadium.
Myanmar hosted 37 sports, fewer than the number of sport in 2011 Southeast Asian Games in Indonesia. Organisers did not nominate the sports of beach volleyball and dance sports, because they considered those uniforms unsuitable for Burmese women. Tennis and Gymnastics, are Olympic sports were not played in December. In this edition of the Games, floorball was also contested as a demonstration sport. The following sports below were calendared for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.
¹ – not an official Olympic Sport.
² – sport played only in the SEAG.
³ – not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° – a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ- sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.
A total of 1531 medals comprising 461 gold medals, 459 silver medals and 611 bronze medals were awarded to athletes. Thailand was the overall champion. Athletics awarded 46 gold medals with maximum ones in that year's SEA Games.
Host nation (Myanmar)
|Total (11 NOCs)||461||459||611||1531|
2 gold medalists from Myanmar, namely Saw Marla Nwe and Min Zaw Oo, both from athletics and bodybuilding respectively and an Indonesian swimmer, Indra Gunawan were tested positive for a banned drug, thus were stripped off their gold and silver medals.
|2013||Athletics||Women's 20 kilometres walk||Myanmar||–1||+1||–1||–1|
|2014||Swimming||Men's 100 metre breaststroke||Indonesia||−1||–1|
|2014||Swimming||Men's 4 × 100 metre medley relay||Indonesia||–1||–1|
Host nation (Myanmar)
|2013 SEA Games Broadcasters rights in Southeast Asia|
|IOC Code||Country||Broadcast network||Television network||Radio network|
|Radio Nasional Brunei|
|INA||Indonesia||SCM (part of Emtek Group)
Radio & Television of the Republic of Indonesia
|Radio Elshinta News & Talk
|LAO||Laos||Lao National Television||LNTV||LNR|
Radio Televisyen Malaysia
|RTM Nasional FM
|DZMM Radyo Patrol 630|
|SIN||Singapore||MediaCorp||MediaCorp Channel 5
MediaCorp Channel NewsAsia International
|MediaCorp Radio 938LIVE|
|THA||Thailand||Television Pool of Thailand||Channel 3
SMM TV (Simulcast TPT Coverage)
|Modern Radio, NBT Radio|
|TLS||Timor Leste||RTTL||Televisão Timor Leste||Radio Timor Leste|
|Voice of Vietnam|
|2013 SEA Games Broadcasters outside of Southeast Asia|
|IOC Code||Country||Network Station||Television Station||Radio Station|
|China Central Television||CCTV-1 (General Channel)
CCTV-2 (Finance Channel)
CCTV-5 (Sports Channel)
CCTV-7 (Military & Agriculture Channel)
CCTV-5+ (Sport Plus Channel)
|China National Radio
China Radio International
|HKG||Hong Kong||Fox Sports Networks||STAR Sports Asia
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2013 Southeast Asian Games.|
Jakarta & Palembang, Indonesia
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