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MANCHESTER ARENA ATTACK, MY STORY
MANCHESTER ARENA ATTACK, MY STORY
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: DayDreamer Rachel
Manchester Arena Bombing: How events unfolded
Manchester Arena Bombing: How events unfolded
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: RT
Bombing Outside MANCHESTER ARENA - Drake "GYALCHESTER" Connection??
Bombing Outside MANCHESTER ARENA - Drake "GYALCHESTER" Connection??
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: The Black Child
Manchester arena attacker carried bomb through the city
Manchester arena attacker carried bomb through the city
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: 5 News
Manchester Arena bombing video (warning!)
Manchester Arena bombing video (warning!)
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: KeepOn Gaming
Manchester Arena bomb: Bomber Salman Abedi likely had an accomplice, evidence suggests - TomoNews
Manchester Arena bomb: Bomber Salman Abedi likely had an accomplice, evidence suggests - TomoNews
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: TomoWorld
Ariana grande concert bomb in manchester arena
Ariana grande concert bomb in manchester arena
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: jeff
Manchester Terrorist Attack! Ariana Grande concert! Updated!
Manchester Terrorist Attack! Ariana Grande concert! Updated!
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Monrael
The Manchester Arena Bombing: What NOBODY Is Talking About
The Manchester Arena Bombing: What NOBODY Is Talking About
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Deplorable Trumpster
Manchester Arena Attack
Manchester Arena Attack
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: British Transport Police
Before the Bomb Explosion : One Last Time Live at Manchester (Ariana Grande Concert)
Before the Bomb Explosion : One Last Time Live at Manchester (Ariana Grande Concert)
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: rids
A Message To Those Responsible For The Manchester Arena Bombing | The Last Leg
A Message To Those Responsible For The Manchester Arena Bombing | The Last Leg
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Channel 4
Ariana Grande concert bombing in Manchester | Explosion kills at least 19
Ariana Grande concert bombing in Manchester | Explosion kills at least 19
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: ABC News
Manchester bomb: How Salman Abedi could have pulled off the arena bomb attack - TomoNews
Manchester bomb: How Salman Abedi could have pulled off the arena bomb attack - TomoNews
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: TomoWorld
Special Report: Manchester terror attack
Special Report: Manchester terror attack
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Sky News
The Manchester Bombing Is A Staged Government Event - Undeniable PROOF
The Manchester Bombing Is A Staged Government Event - Undeniable PROOF
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: Jackie simpson
Manchester Arena Bomb Blast Caught On Camera
Manchester Arena Bomb Blast Caught On Camera
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Random-TV
MANCHESTER ARENA ATTACK ARIANA GRANDE 2017
MANCHESTER ARENA ATTACK ARIANA GRANDE 2017
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: DayDreamer Rachel
Homeless man describes pulling nails from children after Manchester bombing
Homeless man describes pulling nails from children after Manchester bombing
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: IBTimes UK
Drone footage   Manchester Arena Bomb Damage
Drone footage Manchester Arena Bomb Damage
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: RavenPrecept
Noel Gallagher to headline tribute concert as Manchester Arena reopens next month
Noel Gallagher to headline tribute concert as Manchester Arena reopens next month
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: AP Archive
BBC Breaking News - 22/05/17 Manchester Arena bombing (Radio 5 Live coverage)
BBC Breaking News - 22/05/17 Manchester Arena bombing (Radio 5 Live coverage)
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: Andy Gordon
Tommy Robinson - Manchester Arena Bombing
Tommy Robinson - Manchester Arena Bombing
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: The INFOWAR Armory
Video Footage of Actual Moment Bomb Explosion Blast Occurred Ariana Grande Concert Manchester Arena
Video Footage of Actual Moment Bomb Explosion Blast Occurred Ariana Grande Concert Manchester Arena
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: LivingTheGoodLife
MANCHESTER ARENA ATTACK: OUR EXPERIENCE
MANCHESTER ARENA ATTACK: OUR EXPERIENCE
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Isaac and Kara
Manchester Arena attack | Bomb Blast Suicide bomber killed 22 at Ariana Grand
Manchester Arena attack | Bomb Blast Suicide bomber killed 22 at Ariana Grand
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Terry Bogard
📡 *** BREAKING / ONGOING - Explosion At Ariana Grande Concert In Manchester
📡 *** BREAKING / ONGOING - Explosion At Ariana Grande Concert In Manchester
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: MaKaElectric
Manchester attack: latest after explosion at Ariana Grande concert
Manchester attack: latest after explosion at Ariana Grande concert
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Channel 4 News
The Left Aided Islamic Terror Bombing Of Manchester Arena
The Left Aided Islamic Terror Bombing Of Manchester Arena
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
Manchester Arena Bombing Reaction!
Manchester Arena Bombing Reaction!
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: THE TANERNATOR
[Raw Video] Video Shows Detailed Explosion at Ariana Grande Concert in Manchester Arena
[Raw Video] Video Shows Detailed Explosion at Ariana Grande Concert in Manchester Arena
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: RusticGaming
Bomb Explosion during Ariana Grande Concert in Manchester Arena
Bomb Explosion during Ariana Grande Concert in Manchester Arena
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: rids
Manchester Arena bombing: Salman Abedi identified as the suicide bomber - TomoNews
Manchester Arena bombing: Salman Abedi identified as the suicide bomber - TomoNews
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: TomoNews US
Manchester Arena Bomb - When They Found Out 22/5/17
Manchester Arena Bomb - When They Found Out 22/5/17
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Davina Arch
Family Who Escaped Manchester Bombing Describe Panic and Chaos | Good Morning Britain
Family Who Escaped Manchester Bombing Describe Panic and Chaos | Good Morning Britain
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Good Morning Britain
MANCHESTER ARENA BOMBING: FALSE FLAG Psyop?The INCONSISTENCIES In The OFFICIAL STORY
MANCHESTER ARENA BOMBING: FALSE FLAG Psyop?The INCONSISTENCIES In The OFFICIAL STORY
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: TOTALECLIPSE Page
The Manchester Arena Bombing
The Manchester Arena Bombing
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Millennial Woes
Why the Manchester Arena Attack Coverage is Fake
Why the Manchester Arena Attack Coverage is Fake
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: ObeLines
Manchester Arena Explosion: Donald Trump calls suicide bomber an
Manchester Arena Explosion: Donald Trump calls suicide bomber an 'evil loser' - BBC News
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: BBC News
Teen victim describes Manchester Arena attack
Teen victim describes Manchester Arena attack
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: NTDTV
Manchester Concert Bombing Kills 19, Dozens Hurt
Manchester Concert Bombing Kills 19, Dozens Hurt
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: CBS New York
Manchester: 100 Days After the Attack [Part 1]
Manchester: 100 Days After the Attack [Part 1]
Published: 2017/08/29
Channel: ATS News & Politics
The Manchester Bombing. What Now? Let
The Manchester Bombing. What Now? Let's talk about Terror And The Response To It...
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Philip DeFranco
Manchester Arena seen from the air after Manchester Attack
Manchester Arena seen from the air after Manchester Attack
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Sky News
"There was a suspicious woman"
"There was a suspicious woman"
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Sky News
Seth Meyers Addresses the Manchester Concert Bombing
Seth Meyers Addresses the Manchester Concert Bombing
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Late Night with Seth Meyers
Emmerdale Actress Isabel Hodgkins Was at Manchester Arena During Explosion | Good Morning Britain
Emmerdale Actress Isabel Hodgkins Was at Manchester Arena During Explosion | Good Morning Britain
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Good Morning Britain
Statement on Manchester Bombing From Police Chief Constable | Good Morning Britain
Statement on Manchester Bombing From Police Chief Constable | Good Morning Britain
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Good Morning Britain
BOMB AT MANCHESTER ARENA
BOMB AT MANCHESTER ARENA
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Mohamed Ismail
Manchester Ariana Grande Fake Bombing
Manchester Ariana Grande Fake Bombing
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: No More Bullshit
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Manchester Arena bombing
Part of Islamic terrorism in Europe (2014–present)
Manchester Evening News Arena - geograph.org.uk - 1931437.jpg
Manchester Arena bombing is located in Greater Manchester
Manchester Arena
Manchester Arena
Manchester Arena bombing (Greater Manchester)
Manchester Arena bombing is located in the United Kingdom
Manchester Arena bombing
Manchester Arena bombing (the United Kingdom)
Location Manchester Arena
Manchester, United Kingdom
Coordinates 53°29′17.3″N 2°14′34″W / 53.488139°N 2.24278°W / 53.488139; -2.24278Coordinates: 53°29′17.3″N 2°14′34″W / 53.488139°N 2.24278°W / 53.488139; -2.24278
Date 22 May 2017 (2017-05-22)
22:31 (BST)
Target Concert-goers
Attack type
Suicide bombing
Weapon Nail bomb
Deaths 23 (including the bomber)
Non-fatal injuries
512[1]
Assailants Salman Ramadan Abedi
Motive Islamist extremism[2]

The Manchester Arena bombing was an Islamist terror attack in Manchester, United Kingdom. On 22 May 2017 a shrapnel-laden homemade bomb was detonated as people were leaving Manchester Arena following a concert by the American singer Ariana Grande. Twenty-three people were killed, including the attacker, and over 500 were injured.

After initial suspicions of a terrorist network, police later said they believed the bomber, Salman Ramadan Abedi, had largely acted alone but that others had been aware of his plans.

The bombing came just two months after five people were killed in a vehicle-ramming terrorist attack in Westminster, London.

Attack[edit]

On 22 May 2017 at 22:31 BST (UTC+01:00),[3] a suicide bomber detonated an improvised explosive device, packed with nuts and bolts to act as shrapnel, in the foyer area of the Manchester Arena. The attack took place after an Ariana Grande concert that was part of her 2017 Dangerous Woman Tour.[4][5] 14,200 people attended the concert.[6] Many exiting concert-goers and waiting parents were in the foyer at the time of the explosion. According to evidence presented at the coroner's inquest, the detonation of the bomb killed people who were up to 20 metres away.[7]

Greater Manchester Police declared the incident a terrorist attack and suicide bombing. It was the deadliest attack in the United Kingdom since the 7 July 2005 London bombings.[8]

Aftermath[edit]

About three hours after the bombing, police conducted a controlled explosion on a suspicious item of clothing in Cathedral Gardens. This was later confirmed to have been abandoned clothing and not dangerous.[9][10]

Residents and taxi companies in Manchester offered free transport or accommodation via Twitter to those left stranded at the concert.[11] Parents of children attending the concert were separated in the aftermath of the explosion. A nearby hotel served as a shelter for children displaced by the bombing, with officials directing their parents there.[12] Manchester's Sikh temples (gurdwaras) along with local homeowners, hotels and venues offered shelter to victims of the attack.[13]

British military personnel alongside armed police as part of Operation Temperer in response to the raised threat level

Manchester Victoria railway station, which is partly underneath the arena, was evacuated and closed, and services were cancelled.[4][14] The explosion caused structural damage to the station, which remained closed until the damage had been assessed and repaired, resulting in significant disruption to train and tram services.[15] The station reopened to traffic on 30 May 2017, following the completion of police investigation work and repairs to the fabric of the building.[16]

After a COBRA meeting with Greater Manchester's Chief Constable, Ian Hopkins, on 23 May, Prime Minister Theresa May announced that the UK's terror threat level[17] was raised to "critical", its highest level.[18] The threat level remained critical until 27 May, when it was reduced to its previous level of severe.[19] In the aftermath of the attack Operation Temperer was activated for the first time, allowing up to 5,000 soldiers to reinforce armed police in protecting parts of the country.[20][21][22] Tours of the Houses of Parliament and the Changing of the Guard ceremony at Buckingham Palace were cancelled on 24 May, and troops were deployed to guard government buildings in London.[23]

On 23 May, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, via the Nashir Telegram channel, claimed the attack was carried out by "a soldier of the Khilafah". The message called the attack "an endeavor to terrorize the mushrikin, and in response to their transgressions against the lands of the Muslims."[24][25][26] Abedi's sister speculated that he was motivated by revenge for Muslim children killed by American airstrikes in Syria.[27][28]

On 14 June, it was confirmed that the arena would remain closed until September, with scheduled concerts either cancelled or moved to other venues.[29] On 16 August 2017, it was announced that Manchester Arena would reopen on 9 September, with a benefit concert featuring Noel Gallagher and other acts associated with the North West.[30]

Casualties[edit]

The blast killed the attacker, and 22 concert-goers and parents who were in the entrance waiting to pick up their children following the show; 119 people were initially reported as injured.[31][32] This number was revised by police to 250 on 22 June, with the addition of severe psychological trauma and minor injuries.[33] In October the number of injured was revised to 512.[1] The dead included ten people aged under 20; the youngest victim was an eight-year-old girl and the oldest was a 51-year-old woman.[32] Of the 22 people who died, twenty were Britons and two were British-based Polish nationals.[34]

North West Ambulance Service reported that 60 of its ambulances attended the scene, carried 59 people to local hospitals, and treated a number of walking wounded on site.[35] Of those hospitalised, 12 were children under the age of 16.[31]

The first doctor thought to have been on scene was an off-duty Consultant Anesthetist, Dr Michael Daley.[36] In recognition of his bravery for the role he played in the immediate medical response to the incident, Daley's name was entered into the British Medical Association Book of Valour in June 2017.[37]

Attacker[edit]

The bomber, Salman Ramadan Abedi, was a 22-year-old British Sunni Muslim of Libyan ancestry.[38][39] He was born in Manchester on 31 December 1994 to a Salafi[40] family of Libyan-born refugees who had settled in south Manchester after fleeing to the UK to escape the government of Muammar Gaddafi. He had two brothers and a sister.[41][42] He grew up in the Whalley Range area and lived in Fallowfield.[43] According to The Times, Abedi had been among a group of students who had accused a teacher of Islamophobia for criticising suicide bombing.[44][45] Some neighbours described the Abedi family as very traditional and "super religious".[46] However, according to an acquaintance, Abedi was "outgoing" and consumed alcohol until 2012,[47] while another said that Abedi was a "regular kid who went out and drank" until about 2016.[48] Abedi was also known to have taken drugs, particularly cannabis.[41][47] Abedi, his elder brother,[49] and, prior to 2011, his father attended Didsbury Mosque.[43][50][51] An imam at the mosque recalled that Abedi looked at him "with hate" after he preached against ISIS and Ansar al-Sharia in 2015.[52]

Abedi's parents, both born in Tripoli, returned to Libya in 2011 following the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi,[43] while Abedi stayed in the United Kingdom. Abedi attended Burnage Academy for Boys in Manchester between 2009 and 2011, before going to The Manchester College until 2013 and then in 2014 enrolled at the University of Salford, where he studied business management. Abedi later dropped out to work in a bakery.[41] Manchester police believe Abedi used student loans to finance the plot, including travel overseas to learn bomb-making.[53] The Guardian reported he may have received loan funding as recently as April.[54]

He was known to British security services and police but was not regarded as a high risk, having been linked to petty crime but never flagged up for radical views.[50][55] A community worker told the BBC he had called a hotline five years before the bombing to warn police about Abedi's views and members of Britain’s Libyan diaspora said they had "warned authorities for years" about Manchester's Islamist radicalisation.[56][57] Abedi was allegedly reported to authorities for his extremism by as many as five community leaders and family members and had been banned from a mosque;[58][59][60] the Chief Constable of Greater Manchester, though, said Abedi was not known to the "Prevent" anti-radicalisation programme.[61] On 29 May, MI5 launched an internal inquiry into its handling of the warnings it had received about Abedi and a second, "more in depth" inquiry, into how it missed the danger.[62][63][64]

According to a retired European intelligence officer who spoke on condition of anonymity, Abedi was in contact with members of the ISIS Battar brigade in Sabratha, Libya.[65] Greater Manchester police said that Abedi made "core purchases" for the construction of the bomb in the four days between his return from Libya and the attack, apparently constructing the bomb by himself.[66]

Investigation[edit]

Bombing location map

The property in Fallowfield where Abedi lived was raided on 23 May. Armed police breached the house with a controlled explosion and searched it. Abedi's 23-year-old brother was arrested in Chorlton-cum-Hardy in south Manchester in relation to the attack.[67][68] Police carried out raids in two other areas of south Manchester and another address in the Whalley Range area.[68] Three other men were arrested, and police initially spoke of a network supporting the bomber,[56] although police later announced that Abedi had sourced all the bomb components himself, and they now believed he had largely acted alone.[69] On 6 July, police said that they believed others had been aware of Abedi's plans.[70]

According to German police sources, Abedi transited through Düsseldorf airport on his way home to Manchester from Istanbul four days before the bombing.[71] French interior minister Gérard Collomb said in an interview with BFM TV that Abedi may have been to Syria, and had "proven" links with ISIS.[72] Abedi's younger brother and father were arrested by Libyan security forces on 23 and 24 May respectively.[73] The brother was suspected of planning an attack in Libya, and was said to be in regular touch with Salman, and aware of the plan to bomb the Manchester Arena,[74] but not the date.[75] According to a Libyan official, the brothers spoke on the phone about 15 minutes before the attack was carried out.[76] On 1 November 2017, the UK formally requested Libya to extradite the bomber's younger brother, Hashem Abedi to return to the UK to face trial for complicity in the murder of the 22 people killed in the explosion.[77]

Photographs of the remains of the IED published by The New York Times indicated that it had comprised an explosive charge inside a lightweight metal container which was carried within a black vest or a blue Karrimor backpack. Most of the fatalities occurred in a ring around the bomber. His torso was propelled by the blast through the doors to the arena, possibly indicating that the explosive charge was held in the backpack and blew him forward on detonation. A small device thought to have possibly been a hand-held detonator was also found.[78] US Congressman Michael McCaul, chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, indicated that the bomb contained the explosive TATP, which has been used in previous bombings.[79] According to Manchester police, the explosive device used by Abedi was the design of a skilled bomb-maker and had a back-up means of detonation.[80] Police also said Salman Abedi "bought most of Manchester bomb components himself" and that he was alone during much of the time before the carrying out the Manchester bombing.[77][81]

On 28 May, police released images showing Abedi on the night of the bombing, taken from CCTV footage.[82] Further images showed Abedi walking around Manchester with a blue suitcase.[83]

According to US intelligence sources, Abedi was identified by the bank card that he had with him and the identification confirmed using facial recognition technology.[84]

A total of 22 people were arrested in connection with the attack, but had all been released without charge by 11 June following the police's conclusion that Abedi was likely to have acted alone, even though others may have been aware of his plans.[85]

News leaks[edit]

Within hours of the attack, Abedi's name and other information given confidentially to security services in the United States and France were leaked to the news media, leading to condemnation from Home Secretary Amber Rudd.[86][87] Following the publication of crime scene photographs of the backpack bomb used in the attack in the 24 May edition of The New York Times, UK counterterrorism police chiefs said the release of the material was detrimental to the investigation.[88]

On 25 May, Greater Manchester Police said it had stopped sharing information on the attack with the US intelligence services. The Prime Minister, Theresa May, said she would make clear to President Trump that "intelligence that has been shared must be made secure."[89] Trump described the leaks to the news media as "deeply troubling", and pledged to carry out a full investigation.[90] British officials blamed the leaks on "the breakdown of normal discipline at the White House and in the US security services".[91] New York Times editor Dean Baquet declined to apologise for publishing the backpack bomb photographs, saying "We live in different press worlds" and that the material was not classified at the highest level.[92]

On 26 May, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the United States government accepted full responsibility for the leaks.[93]

Reactions[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Floral tributes to the victims of the attack in St Ann's Square in Manchester city centre

The Prime Minister, Theresa May, condemned the bombing,[94] and in a later statement following the June 2017 London attack, she stated that these attacks along with the 2017 Westminster attack were "bound together by the single evil ideology of Islamist extremism" and said this extremism was "a perversion of Islam".[2] Queen Elizabeth II expressed her sympathy to the families of the victims.[95] Campaigning for the general election was suspended by all political parties for two days after the attack.[96][97] The Mayor of Greater Manchester, Andy Burnham, called the attack "evil"[98] and announced a vigil in Albert Square the following evening,[99] which thousands attended.[100][101] The Muslim Council of Britain also condemned the attack.[102]

On 25 May 2017, a national minute's silence was observed to remember the victims.[103]

Police reported a 500% increase in anti-Muslim hate crimes in the Greater Manchester area in the month following the attack.[104]

International[edit]

Condolences were expressed by the leaders and governments of dozens of countries,[105] United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres,[106] Commonwealth Secretary-General Patricia Scotland,[107] President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker,[108] Pope Francis,[109] and Secretary General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation Yousef Al-Othaimeen.[110]

Ariana Grande posted on her official Twitter account: "broken. from the bottom of my heart, i am so so sorry. i don't have words. [sic]"[111] The tweet briefly became the most-liked tweet in history.[112] Grande subsequently suspended her tour and flew back to her mother's home in Florida.[113][114]

On 9 July 2017, a performance to benefit the Manchester bombing victims was held in New York City's The Cutting Room, called "Break Free: United for Manchester", with Broadway theatre and television performers interpreting Ariana Grande songs.[115]

One Love Manchester[edit]

On 4 June, Ariana Grande hosted a benefit concert in Manchester, entitled "One Love Manchester" at Old Trafford Cricket Ground that was broadcast live on television, radio and social media. At the concert, Grande performed along with several other high profile artists. Free tickets were offered to those who had attended the show on 22 May.[116] The benefit concert and associated Red Cross fund, raised £10 million for victims of the attack.[117][118]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Manchester attack: Extradition bid for Salman Abedi's brother". BBC News. 1 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "TEXT-UK Prime Minister May's statement following London attack". Reuters. 4 June 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 
  3. ^ Britton, Paul (9 June 2017). "Inquests opened into the deaths of 22 people killed in Manchester Arena bombing". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Manchester Arena blast: 19 dead and more than 50 hurt". BBC News. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "UK police: 22 confirmed dead after terror incident at Ariana Grande concert". CBS News. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "Manchester One Love concert: 'Thousands make false ticket claims'". BBC News. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  7. ^ Pidd, Helen (9 June 2017). "Manchester Arena bomb was designed to kill largest number of innocents". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "How the worst UK terror attack since 7/7 unfolded". Financial Review. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "Manchester Arena attack: 22 dead and 59 hurt". BBC News. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "Isis claim responsibility for the Manchester attack that killed 22". 
  11. ^ Malkin, Bonnie (22 May 2017). "Manchester attack: city mobilises to help concertgoers with offers of rooms and free rides". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  12. ^ Smith, Rory; Chan, Sewell (23 May 2017). "Explosion, Panic and Death at Ariana Grande Concert in England". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  13. ^ Pells, Rachael (23 May 2017). "Manchester Sikh temples offer food and shelter to people affected by terror attack". The Independent. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  14. ^ "Deaths, injuries after reports of explosion at Ariana Grande concert at Manchester Arena: Police". ABC News. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  15. ^ "Structural damage to Victoria Station after bomb". ITV News. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  16. ^ "Manchester attack: Victoria railway station reopens". BBC news. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  17. ^ "Threat Levels". Security \service - MI5. Retrieved 26 May 2017.  Current threat levels in Great Britain and in Northern Ireland from international and Northern Ireland-related terrorism published here. International in all the UK is shown as "critical" for a period following the attack.
  18. ^ "Latest updates as UK terror threat level raise". BBC News. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  19. ^ "Manchester attack: Terror threat reduced from critical to severe". BBC News. BBC. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  20. ^ "PM Theresa May raises UK threat level to 'critical'". ITV News. 23 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017. Raising the level to critical means that military personnel could be deployed to support armed police officers – part of a plan known as Operation Temperer. 
  21. ^ Travis, Alan [@alantravis40] (23 May 2017). "PM says Critical Threat level's Operation Temperer will use up to 5,000 troops to take over armed police patrol duties under police command" (Tweet). Retweeted by The Guardian – via Twitter. 
  22. ^ "Manchester attack: PM says terror threat level reduced from critical". BBC News. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  23. ^ Bennhold, Katrin; Castle, Stephen (24 May 2017). "3 Men Arrested in Investigation of Manchester Bombing". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  24. ^ Yeginsu, Ceylan; Erlanger, Steven (23 May 2017). "ISIS Claims Responsibility for Manchester Concert Attack; Toll Rises to 22". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  25. ^ Samuelson, Kate (23 May 2017). "ISIS Claims Responsibility For Manchester Concert Terrorist Attack". Time. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  26. ^ Dearden, Lizzie (23 May 2017). "Isis has claimed responsibility for the Manchester Arena attack". The Independent. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  27. ^ "Salman Abedi 'wanted revenge' for US air strikes in Syria, Manchester bomber's sister says". The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  28. ^ Morajea, Hassan; Kantchev, Georgi; Bird, Mike; Gold, Riva (25 May 2017). "Manchester Bomber Believed Muslims Were Mistreated, Sought Revenge". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  29. ^ "Manchester Arena to stay closed until September". BBC News. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  30. ^ "Manchester Arena: Noel Gallagher to headline reopening concert". BBC News. BBC. 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017. 
  31. ^ a b Metro.co.uk, Nicole Morley for (23 May 2017). "Twelve children under 16 are among Manchester terror attack injured". Metro. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 22 people have been killed and 59 were taken to hospital following the blast. 119 people were injured in total. 
  32. ^ a b Topping, Alexandra (24 May 2017). "Go sing with the angels: families pay tribute to Manchester victims". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  33. ^ Abbit, Beth (22 June 2017). "Number of people injured in Manchester terror attack rises to 250". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  34. ^ Pesic, Alex (29 May 2017). "These are the 22 victims of the Manchester Arena terror attack". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  35. ^ Phipps, Claire (23 May 2017). "Soldiers on British streets as threat level raised to critical – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  36. ^ Gulland, Anne (30 June 2017). "Doctors commended for their bravery in response to terrorist incidents". BMJ. 357: j3184. doi:10.1136/bmj.j3184. ISSN 0959-8138. PMID 28667098. 
  37. ^ "BMA - Awards and honours". www.bma.org.uk. Retrieved 3 July 2017. 
  38. ^ Evans, Martin; Ward, Victoria; Mendick, Robert; Farmer, Ben; Dixon, Hayley; Boyle, Danny (26 May 2017). "Everything we know about Salman Abedi, the Manchester suicide bomber". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  39. ^ Paton, Callum (23 May 2017). "The Manchester bomber was a promising young man who went off the rails, says a religious leader who knew him". Newsweek. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  40. ^ "The Manchester bomber grew up in a neighborhood struggling with extremism". Vice.com. 
  41. ^ a b c "Manchester attack: Who was Salman Abedi?". bbc.com. BBC. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  42. ^ Evans, Martin; Ward, Victoria (23 May 2017). "Salman Abedi named as the Manchester suicide bomber – what we know about him". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 May 2017. his parents were Libyan refugees who came to the UK to escape the Gaddafi regime 
  43. ^ a b c Evans, Martin; Ward, Victoria (23 May 2017). "Salman Abedi named as the Manchester suicide bomber – what we know about him". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  44. ^ Dearden, Lizzie (26 May 2017). "Salman Abedi once called RE teacher an 'Islamophobe' for asking his opinion of suicide bombers". The Independent. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
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