|Part of E75|
|Length:||316.3 km (196.5 mi)
568 km (353 mi) planned
|From:||S6 near Gdańsk|
S5 near Grudziądz (planned)
|To:||D1 border with Czech Republic|
|Major cities:||Gdańsk, Toruń, Łódź, Częstochowa, Gliwice|
The autostrada A1 in Poland is a north-south motorway currently under construction that will run through central Poland, from Gdańsk on the Baltic Sea through Łódź and the Upper Silesian Industry Area (Gliwice) to the Polish-Czech border in Gorzyczki (Wodzisław County) /Věřňovice (Karviná District), where it is connected with the Czech motorway D1. The motorway is a part of the European route E75. The total planned length is 568 km (353 mi).
As of November 2012, about 316 km (196 mi) of the motorway has been completed. The oldest section, a 17.5 km (11 mi) stretch near Łódź, was built between 1978 and 1989. Further construction resumed in 2005 with the building of the northern section (south of Gdańsk). A 25 km (16 mi) section was opened on 22 December 2007, near Gdańsk, extending the S6 bypass expressway, and a remaining 65 km (40 mi) opened on 17 October 2008. The 62 km extension of the motorway to Toruń opened on 14 October 2011.
At the southern end of the motorway, construction of a 15.5 km (9.6 mi) section from Gliwice-Sośnica to Bełk, part of the southernmost section from the junction with the A4 motorway at Sośnica district of Gliwice to the Czech border, began on 26 March 2007 and was completed in December 2009. As of late 2009, the remainder of the 48 km (30 mi) long section from A4 to the border is under construction, and should open in stages in 2010-2012. Construction of the 43 km (27 mi) section from Gliwice-Sośnica north to Pyrzowice began in 2009 and is scheduled for completion in 2012.
On 15 December 2009 the Polish government announced the cancelling of the contract for building the Świerklany - Gorzyczki (Czech border) section, citing the unacceptably slow pace of construction by Alpine Bau GmbH. The government solicited new bids for this section in April 2010 and the bid was won by the same company that lost the original contract, and construction resumed in October 2010. The original plan was for the road to be ready in the Summer of 2010, according to new contract it will be ready in April 2012, in time for Euro 2012 championships.
On 22 January 2009 a contract was signed for the construction of the 180 km (110 mi) section from Stryków (junction with motorway A2) to Pyrzowice. Under the terms of the contract, the segment from Stryków to Częstochowa (123 km (76 mi)) was to be finished by May 2012, while the remaining segment from Częstochowa to Pyrzowice (57 km (35 mi)) was to be finished by January 2014 (60 months after the signing of the contract). The motorway was to be built within a Private-Public Partnership framework by company Autostrada Południe. The contract included the rebuilding of an already existing stretch of A1 motorway (opened in 1989) as well as the upgrade of the existing dual-carriageway road between Piotrków Trybunalski and Częstochowa. On 23 January 2010 the contract was cancelled as the company was not able to secure financing. It carried out the design project of the motorway however, which according to the Polish government was to make it possible for construction to begin in 2010 by new contractors, and be finished by 2012. However, the design project turned out to be full of flaws and will have to be redone from scratch. The current estimate for the completion of this section is 2015, though it is possible that some sections will be finished earlier.
The construction of the A1 motorway has been a highly politicized issue in Poland, as it is perceived to be an economically vital road that would connect the country's major ports on the Baltic coast with both central and southern Poland. Since 1989 various governments and political parties have supported an accelerated construction schedule for this motorway, without results. After many delays, caused mainly by lack of funding, construction resumed in 2005. When Jarosław Kaczyński was prime minister, statements from government officials indicated a firm commitment for accelerating the construction schedule, with completion of the whole motorway achieved in 2010. That plan was too optimistic, but according to current plans much of the motorway will be opened by 2012, with full completion expected around 2015.
|Gdańsk - Grudziądz||90 km||2005–2008||opened December 2008; toll motorway|
|Grudziądz - Toruń||62 km||2008–2011||opened Oct. 14, 2011; toll motorway|
|Toruń - Kowal||64 km||2010–2013||construction interrupted in September, 2012 as companies involved have been ejected from the contract,. (the ejected companies have sued the Polish authorities). New contractors have been selected in April, 2013 and the under the contract terms the road will open to traffic in late 2013. |
|Kowal - Stryków/Łódź||75 km||2010–2012||opened November 13, 2012|
|Stryków/Łódź - Tuszyn||37.3 km||2012–2014||Design-build contract signed in December 2010, completion originally planned in 32 months, now planned for June, 2014|
|Tuszyn - Piotrków Trybunalski||17 km||1978–1989||built, to be upgraded|
|Piotrków Trybunalski - Częstochowa||82 km||2013–2015||planned upgrade of existing dual-carriageway road, which was built in the 1970s with some motorway features.|
|Częstochowa - Pyrzowice||57 km||2013–2015||in preparation|
|Pyrzowice - "Zabrze Północ” (Wieszowa)||31 km||2009–2012||opened 1 June 2012|
|"Zabrze Północ” (Wieszowa) - Maciejów||8,1 km||2009–2011||opened December 2011|
|Maciejów - Sośnica/Gliwice||6 km||2009–2011||opened September 2011|
|Sośnica/Gliwice - Bełk||15,5 km||2007–2009||opened December 2009|
|Bełk - Świerklany||14,1 km||2008-2011||Bełk - Rowień opened in December 2010, Rowień - Świerklany opened in April 2011 (delayed because of floods)|
|Świerklany - Mszana||7,3 km||2007–?||construction interrupted in late 2009 due to contract dispute, then resumed in October 2010. Was to open in July 2012, but a problem with one of the bridges then moved the planned opening until August, 2013. In May, 2013 the contractor abandoned the project, citing disagreement with Polish government agencies.  Presently traffic is routed around this section via a bypass using local roads.|
|Mszana - Gorzyczki (Czech border)||11,1 km||2007–2012||construction interrupted in late 2009 due to contract dispute, then resumed in October 2010. Opened (to light vehicles only) in November 2012, will open to all vehicles when the section to the north is ready.|
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