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GALAXY A9 COM PLACA GRÁFICA ADRENO ABRINDO GAMES TEMPO DE REPOSTA
GALAXY A9 COM PLACA GRÁFICA ADRENO ABRINDO GAMES TEMPO DE REPOSTA
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Conexão A Tech
ADNAN OKTAR
ADNAN OKTAR'IN PEÇELİ SARIŞIN TATLI BELASI A9 TV Yİ SALLADI
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: HgokhanC
Samsung Galaxy A9 [Unboxing / Hands-on]
Samsung Galaxy A9 [Unboxing / Hands-on]
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: Canaltech
Samsung Galaxy A9 - Atualização (correções de bugs)
Samsung Galaxy A9 - Atualização (correções de bugs)
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Linuxbrs
Galaxy A3,A5,A7 e A9 PRO 2016 - ATUALIZA PARA O ANDROID NOUGAT 7.0
Galaxy A3,A5,A7 e A9 PRO 2016 - ATUALIZA PARA O ANDROID NOUGAT 7.0
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Conexão A Tech
Abrindo  Galaxy A9 2016 / unboxing
Abrindo Galaxy A9 2016 / unboxing
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Fluox Trix Channel
Müzik şahane, dans şahane, A9 TV şahane!
Müzik şahane, dans şahane, A9 TV şahane!
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: ahmetsecer
Comparativo: Galaxy A9 vs A7 2017 | Review do TudoCelular
Comparativo: Galaxy A9 vs A7 2017 | Review do TudoCelular
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: TudoCelular
Samsung Galaxy A9 Review!
Samsung Galaxy A9 Review!
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Android Authority
Samsung Galaxy A9 - Unboxing & Hands On!
Samsung Galaxy A9 - Unboxing & Hands On!
Published: 2016/02/12
Channel: C4ETech
Very big cat Tuğba Bozkurt dans ediyor
Very big cat Tuğba Bozkurt dans ediyor
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: A9 Müzik
Rus kedicik Te Ma Etmaje şarkısında coştu
Rus kedicik Te Ma Etmaje şarkısında coştu
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: A9 Müzik
Sony A9 Review
Sony A9 Review
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Tyler Stalman
İman hakikatleri www.a9.com.tr
İman hakikatleri www.a9.com.tr
Published: 2012/10/11
Channel: Muhammed Said Oral
Galaxy A9, Moto Z Play, Xperia X e iPhone SE | Comparativo de câmeras do TudoCelular
Galaxy A9, Moto Z Play, Xperia X e iPhone SE | Comparativo de câmeras do TudoCelular
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: TudoCelular
A9 「Phoenix」
A9 「Phoenix」
Published: 2015/03/01
Channel: A9 OFFICIAL
Mr. Adnan Oktar’s interview with British author Graham Hancock on A9...
Mr. Adnan Oktar’s interview with British author Graham Hancock on A9...
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: A9 Televizyonu
Samsung Galaxy A9 (2016) Battery Repair Guide
Samsung Galaxy A9 (2016) Battery Repair Guide
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Wit Rigs
A9: The Company of the Future!
A9: The Company of the Future!
Published: 2008/08/12
Channel: InsideAmazon
A9 TV de CHE GUEVARA ANILDI  Nathalie Cardone   Comandante  Che  Guavera
A9 TV de CHE GUEVARA ANILDI Nathalie Cardone Comandante Che Guavera
Published: 2015/10/10
Channel: Bahadır HY
A9 TV
A9 TV'de 2015'in en neşeli anları...
Published: 2015/12/31
Channel: A9 TV
Samsung Galaxy A9(2016) LCD Screen Repair Guide
Samsung Galaxy A9(2016) LCD Screen Repair Guide
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: Wit Rigs
Unboxing e primeiras impressões Galaxy A9 | TudoCelular.com
Unboxing e primeiras impressões Galaxy A9 | TudoCelular.com
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: TudoCelular
Better Code (by Sean Parent)
Better Code (by Sean Parent)
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: A9 Videos
A9 TV
A9 TV 'DE Canlı Fasıl Ziyafeti...
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: Bahadır HY
Sony Video AutoFocus Tutorial for a9 a7RII a6500 a6300 a6000
Sony Video AutoFocus Tutorial for a9 a7RII a6500 a6300 a6000
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Jason Vong
A9「Re:Born」2017.08.02 on sale【MV SPOT】
A9「Re:Born」2017.08.02 on sale【MV SPOT】
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: A9 OFFICIAL
A9 Azerbaycan kanalımız uydudan 24 saat yayın yapmakta
A9 Azerbaycan kanalımız uydudan 24 saat yayın yapmakta
Published: 2015/06/29
Channel: Sohbetler
[รีวิว] SS A9 Pro กากราคา15,900 เล่นROVโคตรหน่วงคว*(18+) [DNA]
[รีวิว] SS A9 Pro กากราคา15,900 เล่นROVโคตรหน่วงคว*(18+) [DNA]
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Darkness Angels
TUDO SOBRE SAMSUNG A9! O que achei e se vale a pena.
TUDO SOBRE SAMSUNG A9! O que achei e se vale a pena.
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Camila TLB
Yanıyorum vefasız
Yanıyorum vefasız
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: A9 Müzik
Sayın Adnan Oktar
Sayın Adnan Oktar'ın Haham Yeşeyahu Hollander ile A9 TV'deki canlı...
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: A9 Televizyonu
Samsung Galaxy A9 Pro - Unboxing & Hands On!
Samsung Galaxy A9 Pro - Unboxing & Hands On!
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: C4ETech
Adnan Oktar
Adnan Oktar'ın kedicik Mehtap ile dansı
Published: 2015/11/08
Channel: A9 Müzik
Galaxy A9, Moto Z Play, Xperia X e iPhone SE | Comparativo de telas do TudoCelular
Galaxy A9, Moto Z Play, Xperia X e iPhone SE | Comparativo de telas do TudoCelular
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: TudoCelular
Adnan Oktar kontrollü darbe iddialarına nasıl cevap verdi?
Adnan Oktar kontrollü darbe iddialarına nasıl cevap verdi?
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: A9 Televizyonu
A9 Kanalını uydu cihazınıza nasıl kuracaksınız?
A9 Kanalını uydu cihazınıza nasıl kuracaksınız?
Published: 2013/01/20
Channel: emre yalva
Samsung A9 Réplica Tela  6
Samsung A9 Réplica Tela 6
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Laranja Moderna
Adnan Oktar Tuğba Bozkurt ile el ele tutuşup dans etti
Adnan Oktar Tuğba Bozkurt ile el ele tutuşup dans etti
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: A9 Müzik
Samsung Galaxy A9 2016 tem tela grande e bateria de sobra [Review]
Samsung Galaxy A9 2016 tem tela grande e bateria de sobra [Review]
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Buscapé
Exklusive First Drive Audi A9 Concept Prologue - Fahrbericht/ Review/ Test / Probefahrt
Exklusive First Drive Audi A9 Concept Prologue - Fahrbericht/ Review/ Test / Probefahrt
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: AUTO BILD
Samsung Galaxy A9 [Análisis]
Samsung Galaxy A9 [Análisis]
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Canaltech En Español
QUE TELA TOP DO GALAXY A9 SUPER AMOLED DE 6 POLEGADAS
QUE TELA TOP DO GALAXY A9 SUPER AMOLED DE 6 POLEGADAS
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Conexão A Tech
Samsung Galaxy S8 Plus vs Galaxy A9 Pro - Speed Test! (4K)
Samsung Galaxy S8 Plus vs Galaxy A9 Pro - Speed Test! (4K)
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: XEETECHCARE
Unboxing Samsung Galaxy A9 (2016) - Brasil
Unboxing Samsung Galaxy A9 (2016) - Brasil
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: REIS DIGITAL
Adnan Oktar
Adnan Oktar'ın Amerikalı kedicik ile dansı
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: A9 Müzik
Gazeteci-Yazar Cem Küçük katılımıyla Hayata Dair - 57. Bölüm
Gazeteci-Yazar Cem Küçük katılımıyla Hayata Dair - 57. Bölüm
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: A9 Televizyonu
Special A9 TV interview with Prof. Michio Kaku 1
Special A9 TV interview with Prof. Michio Kaku 1
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: A9 Televizyonu
Öyle bir filmin müziğinde dans etti ki
Öyle bir filmin müziğinde dans etti ki
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: A9 Müzik
Komünizmin kanlı tarihi 1
Komünizmin kanlı tarihi 1
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: A9 Televizyonu
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A9.com, Inc.
Search Engine
Industry Communications
Headquarters Palo Alto, California
Parent Amazon.com
Website a9.com

A9.com is a subsidiary of Amazon.com that develops search engine and search advertising technology. A9 is based in Palo Alto, California, with teams in Bangalore, Beijing, Dublin, Iași, Munich and Tokyo. A9 has development efforts in areas of product search, cloud search, advertising technology and community question answering.

History[edit]

A9 was created by Amazon.com in 2003 as an independent company aimed at producing technology for search and advertising. They moved into the building previously used by the DEC Systems Research Center in Palo Alto, California. One purpose of A9.com was to leverage algorithms, and the name was chosen as a numeronym to represent that word (i.e. 'A' + 9 other letters). The office was in Silicon Valley, near Stanford University.[1] Under the direction of its first president, Udi Manber, A9 focused on several areas, including the A9.com destination website, product search, and a search advertising platform. Some early A9 services such as "search inside the book" continued, while others have been discontinued. The A9 search engine powers product search for Amazon.com and several other eCommerce retailers.

In February 2006, Manber was replaced by David L. Tennenhouse as president.[2] In September 2006, William Stasior, one of A9's founders and a former AltaVista and Amazon.com executive, was named president. In June 2009, A9 acquired SnapTell, which developed smartphone-based visual search applications.[3]

Stasior left in October 2012 to join Apple Inc. and work on Siri.[4] Brian Pinkerton, who had developed WebCrawler in the 1990s, became general manager of A9 in 2012.[5][6]

Past projects[edit]

A9.com search portal[edit]

A9.com originally operated a search portal, along with an A9 toolbar, which was first demonstrated on April 14, 2004.[7] The service featured some innovative design elements, allowing users to choose from over 400 sources to search and view results in separate columns grouped by source.[8] In addition to web search results, users could get product search results from Amazon, encyclopedia results from Wikipedia, movie information from IMDb, and others, starting in September 2004.[9] Web search results were provided by different search engines over time. The search portal functionality was discontinued in 2008.

Open Search[edit]

A9 developed a protocol called OpenSearch that enabled the "plug-in" search source functionality from the A9.com portal. The original specification, OpenSearch 1.0, was released in March 2005. A9 made the protocol freely available through a Creative Commons license. OpenSearch is now[when?] maintained by the OpenSearch.org community.

BlockView[edit]

A9 developed the first service that allowed users of maps and "yellow pages" (a telephone directory) to view buildings at street level. Called BlockView, the service was announced in January 2005.[10] Within a year, the service included images for 24 US cities. Both BlockView and maps (as well as support for the A9 tool bar) were discontinued in September 2006.[11]

Clickriver[edit]

In November 2006, A9 announced Clickriver, an advertising program that let third parties place advertisements on Amazon.com pages.[12] Clickriver focused primarily on products and services that complemented Amazon's own offerings. For example, if a customer viewed a television on Amazon, a Clickriver ad might offer installation services in his or her local area. Clickriver was discontinued in 2010, replaced by other Amazon advertising programs.

Community question answering[edit]

A9 operated Askville, a community-based question-and-answer site first tested in December 2006. Service began in November 2007.[13] Compared with other question-and-answer sites, Askville focused more on social interaction, allowing users to follow other users as well as track specific topics. On October 25, 2013, Askville was shut down.[14]

Cloud search[edit]

CloudSearch is a managed Amazon Web Services service that makes client data searchable.[15] For example, a business that wanted to allow customers to search their catalog could upload the catalog entries to CloudSearch and then route search requests from their application or web site to the service. CloudSearch instances could be brought online as data or traffic volume demanded. Sites using CloudSearch included SmugMug,[16] and Sage Bionetworks.[17]

In March 2014, Amazon moved away from using A9 for CloudSearch to technology based on Apache Solr.[18][19]

Recent projects[edit]

Product search[edit]

A9 continued to develop and operate the service that provides search on all nine Amazon.com sites, as well as other retail sites owned by Amazon such as Endless.com, Javari.de, and Audible.com. In addition, A9 search is also used by other retailers, such as Marks & Spencer,[20] that license the Amazon retail platform for their online presence.

A9 provided the "search inside the book" capability for Amazon.[21] Announced in 2003, this service allows customers to search through the full text of hundreds of thousands of books. This feature is available both for searching individual books and for the entire book catalog. [22]

Visual search[edit]

The visual search group at A9 created mobile applications that recognize objects and allow users to find these products on Amazon.com. Their first augmented reality app, Flow, provided both object and barcode recognition. It was released in 2011.[23][24]

A9 visual search technology powers features to let customers search for certain products (such as shoes) by shape, and find visually similar items on Amazon.com, Zappos.com, Endless.com, and other retail sites.[citation needed]

Advertising technology[edit]

A9's advertising technology group began delivering sponsored link advertisements on the Amazon.com retail Web site in 2003 and continued to manage this program for Amazon properties. A9 also invests in display advertising technology, including technology for Amazon's ad-supported e-reader, the Kindle with special offers.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Battelle (April 15, 2004). "Can Amazon Unplug Google?". Business 2.0. Archived from the original on April 16, 2004. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Google Hires Amazon Executive". The Washington Post. February 9, 2006. Retrieved November 20, 2016. 
  3. ^ Leena Rao (June 16, 2009). "Image Recognition Startup SnapTell Acquired by Amazon Subsidiary A9.com". Tech Crunch. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  4. ^ Kara Swisher (October 15, 2012). "Apple Nabs Amazon A9 Exec Stasior to Run Siri — But Does Hire Signal a Bigger Move Into Search?". All Things D. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Leading Leaders". A9 Management web page. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  6. ^ Brid-Aine Parnell (December 18, 2012). "Search engines we have known ... before Google crushed them". The Register. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  7. ^ Gary Price (April 14, 2004). "Amazon's Much Discussed a9 Goes Live". Resource Shelf. Archived from the original on April 16, 2004. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  8. ^ Chris Sherman (April 20, 2004). "Blending the Best of Google and Amazon". Search Engine Watch. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  9. ^ John Markoff (September 15, 2004). "Amazon to Take Searches On Web to a New Depth". New York Times. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  10. ^ Kurt Peters (January 27, 2005). "Yellow Pages Go Visual with Block View at Amazon's A9.com". Internet Retailer. Retrieved November 19, 2016. 
  11. ^ "So Long to A9's Block Level Imagery, Yellow Pages, Tollbar and Amazon.com Discount". Resource Shelf. October 1, 2006. Archived from the original on October 5, 2006. Retrieved November 19, 2016. 
  12. ^ Loren Baker (November 3, 2006). "Amazon.com's Clickriver Pay-Per-Click Search Advertising". Search Engine Journal. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  13. ^ Aarthi Sivaraman (November 29, 2007). "Amazon Launches Askville.com". Reuters. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Dear Askville Community". Final web site. Archived from the original on January 10, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2016. 
  15. ^ Timothy Prickett Morgan (April 12, 2012). "Amazon Turns A9 Search Engine into a Cloud Service". The Register. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  16. ^ "SmugMug's Sexy New Search". SmugMug Blog. April 12, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  17. ^ Michael Kellen (April 12, 2012). "On the Shoulders of Giants". Science, Reengineered blog. Archived from the original on April 27, 2012. 
  18. ^ Jeff Barr (March 24, 2014). "Amazon CloudSearch - Even Better Searching for Less Than $100/Month". Amazon Web Service blog. 
  19. ^ "Amazon’s CloudSearch gets Solr Powered!". Lucidworks blog. March 25, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Marks & Spencer Launches Website in Collaboration with Amazon," Computer Weekly, March 23, 2007. [1]
  21. ^ Gary Price, "Amazon Debuts New Book Search Tool," Search Engine Watch, October 26, 2003 [2]
  22. ^ Steven Levy (November 9, 2003). "Welcome to History 2.0". Newsweek by the Daily Beast. Archived from the original on May 6, 2012. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  23. ^ Will Shanklin (November 3, 2011). "Flow for iPhone is the product ID App We Have Been Waiting For". Geek.com. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  24. ^ "Flow iPhone app". iTunes. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 

External links[edit]

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