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AMOLED explained
AMOLED explained
Published: 2012/05/04
Channel: Recombu
The Truth About AMOLED vs LCD
The Truth About AMOLED vs LCD
Published: 2013/09/19
Channel: Erica Griffin
09.07 [MV] Son Dambi and After School - AMOLED
09.07 [MV] Son Dambi and After School - AMOLED
Published: 2010/01/14
Channel: divadetention
Amoled vs LCD - Which Display Would You Pick?
Amoled vs LCD - Which Display Would You Pick?
Published: 2015/02/14
Channel: U Droid Mania
Samsung S7 AMOLED vs IPS LCD Display Magnified Over 50x 😮
Samsung S7 AMOLED vs IPS LCD Display Magnified Over 50x 😮
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: Tech Tips Galaxy
[Hindi/Urdu] IPS Vs AMOLED Vs Retina: Screen Technologies Explained
[Hindi/Urdu] IPS Vs AMOLED Vs Retina: Screen Technologies Explained
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: Technical Guruji
삼성 AMOLED가 특별한 이유 - ② 색약자를 위한 디스플레이
삼성 AMOLED가 특별한 이유 - ② 색약자를 위한 디스플레이
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Samsung Display
삼성 AMOLED가 특별한 이유 - ① 스스로 빛나는 디스플레이
삼성 AMOLED가 특별한 이유 - ① 스스로 빛나는 디스플레이
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Samsung Display
Samsung galaxy S8 display ? | new amoled display technology by Samsung
Samsung galaxy S8 display ? | new amoled display technology by Samsung
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Tech-Usa Comercial
Samsung Galaxy J7 Prime Display (TFT) Test: Compare With J7 (Super Amoled)
Samsung Galaxy J7 Prime Display (TFT) Test: Compare With J7 (Super Amoled)
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: man2gang
Differences Between AMOLED and LCD Screens - Test With Nexus 6P And 5X
Differences Between AMOLED and LCD Screens - Test With Nexus 6P And 5X
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: Jarrod'sTech
IPS display vs Super AMOLED display-which is best? (best display on smartphone)
IPS display vs Super AMOLED display-which is best? (best display on smartphone)
Published: 2016/05/29
Channel: Prince Channel
super amoled vs lcd
super amoled vs lcd
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: Shravan Subramanian
[HD] Son Dambi-After School - Amoled (아몰레드) MV
[HD] Son Dambi-After School - Amoled (아몰레드) MV
Published: 2009/08/03
Channel: AfterSchoolCraze
Son Dam bi & After School _ AMOLED _ MV
Son Dam bi & After School _ AMOLED _ MV
Published: 2011/08/24
Channel: 1theK (원더케이)
Samsung explain SUPER AMOLED
Samsung explain SUPER AMOLED
Published: 2010/03/09
Channel: Erich Strasser
Samsung Super Amoled Sample Video
Samsung Super Amoled Sample Video
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: Wahid Hussain
AMOLED vs IPS - La comparativa definitiva. Cual es MEJOR?
AMOLED vs IPS - La comparativa definitiva. Cual es MEJOR?
Published: 2015/12/03
Channel: Pro Android
TOP 5 best Amoled display smartphones under 20000 (2017)
TOP 5 best Amoled display smartphones under 20000 (2017)
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: All About Solution
Super AMOLED vs LCD 3 vs Triluminos Indoor & Outdoor Display Comparison
Super AMOLED vs LCD 3 vs Triluminos Indoor & Outdoor Display Comparison
Published: 2013/08/20
Channel: Mobilegeeks.de
What
What's inside of mobile AMOLED display of Samsung Mobiles?????
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: ESC Baig
Why AMOLED enables the best displays for smartphones?
Why AMOLED enables the best displays for smartphones?
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: Samsung Display
SAMSUNG Flexible AMOLED Display - Hammer Test
SAMSUNG Flexible AMOLED Display - Hammer Test
Published: 2010/11/12
Channel: Sammamishwa
RECENSIONE Samsung Galaxy J7 2017: display AMOLED e che FOTO!
RECENSIONE Samsung Galaxy J7 2017: display AMOLED e che FOTO!
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: HDblog
AMOLED или IPS? Сравнение
AMOLED или IPS? Сравнение
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: Тимур Сидельников
Making our mark on the marketplace: Samsung AMOLED displays - ① The self-emitting display
Making our mark on the marketplace: Samsung AMOLED displays - ① The self-emitting display
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Samsung Display
IPS+ vs. Super AMOLED vs. Super AMOLED Plus vs. TFT
IPS+ vs. Super AMOLED vs. Super AMOLED Plus vs. TFT
Published: 2013/08/29
Channel: FWDLT
Hablando De: Pantallas AMOLED/IPS!
Hablando De: Pantallas AMOLED/IPS!
Published: 2015/05/19
Channel: DTecRC
Telas AMOLED vs telas IPS LCD [CT Responde]
Telas AMOLED vs telas IPS LCD [CT Responde]
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Canaltech
Comparamos una pantalla LCD con una AMOLED a la luz del sol
Comparamos una pantalla LCD con una AMOLED a la luz del sol
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: ANDROIDPIT Español
Top 5 Smartphones With Amoled Display
Top 5 Smartphones With Amoled Display
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: Technical Desk
AMOLED v/s IPS LCD Display | Difference | Which Is Best For Mobile Phones
AMOLED v/s IPS LCD Display | Difference | Which Is Best For Mobile Phones
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: VHUHD
ห้ามดูก่อนซื้อจอ Super Amoled
ห้ามดูก่อนซื้อจอ Super Amoled
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: GU ZAP
Tela AMOLED - Economia de Bateria com Fundo Preto
Tela AMOLED - Economia de Bateria com Fundo Preto
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Jefferson Meneses
1050825 竟沒找面板雙虎 AMOLED國家隊!玩假的?  | 三立財經台CH88 | 88理財有方
1050825 竟沒找面板雙虎 AMOLED國家隊!玩假的? | 三立財經台CH88 | 88理財有方
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: 三立iNEWS
Best AMOLED Screen Smartphones of 2015 - TOP 15
Best AMOLED Screen Smartphones of 2015 - TOP 15
Published: 2015/12/26
Channel: CanerS Tech
Super AMOLED vs IPS – Народное мнение - Keddr.com
Super AMOLED vs IPS – Народное мнение - Keddr.com
Published: 2014/09/26
Channel: Keddr.com
Difference between AMOLED and TFT
Difference between AMOLED and TFT
Published: 2011/09/19
Channel: MrNbond
LCD vs AMOLED - Comparação das telas sob luz do sol direta
LCD vs AMOLED - Comparação das telas sob luz do sol direta
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: ANDROIDPIT Brasil
BLU VIVO 5 un smartphone con excelente pantalla amoled
BLU VIVO 5 un smartphone con excelente pantalla amoled
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Appledroide
Top 5 Smartphones With AMOLED DISPLAY
Top 5 Smartphones With AMOLED DISPLAY
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: TechRadicalTv
AMOLED手机屏幕分析
AMOLED手机屏幕分析
Published: 2013/08/31
Channel: Xiangchen Qian
Super Amoled или IPS дисплей, что выбрать?
Super Amoled или IPS дисплей, что выбрать?
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: Nw220
(Hindi & Urdu) IPS Vs AMOLED Vs Retina: Full explain of screen technology.
(Hindi & Urdu) IPS Vs AMOLED Vs Retina: Full explain of screen technology.
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: NK Tech Guru
AMOLED? LCD? COMO FUNCIONAM? QUEM É MELHOR? DESCUBRAM AGORA!
AMOLED? LCD? COMO FUNCIONAM? QUEM É MELHOR? DESCUBRAM AGORA!
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Tekimobile
AMOLED vs LCD Display, which is the best? What to buy? in Tamil
AMOLED vs LCD Display, which is the best? What to buy? in Tamil
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Giri Sonna Seri
Tipos de Pantallas AMOLED vs. IPS
Tipos de Pantallas AMOLED vs. IPS
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: Angel Triana
LCD mi Yoksa AMOLED mi? HTC One vs Galaxy S4 Ekran Karşılaştırması
LCD mi Yoksa AMOLED mi? HTC One vs Galaxy S4 Ekran Karşılaştırması
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: ANDROIDPIT TR
Samsung J7 Prime Vs Samsung J7 (PLS TFT VS SUPER AMOLED ) Display
Samsung J7 Prime Vs Samsung J7 (PLS TFT VS SUPER AMOLED ) Display
Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: Entertainment
Retina Display vs  Super Amoled
Retina Display vs Super Amoled
Published: 2013/07/29
Channel: iPhone, iPad and Android Tutorials from HowTech
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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AMOLED used in the Samsung Galaxy Note series
Magnified image of the AMOLED screen on the Nexus One smartphone using the RGBG system of the PenTile matrix family

AMOLED (active-matrix organic light-emitting diode, /ˈæmˌlɛd/) is a display technology used in smartwatches, mobile devices, laptops, and televisions. OLED describes a specific type of thin-film-display technology in which organic compounds form the electroluminescent material, and active matrix refers to the technology behind the addressing of pixels.

As of 2008, AMOLED technology was used in mobile phones, media players and digital cameras[1] and continued to make progress toward low-power, low-cost and large-size (for example, 40-inch or 100-centimetre) applications.[2][3][4][neutrality is disputed][needs update]

Design[edit]

Schematic of an active-matrix OLED display

An AMOLED display consists of an active matrix of OLED pixels generating light (luminescence) upon electrical activation that have been deposited or integrated onto a thin-film transistor (TFT) array, which functions as a series of switches to control the current flowing to each individual pixel.[5]

Typically, this continuous current flow is controlled by at least two TFTs at each pixel (to trigger the luminescence), with one TFT to start and stop the charging of a storage capacitor and the second to provide a voltage source at the level needed to create a constant current to the pixel, thereby eliminating the need for the very high currents required for passive-matrix OLED operation.[6]

TFT backplane technology is crucial in the fabrication of AMOLED displays. In AMOLEDs, the two primary TFT backplane technologies, polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) and amorphous silicon (a-Si), are currently used offering the potential for directly fabricating the active-matrix backplanes at low temperatures (below 150 °C) onto flexible plastic substrates for producing flexible AMOLED displays.[7]

Disadvantages[edit]

Red and green OLED films have longer lifespans compared to blue OLED films. This variation results in colour shifts as a particular pixel fades faster than the other pixels.[8]

AMOLED displays are prone to screen burn-in, which leaves a permanent imprint of overused colours represented by overused images.[8]

Future development[edit]

Manufacturers have developed in-cell touch panels, integrating the production of capacitive sensor arrays in the AMOLED module fabrication process. In-cell sensor AMOLED fabricators include AU Optronics and Samsung. Samsung has marketed its version of this technology as "Super AMOLED". Researchers at DuPont used computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software to optimize coating processes for a new solution-coated AMOLED display technology that is competitive in cost and performance with existing chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technology. Using custom modeling and analytic approaches, Samsung has developed short and long-range film-thickness control and uniformity that is commercially viable at large glass sizes.[9]

Comparison to other technologies[edit]

AMOLED displays provide higher refresh rates than passive-matrix,[not specific enough to verify] often reducing the response time to less than a millisecond, and they consume significantly less power.[10] This advantage makes active-matrix OLEDs well-suited for portable electronics, where power consumption is critical to battery life.

The amount of power the display consumes varies significantly depending on the color and brightness shown. As an example, one commercial QVGA OLED display consumes 0.3 watts while showing white text on a black background, but more than 0.7 watts showing black text on a white background, while an LCD may consume only a constant 0.35 watts regardless of what is being shown on screen.[11] Because the black pixels turn completely off, AMOLED also has contrast ratios that are significantly higher than LCD.[12]

AMOLED displays may be difficult to view in direct sunlight compared with LCDs because of their reduced maximum brightness.[13][citation needed] Samsung's Super AMOLED technology addresses this issue by reducing the size of gaps between layers of the screen.[14][15] Additionally, PenTile technology is often used for a higher resolution display while requiring fewer subpixels than needed otherwise, sometimes resulting in a display less sharp and more grainy than a non-(pen tile) display with the same resolution.

The organic materials used in AMOLED displays are very prone to degradation over a relatively short period of time, resulting in color shifts as one color fades faster than another, image persistence, or burn-in.[16][17]

As of 2010, demand for AMOLED screens was high, and, due to supply shortages of the Samsung-produced displays, certain models of HTC smartphones were changed to use next-generation LCD displays from the Samsung-Sony joint-venture SLCD in the future.[18]

Flagship smartphones sold as of December 2011 used either Super AMOLED or IPS panel premium LCD. Super AMOLED displays, such as the one on the Galaxy Nexus and Samsung Galaxy S III have often been compared to IPS panel premium LCDs, found in the iPhone 4S, HTC One X, and Nexus 4.[19][20][21] For example, according to ABI Research the AMOLED display found in the Motorola Moto X draws just 92 mA during bright conditions and 68 mA while dim.[22] On the other hand, compared with the IPS, the yield rate of AMOLED is low, the cost is also higher.

Marketing terms[edit]

Super AMOLED[edit]

"Super AMOLED" is a marketing term created by device manufacturers for an AMOLED display with an integrated digitizer: the layer that detects touch is integrated into the screen, rather than overlaid on top of it. The display technology itself is not improved. According to Samsung, Super AMOLED reflects one-fifth as much sunlight as the first generation AMOLED.[23][24] Super AMOLED is part of the Pentile matrix family, sometimes abbreviated as SAMOLED. For the Samsung Galaxy S III, which reverted to Super AMOLED instead of the pixelation-free conventional RGB (non-PenTile) Super AMOLED Plus of its predecessor Samsung Galaxy S II, the S III's larger screen size encourages users to hold the phone further from their face to obscure the PenTile effect.[25]

Super AMOLED Advanced[edit]

Super AMOLED Advanced is a term marketed by Motorola to describe a brighter display than Super AMOLED screens, but also a higher resolution — qHD or 960 × 540 for Super AMOLED Advanced than WVGA or 800 × 480 for Super AMOLED and 25% more energy efficient. Super AMOLED Advanced features PenTile, which sharpens subpixels in between pixels to make a higher resolution display, but by doing this, some picture quality is lost.[26] This display type is used on the Motorola Droid RAZR and HTC One S.[27]

Super AMOLED Plus[edit]

The Samsung Galaxy S II, with a Super AMOLED Plus screen

Super AMOLED Plus, first introduced with the Samsung Galaxy S II and Samsung Droid Charge smartphones, is a branding from Samsung where the PenTile RGBG pixel matrix (2 subpixels) used in Super AMOLED displays has been replaced with a traditional RGB RGB (3 subpixels) arrangement typically used in LCDs. This variant of AMOLED is brighter and therefore more energy efficient than Super AMOLED displays[28] and produces a sharper, less grainy image because of the increased number of subpixels. In comparison to AMOLED and Super AMOLED displays, they are even more energy efficient and brighter. However, Samsung cited screen life and costs by not using Plus on the Galaxy S II's successor, the Samsung Galaxy S III.[20]

HD Super AMOLED[edit]

Galaxy Note II subpixels representation, based on 400X image of the Note II display[29]
The Galaxy Nexus, with an HD Super AMOLED screen[30]

HD Super AMOLED is a branding from Samsung for an HD-resolution (>1280×720) Super AMOLED display. The first device to use it was the Samsung Galaxy Note. The Galaxy Nexus and the Galaxy S III both implement the HD Super AMOLED with a PenTile RGBG-matrix (2 subpixels/pixel), while the Galaxy Note II uses an RBG matrix (3 subpixels/pixel) but not in the standard 3 stripe arrangement.[29]

HD Super AMOLED Plus[edit]

A variant of the Samsung Galaxy S3 using Tizen OS 1 was benchmarked using a non-pentile HD Super AMOLED Plus screen in 2012.[31]

Full HD Super AMOLED[edit]

As featured on the Samsung Galaxy S4, Samsung Galaxy S5, and Samsung Galaxy Note 3, this display has a 1920x1080 resolution that is better known as 1080p. It has a color gamut of up to 97% of the Adobe RGB color space.[32][33]

Quad HD Super AMOLED[edit]

Quad HD Super AMOLED technology was first used by AU Optronics in April 2014.[34] After AU Optronics released their phone which used a Quad HD Super AMOLED screen, other companies such as Samsung released phones utilizing the technology such as the Samsung Galaxy Note 4 and Samsung Galaxy Note 5 Broadband LTE-A and Samsung Galaxy S6 and S7.

Future[edit]

Future displays exhibited from 2011 to 2013 by Samsung have shown flexible, 3D, unbreakable, transparent Super AMOLED Plus displays using very high resolutions and in varying sizes for phones. These unreleased prototypes use a polymer as a substrate removing the need for glass cover, a metal backing, and touch matrix, combining them into one integrated layer.[35]

So far, Samsung plans on branding the newer displays as Youm.[36]

Also planned for the future are 3D stereoscopic displays that use eye tracking (via stereoscopic front-facing cameras) to provide full resolution 3D visuals.

Comparison[edit]

Below is a mapping table of marketing terms versus resolutions and sub-pixel types. Note how the pixel density relates to choices of sub-pixel type.

Term Resolution Size (inches) PPI Pixel Layout Used in
AMOLED 240×320 2.6 154 RGBG PenTile Nokia N85
AMOLED Capacitive Touchscreen 640×360 3.2 229 RGBG PenTile Nokia C6-01
Super AMOLED 3.5 210 RGB S-Stripe Nokia N8
4.0 184 RGB S-Stripe Nokia 808 PureView
720x720 3.1 328 RGB S-Stripe BlackBerry Q10
854×480 3.9 251 RGBG PenTile Nokia N9
800×480 4.0 233 RGBG PenTile Samsung Galaxy S
960×540 4.3 256 RGB S-Stripe Samsung Galaxy S4 Mini
1280×768 4.5 332 RGBG PenTile Nokia Lumia 1020
Super AMOLED Plus 800×480 4.3 (4.27) 218 RGB stripe Samsung Galaxy S II
Super AMOLED Advanced 960×540 4.3 256 RGBG PenTile Motorola Droid RAZR
HD Super AMOLED 1280×800 5.3 (5.29) 285 RGBG PenTile Samsung Galaxy Note
1280×720 5.0 295 RGB S-Stripe BlackBerry Z30

Samsung Galaxy J7

Samsung Galaxy J5

Samsung Galaxy E5

4.7 (4.65) 316 RGBG PenTile Samsung Galaxy Nexus
4.7 (4.65) 316 RGB S-Stripe Moto X (1st generation)
4.8 306 RGBG PenTile Samsung Galaxy S III
5.6 (5.55) 267 RGB S-Stripe Samsung Galaxy Note II
5.6 (5.55) 267 RGB S-Stripe Samsung Galaxy Note 3 Neo
HD Super AMOLED Plus 1280×800 7.7 197 RGB stripe Samsung Galaxy Tab 7.7
Full HD Super AMOLED 1920×1080 5.5 400 RGBG PenTile Meizu MX5
5.0 (4.99) 441 Samsung Galaxy S4
5.0 (4.99) 441 OnePlus X
5.0 (4.99) 441 Google Pixel
5.2 423 Motorola Moto X (2nd gen)
5.1 432 Samsung Galaxy S5
5.5 401 OnePlus 3 OnePlus 3T OnePlus 5
5.7 388 Samsung Galaxy Note 3
WQHD Super AMOLED 2560×1440 5.1 577 RGBG PenTile Samsung Galaxy S6

Samsung Galaxy S6 Edge

Samsung Galaxy S6 Active

Samsung Galaxy S7

Samsung Galaxy S7 Active



5.2 564 Microsoft Lumia 950
5.4 540 BlackBerry Priv
5.5 534 BlackBerry DTEK60

Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge

Google Pixel XL

Alcatel Idol 4S

Moto Z

Moto Z Force

ZTE Axon 7

5.7 515 Samsung Galaxy Note 4

Samsung Galaxy Note 5

Samsung Galaxy S6 Edge+

Nexus 6P

Samsung Galaxy Note 7

5.7 518 Microsoft Lumia 950 XL
2960×1440 5.8 571 Samsung Galaxy S8
6.2 529 Samsung Galaxy S8+
WQXGA Super AMOLED 2560×1600 8.4 359 RGBG PenTile Samsung Galaxy Tab S 8.4
10.5 287 RGB S-Stripe Samsung Galaxy Tab S 10.5

Uses[edit]

Commercial devices using AMOLED include:[citation needed]

Smartwatches

Phones
Tablets
Portable music players
Games consoles
Music production hardware
Digital cameras[39][40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lee, Hyunkoo; Park, Insun; Kwak, Jeonghun; Yoon, Do Y.; Kallmann, Changhee Lee (2010). "Improvement of electron injection in inverted bottom-emission blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes using zinc oxide nanoparticles". Applied Physics Letters. 96: 153306. doi:10.1063/1.3400224. 
  2. ^ Kim, Yang Wan; Kwak, Won Kyu; Lee, Jae Yong; Choi, Wong Sik; Lee, Ki Yong; Kim, Sung Chul; Yoo, Eui Jin (2009). "40 Inch FHD AM-OLED Display with IR Drop Compensation Pixel Circuit". SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers. 40: 85. doi:10.1889/1.3256930. 
  3. ^ Lee, Myung Ho; Seop, Song Myoung; Kim, Jong Soo; Hwang, Jung Ho; Shin, Hye Jin; Cho, Sang Kyun; Min, Kyoung Wook; Kwak, Won Kyu; Jung, Sun I; Kim, Chang Soo; Choi, Woong Sik; Kim, Sung Cheol; Yoo, Eu Jin (2009). "Development of 31-Inch Full-HD AMOLED TV Using LTPS-TFT and RGB FMM". SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers. 40: 802. doi:10.1889/1.3256911. 
  4. ^ Hamer, John W.; Arnold, Andrew D.; Boroson, Michael L.; Itoh, Masahiro; Hatwar, Tukaram K.; Helber, Margaret J.; Miwa, Koichi; Levey, Charles I.; Long, Michael; Ludwicki, John E.; Scheirer, David C.; Spindler, Jeffrey P.; Van Slyke, Steven A. (2008). "System design for a wide-color-gamut TV-sized AMOLED display". Journal of the Society for Information Display. 16: 3. doi:10.1889/1.2835033. 
  5. ^ "Introduction to OLED Displays – Design Guide for Active Matrix OLED (AMOLED) Displays" (PDF). 4D Systems. 2008-05-22. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  6. ^ Lin, Chih-Lung; Chen, Yung-Chih. "A Novel LTPS-TFT Pixel Circuit Compensating for TFT Threshold-Voltage Shift and OLED Degradation for AMOLED". IEEE Electron Device Letters. 28: 129. doi:10.1109/LED.2006.889523. 
  7. ^ Sarma, Kalluri R.; Chanley, Charles; Dodd, Sonia R.; Roush, Jared; Schmidt, John; Srdanov, Gordana; Stevenson, Matthew; Wessel, Ralf; Innocenzo, Jeffrey; Yu, Gang; O'Regan, Marie B.; MacDonald, W. A.; Eveson, R.; Long, Ke; Gleskova, Helena; Wagner, Sigurd; Sturm, James C. (2003). "Active-matrix OLED using 150°C a-Si TFT backplane built on flexible plastic substrate (Proceedings Paper)". SPIE Proceedings. 5080: 180. doi:10.1117/12.497638.  "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  8. ^ a b "Advantages and disadvantages of AMOLED". Version Daily. 2015-12-03. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 
  9. ^ Reid Chesterfield, Andrew Johnson, Charlie Lang, Matthew Stainer, and Jonathan Ziebarth, "Solution-Coating Technology for AMOLED Displays", Information Display Magazine, January 2011.
  10. ^ Suyko, Alan. "Oleds Ready For The Mainstream." Electronics News (2009): 20. Associates Programs Source Plus. Web. 9 Dec. 2011.
  11. ^ Mian Dong; Choi, Y.-S.K; Lin Zhong (July 2009). "Power modeling of graphical user interfaces on OLED displays". Design Automation Conference, 2009. DAC '09. 46th ACM/IEEE. IEEE: 652–657. 
  12. ^ "AMOLED vs LCD: differences explained". Android Authority. Retrieved 2017-02-06. 
  13. ^ Tim CarmodyEmail Author. "How Super AMOLED displays work". Wired.com. Retrieved 2012-10-10. 
  14. ^ "What Are The Benefits Of Using The Super AMOLED Display In My SGH-t959 (Vibrant) Phone?". Samsung. 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-09-07. [permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "Big is beautiful". The Age. 2010-08-12. Archived from the original on 29 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-07. 
  16. ^ Ashtiani, Shahin J.; Reza Chaji, G.; Nathan, Arokia. "AMOLED Pixel Circuit With Electronic Compensation of Luminance Degradation". Journal of Display Technology. 38: 36. doi:10.1109/JDT.2006.890711. 
  17. ^ US 7352345, Chun-huai Li, "Driving apparatus and method for light emitting diode display", issued 2008-04-01 
  18. ^ [1] Construction of new production facilities in 2011 was expected to increase the production of AMOLED screens to cope with demand.
  19. ^ http://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/amoled-vs-lcd-which-screen-is-best-for-your-phone/
  20. ^ a b http://www.androidpit.com/super-amoled-vs-retina-display
  21. ^ https://techcrunch.com/2012/11/02/nexus-4-review-not-exactly-perfect-but-close-enough-for-me/
  22. ^ Google/Motorola Mobility Display a Bright Efficient Future, ABI Research
  23. ^ "Samsung Smartphones | Technology". Samsung.com. 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2012-10-10. 
  24. ^ "Super AMOLED". Oled-info.com. Retrieved 2012-10-10. 
  25. ^ Sakr, Sharif (25 March 2012). "Samsung Galaxy S III review". Engadget. Retrieved February 6, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Super AMOLED Advanced.". Retrieved March 24, 2014. 
  27. ^ "DROID RAZR – Thinnest 4G LTE Android Smartphone – Motorola Mobility LLC. USA". Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  28. ^ "http://www.oled-info.com/super-amoled-plus". OLED-Info. Retrieved 23 August 2011.  External link in |title= (help)
  29. ^ a b "Galaxy Note 2: Display hat keine PenTile-Matrix | BestBoyZ". Bestboyz.de. 2012-08-30. Retrieved 2012-10-10. 
  30. ^ "Galaxy Nexus – Android 4. 0 Smartphone – SAMSUNG UK – OVERVIEW" (in Ukrainian). Samsung.com. Retrieved 2012-10-10. 
  31. ^ http://www.engadget.com/2012/09/22/wifi-alliance-certificate-teases-tizen-flavored-galaxy-s3/
  32. ^ http://sammyhub.com/2013/06/10/ul-certifies-samsungs-full-hd-amoled-display/
  33. ^ http://www.displaymate.com/Galaxy_S4_ShootOut_1.htm
  34. ^ http://www.androidauthority.com/quad-hd-amoled-au-optronics-367542/
  35. ^ http://www.engadget.com/2011/12/05/samsung-teases-flexible-transparent-display-in-concept-video/
  36. ^ http://www.engadget.com/2013/01/09/samsung-names-flexible-oled-display-series-youm-shows-prototype/
  37. ^ "http://consumer.huawei.com/minisite/nz/huawei-watch/index.htm". consumer.huawei.com. Retrieved 2016-12-31.  External link in |title= (help)
  38. ^ "Samsung Galaxy J3 2016 5.0" 4G HD sAMOLED | Samsung UK". Samsung uk. Retrieved 2017-05-14. 
  39. ^ "Samsung Renews Mirrorless NX Camera System". photographylife.com. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  40. ^ "specification nx100 -samsung" (PDF). Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 

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