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A dicto simpliciter (sweeping generalization) (Latin: "from a maxim without qualification", meaning "from a universal rule") or ad dictum simpliciter (Latin: "to a maxim without qualification", meaning "to a universal rule") are Latin phrases for a type of informal fallacy of presumption.
A dicto simpliciter fallacies are deductive fallacies that occur in statistical syllogisms. A dicto simpliciter occurs when an acceptable exception is ignored or eliminated. For instance, restaurant kitchens must regularly undergo government inspections for food safety. If one were to argue from this that all kitchens, including home kitchens, should be visited by government inspectors, it would be an a dicto simpliciter fallacy.
Instances of a dicto simpliciter are of two kinds:
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