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Inside Abbey Road Studio
Inside Abbey Road Studio
Published: 2009/12/15
Channel: deucesolo
Abbey Road Studios shares the secrets to great sounding music
Abbey Road Studios shares the secrets to great sounding music
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: TechRadar
The Beatles Q and A from Abbey Road Studios
The Beatles Q and A from Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: The Beatles
Inside Abbey Road: The Best Studio In The World
Inside Abbey Road: The Best Studio In The World
Published: 2013/01/02
Channel: Abbey Road Studios
The Beatles at Abbey Rd Studio in 1968
The Beatles at Abbey Rd Studio in 1968
Published: 2013/08/30
Channel: Abbey Road
Abbey Road Studios Tour
Abbey Road Studios Tour
Published: 2011/01/11
Channel: Harmonix Music Systems
Google Presents: Inside Abbey Road
Google Presents: Inside Abbey Road
Published: 2015/04/15
Channel: Google UK
Meet "The Beatles Console:" The EMI/Abbey Road Studios REDD.37
Meet "The Beatles Console:" The EMI/Abbey Road Studios REDD.37
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Vintage King
Life After Abbey Road Studios: The EMI/Abbey Road Studios REDD.37 Console
Life After Abbey Road Studios: The EMI/Abbey Road Studios REDD.37 Console
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Vintage King
13 year old plays Lady Madonna in Abbey Road Studio 2 - on Beatles original Lady Madonna piano
13 year old plays Lady Madonna in Abbey Road Studio 2 - on Beatles original Lady Madonna piano
Published: 2013/12/14
Channel: fab4ever4
Behind the Scenes at Abbey Road Studios (Quando Quando Quando)
Behind the Scenes at Abbey Road Studios (Quando Quando Quando)
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: SongAMinuteVEVO
Red Hot Chili Peppers - Dani California live @ Abbey Road 2006
Red Hot Chili Peppers - Dani California live @ Abbey Road 2006
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: prkr622_b
The Abbey Road Story Pt. 1
The Abbey Road Story Pt. 1
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: johnnydontdoit
Half-Speed Mastering at Abbey Road Studios
Half-Speed Mastering at Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: UMC
Recording Skyfall soundtrack at Abbey Road Studios-UK
Recording Skyfall soundtrack at Abbey Road Studios-UK
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Peter Duminy DLC Loudspeaker R&D
James Bay - Running (Live From Abbey Road Studios)
James Bay - Running (Live From Abbey Road Studios)
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: JamesBayVEVO
The ADT Story with Abbey Road Studios’ Ken Townsend
The ADT Story with Abbey Road Studios’ Ken Townsend
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: Waves Audio
The Art of Vinyl Cutting and Mastering at Abbey Road Studios
The Art of Vinyl Cutting and Mastering at Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Waves Audio
Only Road: Behind the Scenes Recording at Abbey Road Studios
Only Road: Behind the Scenes Recording at Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: Tea Boothby
Sigur Rós - Ára Bátur [subtitulada] (at Abbey Road Studios)
Sigur Rós - Ára Bátur [subtitulada] (at Abbey Road Studios)
Published: 2011/06/05
Channel: Roccotroco R
Behind the scenes at...Abbey Road Studios
Behind the scenes at...Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: London Evening Standard
Pink Floyd - The Dark Side of the Moon Recording Sessions [Abbey Road Sessions - 1972]
Pink Floyd - The Dark Side of the Moon Recording Sessions [Abbey Road Sessions - 1972]
Published: 2011/03/19
Channel: GeorgeHarrison00
Final Fantasy XV Live at Abbey Road Studios (Spanish Subtitles)
Final Fantasy XV Live at Abbey Road Studios (Spanish Subtitles)
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Video Games Live Venezuela
David Gilmour - Echoes Improvisation (live at abbey road studio)
David Gilmour - Echoes Improvisation (live at abbey road studio)
Published: 2010/12/15
Channel: gabriel levis
Behind the Scenes at Abbey Road Studios
Behind the Scenes at Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2014/12/04
Channel: ROLI
REDD Consoles Overview at Abbey Road Studios
REDD Consoles Overview at Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2013/10/29
Channel: Waves Audio
GIGI - Meja Ini (Official Music Video) Live At Abbey Road Studio
GIGI - Meja Ini (Official Music Video) Live At Abbey Road Studio
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: GIGIBand
Inside Abbey Road Studios’ Legendary Reverb Plate Room
Inside Abbey Road Studios’ Legendary Reverb Plate Room
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: Waves Audio
THROWBACK NEWZ: Stevie Wonder Goes To ABBEY ROAD Studios(RARE BBC FOOTAGE)
THROWBACK NEWZ: Stevie Wonder Goes To ABBEY ROAD Studios(RARE BBC FOOTAGE)
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Feride Ercetin
The Beatles outside Abbey Rd Studio in early 1967   YouTube
The Beatles outside Abbey Rd Studio in early 1967 YouTube
Published: 2014/04/16
Channel: JohnLennonAgain
ABBEY ROAD STUDIOS LONDON, MARCH 2013
ABBEY ROAD STUDIOS LONDON, MARCH 2013
Published: 2013/03/16
Channel: jasonbuck
Abbey Road Studio Two Tour
Abbey Road Studio Two Tour
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Draphilius
Wings: Junior
Wings: Junior's Farm (1974 Abbey Road Studios)
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: JimmyMcCullochFan
James Bay - Let It Go (Absolute Radio presents James Bay live from Abbey Road Studios)
James Bay - Let It Go (Absolute Radio presents James Bay live from Abbey Road Studios)
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: JamesBayVEVO
Kolsimcha and London Symphony Orchestra recording Autostrada at Abbey Road Studio 1
Kolsimcha and London Symphony Orchestra recording Autostrada at Abbey Road Studio 1
Published: 2014/02/19
Channel: kolsimcha
Lauren Aquilina - You Oughta Know (Live at Abbey Road Studios)
Lauren Aquilina - You Oughta Know (Live at Abbey Road Studios)
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: LaurenAquilinaVEVO
The Sessions - a LIVE re-staging of the Beatles at Abbey Road Studios
The Sessions - a LIVE re-staging of the Beatles at Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: MOJO
♫ The Beatles photos at Abbey Road Studios 1966
♫ The Beatles photos at Abbey Road Studios 1966
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Elena the Beatles photos
The Beatles From Abbey Road Studios To 7 Cavendish Avenue, Paul McCartney
The Beatles From Abbey Road Studios To 7 Cavendish Avenue, Paul McCartney's Home
Published: 2013/04/01
Channel: Fab4info
Cutting vinyl at Abbey Road Studios
Cutting vinyl at Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: The Vinyl Factory
Garritan Abbey Road Studios
Garritan Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Bryan G. Reason
Pink Floyd- at Abbey Road Studio
Pink Floyd- at Abbey Road Studio's 1972
Published: 2006/07/23
Channel: Roarrrer
israel houghton at Abbey Road Studios
israel houghton at Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2010/02/03
Channel: rimmerama
James Bay - Scars (Absolute Radio presents James Bay live from Abbey Road Studios)
James Bay - Scars (Absolute Radio presents James Bay live from Abbey Road Studios)
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: JamesBayVEVO
London Symphony Orchestra, Yuri Botnari, Abbey Road Studios
London Symphony Orchestra, Yuri Botnari, Abbey Road Studios
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: Cristina Royal Music Society
Abbey Road Studio 2
Abbey Road Studio 2
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Greg Feo
Blackbird recorded at Abbey Road Studios(cover)
Blackbird recorded at Abbey Road Studios(cover)
Published: 2007/03/29
Channel: studerj37
Paul Weller ~ My Ever Changing Moods (Live at Abbey Road Studios)
Paul Weller ~ My Ever Changing Moods (Live at Abbey Road Studios)
Published: 2012/11/15
Channel: MrGD66
Waves and Abbey Road Studios Present the REDD Plugin
Waves and Abbey Road Studios Present the REDD Plugin
Published: 2013/03/02
Channel: Waves Audio
DISSIDIA FINAL FANTASY -Arcade- Recording at Abbey Road  Studio
DISSIDIA FINAL FANTASY -Arcade- Recording at Abbey Road Studio
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: スクウェア・エニックス
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Abbey Road Studios
Recording studio
Industry Music
Founded 1931
Area served
City of Westminster, London, England
Website abbeyroad.com

Abbey Road Studios (formerly known as EMI Studios) is a recording studio at 3 Abbey Road, St John's Wood, City of Westminster, London, England.[1] It was established November 1931 by the Gramophone Company, a predecessor of British music company EMI, which owned it until Universal Music took control of part of EMI in 2012.

Abbey Road Studios is most notable as being the 1960s' venue for innovative recording techniques adopted by the Beatles, Pink Floyd, the Hollies, Badfinger and others. One of its earliest world-famous-artist clients was Paul Robeson, who recorded December 1931 and went on to record many of his best-known songs there.

Towards the end of 2009, the studio came under threat of sale to property developers. However, the British Government protected the site, granting it English Heritage Grade II listed status in 2010, thereby preserving the building from any major alterations.[2]

History[edit]

Abbey Road Studios

Originally a nine-bedroom Georgian townhouse built in 1831 on the footpath leading to Kilburn Abbey, the building was later converted to flats where the most flamboyant resident was Maundy Gregory.

In 1931, the Gramophone Company acquired the premises and converted it into studios. The property benefited from a large garden behind the townhouse, which permitted a much larger building to be constructed to the rear; thus, the Georgian façade belies the true dimension of the building. Pathé filmed the opening of the studios when Sir Edward Elgar conducted the London Symphony Orchestra in recording sessions of his music.[3][4] In 1934, the inventor of stereo sound, Alan Blumlein, recorded Mozart's Jupiter Symphony which was conducted by Sir Thomas Beecham at the studios.[5]

The neighbouring house is also owned by the studio and used to house musicians. During the mid-20th century, the studio was extensively used by leading British conductor Sir Malcolm Sargent, whose house was just around the corner from the studio building.[6]

The Gramophone Company amalgamated with Columbia Graphophone Company to form EMI, which took over the studios and dubbed them EMI Studios. It was under this name that in 1936 cellist Pablo Casals became the first to record Johann Sebastian Bach's Cello Suites No. 1 & 2 at the command of EMI head Fred Gaisberg. The recordings went on to spur a revolution among Bach aficionados and cellists alike.[7]

In 1958, Studio Two at Abbey Road became a centre for rock and roll music when Cliff Richard and the Drifters (later Cliff Richard and The Shadows) recorded "Move It" there,[8] and later pop music material.

A grey topped white wall completely covered in handwritten messages
The graffiti-covered wall outside Abbey Road

Abbey Road Studios is closely associated with the Beatles, who recorded almost all of their albums and singles there between 1962 and 1970 using the four-track REDD mixing console designed by Peter K. Burkowitz.[9] The Beatles named their 1969 album Abbey Road, after the street where the studio is located.

The studio was renamed Abbey Road Studios in 1970 after the Beatles album had made it famous.[10] Iain Macmillan took the album's cover photograph outside the studios, with the result that the nearby zebra crossing has become a place of pilgrimage for Beatles fans. It has been a tradition for visitors to pay homage to the band by writing on the wall in front of the building even though it is painted over every three months.[11] December 2010, the zebra crossing at Abbey Road was given a Grade II listed status.[12]

Pink Floyd recorded most of their late 1960s to mid-1970s albums here, returning only in 1988 for mixing and overdubbing subsequent albums.

The Shadows named their Live at Abbey Road album after the studio, with the cover spoofing the Beatles' album.

Notable producers and sound engineers who have worked at Abbey Road include Sir George Martin, Geoff Emerick, Norman "Hurricane" Smith, Ken Scott, Mike Stone, Alan Parsons, Peter Vince, Malcolm Addey, Peter Brown, Richard Langham, Phil McDonald, John Kurlander, Richard Lush and Ken Townsend, who invented the groundbreaking studio effect known as automatic double tracking (ADT). The chief mastering engineer at Abbey Road was Chris "Vinyl" Blair, who started his career as a tape deck operator.

In 1979, EMI commissioned the British jazz fusion band Morrissey-Mullen to record Britain's first digitally recorded single record at Abbey Road Studios.[13][14]

From 18 July to 11 September 1983, the public had a rare opportunity to see inside the legendary Studio Two where The Beatles made most of their records. While a new mixing console was being installed in the control room, the studio was used to host a video presentation called "The Beatles at Abbey Road." The soundtrack to the video had a number of recordings that were not made commercially available until the release of The Beatles Anthology project over a decade later.[15]

The Red Hot Chili Peppers used a photograph of the band walking across the zebra crossing naked (except for strategically placed socks) on the front of The Abbey Road E.P., which was released in 1988.

In June 2011, South Korean boy band Shinee performed at the studio as part of its Japanese debut showcase in partnership with EMI and the group's local record label SM Entertainment, becoming the first-ever Asian artist to perform in the studio.[16] In November 2011, Australian recording artist Kylie Minogue recorded some of her most famous songs with a full orchestra at Abbey Road Studios. The album called The Abbey Road Sessions was released October 2012.

In September 2012, with the takeover of EMI, the studio became the property of Universal Music. It was not one of the entities that were sold to Warner Music as part of Parlophone.

In February 2017, a rare BTR-3 tape recorder, previously used at Abbey Road, was found by members of Surge Radio, the student-run radio station at the University of Southampton. The BTR-3 was donated to Abbey Road in April 2017.[17]

Location[edit]

Abbey Road has become a London tourist attraction.

Abbey Road Studios is a five- to ten-minute walk from St. John's Wood tube station. From central London, it is accessible using the Jubilee line. When exiting the station, the visitor faces south at the junction of A41 (Finchley Road/Wellington Road) and Acacia Road (to the left)/Grove End Road (to the right). The studio is along Grove End Road, passing Waverley Place and Loudon Street on the right; addresses decrease in number along the way. As Grove End Road veers sharply to the left, Abbey Road is to the immediate right. The first pedestrian crossing is the crossing featured on the album. The studio, at 3 Abbey Road, is the unaddressed white building across the street between Hill Road and Garden Road.

Recording and mixing consoles[edit]

Film scores[edit]

Abbey Road Studios got its start in the film scoring business in 1980 when Anvil Post Production formed a partnership with the studio, called Anvil-Abbey Road Screen Sound. The partnership started when Anvil was left without a scoring stage when Korda Studios were demolished. It ended in 1984 when EMI merged with Thorn Electrical Industries to become Thorn EMI.

Abbey Road's success in the scoring business continued after the partnership ended.

John Williams and the London Symphony Orchestra used the studios to record the scores of four films from the Star Wars franchise beginning with Return of the Jedi in 1983.[18]

All three film scores for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers and The Return of the King), composed by Howard Shore and performed by the London Philharmonic Orchestra, were mixed at Abbey Road Studios. The recordings themselves were done by CTS-Lansdowne Studios at their permanent studios in the old Watford Town Hall with engineer John Kurlander. All technical support by CTS engineers. All recordings up to 96 tracks were in the digital domain.

James Horner had also frequently used Abbey Road Studios as his recording base when recording scores in the UK. Abbey Road sound engineer Simon Rhodes had for over a decade served as his scoring mixer, both when recording in Britain and in the U.S.

Apple's iMovie 11's soundtracks of its trailers were recorded at the studio in early 2010.

Controversy over sale[edit]

On February 17, 2010, it was reported EMI had put the studios up for sale because of increasing debts. There was reported interest by property developers in redeveloping the site into luxury flats.[19] It had also been reported there was a possibility the studios could be purchased by the National Trust[20] to preserve what was in effect a historical building. Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber was reported to have bid £30 million to purchase the studios but was turned down by EMI.[21] A Save Abbey Road Studios campaign attempted to ensure the premises remained a working studio.[22] On February 21 2010, EMI stated it planned to keep the studio and was looking for an investor to help finance a "revitalization" project.[23][24] Meanwhile, the British government declared Abbey Road Studios a Grade II listed building which protected it from major alteration.[24][25] The following December, the pedestrian crossing at Abbey Road was listed on the National Heritage List.[26]

Paul McCartney, speaking to BBC Newsnight on 16 February 2010, said there had been efforts to save Abbey Road by, "a few people who have been associated with the studio for a long time," although he did not name them or include himself among them. "I have so many memories there with the Beatles," McCartney said, "It still is a great studio. So it would be lovely for someone to get a thing together to save it."[27]

Interior[edit]

Studio Two, Abbey Road Studios
Pianos used by many recording artists over the years in Studio Two of Abbey Road Studios.

The interior of Abbey Road contains many different works of art; in 2011 a piece of art, by Birmingham-based artist Annemarie Wright, was added which featured a handwritten list of all the artists that had recorded at the historic venue.[28] Google has created an interactive virtual tour web app of the Abbey Road Studios.[29]

Institute[edit]

In March 2015, Abbey Road Institute was founded as a school for music production and audio engineering.[30] In addition to the London location, Abbey Road Institute offers education globally with schools in Berlin, Frankfurt, Amsterdam, Paris and Melbourne.[31] Students can study an Advanced Diploma in Music Production and Sound Engineering which has been developed in collaboration with industry leaders and the team at Abbey Road Studios.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Studio 1". Abbey Road Studios; EMI Records Limited. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  2. ^ "Abbey Road studios given listed building status". BBC News. 2010-02-23. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  3. ^ "Recording the Star Wars Saga" Retrieved 2012-08-04.
  4. ^ "Sir Edward Elgar, Master Of The King's Music. "Land of hope & glory"". www.youtube.com. 1931. 
  5. ^ "Early stereo recordings restored". BBC. Retrieved 9 January 2015
  6. ^ Discography in Sir Malcolm Sargent: a Tribute.
  7. ^ Siblin, Eric. The Cello Suites: J. S. Bach, Pablo Casals, and the Search for a Baroque Masterpiece. Crows Nest, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin. p. unstated. ISBN 978-1-74237-159-7 – via Google Books. 
  8. ^ "EMI puts Abbey Road up for sale: Ten things you need to know about the iconic recording studio". The Mirror. London. 16 February 2010. Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. 
  9. ^ Peter Karl Burkowitz 1920-2012 Obituary by the AES
  10. ^ Lancy, Justin (October 23, 2014). "The Technical Constraints That Made Abbey Road So Good". Atlantic Magazine. 
  11. ^ Pollard, Lawrence (7 August 2009). "Revisiting Abbey Road 40 Years On". BBC Online. Retrieved 2010-11-02. 
  12. ^ Taylor, Matthew (2011-01-02). "Housing minister tries to save Ringo Starr's childhood home". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  13. ^ Gramophone AUDIO NEWS: "EMI digital recording" July 1979. Retrieved 19 August 2010. "EMI digital recording". Retrieved August 25, 2016. [dead link]
  14. ^ "EMI Enters Digital Race with System", 26 May 1979 Billboard. At Google Books. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  15. ^ The Beatles Book July & August 1983.
  16. ^ "샤이니, 英 애비로드 쇼케이스 성공리 마쳐 (Shinee, Lee finishes British showcase success)". Nate News (SK Communications) (in Korean). 21 June 2011. 
  17. ^ "A Welcome Return For Lost Tape Machine". Abbey Road Studios. 12 April 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  18. ^ Ktorides, Christa. "RECORDING FILM SCORES WITH ABBEY ROAD AND BOWERS & WILKINS". DIY. Retrieved 2017-01-25. 
  19. ^ Smyth, Chris; Power, Helen (17 February 2010). "End for Abbey Road? EMI puts Beatles' studios up for sale at £30m". London: The Times Online. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  20. ^ TJ. "Should the National Trust save Abbey Road Studios". Nationaltrust.org.uk. Archived from the original on 17 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-19. 
  21. ^ Nathan, Sara; Ben Todd (19 February 2010). "I'll save Abbey Road: Andrew Lloyd Webber promises £30m-plus to buy studios". London: Daily Mail. Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  22. ^ "Stop the legendary studios becoming luxury flats". Save Abbey Road Studios!. February 2010. Archived from the original on 24 February 2010. 
  23. ^ "Abbey Road studios 'not for sale,' says EMI". BBC News. 21 February 2010. Archived from the original on 22 February 2010. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  24. ^ a b "Abbey Road studios to be listed by British authorities". The Independent. 27 February 2010. Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. 
  25. ^ "Abbey Road Studios Grade II Listed". The National Heritage List for England. 23 February 2010. 1393688. Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. 
  26. ^ "Beatles 'Abbey Road' crossing given heritage status". The Independent. 23 December 2010. Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. 
  27. ^ Sisario, Ben (18 February 2010). "McCartney Expresses Hopes for Abbey Road". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  28. ^ "Annemarie Wright creates Abbey Road art". Abbey Road Studios. 12 January 2011. Archived from the original on 15 January 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2011. 
  29. ^ Tonkin, Sam (April 15, 2015). "The virtual mystery tour! Beatles fans can now take a digital tour of Abbey Road studios using Google". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 2015-05-18. 
  30. ^ "Abbey Road Studios opens school of music production and sound engineering". FACT Magazine: Music News, New Music. Retrieved 2017-01-25. 
  31. ^ Siddique, Haroon (19 March 2015). "Music institute opens in Beatles' Abbey Road Studios". The Guardian. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°31′54.93″N 0°10′42.07″W / 51.5319250°N 0.1783528°W / 51.5319250; -0.1783528

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