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Abdel Aziz Al Rantissi was not afraid to Die
Abdel Aziz Al Rantissi was not afraid to Die
Published: 2009/05/08
Channel: bravagente1carino
الشهيد عبد العزيز الرنتيسي كلمات خالدة   Abdel Aziz Al-Rantissi Activist
الشهيد عبد العزيز الرنتيسي كلمات خالدة Abdel Aziz Al-Rantissi Activist
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: mourtada younes
WRAP Thousands join procession and burial of Rantisi
WRAP Thousands join procession and burial of Rantisi''s body
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
اسد فلسطين و حبيب الملايين الدكتور عبد العزيز الرنتيسي
اسد فلسطين و حبيب الملايين الدكتور عبد العزيز الرنتيسي
Published: 2013/03/29
Channel: Shahed AQSA
Palestinian Incitement: Abd al-Aziz al-Rantisi 7/31/02
Palestinian Incitement: Abd al-Aziz al-Rantisi 7/31/02
Published: 2006/06/22
Channel: vitalperspective
YA ABDEL AZIZ Rantisi NASHEED hamas Glory Nasheed     YouTube flv   10Youtube com
YA ABDEL AZIZ Rantisi NASHEED hamas Glory Nasheed YouTube flv 10Youtube com
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: MAHMOUD SHABAN
Dr Abdul Aziz Al-Rantisi dalam Kenangan
Dr Abdul Aziz Al-Rantisi dalam Kenangan
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: Maktabah Ihna
Interviews with Rantisi, Arafat, Qureia
Interviews with Rantisi, Arafat, Qureia
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Hamas Spokesman Abd al-Aziz al-Rantisi on al-Jazeera
Hamas Spokesman Abd al-Aziz al-Rantisi on al-Jazeera
Published: 2006/06/21
Channel: wmdc06
GNS Israel tries to kill Hamas leader, a
GNS Israel tries to kill Hamas leader, a'math, reax, funerals
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
WRAP Adds Rantisi criticising Bush, funeral
WRAP Adds Rantisi criticising Bush, funeral
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Bodies of Rantisi and bodyguards brought out to crowds
Bodies of Rantisi and bodyguards brought out to crowds
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Rantisi on Powell, march, Arafat with Peace Now
Rantisi on Powell, march, Arafat with Peace Now
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Palestine: Biografi Syeikh Yassin & Dr.Rantisi
Palestine: Biografi Syeikh Yassin & Dr.Rantisi
Published: 2010/05/12
Channel: Pakwan62
Bodies of Rantisi and bodyguards carried in procession
Bodies of Rantisi and bodyguards carried in procession
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Perkuburan As-Syahid Sheikh Ahmed Yassin dan As-Syahid Abdel Aziz Al-Rantisi
Perkuburan As-Syahid Sheikh Ahmed Yassin dan As-Syahid Abdel Aziz Al-Rantisi
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Ahmad Safuan Ujar
Hommage au martyr Abdelaziz AL-RANTISSI
Hommage au martyr Abdelaziz AL-RANTISSI
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: Lies Breaker
Hamas demo and Rantisi comments
Hamas demo and Rantisi comments
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
‪YA ABDEL AZIZ Rantisi NASHEED hamas Glory Nasheed‬‏ - YouTube.flv
‪YA ABDEL AZIZ Rantisi NASHEED hamas Glory Nasheed‬‏ - YouTube.flv
Published: 2012/03/16
Channel: soerism
#Arab_ Archive|#ThaySaid|Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi
#Arab_ Archive|#ThaySaid|Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi
Published: 2015/01/08
Channel: Arab Archive
PM and ministers defend Rantisi assassination
PM and ministers defend Rantisi assassination
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Hamas leader Rantisi killed after Israeli attack
Hamas leader Rantisi killed after Israeli attack
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Palestinian Incitement: Abd al-Aziz al-Rantisi 3/28/04
Palestinian Incitement: Abd al-Aziz al-Rantisi 3/28/04
Published: 2006/06/22
Channel: vitalperspective
Protest and Hamas reaction to Rantisi assassination
Protest and Hamas reaction to Rantisi assassination
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Protest outside hospital after Rantisi assasination, more injured
Protest outside hospital after Rantisi assasination, more injured
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Profile of Gaza Hamas leader
Profile of Gaza Hamas leader
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi
Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: WikiWikiup
Hamas Ralley for the Martyr Abdel azzis al Rantisi
Hamas Ralley for the Martyr Abdel azzis al Rantisi
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: Abu Jalal
Senior Hamas leader makes unexpected public appearance
Senior Hamas leader makes unexpected public appearance
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Pro-Iraqi, anti-US demo by Hamas, Rantisi comment
Pro-Iraqi, anti-US demo by Hamas, Rantisi comment
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Ummu Muhammad Isteri As Syahid Dr Abdul Aziz Ar Rantisi di Masjid As Salam.mp4
Ummu Muhammad Isteri As Syahid Dr Abdul Aziz Ar Rantisi di Masjid As Salam.mp4
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: Amirul Albesuti
Senior Hamas leader makes unexpected public appearance
Senior Hamas leader makes unexpected public appearance
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Ayman al rantisi
Ayman al rantisi
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Ayman Alrantisi
Rantissi and Arafat spokesman on Hebron, Israeli tanks in Gaza, Rau visits
Rantissi and Arafat spokesman on Hebron, Israeli tanks in Gaza, Rau visits
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
WBank scuffles, boy
WBank scuffles, boy''s funeral in Gaza, Rantissi memorial
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Rantisi named new Hamas chief in Gaza
Rantisi named new Hamas chief in Gaza
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Comments from Palestinian PM on Rantisi assassination
Comments from Palestinian PM on Rantisi assassination
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
CNN Israel Assassinate Rantisi
CNN Israel Assassinate Rantisi
Published: 2011/08/26
Channel: gdarabya
Rantisi, Arafat, Qureia comments, mourning
Rantisi, Arafat, Qureia comments, mourning
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
MENACORP - Nabil Al Rantisi - Taqa Reports a Record $5 2 Billion Loss
MENACORP - Nabil Al Rantisi - Taqa Reports a Record $5 2 Billion Loss
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: MENACORP
Rally to protest Israeli threats to kill spiritual leader
Rally to protest Israeli threats to kill spiritual leader
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
MENACORP - Nabil Al Rantisi - Al Arabiya - Commenting on Market Performance - 04/01/2015
MENACORP - Nabil Al Rantisi - Al Arabiya - Commenting on Market Performance - 04/01/2015
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: MENACORP
Islamic Jihad demo following Rantisi assassination
Islamic Jihad demo following Rantisi assassination
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Protests, reax from possible new Hamas leader
Protests, reax from possible new Hamas leader
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
MENACORP - Nabil Al Rantisi - Middle East Prepares for Earnings Season  What to Expect
MENACORP - Nabil Al Rantisi - Middle East Prepares for Earnings Season What to Expect
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: MENACORP
MENACORP -- Nabil Al Rantisi -- Al Arabiya -- Commenting on Market Performance
MENACORP -- Nabil Al Rantisi -- Al Arabiya -- Commenting on Market Performance
Published: 2013/05/23
Channel: MENACORP
ya Rantisi bi damak jood
ya Rantisi bi damak jood
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: أبو إيــاد
MENACORP    Nabil Al Rantisi    CNBC    Trading Session 14 01 2013
MENACORP Nabil Al Rantisi CNBC Trading Session 14 01 2013
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: MENACORP
بث مباشر بواسطة ‪Abd Al Rantisi‬‏
بث مباشر بواسطة ‪Abd Al Rantisi‬‏
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: Abd Al-Rantisi
Reaction to Likud vote on Sharon disengagement plan
Reaction to Likud vote on Sharon disengagement plan
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Abdel Aziz Al-Rantisi
عبدالعزيز الرنتيسي.jpg
Native name عبد العزيز علي عبد المجيد الحفيظ الرنتيسي
Born (1947-10-23)23 October 1947
Yibna, Mandatory Palestine
Died 17 April 2004(2004-04-17) (aged 56)
Gaza City, Gaza Strip
Cause of death Assassination
Alma mater Alexandria University
Known for Hamas leader
Spouse(s) Rasha Al Adloni

Abdel Aziz Ali Abdul Majid al-Rantisi (Arabic: عبد العزيز علي عبد المجيد الحفيظ الرنتيسي‎‎; 23 October 1947 – 17 April 2004), nicknamed the "Lion of Palestine",[1][2] was the co-founder of the Palestinian movement Hamas along with Sheikh Ahmed Yassin.

Rantisi was Hamas's political leader and spokesman in the Gaza Strip following the Israeli killing of Hamas spiritual leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin in March 2004.[3] Rantisi opposed compromise with Israel and called for the creation of a Palestinian state (including the whole of the State of Israel) through military action against the Jewish state.

On 17 April 2004, the Israeli Air Force killed al-Rantisi by firing Hellfire missiles from an AH-64 Apache helicopter at his car.

Early life and education[edit]

Rantisi was born in Yibna, near Jaffa on 23 October 1947. In 1948 Arab-Israeli War, his family was expelled to the Gaza Strip. In 1956, when he was nine, Israeli soldiers killed his uncle in the Khan Younis massacre: as he explained to Joe Sacco, this fact was very important for his future life.[4] He studied pediatric medicine and genetics at Egypt's Alexandria University, graduating first in his class. He was a certified physician. In his time in Egypt he became a deeply convicted member of the Muslim Brotherhood. In 1976, he returned to Gaza to teach parasitology and genetics at the Islamic University.[5]

Origins of Hamas[edit]

In 1987, four Palestinian civilians of the Jabalya refugee camp were killed in a traffic accident that involved Israeli settlers and soldiers.[6]

According to Rantisi, he joined with Sheikh Ahmad Yassin, and Salah Shehadeh, among others, in instructing people to exit the mosques chanting Allahu Akbar ("God is great"). This was the start of the First Intifada, according to Rantisi, under whose leadership the organization that would subsequently come to be known as Hamas was formed later that year. "Intifada" is the Arabic word for "uprising", in this case an uprising against the Israeli occupation. In Hamas' version of the start of the Intifada, the rival PLO later joined forces with them, and a united leadership was formed. Historians dispute the Hamas-led version of the launching of the uprising.[citation needed]

Expulsion and return[edit]

In December 1992, Rantissi was deported to southern Lebanon, as part of the expulsion of 416 Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad operatives, and emerged as the general spokesman of the expellees.[7] Upon his return in 1993, he was arrested, but later[when?] released. He was detained many times[quantify] over longer periods[quantify] by the Palestinian Authority, for his criticism of the PA and of Yasser Arafat, the last time in mid-1999. When Rantisi returned to his public position as "right hand" to Yassin, he remained one of the main opponents to any cease-fire and cessation of attacks inside Israel.[citation needed]

During talks among the Hamas leadership both in Gaza and abroad and in its constant contact with the PA regarding terror activity, Rantisi, together with Ibrahim Macadma,[who?] controlled the tone of the Hamas leadership. After the return of Sheikh Yassin to the Gaza Strip in October 1997 in a prisoner exchange following a failed Israeli attempt to kill Hamas's Jordanian branch chief Khaled Mashal, Rantissi worked closely with Yassin to restore hierarchic command and to reinforce cadre uniformity within a reorganized Hamas. Following the killings of Macadma and Salah Shehadeh, Rantisi purportedly became the political head and also acclaimed spiritual leader of Hamas, remaining its principal spokesman.[citation needed]

Leadership of Hamas[edit]

Rantisi's four-week tenure as leader of Hamas was spent in hiding, once the public funeral for Ahmed Yassin, attended by large crowds, ended. During his leadership, Hamas carried out a single suicide bombing which killed an Israeli policeman. On the day of his death, 17 April 2004, he came out of hiding to visit his family in Gaza City, arriving before dawn and staying till the evening. Shortly after he left the house, he was killed. Khaled Masha'al became the leader of Hamas after his death.[citation needed]

Selected timeline[edit]

On 6 June 2003, Rantisi broke off discussions with Palestinian Authority (PA) Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas, who had called for an end to "armed resistance".[citation needed]

On 8 June 2003, Rantisi was responsible for directing the Hamas-led attack in which four Israeli soldiers were killed at the Erez Checkpoint in the Gaza Strip. On 10 June 2003, Rantisi survived an Israeli helicopter attack on a car in which he was traveling.[8] He was lightly wounded in the attack, which killed a bodyguard of Rantisi, a civilian and wounded at least 25 others.[9]

On 26 January 2004, Rantisi offered "a 10-year truce in return for withdrawal and the establishment of a state". There had earlier been some rumored talks within Hamas about doing this but this time Rantisi announced that "the movement has taken a decision on this".[citation needed]

On 23 March 2004, Rantisi was named leader of Hamas in the Gaza Strip, following the killing of Ahmed Yassin by Israeli forces. On 27 March 2004, Rantisi addressed 5,000 supporters in Gaza. He declared the then US president George W. Bush to be an "enemy of Muslims". "America declared war against God. Sharon declared war against God and God declared war against America, Bush and Sharon. The war of God continues against them and I can see the victory coming up from the land of Palestine by the hand of Hamas."[10]

Assassination[edit]

Israeli AH-64 Apache helicopter

On 17 April 2004, Rantisi was killed by the Israeli Air Force in an assassination, after they fired Hellfire missiles from an AH-64 Apache helicopter at his car. Two others, a bodyguard named Akram Nassar and Rantisi's 27-year-old son Mohammed, were also killed in the attack, and four bystanders wounded. Israeli army radio stated that this was the first opportunity to target Rantisi, without significant collateral damage, since he took the leadership of Hamas,[11] alleging that he had surrounded himself with human shields since the killing of Yassin.[12]

Reactions[edit]

Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Jonathan Peled said:

"Israel...today struck a mastermind of terrorism, with blood on his hands. As long as the Palestinian Authority does not lift a finger and fight terrorism, Israel will continue to have to do so itself."[13]

British Foreign Minister Jack Straw condemned the action:

"The British government has made it repeatedly clear that so-called 'targeted assassinations' of this kind are unlawful, unjustified and counter-productive." [14]

Personal life[edit]

Rantisi was married to Rasha Al Adloni, who was elected to the Palestinian Legislative Council in 2006; the marriage produced six children.[15]

Quotations[edit]

"The Israelis will not know security. We will fight them until the liberation of Palestine, the whole of Palestine." (The New York Times , 22 March 2003)

"All the land of Palestine is a part of the Islamic faith and the Caliph Omar bin al-Khattab declared it for all Muslims. Therefore, no individual or group has the right to sell it or give it up."[16]

"If Israel was established in Britain, would you accept compromise?", to British journalist Derek Brown, June 1993.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ عشر سنوات على اغتيال "أسد فلسطين" (in Arabic). paltoday.ps. 17 April 2014. 
  2. ^ اليوم ذكرى استشهاد أسد فلسطين الدكتور عبدالعزيز الرنتيسي (in Arabic). loblab.com. 17 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Urquhart, Conal (18 April 2004). "Israeli missile attack kills new Hamas chief". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 April 2010. 
  4. ^ Sacco, Joe (2009). Footnotes in Gaza. New York: Metropolitan Books. ISBN 0-8050-7347-7. 
  5. ^ "Profile: Hamas leader Rantisi". BBC News. 17 April 2004. Retrieved 23 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "Dr Abdel Aziz Rantisi profile". The Independent. London, UK. 19 April 2004. Retrieved 23 April 2010. [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Israel shelling near camp". The Telegraph Herald. Lebanon. AP. 4 June 1994. Retrieved 17 November 2012. 
  8. ^ Jones, Tony (10 June 2003). "Hamas leader survives assassination attempt". ABC. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Identical letters dated 10 June 2003 from the Permanent Observer of Palestine to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council". UN. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2012. 
  10. ^ "New Hamas leader: Bush is 'enemy of Muslims'". CNN. Gaza City. 6 May 2004. Retrieved 17 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "israelnn". Archived from the original on 29 November 2005. Retrieved 18 June 2007. 
  12. ^ Avery Plaw (19 September 2008). Targeting Terrorists: A License to Kill?. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-7546-4526-9. Retrieved 17 November 2012. 
  13. ^ "Lawrence Journal-World". 
  14. ^ "UK condemns Hamas leader killing". Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  15. ^ Seitz, Charmaine (30 March 2004). "A New Kind of Killing". Merip. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  16. ^ Kul al-Arab Archived 27 September 2004 at the Wayback Machine., kul-alarab.com, 9 January 1998.
  17. ^ Brown, Derek. "Abdel-Aziz al-Rantissi". TheGuardian.com. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

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