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Press conference with Abdul Aziz al-Hakim of the Shia coalition
Press conference with Abdul Aziz al-Hakim of the Shia coalition
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
President Bush told Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, the Shiite leader of the largest bloc in Iraq
President Bush told Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, the Shiite leader of the largest bloc in Iraq's parliament,
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Blair meets Shiite leader Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim
Blair meets Shiite leader Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Murottal Surat Al Fatihah & Al Baqarah 183 186 - Qori
Murottal Surat Al Fatihah & Al Baqarah 183 186 - Qori' Abdul Aziz - Masjid Al Hakim, Padang, Sumbar
Published: 2014/10/21
Channel: Andri Ishaq
amosmagic.com President Bush and Shiite leader Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim
amosmagic.com President Bush and Shiite leader Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim
Published: 2009/02/10
Channel: AmosLevkovitch
Body of Shiite leader Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim arrives in Baghdad - no comment
Body of Shiite leader Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim arrives in Baghdad - no comment
Published: 2009/08/29
Channel: No Comment TV
Shiite leader
Shiite leader's son released, says was mistreated by US military, protests
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Inside Iraq - After Abdel Aziz al-Hakim - 11 Sep 09
Inside Iraq - After Abdel Aziz al-Hakim - 11 Sep 09
Published: 2009/09/11
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Concept of Slavery in Islam_Sheikh Assim Al Hakim
Concept of Slavery in Islam_Sheikh Assim Al Hakim
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Bukhari Records
Abdul Aziz Al Hakim Pembunuh Warga Irak 1
Abdul Aziz Al Hakim Pembunuh Warga Irak 1
Published: 2014/12/23
Channel: Abu Anisa
Reaction to meeting between President Bush and Shiite parliamentary leader
Reaction to meeting between President Bush and Shiite parliamentary leader
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
al-Qari Abdul Aziz Bandar Baleelah [ Surah al-Mukminun 115-118 & al-Saffat 171-182 ]
al-Qari Abdul Aziz Bandar Baleelah [ Surah al-Mukminun 115-118 & al-Saffat 171-182 ]
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: Mohamad Fahmi Abu al-Izz
Kurdistani PM comment after mtg rarely seen Grand Ayatollah Sistani
Kurdistani PM comment after mtg rarely seen Grand Ayatollah Sistani
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
"I Love You" ┇FUNNY┇ Sh. Assim Al Hakeem ┇Smile...itz Sunnah┇
"I Love You" ┇FUNNY┇ Sh. Assim Al Hakeem ┇Smile...itz Sunnah┇
Published: 2012/05/28
Channel: Halal Sheikh
WRAP Protests; ADDS Shiite leader
WRAP Protests; ADDS Shiite leader's son released, says was mistreated by US military
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
AL-HAKIM/SOLVE OUR OWN
AL-HAKIM/SOLVE OUR OWN
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: CNN
surat Al baqarah - syekh Abdul aziz Alareqi I تلاوة من سورة البقرة للقارئ عبدالعزيز العريقي
surat Al baqarah - syekh Abdul aziz Alareqi I تلاوة من سورة البقرة للقارئ عبدالعزيز العريقي
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Abdul Aziz Alareqi - عبدالعزيزالعريقي
Christians celebrate Xmas in predominantly Shiite neighbourhood
Christians celebrate Xmas in predominantly Shiite neighbourhood
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Wasting Time - Sheikh Assim Al-Hakeem
Wasting Time - Sheikh Assim Al-Hakeem
Published: 2012/05/25
Channel: qfanar
Bush meets leader of United Iraqi Alliance
Bush meets leader of United Iraqi Alliance
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
US raid in Sadr City, al-Hakim on his support for proposed security plan
US raid in Sadr City, al-Hakim on his support for proposed security plan
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Abdul Aziz Al Hakim Pembunuh Warga Irak 3
Abdul Aziz Al Hakim Pembunuh Warga Irak 3
Published: 2015/01/21
Channel: Abu Anisa
Abdul Aziz al-Hakim bin Ahmad Fikri
Abdul Aziz al-Hakim bin Ahmad Fikri
Published: 2011/02/09
Channel: shaifishak93
Recitim  shum i bukur  nga Abdul Aziz Al Hakim
Recitim shum i bukur nga Abdul Aziz Al Hakim
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Blerim Abazi
Talabani, Iraqi Dialogue Society react to constitution deal
Talabani, Iraqi Dialogue Society react to constitution deal
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Abdul Aziz Al Hakim Pembunuh Warga Irak 4
Abdul Aziz Al Hakim Pembunuh Warga Irak 4
Published: 2014/12/23
Channel: Abu Anisa
Iraqi Shiites celebrate Eid
Iraqi Shiites celebrate Eid
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Ahmadinejad meets leader of Iraq supreme Islamic council
Ahmadinejad meets leader of Iraq supreme Islamic council
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Shiite leader al Hakim
Shiite leader al Hakim's office reax to his death, vox pops
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
SURAH AL KAHF( The Cave) by ABDUL AZIZ AL AHMAD full version
SURAH AL KAHF( The Cave) by ABDUL AZIZ AL AHMAD full version
Published: 2010/12/22
Channel: zahratalain
The Ibriz Taught By Sidi Ibrahim Hakim - Session I
The Ibriz Taught By Sidi Ibrahim Hakim - Session I
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Ibrahim Hakim
Security, preparations ahead of funeral for al-Hakim
Security, preparations ahead of funeral for al-Hakim
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Shiite clerics divided over Iraqi PM
Shiite clerics divided over Iraqi PM's visit to Jordan, to meet Bush
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Tilawah Surah YASIN Syekh Abdul Aziz Alareqi   تلاوة سورة يس للقارئ عبدالعزيز العريقي
Tilawah Surah YASIN Syekh Abdul Aziz Alareqi تلاوة سورة يس للقارئ عبدالعزيز العريقي
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: Abdul Aziz Alareqi - عبدالعزيزالعريقي
WRAP Al Hakim
WRAP Al Hakim's office reax to his death, vox pops, Iran hospital, file, Najaf
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Reax from Iraq as mourners gather in Tehran for al Hakim funeral
Reax from Iraq as mourners gather in Tehran for al Hakim funeral
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
WRAP Reax to Hakim death; Iraqi PM al-Maliki, Iraqi VP confirms body to return Friday
WRAP Reax to Hakim death; Iraqi PM al-Maliki, Iraqi VP confirms body to return Friday
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Shia Leader Mourned in Iraq
Shia Leader Mourned in Iraq
Published: 2009/08/28
Channel: NTDTV
AP Pix of al-Hakim funeral procession, PM al-Maliki sbite
AP Pix of al-Hakim funeral procession, PM al-Maliki sbite
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Friday prayers at Baghdad mosque, Imam criticises US
Friday prayers at Baghdad mosque, Imam criticises US
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Adik Lokman Al hafiz  di Masjid Tun Abdul Aziz  Full
Adik Lokman Al hafiz di Masjid Tun Abdul Aziz Full
Published: 2013/07/28
Channel: rovi
How to pronounce Abdul Aziz al-Hakim (Arabic/Iraq) - PronounceNames.com
How to pronounce Abdul Aziz al-Hakim (Arabic/Iraq) - PronounceNames.com
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: Pronounce Names
Shiite and Sunni leaders on new constitution
Shiite and Sunni leaders on new constitution
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Top Shiite cleric on cooperation with Sunnis
Top Shiite cleric on cooperation with Sunnis
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Raw footage of President Bush-Iraqi photo op pt 2
Raw footage of President Bush-Iraqi photo op pt 2
Published: 2006/12/12
Channel: frajam
Demo in support of SCIRI leader, against mosque attack
Demo in support of SCIRI leader, against mosque attack
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
Raw news footage of Bush-Iraqi photo op, pt 1
Raw news footage of Bush-Iraqi photo op, pt 1
Published: 2006/12/12
Channel: frajam
Shiite demo in Baghdad, voxpops on constitution
Shiite demo in Baghdad, voxpops on constitution
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Shiite lawmakers name PM al-Jaafari to head next Iraqi gov, reax
Shiite lawmakers name PM al-Jaafari to head next Iraqi gov, reax
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
When Allah Loves You | Shaykh Assim Al-Hakeem | HEROES HANGOUT
When Allah Loves You | Shaykh Assim Al-Hakeem | HEROES HANGOUT
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: The Muslim Heroes
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Abd al-Aziz al-Hakim
سيد عبدالعزيز الحكيم
Abolaziz Hakim.jpg
President of the Governing Council of Iraq
In office
1 December 2003 – 31 December 2003
Preceded by Jalal Talabani
Succeeded by Adnan Pachachi
Personal details
Born (1953-01-01)1 January 1953
Najaf, Iraq
Died 26 August 2009(2009-08-26) (aged 56)
Tehran, Iran
Political party United Iraqi Alliance
Supreme Islamic Council

Abdul Aziz al-Hakim (/ˈɑːbdʊl əˈzz æl həˈkm/ AHB-duul ə-ZEEZ al hə-KEEM; Arabic: سید عبد العزيز الحكيم‎‎; 1953 – 26 August 2009) was an Iraqi theologian and politician and the leader of Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, a party that has approximately 5% support in the Iraqi Council of Representatives. He also served as the President of the Governing Council of Iraq (40th Prime Minister of Iraq)

He was a member of the United States-appointed Iraqi Governing Council and served as its president in December 2003. Brother of the Shia leader Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, he replaced him as leader of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq when Mohammed Baqir was assassinated in August 2003 in Najaf.

Biography[edit]

Family Tree[edit]

Sayyid Abdul Aziz al-Hakim was a member of the Hakim Family of Shiite scholars.

Early life[edit]

He was born in 1953,[1] the son of Grand Ayatollah Muhsin Al-Hakim. Raised in Najaf and then received his theological education through the religious school there, known as the Hawza. He was married to the daughter of Mohammed Hadi al-Sadr and he was the father of two girls and two boys. His son Muhsin Abdul Aziz al-Hakim was a political adviser for him, and his other son Ammar al-Hakim became the Secretary General of Al-Mihrab Martyr Foundation. Seven of Abdul Aziz al-Hakim's brothers were killed, six of them on the orders of Saddam Hussein.

Iran and SCIRI[edit]

Abdul Aziz al-Hakim and President Mohammad Khatami, October 6, 2003, Tehran

Al-Hakim played a leading role in the 'Safar Intifada' in Iraq in 1977 and was imprisoned by the Iraqi government in 1972, 1977 and 1979. He went into exile in Iran in 1980, where he was a founding member in 1982 of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI), a group set up under Iran's auspices to bring Islamic revolution to Iraq. The group was led by Al-Hakim's brother, Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim. SCIRI would later change its name to the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq.

Badr Brigades[edit]

Within SCIRI, al-Hakim headed its military wing, the Badr Brigades. Badr was officered by Iranians and its troops fought on Iran's side during the Iran-Iraq war.

Iraq[edit]

With the removal of Saddam Hussein from power in 2003 with the US-led invasion, Al-Hakim and SCIRI returned to Iraq where they have been major players in Iraq's politics. SCIRI's leader, Mohammed Baqir Al-Hakim, was assassinated on 29 August 2003, when a massive car bomb exploded as he left the Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf.[2] Following the murder, Abdul Aziz Al-Hakim became SCIRI's head.

Al-Hakim was the top candidate listed for the United Iraqi Coalition during the first Iraqi legislative election of January 2005 but did not seek a government post because the Alliance had decided not to include theologians in the government.[3]

Interior Ministry[edit]

Under Abdul Aziz Al-Hakim, SCIRI controlled Iraq's Interior Ministry. In 2006 according to the United Nations human rights chief in Iraq, John Pace, said that every month hundreds of Iraqis were being tortured to death or executed by the Interior Ministry under SCIRI's control.[4] According to a 2006 report by the Independent newspaper: 'Mr Pace said the Ministry of the Interior was "acting as a rogue element within the government". It is controlled by the main Shia party, the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq (Sciri); the Interior Minister, Bayan Jabr, is a former leader of Sciri's Badr Brigade militia, which is one of the main groups accused of carrying out sectarian killings. Another is the Mehdi Army of the young cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, who is part of the Shia coalition seeking to form a government after winning the mid-December election. Many of the 110,000 policemen and police commandos under the ministry's control are suspected of being former members of the Badr Brigade. Not only counter-insurgency units such as the Wolf Brigade, the Scorpions and the Tigers, but the commandos and even the highway patrol police have been accused of acting as death squads.

The paramilitary commandos, dressed in garish camouflage uniforms and driving around in pick-up trucks, are dreaded in Sunni neighbourhoods. People whom they have openly arrested have frequently been found dead several days later, with their bodies bearing obvious marks of torture.'[5]

U.S. visits[edit]

al-Hakim meeting George W. Bush

On December 4, 2006, al-Hakim met with George W. Bush and made a commitment to help end violence,

Al-Hakim also gave his assessment of the situation in Iraq:

On December 5, 2006, on behalf of The Catholic University of America and American University's Center for Global Peace, he spoke at the Pope John Paul II Cultural Center. The title of his speech was "Freedom and Tolerance in Shi'a Islam and the Future of Iraq". Notable guests at this event included Archbishop Donald Wuerl of Washington, D.C. and Rabbi Professor Ephraim Isaac from the Institute of Semitic Studies in Princeton, New Jersey.

Illness and death[edit]

On 16 May 2007 he flew to Houston for medical treatment. Reportedly he had lung cancer.[7] On 20 May 2007, Hakim left the U.S. for Iran, in order to receive chemotherapy treatment.[8] On 26 August 2009, Abdel Aziz al-Hakim died of lung cancer in a Tehran hospital.[9] He was buried in Najaf on 29 August, on the same day and month as his brother, who was killed exactly six years earlier.[10] Hasan Nasrallah, leader of Lebanese Shia resistance group Hizbollah issued an emotional statement regarding the death of Abdul-Aziz Al-Hakim. The statement spoke of the "struggle" of Al-Hakim to "rescue" and "uplift the Iraqi people." This drew criticism and calls of sectarianism from political commentator Asad Abukhalil due to the role of Abdul Aziz Al Hakim in the US occupation of Iraq.

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile; Abdul Aziz al-Hakim : a heavy heritage". CERMAM. Retrieved 2013-01-27. 
  2. ^ Escobar, Pepe (2 September 2003). "Ayatollah's killing: Winners and losers". Asia Times. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Iraqi Election Catapults Critic of U.S. to Power Archived 24 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ “Iraq's death squads: on the brink of civil war” The Independent, Feb. 26, 2006
  5. ^ “Iraq's death squads: on the brink of civil war”, The Independent, Feb. 26, 2006
  6. ^ "President Bush Meets with His Eminence Abdul-Aziz Al-Hakim, Leader of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq". 
  7. ^ http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2007/05/19/ap3738813.html
  8. ^ http://www.mercurynews.com/news/ci_5943571
  9. ^ Sly, Liz (27 August 2009). "Iraq Shiite leader Abdelaziz Hakim dies" – via LA Times. 
  10. ^ Iraq's Shiite leader Hakim buried in Najaf AFP, 29 August 2009.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim
Leader of the Islamic Supreme Council
2003–2009
Succeeded by
Ammar al-Hakim
Political offices
Preceded by
Jalal Talabani
President of the Governing Council of Iraq
2003
Succeeded by
Adnan Pachachi

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