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22C3: Access to Knowledge
22C3: Access to Knowledge
Published: 2011/03/31
Channel: Christiaan008
Access to Knowledge movement
Access to Knowledge movement
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: Search Engine
Access to Knowledge movement
Access to Knowledge movement
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: WikiAudio
22C3 access to knowledge (4/4)
22C3 access to knowledge (4/4)
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: HackingCons
Access to Knowledge with Kevin Guz
Access to Knowledge with Kevin Guz
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: uglyopportunities
Workshop on Access to Knowledge for Sustainable Livelihood in Rural India
Workshop on Access to Knowledge for Sustainable Livelihood in Rural India
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: IPLM
Freedom Gates in Africa: Peace, Democracy, and Access to Knowledge
Freedom Gates in Africa: Peace, Democracy, and Access to Knowledge
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: Peace, Democracy, and Governance
22C3 - Access to knowledge
22C3 - Access to knowledge
Published: 2013/03/25
Channel: HackersOnBoard
Changing the system: advocacy and alliances for access to knowledge
Changing the system: advocacy and alliances for access to knowledge
Published: 2017/12/18
Channel: Analysis & Policy Observatory (APO)
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 4
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 4
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: AUC School of Business
Access To Knowledge
Access To Knowledge
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: Yancey Event Reviews
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 5
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 5
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: AUC School of Business
Access to knowledge
Access to knowledge
Published: 2013/12/12
Channel: Universities Canada/Universités Canada
Wikimedia Foundation metrics and activities meeting - February 2018
Wikimedia Foundation metrics and activities meeting - February 2018
Published: 2018/02/22
Channel: Wikimedia Foundation
22C3 access to knowledge (3/4)
22C3 access to knowledge (3/4)
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: HackingCons
Free Culture V - Movement
Free Culture V - Movement
Published: 2014/08/30
Channel: Wikimania London
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 2
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 2
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: AUC School of Business
Tallahassee, FL - "The Knowledge Movement" - Teaser
Tallahassee, FL - "The Knowledge Movement" - Teaser
Published: 2013/10/30
Channel: CuratorsofHipHop
Fourth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 2
Fourth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 2
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: AUC
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 9
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 9
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: AUC School of Business
Introducing Snackson
Introducing Snackson
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: SnacksonApp
Susan Templeman MP on Copyright Law and Access to Knowledge
Susan Templeman MP on Copyright Law and Access to Knowledge
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: IP Observatory
22C3 access to knowledge (1/4)
22C3 access to knowledge (1/4)
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: HackingCons
A world of equal access to knowledge
A world of equal access to knowledge
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Jean Sellar
ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE CONFERENCE PLENARY SESSION
ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE CONFERENCE PLENARY SESSION
Published: 2007/04/29
Channel: tom ficklin
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 8
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 8
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: AUC School of Business
Sixth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 1
Sixth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 1
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: AUC School of Business
Right to Information, Right to Knowledge
Right to Information, Right to Knowledge
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: HasGeek TV
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 6
Fifth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 6
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: AUC School of Business
Nancy Salem & Dalia Seif, Access to Knowledge for Development Centre, American University, Cairo, Eg
Nancy Salem & Dalia Seif, Access to Knowledge for Development Centre, American University, Cairo, Eg
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: AODN
What is FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT? What does FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT mean? FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT meaning
What is FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT? What does FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT mean? FREE CULTURE MOVEMENT meaning
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: The Audiopedia
Sixth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 2
Sixth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 2
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: AUC School of Business
Democratizing Access to Open Data by Providing Open Computational Infrastructure
Democratizing Access to Open Data by Providing Open Computational Infrastructure
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: O'Reilly
Technical Exploration Center (TEC)
Technical Exploration Center (TEC)
Published: 2010/02/22
Channel: TECMaine
Direct Access: Support the movement
Direct Access: Support the movement
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: betterPT
Jim Rohn: THINK AND USE YOUR MIND (Jim Rohn motivation)
Jim Rohn: THINK AND USE YOUR MIND (Jim Rohn motivation)
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Law of Attraction Coaching
Introducing Vyv
Introducing Vyv
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: Vyv
Open Standards = Public Interest vs Private Profit
Open Standards = Public Interest vs Private Profit
Published: 2006/11/16
Channel: IPJustice
SLOWLY BUT STEADY PROGRESS FOR AFRICA
SLOWLY BUT STEADY PROGRESS FOR AFRICA
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: Mugalu Duncan
Open access: democratising knowledge
Open access: democratising knowledge
Published: 2014/10/20
Channel: Jisc
Introducing tonebase Interactive!
Introducing tonebase Interactive!
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: tonebase
Mr. Wend Wendland - The Intellectual Property and Traditional Knowkedge Puzzle
Mr. Wend Wendland - The Intellectual Property and Traditional Knowkedge Puzzle
Published: 2011/11/03
Channel: הקריה האקדמית אונו
beReady for business
beReady for business
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: East Ayrshire Council
TRLN Luncheon--The Open Access Movement
TRLN Luncheon--The Open Access Movement
Published: 2013/06/10
Channel: Duke University School of Law
An afternoon with Sir Timothy Gowers
An afternoon with Sir Timothy Gowers
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: statelibraryqld
Hari Prasad Nadig talking about Wikipedia Community building
Hari Prasad Nadig talking about Wikipedia Community building
Published: 2013/11/29
Channel: InternetAndSociety
22C3 access to knowledge (2/4)
22C3 access to knowledge (2/4)
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: HackingCons
Peter Bol Lecture, Segment 4
Peter Bol Lecture, Segment 4
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: Digital History
JohnWillinksy "Open Access World"
JohnWillinksy "Open Access World"
Published: 2012/09/13
Channel: Bernard Tremblay
Paperity Central. Open Catalog of All Scholarly Literature
Paperity Central. Open Catalog of All Scholarly Literature
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: Paperity
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Access to Knowledge (A2K) movement is a loose collection of civil society groups, governments, and individuals converging on the idea that access to knowledge should be linked to fundamental principles of justice, freedom, and economic development.

History[edit]

The Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities from 2003 is a major declaration reflecting the goals of the movement in relation to academic publishing.

In October 2004, the Geneva declaration on the future of the World Intellectual Property Organization emerged from a call from Brazil and Argentina for a development agenda for the World Intellectual Property Organization, and was supported by hundreds organizations.[1] Supporters included the Free Software Foundation, with a statement Towards a "World Intellectual Wealth Organisation": Supporting the Geneva Declaration.[2]

One of the proposals of the declaration was to a «call for a Treaty on Access to Knowledge and Technology. The Standing Committee on Patents and the Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights should solicit views from member countries and the public on elements of such a treaty».[3]

A shared discussion platform on A2K issues is the mailing list of that name, which was initiated around discussion of the Geneva declaration.[4] A draft "A2K treaty" was later produced.[5] The proposed treaty is intended to ease the transfer of knowledge to developing nations, and to secure the viability of open innovation systems all over the world.[6]

Human rights debate[edit]

Access to knowledge and science is protected by Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The article balances the right of access with a right to protection of moral and material interests:

Article 27

Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.

Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

A2K academics argue that “material interests” are not simply equivalent to current intellectual property provisions, not least because these rights are saleable and transferable, and therefore not “inalienable”. The right to access is ultimately the more important part of the right. Current levels of IP protection seem out of balance with Article 27, according to A2K theorists:

... in a very real sense, rights delayed are rights denied. Had access to oral rehydration therapy and second-generation vaccine technologies been delayed for twenty years ... three million children would have died. Even for less life- and-death technologies, a twenty-year delay works an immense limitation on enjoyment of the right. For cultural works, the situation is even worse; protection lasts longer than a human lifetime.[7]

Supporters[edit]

Knowledge Ecology International[edit]

CP Tech (now Knowledge Ecology International) say: "the A2K (Access to Knowledge) movement takes concerns with copyright law and other regulations that affect knowledge and places them within an understandable social need and policy platform: access to knowledge goods."[8]

Consumers International[edit]

Many different groups refer to the A2K movement. Consumers International is particularly prominent, running a dedicated domain,[9] and defines the movement as:

the umbrella term for a movement that aims to create more equitable public access to the products of human culture and learning. The ultimate objective of the movement is to create a world in which educational and cultural works are accessible to all, and in which consumers and creators alike participate in a vibrant ecosystem of innovation and creativity.

These goals are of interest to a broad coalition of consumer groups, NGOs, activists, Internet users and others. For many of them, coming to grips with the issues involved in the A2K movement can be daunting. These issues, including copyright and patent law reform, open content licensing, and communications rights, often involve legal and technological concepts that even specialists find difficult.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Global[edit]

Local[edit]

  1. ^ Ronaldo Lemos; Pedro Nicoletti Mizukami; Ronaldo Lemos; Bruno Magrani; Carlos Affonso Pereira de Souza (2010), Access to Knowledge in Brazil, Bloomsbury Academic 
  2. ^ Lea Shaver; Nagla Rizk (2010), Access to Knowledge in Egypt, Bloomsbury Academic, ISBN 978-1-84966-008-2, 1849660085 
  3. ^ Lea Shaver; Ramesh Subramanian (2011), Access to Knowledge in India, Bloomsbury Academic, ISBN 978-1849665261, 1849665265 
  4. ^ Armstrong, Chris Dr (2010), Access to Knowledge in Africa, UCT Press 
  5. ^ Gaelle Krikorian; Amy Kapczynski (2010), Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property, MIT Press 

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