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Access to Knowledge movement
Access to Knowledge movement
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: Search Engine
Designing DRM
Designing DRM's to Promote Access to Knowledge (A2K)
Published: 2006/11/17
Channel: IPJustice
Access to Knowledge movement
Access to Knowledge movement
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: WikiAudio
Open Standards Promote Access to Knowledge
Open Standards Promote Access to Knowledge
Published: 2006/11/16
Channel: IPJustice
22C3: Access to Knowledge
22C3: Access to Knowledge
Published: 2011/03/31
Channel: Christiaan008
Movement Mastermind #1 - Training Transfer
Movement Mastermind #1 - Training Transfer
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: Shawn Myszka
Basics of the Human Movement System - Video #6 of Functional Anatomy 1: Intro to HMS
Basics of the Human Movement System - Video #6 of Functional Anatomy 1: Intro to HMS
Published: 2014/06/10
Channel: Brent Brookbush
Access to Knowledge
Access to Knowledge
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: TAUVOD
You Have Access to Knowledge to Make You Rich, Successful, Happy and (almost) Anything Else
You Have Access to Knowledge to Make You Rich, Successful, Happy and (almost) Anything Else
Published: 2014/01/09
Channel: Will's Personal-Development Show
Access to Knowledge in India and America
Access to Knowledge in India and America
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Internet Archive
Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property
Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: lasti sulis
A world of equal access to knowledge
A world of equal access to knowledge
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Jean Sellar
ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE- WELCOME
ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE- WELCOME
Published: 2007/04/29
Channel: tom ficklin
Access To Knowledge
Access To Knowledge
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: Yancey Event Reviews
22C3 - Access to knowledge
22C3 - Access to knowledge
Published: 2013/03/25
Channel: HackersOnBoard
ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE CONFERENCE PLENARY SESSION
ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE CONFERENCE PLENARY SESSION
Published: 2007/04/29
Channel: tom ficklin
22C3 access to knowledge (1/4)
22C3 access to knowledge (1/4)
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: HackingCons
Squash tips: Movement timing to the T
Squash tips: Movement timing to the T
Published: 2014/04/08
Channel: SquashSkills
ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE CONFERENCE PLENARY SESSION-RENALDO LEMOS
ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE CONFERENCE PLENARY SESSION-RENALDO LEMOS
Published: 2007/04/29
Channel: tom ficklin
Technological Protection Measures in Bill C-32: What Is Their Impact on Access to Knowledge?
Technological Protection Measures in Bill C-32: What Is Their Impact on Access to Knowledge?
Published: 2010/11/30
Channel: Western University
Susan Templeman MP on Copyright Law and Access to Knowledge
Susan Templeman MP on Copyright Law and Access to Knowledge
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: IP Observatory
The Knowledge Access Codes
The Knowledge Access Codes
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Matt Kemp
N3101L  Knowledge Access and Dissemination
N3101L Knowledge Access and Dissemination
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: HND Business Education
Fourth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 1
Fourth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 1
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: AUC
Mr. Wend Wendland on Traditional Knowledge
Mr. Wend Wendland on Traditional Knowledge
Published: 2011/11/01
Channel: הקריה האקדמית אונו
Human Movement Science Concepts (Video 1): Posture, Length/Tension Relationships, Synergistic Dom...
Human Movement Science Concepts (Video 1): Posture, Length/Tension Relationships, Synergistic Dom...
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Brent Brookbush
Squash tips: Movement on court
Squash tips: Movement on court
Published: 2011/04/01
Channel: SquashSkills
Fourth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 2
Fourth Annual Workshop of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center- Part 2
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: AUC
Squash tips: Timing your movement in squash
Squash tips: Timing your movement in squash
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: SquashSkills
I Open Access - Join the Movement
I Open Access - Join the Movement
Published: 2014/10/20
Channel: SpringerVideos
Free Culture V - Movement
Free Culture V - Movement
Published: 2014/08/30
Channel: Wikimania London
sacred knowledge of vibration and the power of human emotions
sacred knowledge of vibration and the power of human emotions
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: hus987pc
22C3 access to knowledge (3/4)
22C3 access to knowledge (3/4)
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: HackingCons
22C3 access to knowledge (2/4)
22C3 access to knowledge (2/4)
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: HackingCons
22C3 access to knowledge (4/4)
22C3 access to knowledge (4/4)
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: HackingCons
THE GENESIS OF A2K AS A CONCEPT
THE GENESIS OF A2K AS A CONCEPT
Published: 2007/04/29
Channel: tom ficklin
Squash coaching: Freedom of movement with Hadrian Stiff
Squash coaching: Freedom of movement with Hadrian Stiff
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: SquashSkills
Accessing Whole Body Movement in Parkinson
Accessing Whole Body Movement in Parkinson's Disease with a Basketball
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Out-Thinking Parkinson's
A Troubling Expansion of Restrictive IP Rights
A Troubling Expansion of Restrictive IP Rights
Published: 2006/11/09
Channel: IPJustice
The next Internet Revolution | Juan Benet | TEDxSanFrancisco
The next Internet Revolution | Juan Benet | TEDxSanFrancisco
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: TEDx Talks
Rebooting Closed Standards
Rebooting Closed Standards
Published: 2006/11/16
Channel: IPJustice
Exercise 101: Anatomical Position, axis of rotation and planes of movement
Exercise 101: Anatomical Position, axis of rotation and planes of movement
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: Greg Roe
Squash coaching: Break your opponents movement with hold
Squash coaching: Break your opponents movement with hold
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: SquashSkills
Physics - Movement & Momentum: Science Exam Tips
Physics - Movement & Momentum: Science Exam Tips
Published: 2014/06/02
Channel: Revision App - Student Blog
TRLN Luncheon--The Open Access Movement
TRLN Luncheon--The Open Access Movement
Published: 2013/06/10
Channel: Duke University School of Law
Squash tips: How to use movement to be deceptive
Squash tips: How to use movement to be deceptive
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: SquashSkills
Aaron Swartz: The First Martyr of the Free Information Movement
Aaron Swartz: The First Martyr of the Free Information Movement
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: NewsClickin
Mrs. Larisa Simonova - What is the relationship between IP protection and the preservation of TK?
Mrs. Larisa Simonova - What is the relationship between IP protection and the preservation of TK?
Published: 2011/11/06
Channel: הקריה האקדמית אונו
Vlog 33   The Open Access Movement
Vlog 33 The Open Access Movement
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: Tara Brabazon
Critical Legal Studies Movement
Critical Legal Studies Movement
Published: 2015/06/29
Channel: Vidya-mitra
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Access to Knowledge (A2K) movement is a loose collection of civil society groups, governments, and individuals converging on the idea that access to knowledge should be linked to fundamental principles of justice, freedom, and economic development.

History[edit]

The Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities from 2003 is a major declaration reflecting the goals of the movement in relation to academic publishing.

In October 2004, the Geneva declaration on the future of the World Intellectual Property Organization emerged from a call from Brazil and Argentina for a development agenda for the World Intellectual Property Organization, and was supported by hundreds organizations.[1] Supporters included the Free Software Foundation, with a statement Towards a "World Intellectual Wealth Organisation": Supporting the Geneva Declaration.[2]

One of the proposals of the declaration was to a «call for a Treaty on Access to Knowledge and Technology. The Standing Committee on Patents and the Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights should solicit views from member countries and the public on elements of such a treaty».[3]

A shared discussion platform on A2K issues is the mailing list of that name, which was initiated around discussion of the Geneva declaration.[4] A draft "A2K treaty" was later produced.[5] The proposed treaty is intended to ease the transfer of knowledge to developing nations, and to secure the viability of open innovation systems all over the world.[6]

Human rights debate[edit]

Access to knowledge and science is protected by Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The article balances the right of access with a right to protection of moral and material interests:

Article 27

Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.

Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

A2K academics argue that “material interests” are not simply equivalent to current intellectual property provisions, not least because these rights are saleable and transferable, and therefore not “inalienable”. The right to access is ultimately the more important part of the right. Current levels of IP protection seem out of balance with Article 27, according to A2K theorists:

... in a very real sense, rights delayed are rights denied. Had access to oral rehydration therapy and second-generation vaccine technologies been delayed for twenty years ... three million children would have died. Even for less life- and-death technologies, a twenty-year delay works an immense limitation on enjoyment of the right. For cultural works, the situation is even worse; protection lasts longer than a human lifetime.[7]

Supporters[edit]

Knowledge Ecology International[edit]

CP Tech (now Knowledge Ecology International) say: "the A2K (Access to Knowledge) movement takes concerns with copyright law and other regulations that affect knowledge and places them within an understandable social need and policy platform: access to knowledge goods."[8]

Consumers International[edit]

Many different groups refer to the A2K movement. Consumers International is particularly prominent, running a dedicated domain,[9] and defines the movement as:

the umbrella term for a movement that aims to create more equitable public access to the products of human culture and learning. The ultimate objective of the movement is to create a world in which educational and cultural works are accessible to all, and in which consumers and creators alike participate in a vibrant ecosystem of innovation and creativity.

These goals are of interest to a broad coalition of consumer groups, NGOs, activists, Internet users and others. For many of them, coming to grips with the issues involved in the A2K movement can be daunting. These issues, including copyright and patent law reform, open content licensing, and communications rights, often involve legal and technological concepts that even specialists find difficult.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Global[edit]

Local[edit]

  1. ^ Ronaldo Lemos; Pedro Nicoletti Mizukami; Ronaldo Lemos; Bruno Magrani; Carlos Affonso Pereira de Souza (2010), Access to Knowledge in Brazil, Bloomsbury Academic 
  2. ^ Lea Shaver; Nagla Rizk (2010), Access to Knowledge in Egypt, Bloomsbury Academic, ISBN 978-1-84966-008-2, 1849660085 
  3. ^ Lea Shaver; Ramesh Subramanian (2011), Access to Knowledge in India, Bloomsbury Academic, ISBN 978-1849665261, 1849665265 
  4. ^ Armstrong, Chris Dr (2010), Access to Knowledge in Africa, UCT Press 
  5. ^ Gaelle Krikorian; Amy Kapczynski (2010), Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property, MIT Press 

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