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BRIT POLITICS: UK & Europe - Why did the UK join the EEC?
BRIT POLITICS: UK & Europe - Why did the UK join the EEC?
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Rodaidh McLaughlin
European Union knowingly deceiving and betraying the British people into European rule
European Union knowingly deceiving and betraying the British people into European rule
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: ITZOUTTHERE
Margaret Thatcher on BBC Newsday 1975 - United Kingdom European Communities Membership Referendum
Margaret Thatcher on BBC Newsday 1975 - United Kingdom European Communities Membership Referendum
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: Omer Gendler
Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Economic Community
Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Economic Community
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
The reason why Great Britain joined European Community back in 1973
The reason why Great Britain joined European Community back in 1973
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: Emil Alexandru
Treaty of Accession 1972
Treaty of Accession 1972
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: WikiWikiup
Europe
Europe's history and civilisation: lecture by professor Allott
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: European Union explained
Future Enlargement of the European Union - 2017
Future Enlargement of the European Union - 2017
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Top10TV
UK in the EEC Referendum, 1975: "Out and into the World"
UK in the EEC Referendum, 1975: "Out and into the World"
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: John Moore
Turkish EU accession is a threat to Britain - James Carver MEP
Turkish EU accession is a threat to Britain - James Carver MEP
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: UKIP MEPs
Bulgarian migrants working in the UK in wake of EU accession
Bulgarian migrants working in the UK in wake of EU accession
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
The EU will not reform for the UK
The EU will not reform for the UK
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: DanHannan
Britain and Europe still writhing after all these years
Britain and Europe still writhing after all these years
Published: 2014/06/30
Channel: euronews (in English)
Sir Edward Heath signs EEC Treaty of Accession 1 January 1973
Sir Edward Heath signs EEC Treaty of Accession 1 January 1973
Published: 2009/04/26
Channel: SIREDWARDHEATH
1973 50p UK Accession to the EEC (Old 50p with hands)
1973 50p UK Accession to the EEC (Old 50p with hands)
Published: 2015/08/23
Channel: All Change Review
European Parliament slams UK offer to EU expats
European Parliament slams UK offer to EU expats
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: euronews (in English)
History of the European Union (1945-2015)
History of the European Union (1945-2015)
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Serbian Mapping
BRITAIN
BRITAIN'S ENTRY TO THE EU/EEC WAS BASED ON DECEIT - CIB
Published: 2011/04/12
Channel: sirnyler
EDWARD HEATH Interview in Brussels after singing Treaty with EEC - 24I1972
EDWARD HEATH Interview in Brussels after singing Treaty with EEC - 24I1972
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: HC Fischer-Leskov
'UK can't stop Turkey joining EU' says Penny Mordaunt - BBC News
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: BBC News
Britain
Britain's accession to the EU treaties was an act of treason - @GerardBattenMEP @Ukip
Published: 2014/07/16
Channel: UKIP MEPs
Celebration of Croatia
Celebration of Croatia's accession to the European union
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Politička iskaznica
Will Turkey Ever Be Able To Join The EU?
Will Turkey Ever Be Able To Join The EU?
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: NowThis
Europe without the UK?
Europe without the UK?
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: DIE JUNGEN UNTERNEHMER
Leading Tory MEP breaks ranks with Cameron on Turkey
Leading Tory MEP breaks ranks with Cameron on Turkey's EU accession
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: UKIP MEPs
UK Referendum 2016 - UK History In The EU -  BBC News - by roothmens
UK Referendum 2016 - UK History In The EU - BBC News - by roothmens
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Roothmens Armageddon
Norway warns Britain risks
Norway warns Britain risks 'very hard Brexit'
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: Reuters
Erdogan
Erdogan's dictatorship vote underlines the folly of MPs who supported Turkey's EU accession - Batten
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: UKIP MEPs
Will Brexit impact Turkey
Will Brexit impact Turkey's bid to join the EU?
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: CNN
Croatia
Croatia's Accession into the European Union
Published: 2012/12/20
Channel: STRATFORvideo
Cameron Says He
Cameron Says He'll Resign as P.M. After U.K. Votes to Leave EU
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Bloomberg
Turkish membership of the EU a dangerous folly - UKIP MEP Bill Etheridge
Turkish membership of the EU a dangerous folly - UKIP MEP Bill Etheridge
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: UKIP MEPs
More European integration is the cause of heightened nationalism - James Carver MEP
More European integration is the cause of heightened nationalism - James Carver MEP
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: UKIP MEPs
Is Denmark A Member Of The European Union?
Is Denmark A Member Of The European Union?
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: sparky TIME
EU parliament votes against Turkey
EU parliament votes against Turkey's accession to the EU
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: I Am Incorrigible
EEC TREATY
EEC TREATY
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Bluecard question over influx of East European migration into UK
Bluecard question over influx of East European migration into UK
Published: 2013/10/24
Channel: UKIP MEPs
Kirsty Hughes, from Friends of Europe, on Scotland and the EU
Kirsty Hughes, from Friends of Europe, on Scotland and the EU
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Indy Matters
26 vs 1, we are a united European Union, Buzek says
26 vs 1, we are a united European Union, Buzek says
Published: 2011/12/09
Channel: EURACTIV
Turkish accession could replace current migration crisis in Europe - Patrick O
Turkish accession could replace current migration crisis in Europe - Patrick O'Flynn MEP
Published: 2016/04/28
Channel: UKIP MEPs
1973 enlargement of the European Communities
1973 enlargement of the European Communities
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: WikiWikiup
David Cameron says Britain will do ok outside the EU
David Cameron says Britain will do ok outside the EU
Published: 2016/06/02
Channel: voteleavemedia
Positive economic impact of UK immigration from the EU
Positive economic impact of UK immigration from the EU
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: UCLTV
Edward Heath promises UK sovereignty when we joined EEC
Edward Heath promises UK sovereignty when we joined EEC
Published: 2016/03/12
Channel: TheChrisg00
Two-seat parliament a perfect metaphor for the hubris and futility of EU project - Roger Helmer MEP
Two-seat parliament a perfect metaphor for the hubris and futility of EU project - Roger Helmer MEP
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: UKIP MEPs
No place for EU commissioner in UK-US trade relations - William Dartmouth MEP
No place for EU commissioner in UK-US trade relations - William Dartmouth MEP
Published: 2013/05/22
Channel: UKIP MEPs
European Union: new States? No problem
European Union: new States? No problem
Published: 2012/10/16
Channel: rivis
Serbia: turning a potential broker with Russia into another EU colony - James Carver MEP
Serbia: turning a potential broker with Russia into another EU colony - James Carver MEP
Published: 2015/03/10
Channel: UKIP MEPs
David Cameron stepping down after U.K. votes to leave EU
David Cameron stepping down after U.K. votes to leave EU
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: CBS This Morning
The History of the European Union! [Full Documentary]
The History of the European Union! [Full Documentary]
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: MacAvatar
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Communities (EC) – the collective term for the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC) – took effect on 1 January 1973. This followed ratification of the Accession treaty which was signed in Brussels on 22 January 1972 by the Conservative prime minister Edward Heath, who had pursued the UK's application to the EEC since the late 1950s. Denmark and Ireland also joined as part of the same expansion but Norway, who had signed the treaty, declined to ratify it and so it was amended to exclude that country.[1] The ECSC and EEC would later be integrated into the European Union under the Maastricht and (subsequently) Lisbon treaties.

The UK had first applied to join in 1961, but this was vetoed by French President Charles de Gaulle.

After de Gaulle had relinquished the French presidency in 1969, the UK made a third and successful application for membership. The question of sovereignty was discussed at the time in an official Foreign and Commonwealth Office document. It listed among "Areas of policy in which parliamentary freedom to legislate will be affected by entry into the European Communities": Customs duties, Agriculture, Free movement of labour, services and capital, Transport, and Social Security for migrant workers. The document concluded (paragraph 26) that it was advisable to put the considerations of influence and power before those of formal sovereignty.[2] The UK's negotiation team in 1970–72 included Con O'Neill and David Hannay.[3]

The Treaty of Accession was signed in January 1972 by prime minister Edward Heath, leader of the Conservative Party.[4] Parliament's European Communities Act 1972 was enacted on 17 October, and the UK's instrument of ratification was deposited the next day (18 October),[5] letting the United Kingdom's membership of the EC come into effect on 1 January 1973.[6]


Origin[edit]

First EEC application and French veto[edit]

1967 application[edit]

EEC negotiations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union Encyclopedia and Directory, Psychology Press, 1999, p. 388, ISBN 9781857430561 
  2. ^ FCO 30/1048, Legal and constitutional implications of UK entry into EEC (open from 1 January 2002 under the Thirty-year rule).[1]
  3. ^ O'Neill, Con; Hannay, David (2000), Britain's Entry Into the European Community, Psychology Press, ISBN 9780714651170, ISSN 1471-2083 
  4. ^ "Into Europe". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "English text of EU Accession Treaty 1972, Cmnd. 7463" (PDF). Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "1973: Britain joins the EEC". BBC News. 1 January 1973. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 

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