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Margaret Thatcher on BBC Newsday 1975 - United Kingdom European Communities Membership Referendum
Margaret Thatcher on BBC Newsday 1975 - United Kingdom European Communities Membership Referendum
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: Omer Gendler
The European Union Explained*
The European Union Explained*
Published: 2013/07/02
Channel: CGP Grey
BRIT POLITICS: UK & Europe - Why did the UK join the EEC?
BRIT POLITICS: UK & Europe - Why did the UK join the EEC?
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Rodaidh McLaughlin
UK Referendum 2016 - UK History In The EU -  BBC News - by roothmens
UK Referendum 2016 - UK History In The EU - BBC News - by roothmens
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Roothmens Armageddon
1973 enlargement of the European Communities
1973 enlargement of the European Communities
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: WikiWikiup
Will Turkey Ever Be Able To Join The EU?
Will Turkey Ever Be Able To Join The EU?
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: NowThis World
Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Economic Community
Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Economic Community
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
When Did The UK Join The European Economic Community?
When Did The UK Join The European Economic Community?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
Treaty of Accession 1972
Treaty of Accession 1972
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: WikiWikiup
Future Enlargement of the European Union - 2017
Future Enlargement of the European Union - 2017
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Top10TV
The reason why Great Britain joined European Community back in 1973
The reason why Great Britain joined European Community back in 1973
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: Emil Alexandru
UK in the EEC referendum, 1975: "Britain in Europe"
UK in the EEC referendum, 1975: "Britain in Europe"
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: John Moore
European Union: new States? No problem
European Union: new States? No problem
Published: 2012/10/16
Channel: rivis
50 years of Turkish steps towards and back from the European Union
50 years of Turkish steps towards and back from the European Union
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: euronews (in English)
Bulgarian migrants working in the UK in wake of EU accession
Bulgarian migrants working in the UK in wake of EU accession
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
David Cameron stepping down after U.K. votes to leave EU
David Cameron stepping down after U.K. votes to leave EU
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: CBS This Morning
EU Referendum: A Protracted Campaign of Lies and Deceit
EU Referendum: A Protracted Campaign of Lies and Deceit
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: End Time Hour
Croatia
Croatia's Accession into the European Union
Published: 2012/12/20
Channel: STRATFORvideo
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
Enoch Powell  - UK
Enoch Powell - UK's Membership Of The EEC
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Patriotic Populist
Sir Edward Heath signs EEC Treaty of Accession 1 January 1973
Sir Edward Heath signs EEC Treaty of Accession 1 January 1973
Published: 2009/04/26
Channel: SIREDWARDHEATH
BRITAIN
BRITAIN'S ENTRY TO THE EU/EEC WAS BASED ON DECEIT - CIB
Published: 2011/04/12
Channel: sirnyler
Celebration of Croatia
Celebration of Croatia's accession to the European union
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Politička iskaznica
The first enlargement (1973)
The first enlargement (1973)
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: The European Union in the Contemporary World
Britain
Britain's accession to the EU treaties was an act of treason - @GerardBattenMEP @Ukip
Published: 2014/07/16
Channel: UKIP MEPs
European Union knowingly deceiving and betraying the British people into European rule
European Union knowingly deceiving and betraying the British people into European rule
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: ITZOUTTHERE
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
David Cameron Announces Resignation As Prime Minister
David Cameron Announces Resignation As Prime Minister
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Sky News
How many members does the European Union have now?
How many members does the European Union have now?
Published: 2011/12/10
Channel: EURACTIV
UK in the EEC Referendum, 1975: "Out and into the World"
UK in the EEC Referendum, 1975: "Out and into the World"
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: John Moore
Britain and Europe still writhing after all these years
Britain and Europe still writhing after all these years
Published: 2014/06/30
Channel: euronews (in English)
Turkish EU accession is a threat to Britain - James Carver MEP
Turkish EU accession is a threat to Britain - James Carver MEP
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: UKIP MEPs
Merkel says no to Turkey EU membership | World
Merkel says no to Turkey EU membership | World
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Financial Times
Could Turkey
Could Turkey's dream of joining the EU become a reality? BBC News
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: BBC News
'UK can't stop Turkey joining EU' says Penny Mordaunt - BBC News
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: BBC News
EDWARD HEATH Interview in Brussels after singing Treaty with EEC - 24I1972
EDWARD HEATH Interview in Brussels after singing Treaty with EEC - 24I1972
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: HC Fischer-Leskov
When Did Denmark Join The European Union?
When Did Denmark Join The European Union?
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Uno Uno
UK Referendum - After Decision On Leave Or Remain UK From EU - by roothmens
UK Referendum - After Decision On Leave Or Remain UK From EU - by roothmens
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Roothmens Armageddon
Brexit
Brexit
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: WikiVidi Short Documentaries
Brussels will miss the UK more! Croatian PM says EU will suffer without UK
Brussels will miss the UK more! Croatian PM says EU will suffer without UK's budget input
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: BuzzyNews UK
So different, so European: Spot of European Union 2012
So different, so European: Spot of European Union 2012
Published: 2012/06/07
Channel: GoldenBridge
Time for Hungary to join the Brexit Club, Mr Orban! - Nigel Farage MEP
Time for Hungary to join the Brexit Club, Mr Orban! - Nigel Farage MEP
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: UKIP MEPs
The people
The people's army will prevail over anti-democratic EU - Nigel Farage, UKIP Leader
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: UKIP MEPs
EU treaty changes: Referendum in UK is now the only solution - Nigel Farage
EU treaty changes: Referendum in UK is now the only solution - Nigel Farage
Published: 2011/02/08
Channel: UKIP MEPs
Europe
Europe's history and civilisation: lecture by professor Allott
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: European Union explained
Down the Path of Madness towards a Turkish-dominated EU - UKIP Deputy Leader Paul Nuttall
Down the Path of Madness towards a Turkish-dominated EU - UKIP Deputy Leader Paul Nuttall
Published: 2016/04/28
Channel: UKIP MEPs
EU CLASH: Germany admits ‘situation is difficult’ over bloc expansion push
EU CLASH: Germany admits ‘situation is difficult’ over bloc expansion push
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: BuzzyNews UK
BRITIAN IN EUROPE.mp4
BRITIAN IN EUROPE.mp4
Published: 2009/12/14
Channel: Fotley
Serbia starts EU accession talks
Serbia starts EU accession talks
Published: 2014/01/17
Channel: Council of the EU
Is Iceland Part Of The European Union?
Is Iceland Part Of The European Union?
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: trendy sparky
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Communities (EC) – the collective term for the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC) – took effect on 1 January 1973. This followed ratification of the Accession treaty which was signed in Brussels on 22 January 1972 by the Conservative prime minister Edward Heath, who had pursued the UK's application to the EEC since the late 1950s. Denmark and Ireland also joined as part of the same expansion but Norway, who had signed the treaty, declined to ratify it and so it was amended to exclude that country.[1] The ECSC and EEC would later be integrated into the European Union under the Maastricht and (subsequently) Lisbon treaties.

The UK had first applied to join in 1961, but this was vetoed by French President Charles de Gaulle.

After de Gaulle had relinquished the French presidency in 1969, the UK made a third and successful application for membership. The question of sovereignty was discussed at the time in an official Foreign and Commonwealth Office document. It listed among "Areas of policy in which parliamentary freedom to legislate will be affected by entry into the European Communities": Customs duties, Agriculture, Free movement of labour, services and capital, Transport, and Social Security for migrant workers. The document concluded (paragraph 26) that it was advisable to put the considerations of influence and power before those of formal sovereignty.[2] The UK's negotiation team in 1970–72 included Con O'Neill and David Hannay.[3]

The Treaty of Accession was signed in January 1972 by prime minister Edward Heath, leader of the Conservative Party.[4] Parliament's European Communities Act 1972 was enacted on 17 October, and the UK's instrument of ratification was deposited the next day (18 October),[5] letting the United Kingdom's membership of the EC come into effect on 1 January 1973.[6]


Origin[edit]

First EEC application and French veto[edit]

1967 application[edit]

EEC negotiations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union Encyclopedia and Directory, Psychology Press, 1999, p. 388, ISBN 9781857430561 
  2. ^ FCO 30/1048, Legal and constitutional implications of UK entry into EEC (open from 1 January 2002 under the Thirty-year rule).[1]
  3. ^ O'Neill, Con; Hannay, David (2000), Britain's Entry Into the European Community, Psychology Press, ISBN 9780714651170, ISSN 1471-2083 
  4. ^ "Into Europe". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "English text of EU Accession Treaty 1972, Cmnd. 7463" (PDF). Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "1973: Britain joins the EEC". BBC News. 1 January 1973. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 

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