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BRIT POLITICS: UK & Europe - Why did the UK join the EEC?
BRIT POLITICS: UK & Europe - Why did the UK join the EEC?
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Rodaidh McLaughlin
The European Union Explained*
The European Union Explained*
Published: 2013/07/02
Channel: CGP Grey
Yes Minister — Why Britain Joined the European Union
Yes Minister — Why Britain Joined the European Union
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Hostis Humani Generis
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Why Did The UK Join The EU In 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Economic Community
Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Economic Community
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
Turkish EU accession is a threat to Britain - James Carver MEP
Turkish EU accession is a threat to Britain - James Carver MEP
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: UKIP MEPs
When Did The UK Sign The Treaty Of Rome?
When Did The UK Sign The Treaty Of Rome?
Published: 2017/08/12
Channel: Omega Omega
Margaret Thatcher on BBC Newsday 1975 - United Kingdom European Communities Membership Referendum
Margaret Thatcher on BBC Newsday 1975 - United Kingdom European Communities Membership Referendum
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: Omer Gendler
Sir Edward Heath signs EEC Treaty of Accession 1 January 1973
Sir Edward Heath signs EEC Treaty of Accession 1 January 1973
Published: 2009/04/26
Channel: SIREDWARDHEATH
A Brief Summary of the history of European Union enlargement
A Brief Summary of the history of European Union enlargement
Published: 2010/03/16
Channel: Xtigyro
Turkish accession should now be off the table - UKIP MEP Patrick O
Turkish accession should now be off the table - UKIP MEP Patrick O'Flynn
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: UKIP MEPs
Britain
Britain's accession to the EU treaties was an act of treason - @GerardBattenMEP @Ukip
Published: 2014/07/16
Channel: UKIP MEPs
So different, so European: Spot of European Union 2012
So different, so European: Spot of European Union 2012
Published: 2012/06/07
Channel: GoldenBridge
Leading Tory MEP breaks ranks with Cameron on Turkey
Leading Tory MEP breaks ranks with Cameron on Turkey's EU accession
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: UKIP MEPs
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Who Were The Countries That Joined The European Union 1973?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
Croatia
Croatia's Accession into the European Union
Published: 2012/12/20
Channel: STRATFORvideo
European Union: new States? No problem
European Union: new States? No problem
Published: 2012/10/16
Channel: rivis
Bulgarian migrants working in the UK in wake of EU accession
Bulgarian migrants working in the UK in wake of EU accession
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
European Union knowingly deceiving and betraying the British people into European rule
European Union knowingly deceiving and betraying the British people into European rule
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: ITZOUTTHERE
1973 50p UK Accession to the EEC (Old 50p with hands)
1973 50p UK Accession to the EEC (Old 50p with hands)
Published: 2015/08/23
Channel: All Change Review
Will Turkey Ever Be Able To Join The EU?
Will Turkey Ever Be Able To Join The EU?
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: NowThis World
BREAKING - EXPOSED: The huge rift between EU member states over how to plug Brexit budget black hole
BREAKING - EXPOSED: The huge rift between EU member states over how to plug Brexit budget black hole
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: News 2U
When Did The European Community Become The European Union?
When Did The European Community Become The European Union?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
UK Referendum 2016 - UK History In The EU -  BBC News - by roothmens
UK Referendum 2016 - UK History In The EU - BBC News - by roothmens
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Roothmens Armageddon
Full speech: PM David Cameron resigns as UK leaves European Union
Full speech: PM David Cameron resigns as UK leaves European Union
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: ODN
History of the European Union (1945-2015)
History of the European Union (1945-2015)
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Serbian Mapping
UK in the EEC referendum, 1975: "Britain in Europe"
UK in the EEC referendum, 1975: "Britain in Europe"
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: John Moore
Brussels will miss the UK more! Croatian PM says EU will suffer without UK
Brussels will miss the UK more! Croatian PM says EU will suffer without UK's budget input
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: BuzzyNews UK
BRITAIN
BRITAIN'S ENTRY TO THE EU/EEC WAS BASED ON DECEIT - CIB
Published: 2011/04/12
Channel: sirnyler
Brexit
Brexit
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: WikiVidi Short Documentaries
Treaty of Accession 1972
Treaty of Accession 1972
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: WikiWikiup
When Did Denmark Join The European Union?
When Did Denmark Join The European Union?
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Uno Uno
The EU will not reform for the UK
The EU will not reform for the UK
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: DanHannan
Celebration of Croatia
Celebration of Croatia's accession to the European union
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Politička iskaznica
'UK can't stop Turkey joining EU' says Penny Mordaunt - BBC News
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: BBC News
Scottish warning for David Cameron over referendum on EU membership
Scottish warning for David Cameron over referendum on EU membership
Published: 2016/02/29
Channel: euronews (in English)
Merkel says no to Turkey EU membership | World
Merkel says no to Turkey EU membership | World
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Financial Times
Could Turkey
Could Turkey's dream of joining the EU become a reality? BBC News
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: BBC News
EU RELEASES PLAN FOR EXPANSION AND EU ARMY
EU RELEASES PLAN FOR EXPANSION AND EU ARMY
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: The Next News Network
UK in the EEC Referendum, 1975: "Out and into the World"
UK in the EEC Referendum, 1975: "Out and into the World"
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: John Moore
A unique position
A unique position
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Wings Over Scotland
David Cameron says Britain will do ok outside the EU
David Cameron says Britain will do ok outside the EU
Published: 2016/06/02
Channel: voteleavemedia
You will SOON REGRET it! JUNKER warns UK!
You will SOON REGRET it! JUNKER warns UK!
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: GONEWS
EU parliament votes against Turkey
EU parliament votes against Turkey's accession to the EU
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: I Am Incorrigible
Britain and Europe still writhing after all these years
Britain and Europe still writhing after all these years
Published: 2014/06/30
Channel: euronews (in English)
Britain
Britain's May to address EU leaders on Brexit on Thursday
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: CGTN
Billions in pre-accession funds with no new members joining any time soon
Billions in pre-accession funds with no new members joining any time soon
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: UKIP MEPs
David Cameron stepping down after U.K. votes to leave EU
David Cameron stepping down after U.K. votes to leave EU
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: CBS This Morning
EU Referendum: A Protracted Campaign of Lies and Deceit
EU Referendum: A Protracted Campaign of Lies and Deceit
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: End Time Hour
Bluecard question over influx of East European migration into UK
Bluecard question over influx of East European migration into UK
Published: 2013/10/24
Channel: UKIP MEPs
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Accession of the United Kingdom to the European Communities (EC) – the collective term for the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC) – took effect on 1 January 1973. This followed ratification of the Accession treaty which was signed in Brussels on 22 January 1972 by the Conservative prime minister Edward Heath, who had pursued the UK's application to the EEC since the late 1950s. Denmark and Ireland also joined as part of the same expansion but Norway, who had signed the treaty, declined to ratify it and so it was amended to exclude that country.[1] The ECSC and EEC would later be integrated into the European Union under the Maastricht and (subsequently) Lisbon treaties.

The UK had first applied to join in 1961, but this was vetoed by French President Charles de Gaulle.

After de Gaulle had relinquished the French presidency in 1969, the UK made a third and successful application for membership. The question of sovereignty was discussed at the time in an official Foreign and Commonwealth Office document. It listed among "Areas of policy in which parliamentary freedom to legislate will be affected by entry into the European Communities": Customs duties, Agriculture, Free movement of labour, services and capital, Transport, and Social Security for migrant workers. The document concluded (paragraph 26) that it was advisable to put the considerations of influence and power before those of formal sovereignty.[2] The UK's negotiation team in 1970–72 included Con O'Neill and David Hannay.[3]

The Treaty of Accession was signed in January 1972 by prime minister Edward Heath, leader of the Conservative Party.[4] Parliament's European Communities Act 1972 was enacted on 17 October, and the UK's instrument of ratification was deposited the next day (18 October),[5] letting the United Kingdom's membership of the EC come into effect on 1 January 1973.[6]


Origin[edit]

First EEC application and French veto[edit]

1967 application[edit]

EEC negotiations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union Encyclopedia and Directory, Psychology Press, 1999, p. 388, ISBN 9781857430561 
  2. ^ FCO 30/1048, Legal and constitutional implications of UK entry into EEC (open from 1 January 2002 under the Thirty-year rule).[1]
  3. ^ O'Neill, Con; Hannay, David (2000), Britain's Entry Into the European Community, Psychology Press, ISBN 9780714651170, ISSN 1471-2083 
  4. ^ "Into Europe". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 25 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "English text of EU Accession Treaty 1972, Cmnd. 7463" (PDF). Retrieved 24 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "1973: Britain joins the EEC". BBC News. 1 January 1973. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 

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