Adoor or Adur is a small town in Pathanamthitta district of the Indian state of Kerala. A taluk spread over an area of 20.42 km2, and has been a municipality since 1992. Adoor and Thiruvalla are the Two Revenue Divisions of Pathanamthitta district. Adoor Revenue division contains 3 Thaluks (Adoor,Kozhencherry,Konni).
Adoor is located in Pathanamthitta district and is one of the prominent town in Central Travancore. Geographically it is situated between Thiruvananthapuram and Ernakulam. Before the formation of Pathanamthitta district in 1991, Adoor was in Kollam district.
Mannadi, situated near Adoor is where Velu Thampi Dalawa, the renowned freedom fighter of Travancore and diwan of Travancore Princely State, spent his last days. A historical museum, a statue of Veluthampi Dalawa and an open-air theatre are the major attractions here. The Kerala Institute of Folklore and Folk Arts functions here. The ancient Bhagavathy Temple at Mannadi has some exquisite stone sculptures. The annual temple festival is held in February/March.
Well known events in Adoor include Ecumenical Conventions of Christian churches, Ezhamkulam Thookkam in Ezhamkulam Devi Temple, Gajamela at Sree Parthasarathy Temple, Thrichengamagalem mahadevar Temple Ulsavam, Kodumon Chilanthy Temple, and so on.
As of 2001[update] India census, Adoor had a population of 28,943, with males constituting 48% of the population and females 52%. Adoor has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 49% of the males and 51% of females literate.[dubious– discuss] 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Adoor has more or less the same climatic conditions as prevalent elsewhere in Kerala, with a dry season spanning December to February and hot season from March to May. The climate is generally moderate, with temperatures rising from 20 C to 39 C. The southwest monsoon from June to September and the northeast monsoon from October to November provide fairly good rain.
Adoor possesses fertile agricultural land and plantations. Tapioca, varieties of vegetables and spices like ginger and pepper are extensively cultivated. The taluk also abounds in extensive rubber plantations.
The main attraction in Adoor is the Sree Parthasarathy Temple. Parthasarathy Temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna, who is also known as Parthasarathy - the charioteer of Parthan, another name for Arjuna. It is one of the oldest Krishna temples in Kerala. Gajamela, the elephant pageant on the concluding day of the annual festival at the temple, is the main highlight of the 10-day festival celebrations. Hundreds of people throng the temple premises to witness this spectacle where nine tuskers come in their ceremonial attire to entice all.
The Mannadi Temple has historical importance due to the sacrifice of Travancore Diwan Velu Thampi Dalava (1765–1809), who fought the British Raj.
The Catholic or neutral Christianity here include:
Hermon Aramana, the headquarters of Adoor Diocese of Marthoma Church, and the Marthoma Youth Center are other culturally important places in Adoor.
Maruthimude St. Jude Shrine
Adoor Immanuel Marthoma Church
St. Mary's Orthodox Church, and Sacred Heart Malankara Catholic Church
Adoor-Kadampanad Diosis of orthodox church
Kannamkode St. Thomas Orthodox Cathedral, and the centre of Adoor-Kadampanad Diosis of orthodox church is also located near Kannamcode Cathedral Adoor. The cathedral has two branches, chapels in Kottamukal, and St. Thomas Orthodox Cathedral in Pannivizha, Kadampanad.
The following are churches in the heart of the town, and are some of the other churches of importance in this region.
The Salvation Army Divisional headquarters and Central Church Adoor
Mor Ignatius Jacobite Syrian Church, MC Road, Vadakadathukavu
St. Gregorios Church
Peringanad Marthashmooni Orthodox Valiya Palli, the first church in the name of Marthashmooni in India, Peringnad, Adoor.
The Chandanapally Valiyapally Church
The Chandanapally Valiyapally Church is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Adoor. Chembuduppu (meaning choosing of copper vessels), a special ritual that has a place in Kerala's cultural history, takes place in Chandanapally every year.
Kottanalloor Salem Marthoma Church, Manakala
Besides these, there are other Protestant Pentecostal Churches which include: