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Sailing in Greece. The Stunning Aegean Sea 2014
Sailing in Greece. The Stunning Aegean Sea 2014
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: Bobbie G
10 Days in THE AEGEAN SEA
10 Days in THE AEGEAN SEA
Published: 2016/12/25
Channel: Kevin Wolf
aegean sea. Aphrodite
aegean sea. Aphrodite's Child. 666
Published: 2013/12/02
Channel: predator7olymp
The Aegean Sea (Documentary, Discovery, History)
The Aegean Sea (Documentary, Discovery, History)
Published: 2013/11/07
Channel: Stop Over - Documentary, Discovery, History
Aphrodite
Aphrodite's Child - Aegian Sea (video)
Published: 2010/08/27
Channel: Aphrodite's Child
Greece - The Aegean Sea before the Romans
Greece - The Aegean Sea before the Romans
Published: 2015/04/08
Channel: Kaliningrad General
This is Santorini 2017 - Aegean Sea 4k
This is Santorini 2017 - Aegean Sea 4k
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: feigned films
SHOCKING: What Appeared Just Before
SHOCKING: What Appeared Just Before 'the BIG QUAKE' of Aegean Sea Yesterday!
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: MLordandGod
Sailing in Greece. Aegean Sea. Rejs Grecja 2015 - Mazurska Przygoda
Sailing in Greece. Aegean Sea. Rejs Grecja 2015 - Mazurska Przygoda
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: Mazurska Przygoda
Aegean Sea Earthquake: Strong quake kills at least two in Greece
Aegean Sea Earthquake: Strong quake kills at least two in Greece
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: TRT World
Amazing beauty of Aegean Sea
Amazing beauty of Aegean Sea
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: Archaeology And Travel With Zorica
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - Kimolos island
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - Kimolos island
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: JackAttack
Cruise port Santorini (Greece Aegean Sea)  4k 2017 @CruisesandTravelsBlog
Cruise port Santorini (Greece Aegean Sea) 4k 2017 @CruisesandTravelsBlog
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Cruises and Travels Blog
Sailing Greece 2016. Remote anchorages in the Aegean Sea
Sailing Greece 2016. Remote anchorages in the Aegean Sea
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Bobbie G
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - 8 to 9 Beaufort - BLUE STAR PAROS
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - 8 to 9 Beaufort - BLUE STAR PAROS
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: JackAttack
God of War 1 The Aegean Sea Music
God of War 1 The Aegean Sea Music
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: MRavez
Aegean Sea - Rough Water West of Crete
Aegean Sea - Rough Water West of Crete
Published: 2015/03/15
Channel: Water Advocacy
ALEC
ALEC'S Series,2003 Love of the Aegean Sea Closing Theme
Published: 2013/08/25
Channel: Partana Live
STORM AEGEAN SEA 29/12/2016
STORM AEGEAN SEA 29/12/2016
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: John Sardin
Nisyros, a Volcanic Greek Island in the Aegean Sea
Nisyros, a Volcanic Greek Island in the Aegean Sea
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: VideoVoyage.TV
This is Rhodes 2017 - Aegean Sea 4k
This is Rhodes 2017 - Aegean Sea 4k
Published: 2017/08/26
Channel: feigned films
Alche Beat - Aegean Sea (Original Mix)
Alche Beat - Aegean Sea (Original Mix)
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: Vastrev
Turkey & Greece  Aegean Sea Cruise
Turkey & Greece Aegean Sea Cruise
Published: 2015/06/29
Channel: michael tan
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 31 2/4
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 31 2/4
Published: 2011/08/02
Channel: CRdramas
Paros, Greece: Walking from my $11 hotel room to the Aegean Sea
Paros, Greece: Walking from my $11 hotel room to the Aegean Sea
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Gabriel Traveler
Massive 6.6 EARTHQUAKE Strikes GREECE Aegean Sea 6.12.17 See PROPHECY in Description
Massive 6.6 EARTHQUAKE Strikes GREECE Aegean Sea 6.12.17 See PROPHECY in Description
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: HarvestArmy
Patmos, Greece: A Perfect Greek Island in the Aegean Sea
Patmos, Greece: A Perfect Greek Island in the Aegean Sea
Published: 2011/12/11
Channel: Gabriel Traveler
Solo Sail - Aegean Sea (Turkey to Greece)
Solo Sail - Aegean Sea (Turkey to Greece)
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Sailing the Island Girl
Extreme Tuna Spearfishing in the Aegean Sea - Blue water hunting technics Dimos Adamis
Extreme Tuna Spearfishing in the Aegean Sea - Blue water hunting technics Dimos Adamis
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Il pescatore in apnea - The Spearfishing HUB
DANGEROUS GEOPOLITICS: 25 Greek Islands of Aegean Sea TURKEY IS CLAMING as Theirs.
DANGEROUS GEOPOLITICS: 25 Greek Islands of Aegean Sea TURKEY IS CLAMING as Theirs.
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: MLordandGod
TURKEY "CLAIMS 16 OIL-RICH GREEK ISLANDS" of AEGEAN SEA of EUROPEAN UNION.
TURKEY "CLAIMS 16 OIL-RICH GREEK ISLANDS" of AEGEAN SEA of EUROPEAN UNION.
Published: 2015/03/31
Channel: MLordandGod
Spearfishing moments in Aegean Sea
Spearfishing moments in Aegean Sea
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: dimitris loste
Sailing at its best  - 60 days through the Aegean Sea -
Sailing at its best - 60 days through the Aegean Sea -
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: RLFilm
Abel - Aegean Sea / Smokie - We
Abel - Aegean Sea / Smokie - We're Flying High
Published: 2012/09/20
Channel: MAKOSIEJEtv
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 1 p1/4
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 1 p1/4
Published: 2011/07/06
Channel: CRdramas
G-Pal - Aegean Sea (Original Mix)
G-Pal - Aegean Sea (Original Mix)
Published: 2013/04/01
Channel: DeepWaveMusic25
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 40 4/4 - Final
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 40 4/4 - Final
Published: 2011/08/16
Channel: CRdramas
Cypriot goddess sculpture found in Aegean Sea
Cypriot goddess sculpture found in Aegean Sea
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Turkish Minute
Hellenic Navy in The Aegean Sea | Mobilization of Greek Navy |ΑΣΤΡΑΠΗ 1/17 | By Nemesis HD
Hellenic Navy in The Aegean Sea | Mobilization of Greek Navy |ΑΣΤΡΑΠΗ 1/17 | By Nemesis HD
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Nemesis HD
Dolphins in the Aegean Sea
Dolphins in the Aegean Sea
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: ΙΩΑΝΝΗΣ ΠΟΛΥΧΡΟΝΗΣ
G pal- Aegean Sea(Rework Mix)
G pal- Aegean Sea(Rework Mix)
Published: 2012/10/16
Channel: deeper4minds2
Light Rock Fishing Aegean Sea  LRF
Light Rock Fishing Aegean Sea LRF
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: Melih danaci
Accidente Mar Egeo / Aegean Sea, Coruña 3-12-1992
Accidente Mar Egeo / Aegean Sea, Coruña 3-12-1992
Published: 2010/03/11
Channel: zapy1987
Turkey taking care stopping Aegean Sea refugees
Turkey taking care stopping Aegean Sea refugees
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: euronews (in English)
Folk Instrumental Music from Aegean Sea - CD-1 (Greece)
Folk Instrumental Music from Aegean Sea - CD-1 (Greece)
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: kourostatis
Snorkeling  in Turkey. Aegean Sea, Yalikavak.  SJ4000
Snorkeling in Turkey. Aegean Sea, Yalikavak. SJ4000
Published: 2015/07/19
Channel: yKaz
Greece: Greek coast guard opens fire on Turkish vessel in Aegean Sea - reports
Greece: Greek coast guard opens fire on Turkish vessel in Aegean Sea - reports
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: Ruptly TV
Team Refugee: From swimming the Aegean Sea to the Rio Olympics - BBC News
Team Refugee: From swimming the Aegean Sea to the Rio Olympics - BBC News
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: BBC News
Migrants risk lives crossing Aegean Sea to Kos, Greece
Migrants risk lives crossing Aegean Sea to Kos, Greece
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: ABC News (Australia)
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - BLUE STAR PAROS
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - BLUE STAR PAROS
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: JackAttack
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Aegean Sea
Αιγαίο Πέλαγος
Aegeansea.jpg
A satellite image of the Aegean Sea.
Aegean Sea map bathymetry-fr.jpg
A Topographical and bathymetric map of the Aegean Sea.
Location Mediterranean Sea
Coordinates 39°N 25°E / 39°N 25°E / 39; 25Coordinates: 39°N 25°E / 39°N 25°E / 39; 25
Type Sea
Primary outflows Mediterranean Sea
Basin countries Greece, Turkey[1]
Max. length 700 km (430 mi)
Max. width 400 km (250 mi)
Surface area 214,000 km2 (83,000 sq mi)
Islands 150+
A map of the Aegean Sea
The extent of the Aegean Sea on a map of the Mediterranean Sea.

The Aegean Sea (/ɪˈən/; Greek: Αιγαίο Πέλαγος [eˈʝeo ˈpelaɣos] (About this sound listen); Turkish: Ege Denizi Turkish pronunciation: [eɟe denizi])[stress?] is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey. In the north, the Aegean is connected to the Marmara Sea and Black Sea by the Dardanelles and Bosphorus. The Aegean Islands are within the sea and some bound it on its southern periphery, including Crete and Rhodes.

The sea was traditionally known as the Archipelago (in Greek, Αρχιπέλαγος, meaning "chief sea"), but in English the meaning of Archipelago has changed to refer to the Aegean Islands and, generally, to any island group.

Etymology[edit]

In ancient times, there were various explanations for the name Aegean. It was said to have been named after the Greek town of Aegae, or after Aegea, a queen of the Amazons who died in the sea, or Aigaion, the "sea goat", another name of Briareus, one of the archaic Hecatonchires, or, especially among the Athenians, Aegeus, the father of Theseus, who drowned himself in the sea when he thought his son had died.

A possible etymology is a derivation from the Greek word αἶγες – aiges = "waves" (Hesychius of Alexandria; metaphorical use of αἴξ (aix) "goat"), hence "wavy sea", cf. also αἰγιαλός (aigialos = aiges (waves) + hals (sea)),[2] hence meaning "sea-shore".

The Venetians, who ruled many Greek islands in the High and Late Middle Ages, popularized the name Archipelago (Greek for "main sea" or "chief sea"), a name that held on in many European countries until the early modern period.

In some South Slavic languages the Aegean is often called White Sea (Belo more/Бело море in Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian; Бяло море Byalo more in Bulgarian).[3]

Geography[edit]

The Aegean Sea covers about 214,000 square kilometres (83,000 sq mi) in area, and measures about 610 kilometres (380 mi) longitudinally and 300 kilometres (190 mi) latitudinally. The sea's maximum depth is 3,543 metres (11,624 ft), east of Crete. The Aegean Islands are found within its waters, with the following islands delimiting the sea on the south (generally from west to east): Kythera, Antikythera, Crete, Kasos, Karpathos and Rhodes.

The Aegean Islands, which almost all belong to Greece, can be divided into seven groups:

  1. Northeastern Aegean Islands (Thracian Sea[4])
  2. East Aegean Islands (Euboea) )
  3. Northern Sporades
  4. Cyclades
  5. Saronic Islands (or Argo-Saronic Islands)
  6. Dodecanese (or Southern Sporades), with the exclusion of Kastellorizo
  7. Crete

The word archipelago was originally applied specifically to the Aegean Sea and its islands. Many of the Aegean Islands, or chains of islands, are actually extensions of the mountains on the mainland. One chain extends across the sea to Chios, another extends across Euboea to Samos, and a third extends across the Peloponnese and Crete to Rhodes, dividing the Aegean from the Mediterranean.

The bays and gulfs of the Aegean beginning at the South and moving clockwise include on Crete, the Mirabello, Almyros, Souda and Chania bays or gulfs, on the mainland the Myrtoan Sea to the west with the Argolic Gulf, the Saronic Gulf northwestward, the Petalies Gulf which connects with the South Euboic Sea, the Pagasetic Gulf which connects with the North Euboic Sea, the Thermian Gulf northwestward, the Chalkidiki Peninsula including the Cassandra and the Singitic Gulfs, northward the Strymonian Gulf and the Gulf of Kavala and the rest are in Turkey; Saros Gulf, Edremit Gulf, Dikili Gulf, Gulf of Çandarlı, Gulf of İzmir, Gulf of Kuşadası, Gulf of Gökova, Güllük Gulf.

Extent[edit]

The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Aegean Sea as follows:[5]

On the South. A line running from Cape Aspro (28°16'E) in Asia Minor, to Cum Burnù (Capo della Sabbia) the Northeast extreme of the Island of Rhodes, through the island to Cape Prasonisi, the Southwest point thereof, on to Vrontos Point (35°33'N) in Skarpanto [Karpathos], through this island to Castello Point, the South extreme thereof, across to Cape Plaka (East extremity of Crete), through Crete to Agria Grabusa, the Northwest extreme thereof, thence to Cape Apolitares in Antikithera Island, through the island to Psira Rock (off the Northwest point) and across to Cape Trakhili in Kithera Island, through Kithera to the Northwest point (Cape Karavugia) and thence to Cape Santa Maria (36°28′N 22°57′E / 36.467°N 22.950°E / 36.467; 22.950) in the Morea.

In the Dardanelles. A line joining Kum Kale (26°11'E) and Cape Helles.

A panoramic view of the Santorini caldera, taken from Oia.

Hydrography[edit]

A traditional street in Lefkes, Paros-Greece.

Aegean surface water circulates in a counter-clockwise gyre, with hypersaline Mediterranean water moving northward along the west coast of Turkey, before being displaced by less dense Black Sea outflow. The dense Mediterranean water sinks below the Black Sea inflow to a depth of 23–30 metres (75–98 ft), then flows through the Dardanelles Strait and into the Sea of Marmara at velocities of 5–15 cm/s. The Black Sea outflow moves westward along the northern Aegean Sea, then flows southwards along the east coast of Greece.[6]

The physical oceanography of the Aegean Sea is controlled mainly by the regional climate, the fresh water discharge from major rivers draining southeastern Europe, and the seasonal variations in the Black Sea surface water outflow through the Dardanelles Strait.

Analysis[7] of the Aegean during 1991 and 1992 revealed 3 distinct water masses:

  • Aegean Sea Surface Water – 40–50 metres (130–160 ft) thick veneer, with summer temperatures of 21–26 °C and winter temperatures ranging from 10 °C (50 °F) in the north to 16 °C (61 °F) in the south.
  • Aegean Sea Intermediate Water – Aegean Sea Intermediate Water extends from 40–50 m to 200–300 metres (660–980 ft) with temperatures ranging from 11–18 °C.
  • Aegean Sea Bottom Water – occurring at depths below 500–1000 m with a very uniform temperature (13–14 °C) and salinity (3.91–3.92%).

History[edit]

Ancient History[edit]

A 1528 map of the Aegean Sea by Ottoman Turkish geographer Piri Reis.

The current coastline dates back to about 4000 BC. Before that time, at the peak of the last ice age (c. 16,000 BC) sea levels everywhere were 130 metres lower, and there were large well-watered coastal plains instead of much of the northern Aegean. When they were first occupied, the present-day islands including Milos with its important obsidian production were probably still connected to the mainland. The present coastal arrangement appeared c. 7000 BC, with post-ice age sea levels continuing to rise for another 3,000 years after that.[8]

The subsequent Bronze Age civilizations of Greece and the Aegean Sea have given rise to the general term Aegean civilization. In ancient times, the sea was the birthplace of two ancient civilizations – the Minoans of Crete and the Myceneans of the Peloponnese.[9]

Later arose the city-states of Athens and Sparta among many others that constituted the Athenian Empire and Hellenic Civilization. Plato described the Greeks living round the Aegean "like frogs around a pond".[10] The Aegean Sea was later invaded by the Persians and the Romans, and inhabited by the Eastern Romans (Byzantines), the Bulgarians, the Venetians, the Genoese, the Seljuq Turks, and the Ottomans. The Aegean was the site of the original democracies, and its seaways were the means of contact among several diverse civilizations of the Eastern Mediterranean.[citation needed]

Economy and politics[edit]

Many of the islands in the Aegean have safe harbours and bays. In ancient times, navigation through the sea was easier than travelling across the rough terrain of the Greek mainland (and to some extent the coastal areas of Anatolia). Many of the islands are volcanic, and marble and iron are mined on other islands. The larger islands have some fertile valleys and plains.

Of the main islands in the Aegean Sea, two belong to Turkey – Bozcaada (Tenedos Τένεδος) and Gökçeada (Imbros Ίμβρος); the rest belong to Greece. Between the two countries, there are political disputes over several aspects of political control over the Aegean space, including the size of territorial waters, air control and the delimitation of economic rights to the continental shelf.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DRAINAGE BASIN OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA, UNECE
  2. ^ Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, s.v. "αἰγιαλός"
  3. ^ Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke: (1961), Volumes 28-31, p.74 (in Serbian)
  4. ^ "Aegean Sea | Mediterranean Sea". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-10-18. 
  5. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Aksu, A. E., D. Yasar, et al. (1995). "LATE GLACIAL-HOLOCENE PALEOCLIMATIC AND PALEOCEANOGRAPHIC EVOLUTION OF THE AEGEAN SEA – MICROPALEONTOLOGICAL AND STABLE ISOTOPIC EVIDENCE." Marine Micropaleontology 25(1): 1–28.
  7. ^ Yagar, D., 1994. Late glacial-Holocene evolution of the Aegean Sea. Ph.D. Thesis, Inst. Mar. Sci. Technol., Dokuz Eyltil Univ., 329 pp. (Unpubl.)
  8. ^ Tjeerd H. van Andel; Judith C. Shackleton (Winter 1982). Late Paleolithic and Mesolithic Coastlines of Greece and the Aegean. 9,. Journal of Field Archaeology. pp. 445–454. 
  9. ^ Tracey Cullen, Aegean Prehistory: A Review (American Journal of Archaeology. Supplement, 1); Oliver Dickinson, The Aegean Bronze Age (Cambridge World Archaeology).
  10. ^ John F. Cherry; Despina Margomenou; Lauren E. Talalay. The familiar phrase giving rise to the title Prehistorians Round the Pond: Reflections on Aegean Prehistory as a Discipline. 

External links[edit]

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