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aegean sea. Aphrodite
aegean sea. Aphrodite's Child. 666
Published: 2013/12/02
Channel: predator7olymp
Aegean Sea Earthquake: Strong quake kills at least two in Greece
Aegean Sea Earthquake: Strong quake kills at least two in Greece
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: TRT World
Sailing in Greece. The Stunning Aegean Sea 2014
Sailing in Greece. The Stunning Aegean Sea 2014
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: Bobbie G
The Aegean Sea (Documentary, Discovery, History)
The Aegean Sea (Documentary, Discovery, History)
Published: 2013/11/07
Channel: Stop Over - Documentary, Discovery, History
Greece - The Aegean Sea before the Romans
Greece - The Aegean Sea before the Romans
Published: 2015/04/08
Channel: Kaliningrad General
Aphrodite
Aphrodite's Child - Aegian Sea (video)
Published: 2010/08/27
Channel: Aphrodite's Child
Turkey & Greece  Aegean Sea Cruise
Turkey & Greece Aegean Sea Cruise
Published: 2015/06/29
Channel: michael tan
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - BLUE STAR PAROS
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - BLUE STAR PAROS
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: JackAttack
Alche Beat - Aegean Sea (Original Mix)
Alche Beat - Aegean Sea (Original Mix)
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: Vastrev
Haruomi Hosono - The Aegean Sea (FULL ALBUM)
Haruomi Hosono - The Aegean Sea (FULL ALBUM)
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: Kuma's campfire
Crossing the Deadly Waters of the Aegean Sea: Escape to Europe
Crossing the Deadly Waters of the Aegean Sea: Escape to Europe
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: VICE
Jewels of Turkey - The Aegean Coast
Jewels of Turkey - The Aegean Coast
Published: 2014/07/19
Channel: Aerial Channel
G-Pal - Aegean Sea (Original Mix)
G-Pal - Aegean Sea (Original Mix)
Published: 2013/04/01
Channel: DeepWaveMusic25
Sailing Greece 2016. Remote anchorages in the Aegean Sea
Sailing Greece 2016. Remote anchorages in the Aegean Sea
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Bobbie G
Earthquake of 6.3 magnitude in Aegean Sea
Earthquake of 6.3 magnitude in Aegean Sea
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: euronews (in English)
TOVSTO V2 Aegean SEA 5.8G FPV Brushless RC Quadcopter - RTF
TOVSTO V2 Aegean SEA 5.8G FPV Brushless RC Quadcopter - RTF
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: TOMTOP
Aegean Sea Earthquake: Interview with Prof Dr Ali Pinar
Aegean Sea Earthquake: Interview with Prof Dr Ali Pinar
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: TRT World
Samos Island, Σάμος Aegean Sea - Hellas - Greece - Hexateam Giatrakos
Samos Island, Σάμος Aegean Sea - Hellas - Greece - Hexateam Giatrakos
Published: 2013/07/25
Channel: Chris Giatrakos
Aegean Sea - Rough Water West of Crete
Aegean Sea - Rough Water West of Crete
Published: 2015/03/15
Channel: Water Advocacy
AEGEAN SEA in APNEA, the 2nd PLACE in DEEP VIDEO AWARDS 2015
AEGEAN SEA in APNEA, the 2nd PLACE in DEEP VIDEO AWARDS 2015
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Yiannis Tsilivakos
Spearfishing moments in Aegean Sea
Spearfishing moments in Aegean Sea
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: dimitris loste
Greece: Greek coast guard opens fire on Turkish vessel in Aegean Sea - reports
Greece: Greek coast guard opens fire on Turkish vessel in Aegean Sea - reports
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: Ruptly TV
God of War 1 The Aegean Sea Music
God of War 1 The Aegean Sea Music
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: MRavez
Solo Sail - Aegean Sea (Turkey to Greece)
Solo Sail - Aegean Sea (Turkey to Greece)
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Sailing the Island Girl
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - 8 to 9 Beaufort - BLUE STAR PAROS
Rough seas in Aegean Sea Greece - 8 to 9 Beaufort - BLUE STAR PAROS
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: JackAttack
Sokratis Sinopoulos Quartet - Aegean Sea
Sokratis Sinopoulos Quartet - Aegean Sea
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Sokratis Sinopoulos
TURKEY "CLAIMS 16 OIL-RICH GREEK ISLANDS" of AEGEAN SEA of EUROPEAN UNION.
TURKEY "CLAIMS 16 OIL-RICH GREEK ISLANDS" of AEGEAN SEA of EUROPEAN UNION.
Published: 2015/03/31
Channel: MLordandGod
Russian Warship Fired at Turkish ship to
Russian Warship Fired at Turkish ship to 'avoid collision' in Aegean Sea
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Cui Bono
Folk Instrumental Music from Aegean Sea - CD-2 (Greece)
Folk Instrumental Music from Aegean Sea - CD-2 (Greece)
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: kourostatis
SHOCKING: What Appeared Just Before
SHOCKING: What Appeared Just Before 'the BIG QUAKE' of Aegean Sea Yesterday!
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: MLordandGod
TuAf radar message to HCG Dauphin AS365N3 during patrol in east Aegean Sea.
TuAf radar message to HCG Dauphin AS365N3 during patrol in east Aegean Sea.
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: Aegeanhawk
Extreme Tuna Spearfishing in the Aegean Sea - Blue water hunting technics Dimos Adamis
Extreme Tuna Spearfishing in the Aegean Sea - Blue water hunting technics Dimos Adamis
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Il pescatore in apnea - The Spearfishing HUB
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 31 2/4
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 31 2/4
Published: 2011/08/02
Channel: CRdramas
Greek Documentary about Loukoumi (delight) and island of Syros, Greece, Aegean Sea
Greek Documentary about Loukoumi (delight) and island of Syros, Greece, Aegean Sea
Published: 2016/11/27
Channel: MANOUSOS IOANNIS
Massive 6.6 EARTHQUAKE Strikes GREECE Aegean Sea 6.12.17 See PROPHECY in Description
Massive 6.6 EARTHQUAKE Strikes GREECE Aegean Sea 6.12.17 See PROPHECY in Description
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: HarvestArmy
Τούνα με ψαροντούφεκο στο Αιγαίο - Extreme Tuna Spearfishing in the Aegean Sea RAW STORY ✔
Τούνα με ψαροντούφεκο στο Αιγαίο - Extreme Tuna Spearfishing in the Aegean Sea RAW STORY ✔
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Spearfishing Life - fck0f
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 3 p2/4
Love of the Aegean Sea [Eng Sub] Ep 3 p2/4
Published: 2011/07/07
Channel: CRdramas
Sailing on the Aegean Sea in June 2012 - Part 2
Sailing on the Aegean Sea in June 2012 - Part 2
Published: 2012/08/04
Channel: Harm Olthoff
Boral Kibil & Mahmut Orhan - Herneise (Christos Fourkis Aegean Sea Mix)
Boral Kibil & Mahmut Orhan - Herneise (Christos Fourkis Aegean Sea Mix)
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: Christos Fourkis
Aegean Sea sailing - Small Cyclades, Beautiful Greece
Aegean Sea sailing - Small Cyclades, Beautiful Greece
Published: 2013/08/20
Channel: Nck Surf
Zac F - Aegean Sea (Christos Fourkis Remix)
Zac F - Aegean Sea (Christos Fourkis Remix)
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: Christos Fourkis
Turkey taking care stopping Aegean Sea refugees
Turkey taking care stopping Aegean Sea refugees
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: euronews (in English)
Abel - Aegean Sea / Smokie - We
Abel - Aegean Sea / Smokie - We're Flying High
Published: 2012/09/20
Channel: MAKOSIEJEtv
G pal- Aegean Sea(Rework Mix)
G pal- Aegean Sea(Rework Mix)
Published: 2012/10/16
Channel: deeper4minds2
Abel - Aegean Sea
Abel - Aegean Sea
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Capatrat Eka
H.A.F. Vs Tu.A.F. Dogfight over Aegean sea.Almost Collision
H.A.F. Vs Tu.A.F. Dogfight over Aegean sea.Almost Collision
Published: 2015/12/06
Channel: Christos Kintis
6.5 Magnitude Very dangerous earthquake in Greece/Turkey coastal area (Aegean Sea) )
6.5 Magnitude Very dangerous earthquake in Greece/Turkey coastal area (Aegean Sea) )
Published: 2014/05/24
Channel: yamyam
Revelation - (Aphrodite
Revelation - (Aphrodite's Child - Aegean Sea)
Published: 2012/10/04
Channel: Jannis Miliaresis
Paros, Greece: Walking from my $11 hotel room to the Aegean Sea
Paros, Greece: Walking from my $11 hotel room to the Aegean Sea
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Gabriel Traveler
Snorkeling  in Turkey. Aegean Sea, Yalikavak.  SJ4000
Snorkeling in Turkey. Aegean Sea, Yalikavak. SJ4000
Published: 2015/07/19
Channel: yKaz
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea map.png
Map of the Aegean Sea
World
World
Aegean Sea
Location Europe
Coordinates 39°N 25°E / 39°N 25°E / 39; 25
Type Sea
Primary outflows Mediterranean sea
Basin countries Greece, Turkey[1]
Max. length 700 km (430 mi)
Max. width 400 km (250 mi)
Surface area 214,000 km2 (83,000 sq mi)
Extent of the Aegean Sea on a map of the Mediterranean Sea

The Aegean Sea (/ˈən/; Greek: Αιγαίο Πέλαγος [eˈʝeo ˈpelaɣos]; Turkish: Ege Denizi Turkish pronunciation: [eɟe denizi]) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey. In the north, it is connected to the Marmara Sea and Black Sea by the Dardanelles and Bosphorus. The Aegean Islands are within the sea and some bound it on its southern periphery, including Crete and Rhodes.

The sea was traditionally known as Archipelago (in Greek, Αρχιπέλαγος, meaning "chief sea"), but in English this word's meaning has changed to refer to the Aegean Islands and, generally, to any island group.

Etymology[edit]

In ancient times, there were various explanations for the name Aegean. It was said to have been named after the Greek town of Aegae, or after Aegea, a queen of the Amazons who died in the sea, or Aigaion, the "sea goat", another name of Briareus, one of the archaic Hecatonchires, or, especially among the Athenians, Aegeus, the father of Theseus, who drowned himself in the sea when he thought his son had died.

A possible etymology is a derivation from the Greek word αἶγες – aiges = "waves" (Hesychius of Alexandria; metaphorical use of αἴξ (aix) "goat"), hence "wavy sea", cf. also αἰγιαλός (aigialos = aiges (waves) + hals (sea)),[2] hence meaning "sea-shore".

The Venetians, who ruled many Greek islands in the High and Late Middle Ages, popularized the name Archipelago (Greek for "main sea" or "chief sea"), a name that held on in many European countries until the early modern period.

In some South Slavic languages the Aegean is often called White Sea (Belo more in Serbian, Бело море in Macedonian and Бяло море Byalo more in Bulgarian).[3]

Geography[edit]

The Aegean Sea covers about 214,000 square kilometres (83,000 sq mi) in area, and measures about 610 kilometres (380 mi) longitudinally and 300 kilometres (190 mi) latitudinally. The sea's maximum depth is 3,543 metres (11,624 ft), east of Crete. The Aegean Islands are found within its waters, with the following islands delimiting the sea on the south (generally from west to east): Kythera, Antikythera, Crete, Kasos, Karpathos and Rhodes.

The Aegean Islands, which almost all belong to Greece, can be divided into seven groups:

  1. Northeastern Aegean Islands
  2. Euboea
  3. Northern Sporades
  4. Cyclades
  5. Saronic Islands (or Argo-Saronic Islands)
  6. Dodecanese (or Southern Sporades), with the exclusion of Kastellorizo
  7. Crete

The word archipelago was originally applied specifically to the Aegean Sea and its islands. Many of the Aegean Islands, or chains of islands, are actually extensions of the mountains on the mainland. One chain extends across the sea to Chios, another extends across Euboea to Samos, and a third extends across the Peloponnese and Crete to Rhodes, dividing the Aegean from the Mediterranean.

The bays and gulfs of the Aegean beginning at the South and moving clockwise include on Crete, the Mirabello, Almyros, Souda and Chania bays or gulfs, on the mainland the Myrtoan Sea to the west with the Argolic Gulf, the Saronic Gulf northwestward, the Petalies Gulf which connects with the South Euboic Sea, the Pagasetic Gulf which connects with the North Euboic Sea, the Thermian Gulf northwestward, the Chalkidiki Peninsula including the Cassandra and the Singitic Gulfs, northward the Strymonian Gulf and the Gulf of Kavala and the rest are in Turkey; Saros Gulf, Edremit Gulf, Dikili Gulf, Gulf of Çandarlı, Gulf of İzmir, Gulf of Kuşadası, Gulf of Gökova, Güllük Gulf.

Extent[edit]

The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Aegean Sea as follows:[4]

On the South. A line running from Cape Aspro (28°16'E) in Asia Minor, to Cum Burnù (Capo della Sabbia) the Northeast extreme of the Island of Rhodes, through the island to Cape Prasonisi, the Southwest point thereof, on to Vrontos Point (35°33'N) in Skarpanto [Karpathos], through this island to Castello Point, the South extreme thereof, across to Cape Plaka (East extremity of Crete), through Crete to Agria Grabusa, the Northwest extreme thereof, thence to Cape Apolitares in Antikithera Island, through the island to Psira Rock (off the Northwest point) and across to Cape Trakhili in Kithera Island, through Kithera to the Northwest point (Cape Karavugia) and thence to Cape Santa Maria (36°28′N 22°57′E / 36.467°N 22.950°E / 36.467; 22.950) in the Morea.

In the Dardanelles. A line joining Kum Kale (26°11'E) and Cape Helles.

Panoramic view of the Santorini caldera, taken from Oia

Hydrography[edit]

Traditional street of Lefkes, Paros-Greece

Aegean surface water circulates in a counter-clockwise gyre, with hypersaline Mediterranean water moving northward along the west coast of Turkey, before being displaced by less dense Black Sea outflow. The dense Mediterranean water sinks below the Black Sea inflow to a depth of 23–30 metres (75–98 ft), then flows through the Dardanelles Strait and into the Sea of Marmara at velocities of 5–15 cm/s. The Black Sea outflow moves westward along the northern Aegean Sea, then flows southwards along the east coast of Greece.[5]

The physical oceanography of the Aegean Sea is controlled mainly by the regional climate, the fresh water discharge from major rivers draining southeastern Europe, and the seasonal variations in the Black Sea surface water outflow through the Dardanelles Strait.

Analysis[6] of the Aegean during 1991 and 1992 revealed 3 distinct water masses:

  • Aegean Sea Surface Water – 40–50 metres (130–160 ft) thick veneer, with summer temperatures of 21–26 °C and winter temperatures ranging from 10 °C (50 °F) in the north to 16 °C (61 °F) in the south.
  • Aegean Sea Intermediate Water – Aegean Sea Intermediate Water extends from 40–50 m to 200–300 metres (660–980 ft) with temperatures ranging from 11–18 °C.
  • Aegean Sea Bottom Water – occurring at depths below 500–1000 m with a very uniform temperature (13–14 °C) and salinity (3.91–3.92%).

History[edit]

Ancient History[edit]

Historic map (1528) of Aegean Sea by Ottoman Turkish geographer Piri Reis

The current coastline dates back to about 4000 BC. Before that time, at the peak of the last ice age (c. 16,000 BC) sea levels everywhere were 130 metres lower, and there were large well-watered coastal plains instead of much of the northern Aegean. When they were first occupied, the present-day islands including Milos with its important obsidian production were probably still connected to the mainland. The present coastal arrangement appeared c. 7000 BC, with post-ice age sea levels continuing to rise for another 3,000 years after that.[7]

The subsequent Bronze Age civilizations of Greece and the Aegean Sea have given rise to the general term Aegean civilization. In ancient times, the sea was the birthplace of two ancient civilizations – the Minoans of Crete and the Mycenean Civilization of the Peloponnese.[8]

Satellite view of the Aegean Sea

Later arose the city-states of Athens and Sparta among many others that constituted the Athenian Empire and Hellenic Civilization. Plato described the Greeks living round the Aegean "like frogs around a pond".[9] The Aegean Sea was later invaded by the Persians and the Romans, and inhabited by the Byzantine Empire, the Bulgarians, the Venetians, the Genoese, the Seljuq Turks, and the Ottoman Empire. The Aegean was the site of the original democracies, and its seaways were the means of contact among several diverse civilizations of the Eastern Mediterranean.[citation needed]

Modern history[edit]

In the 21st century, the northern Aegean Sea became one of the main scenes of the Refugee crisis as over 1 million Syrians, Iraqis and Afghans fled wars and poverty in their countries and attempted to cross the Sea from Turkey to Greece (an EU member state).[citation needed]

Economy and politics[edit]

Many of the islands in the Aegean have safe harbours and bays. In ancient times, navigation through the sea was easier than travelling across the rough terrain of the Greek mainland (and to some extent the coastal areas of Anatolia). Many of the islands are volcanic, and marble and iron are mined on other islands. The larger islands have some fertile valleys and plains. Of the main islands in the Aegean Sea, two belong to Turkey – Bozcaada (Tenedos Τένεδος) and Gökçeada (Imbros Ίμβρος); the rest belong to Greece. Between the two countries, there are political disputes over several aspects of political control over the Aegean space, including the size of territorial waters, air control and the delimitation of economic rights to the continental shelf.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DRAINAGE BASIN OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA, UNECE
  2. ^ Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, s.v. "αἰγιαλός"
  3. ^ Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke: (1961), Volumes 28-31, p.74 (in Serbian)
  4. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Aksu, A. E., D. Yasar, et al. (1995). "LATE GLACIAL-HOLOCENE PALEOCLIMATIC AND PALEOCEANOGRAPHIC EVOLUTION OF THE AEGEAN SEA – MICROPALEONTOLOGICAL AND STABLE ISOTOPIC EVIDENCE." Marine Micropaleontology 25(1): 1–28.
  6. ^ Yagar, D., 1994. Late glacial-Holocene evolution of the Aegean Sea. Ph.D. Thesis, Inst. Mar. Sci. Technol., Dokuz Eyltil Univ., 329 pp. (Unpubl.)
  7. ^ Tjeerd H. van Andel; Judith C. Shackleton (Winter 1982). Late Paleolithic and Mesolithic Coastlines of Greece and the Aegean. 9,. Journal of Field Archaeology. pp. 445–454. 
  8. ^ Tracey Cullen, Aegean Prehistory: A Review (American Journal of Archaeology. Supplement, 1); Oliver Dickinson, The Aegean Bronze Age (Cambridge World Archaeology).
  9. ^ John F. Cherry; Despina Margomenou; Lauren E. Talalay. The familiar phrase giving rise to the title Prehistorians Round the Pond: Reflections on Aegean Prehistory as a Discipline. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°N 25°E / 39°N 25°E / 39; 25 (Aegean Sea)

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