UJAMAA - THE AFRiCAN SOCiALiSM

Channel: MarketingPremiere   |   2013/02/26
Play Video
1
UJAMAA - THE AFRiCAN SOCiALiSM
UJAMAA - THE AFRiCAN SOCiALiSM
::2013/02/26::
Play Video
2
TANZANiA
TANZANiA'S Ujamaa VillageS - iDeaL Collective SOCiETiES
::2013/02/26::
Play Video
3
George Ayittey: The Failure of African Socialism
George Ayittey: The Failure of African Socialism
::2013/01/08::
Play Video
4
Socialism 2013 - the launch of the South African Workers and Socialist Party
Socialism 2013 - the launch of the South African Workers and Socialist Party
::2013/11/05::
Play Video
5
Heaven on Earth The Rise and Fall of Socialism
Heaven on Earth The Rise and Fall of Socialism
::2013/10/17::
Play Video
6
Racial Injustice Lecture w/ Omali Yeshitela, Chairman of the African Socialist International
Racial Injustice Lecture w/ Omali Yeshitela, Chairman of the African Socialist International
::2012/10/04::
Play Video
7
Nelson Mandela Socialism
Nelson Mandela Socialism
::2014/01/17::
Play Video
8
Africa, Black Nationalism, Capitalism or Socialism?.m4v
Africa, Black Nationalism, Capitalism or Socialism?.m4v
::2011/03/03::
Play Video
9
Samuel Bowles, The Failure of Socialism
Samuel Bowles, The Failure of Socialism
::2012/05/09::
Play Video
10
BLACK POWER scientific socialism and HUEY P NEWTON.
BLACK POWER scientific socialism and HUEY P NEWTON.
::2013/03/22::
Play Video
11
Socialism in the 21st Century Revolutionary Leaderships in Latin America
Socialism in the 21st Century Revolutionary Leaderships in Latin America
::2013/07/31::
Play Video
12
The DNC is Promoting Failure and Socialism
The DNC is Promoting Failure and Socialism
::2012/09/06::
Play Video
13
Lessons for South Africa from the Soviet Union - the savagery of socialism - Dr. Yuri Maltsev
Lessons for South Africa from the Soviet Union - the savagery of socialism - Dr. Yuri Maltsev
::2013/01/17::
Play Video
14
african ascent socialism 01 12 28 08
african ascent socialism 01 12 28 08
::2010/11/09::
Play Video
15
South Africa: Marikana video and Mametlwe Sebei addressing Socialism 2013
South Africa: Marikana video and Mametlwe Sebei addressing Socialism 2013
::2013/12/20::
Play Video
16
Socialist Bernie Sanders Doesn
Socialist Bernie Sanders Doesn't Understand Socialism
::2014/03/19::
Play Video
17
National Socialism - The one and only true way to free ourselves from enslavement
National Socialism - The one and only true way to free ourselves from enslavement
::2013/11/16::
Play Video
18
African Internationalism & Socialism
African Internationalism & Socialism
::2010/02/05::
Play Video
19
Info on "The Millions March in Harlem" & The U.S. War on African Socialism
Info on "The Millions March in Harlem" & The U.S. War on African Socialism
::2011/07/28::
Play Video
20
African History Lecture with Zavara Mponjika
African History Lecture with Zavara Mponjika
::2012/04/13::
Play Video
21
David Boaz: "Socialism vs Capitalism"
David Boaz: "Socialism vs Capitalism"
::2014/04/01::
Play Video
22
Socialism: Heaven on Earth PART 2
Socialism: Heaven on Earth PART 2
::2009/03/17::
Play Video
23
George Ayittey: The solutions to Africa
George Ayittey: The solutions to Africa's problems lie in Africa - IQ2 debates
::2011/11/29::
Play Video
24
Socialism Fail
Socialism Fail
::2013/01/26::
Play Video
25
George Ayittey - San Francisco Freedom Forum 2012
George Ayittey - San Francisco Freedom Forum 2012
::2012/10/17::
Play Video
26
The Legacy of Julius Nyerere
The Legacy of Julius Nyerere
::2011/10/11::
Play Video
27
Has communsism/socialism invaded your childs classroom?
Has communsism/socialism invaded your childs classroom?
::2012/12/03::
Play Video
28
Re: African Internationalism & Socialism
Re: African Internationalism & Socialism
::2010/02/28::
Play Video
29
african ascent socialism 03 12 28 08
african ascent socialism 03 12 28 08
::2010/11/09::
Play Video
30
Omali Yeshitela speaks about imperialism in crisis; African Internationalism on the rise - Part 1
Omali Yeshitela speaks about imperialism in crisis; African Internationalism on the rise - Part 1
::2012/01/18::
Play Video
31
The Story of Socialism
The Story of Socialism
::2013/02/28::
Play Video
32
african ascent socialism 02 12 28 08
african ascent socialism 02 12 28 08
::2010/11/09::
Play Video
33
Hungarian-born billionaire buys airtime to warn against socialism
Hungarian-born billionaire buys airtime to warn against socialism
::2012/10/14::
Play Video
34
Re: African Internationalism & Socialism pt I
Re: African Internationalism & Socialism pt I
::2010/02/19::
Play Video
35
Max Romeo: Socialism is Love
Max Romeo: Socialism is Love
::2013/04/18::
Play Video
36
african ascent socialism 06 12 28 08
african ascent socialism 06 12 28 08
::2010/11/09::
Play Video
37
Kwame Ture defines Pan-Africanism (1 of 2)
Kwame Ture defines Pan-Africanism (1 of 2)
::2010/06/02::
Play Video
38
Kwame Ture vs. Molefi Asante - Africa and the Future Debate (Pan-Africanism vs Afrocentrism)
Kwame Ture vs. Molefi Asante - Africa and the Future Debate (Pan-Africanism vs Afrocentrism)
::2012/12/04::
Play Video
39
Socialism Failures in pictures
Socialism Failures in pictures
::2013/01/22::
Play Video
40
Leftwing Socialism - The Leftwing Mentality
Leftwing Socialism - The Leftwing Mentality
::2013/08/13::
Play Video
41
Omali Yeshitela on the Role of White People in the African Revolution - 2 / 4
Omali Yeshitela on the Role of White People in the African Revolution - 2 / 4
::2011/01/22::
Play Video
42
Chinese Capitalism in Africa part 6
Chinese Capitalism in Africa part 6
::2011/10/16::
Play Video
43
Episode 11 (Segment 2): Socialism and the Communist Party
Episode 11 (Segment 2): Socialism and the Communist Party
::2012/04/16::
Play Video
44
Socialist Party video: Alec Thraves speaking at Socialism 2012
Socialist Party video: Alec Thraves speaking at Socialism 2012
::2012/11/08::
Play Video
45
Walter E. Williams: Government, The Market, and Minorities
Walter E. Williams: Government, The Market, and Minorities
::2013/01/07::
Play Video
46
Socialism 2013 Rally - reflecting a thirst for ideas
Socialism 2013 Rally - reflecting a thirst for ideas
::2013/11/07::
Play Video
47
C. L. R. James (West Indian writer and activist) pt. 1
C. L. R. James (West Indian writer and activist) pt. 1
::2009/07/22::
Play Video
48
Socialism 2013: Causes of Capitalist Crisis
Socialism 2013: Causes of Capitalist Crisis
::2013/11/12::
Play Video
49
Christopher Hitchens on the ANC, South African Apartheid, Nelson Mandela, Desmond Tutu (1985)
Christopher Hitchens on the ANC, South African Apartheid, Nelson Mandela, Desmond Tutu (1985)
::2013/05/20::
Play Video
50
john Holloway and Alex Callinicos debate part 3
john Holloway and Alex Callinicos debate part 3
::2008/07/07::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

African socialism is a belief in sharing economic resources in a "traditional" African way, as distinct from classical socialism. Many African politicians of the 1950s and 1960s professed their support for African socialism, although definitions and interpretations of this term varied considerably. This is because African socialism has not been the product of one single thinker. One example of a definition of African socialism was phrased as a metaphor by de Graft Johnson, from the University of Ghana, in 1962: the African extended-family system writ large.[1]

Origins and themes[edit]

As many African countries gained independence during the 1960s, some of these newly formed governments rejected the ideas of capitalism in favour of a more afrocentric economic model. Advocates of African socialism claimed that it was not the opposite of capitalism nor a response to it, but something completely different.

Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Léopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sékou Touré of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H. Friedland and Carl G. Rosberg Jr. editors of the book "African Socialism."[2]

Common principles of various versions of African socialism were: economic development guided by a large public sector, incorporating the African identity and what it means to be African, and the avoidance of the development of social classes within society.[3] Senghor claimed that "Africa’s social background of tribal community life not only makes socialism natural to Africa but excludes the validity of the theory of class struggle," thus making African socialism, in all of its variations, different from Marxism and European socialist theory .[4]

Ujamaa[edit]

The Concept of Ujamaa formed the basis of Julius Nyerere's social and economic development policies in Tanzania after Tanganyika gained independence from its colonial power Britain in 1961 and its union with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964. The word Ujamaa comes from the Swahili word for extended family or familyhood and is distinguished by several key characteristics, namely that a person becomes a person through the people or community.

In 1967, President Nyerere published his development blueprint, which was titled the Arusha Declaration, in which Nyerere pointed out the need for an African model of development. That formed the basis of African socialism for Tanzania.[5] The Arusha Declaration sparked international discussions and debates about African socialism in the academic and economic world.[5]

However, according to the BBC, "while he united his nation and made major advances in the fields of health and education," Julius Nyerere's African socialist "Ujamaa" collectives "proved disastrous for Tanzania's economy".[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Brockway, Fenner (1963). African Socialism. London: The Bodley Head. p. 25.  "[T]he principle of the State as a father, which is the basis of socialism, is what we have here in our clans or tribes which are in fact extended families. In our society, the collective wealth of the extended family is used for the welfare of the family as a whole. The extended families take on the functions of social insurance, and if a member of the family falls into debt, all the others help him to pay it; if he is ill, they look after him; if there is a bright boy in the family whom the immediate parents cannot afford to educate, the others help in educating him. Property, especially land, often belongs to the whole extended family. There are abuses in the extended family system, but its basic pattern, when enlarged to embrace the state, is virtually what is meant by socialism."
  2. ^ Friedland and Rosberg Jr., William and Carl (1964). African Socialism. California: Standford University Press. p. 3. 
  3. ^ Friedland and Rosberg Jr., William and Carl (1964). African Socialism. California: Standford University Press. pp. 3–5. 
  4. ^ Brockway, Fenner (1963). African Socialism. London: The Bodley Head. p. 32. 
  5. ^ a b Mwansasu and Pratt, Bismark and Cranford (1979). Towards Socialism in Tanzania. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 3. 
  6. ^ "Tributes pour in for Nyerere". BBC News. 1999-10-14. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 

References[edit]

  • Bismarck U. Mwansasu and Cranford Pratt, Towards Socialism in Tanzania, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1979.
  • Fenner Brockway, African Socialism, The Bodley Head, London, 1963.
  • Ghita Jonescu and Ernest Gellner, Populism, Weidenfeld and Nicholson, London, 1969.
  • Paolo Andreocci, Democrazia, partito unico e populismo nel pensiero politico africano, in Africa, Rome, n. 2-3, 1969.
  • Peter Worsley, The Third World,Weidenfeld and Nicholson, London, 1964.
  • William H. Crawford and Carl G.Rosberg jr., African Socialism, Stanford University press, California, 1964.
  • Yves Bénot, Idélogies des Indepéndances africaines, F.Maspero, Paris, 1969.
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014