Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Agent Grammar | OcarinaSenpai
Agent Grammar | OcarinaSenpai
Published: 2014/09/28
Channel: OcarinaSenpai
English Grammar - Causative
English Grammar - Causative
Published: 2014/03/02
Channel: English Lessons with Adam - Learn English [engVid]
The verb & its arguments: thematic roles & cases (Lesson 3 of 4)
The verb & its arguments: thematic roles & cases (Lesson 3 of 4)
Published: 2013/08/23
Channel: NativLang
ENGLISH GRAMMAR PASSIVE VOICE WITHOUT MENTIONING THE AGENT
ENGLISH GRAMMAR PASSIVE VOICE WITHOUT MENTIONING THE AGENT
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Sukhdev Singh
English Grammar - Easy Introduction to Passive
English Grammar - Easy Introduction to Passive
Published: 2009/06/12
Channel: EnglishLessons4U - Learn English with Ronnie! [engVid]
Passive Voice - English Lesson
Passive Voice - English Lesson
Published: 2013/05/22
Channel: Anglo-Link
Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage's Agent
Published: 2010/11/16
Channel: CollegeHumor
English Grammar: Past Simple Passive
English Grammar: Past Simple Passive
Published: 2014/11/29
Channel: Daniel Byrnes
Grammar Nazis
Grammar Nazis
Published: 2010/06/15
Channel: CollegeHumor
The Graffiti Grammar Police
The Graffiti Grammar Police
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Great Big Story
"Weird Al" Yankovic - Party In The CIA (Parody of "Party In The U.S.A." by Miley Cyrus)
"Weird Al" Yankovic - Party In The CIA (Parody of "Party In The U.S.A." by Miley Cyrus)
Published: 2011/06/27
Channel: alyankovicVEVO
Free Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation Check
Free Spelling, Grammar and Punctuation Check
Published: 2013/02/20
Channel: Tech Savvy Agent
Passive and  Active Voice - Grammar 2016 - Examples Given
Passive and Active Voice - Grammar 2016 - Examples Given
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Frost' Videos
Wasting EPIC Scammer Time (Scammer Grammar)
Wasting EPIC Scammer Time (Scammer Grammar)
Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: Trilogy Media
Hardly Working: Wolfenstein
Hardly Working: Wolfenstein
Published: 2013/09/10
Channel: CollegeHumor
That Mitchell and Webb Look - Grammar Nazi
That Mitchell and Webb Look - Grammar Nazi
Published: 2011/07/11
Channel: Dvdmitch
Learn English for Call Centers and Customer Service Jobs
Learn English for Call Centers and Customer Service Jobs
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Learn English with Rebecca [engVid]
English Grammar -- Passive Voice and Active Voice
English Grammar -- Passive Voice and Active Voice
Published: 2013/03/05
Channel: ESLEnglishFaby
English Grammar Preposition (English) Part 3: Phrase and Participial preposition
English Grammar Preposition (English) Part 3: Phrase and Participial preposition
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: ExamFear Education
Do I Want to be a Call Centre Agent? Part 1
Do I Want to be a Call Centre Agent? Part 1
Published: 2010/07/21
Channel: CareforCustomers
Sample Order Taking | Customer Support Philippines
Sample Order Taking | Customer Support Philippines
Published: 2012/02/28
Channel: Magellan Solutions
CAUSATIVE VERBS & SENTENCES |  (GET & MAKE) in English Grammar | Concept & Examples in Hindi
CAUSATIVE VERBS & SENTENCES | (GET & MAKE) in English Grammar | Concept & Examples in Hindi
Published: 2017/12/28
Channel: TAUKIR Alam - Life changing videos in Hindi
call center agent nagmamagaling wrong grammar naman
call center agent nagmamagaling wrong grammar naman
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: tomoyo tv
Bad Grammar Cinemas I
Bad Grammar Cinemas I
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Norbika9Studios
सीखो Prepositions in English Grammar With Examples In Hindi | Learn Use Of Prepositions | Awal
सीखो Prepositions in English Grammar With Examples In Hindi | Learn Use Of Prepositions | Awal
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: TsMadaan
Arabic Grammar: Constructing and Using Active Participles in Arabic اسم الفاعل
Arabic Grammar: Constructing and Using Active Participles in Arabic اسم الفاعل
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: FCLangMedia
English Conversation : Talking to real estate agent for flat on rent (WabsTalk)
English Conversation : Talking to real estate agent for flat on rent (WabsTalk)
Published: 2011/08/15
Channel: WabsTalk
Using The English Verb “Ask” Correctly in Spoken English. - Free English Grammar lessons
Using The English Verb “Ask” Correctly in Spoken English. - Free English Grammar lessons
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Learn English with Let's Talk - Free English Lessons
SSC CGL 2017-TIER 2 USE OF "SINCE" IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR-NO RULES ONLY CONCEPT BY JAIDEEP SIR
SSC CGL 2017-TIER 2 USE OF "SINCE" IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR-NO RULES ONLY CONCEPT BY JAIDEEP SIR
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Govt Jobs Academy
The Greatest Grammar Scandal of the Century... Letter To Marjie
The Greatest Grammar Scandal of the Century... Letter To Marjie
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: Sonny Nunag
Class 9 English - Grammar Prepositions Agent Direction Video by MBD Publishers
Class 9 English - Grammar Prepositions Agent Direction Video by MBD Publishers
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: Kopykitab
How to Study For Exams in Short Time | Padhai Kaise Kare | Exam Preparation Tips in Hindi | Awal
How to Study For Exams in Short Time | Padhai Kaise Kare | Exam Preparation Tips in Hindi | Awal
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: TsMadaan
Passive Voice Exercises - English Practice
Passive Voice Exercises - English Practice
Published: 2013/05/22
Channel: Anglo-Link
Causative Verbs esl In English Grammar- Make।Get।Let।Have।Help এর Bangla Use-Causative Exercises esl
Causative Verbs esl In English Grammar- Make।Get।Let।Have।Help এর Bangla Use-Causative Exercises esl
Published: 2017/11/20
Channel: Technical English Learning Home
24. Active Voice and Passive Voice. English Grammar
24. Active Voice and Passive Voice. English Grammar
Published: 2009/02/09
Channel: mrthoth
Call Center Screening Process
Call Center Screening Process
Published: 2014/07/22
Channel: Alchemybizcenter Katipunan
Call Center Interview Sample with BPOstreet.com | Recording 1
Call Center Interview Sample with BPOstreet.com | Recording 1
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: bpo street
Swarm Grammar - Structure Evolving from the Interaction of Different Swarm Agents
Swarm Grammar - Structure Evolving from the Interaction of Different Swarm Agents
Published: 2015/05/27
Channel: Sebastian von Mammen
Learn Hindi Through English : Asking for Directions | Hindi Speaking | Hindi Grammar
Learn Hindi Through English : Asking for Directions | Hindi Speaking | Hindi Grammar
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Pebbles Language Learning
Learn Hindi Through English : Vegetables | Hindi Speaking | Hindi Grammar
Learn Hindi Through English : Vegetables | Hindi Speaking | Hindi Grammar
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Pebbles Language Learning
Active Passive Voice in Hindi - Voice Rules In English Grammar - Voice Active and Passive Grammar
Active Passive Voice in Hindi - Voice Rules In English Grammar - Voice Active and Passive Grammar
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: P.D. CLASSES Rajasthan
YA Ink- Grammar in Novels
YA Ink- Grammar in Novels
Published: 2014/07/28
Channel: Mandi Lynn
More Labour Party Hypocrisy on Grammar Schools
More Labour Party Hypocrisy on Grammar Schools
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: aTalkingDude
The grammar of social change: Dave Oswald Mitchell at TEDxRegina
The grammar of social change: Dave Oswald Mitchell at TEDxRegina
Published: 2013/09/30
Channel: TEDx Talks
Kaleida - 99 Luftballons (Atomic Blonde Soundtrack)
Kaleida - 99 Luftballons (Atomic Blonde Soundtrack)
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Lehane
Handling Sales Calls - Speaking English Fluently
Handling Sales Calls - Speaking English Fluently
Published: 2013/03/03
Channel: Twominute English
The Grammar Police
The Grammar Police
Published: 2007/12/01
Channel: Mouzerlight
The grammar game: adverbs
The grammar game: adverbs
Published: 2010/07/01
Channel: EthosCRSConsulting
English Grammar Punctuation Quickstudy Academic
English Grammar Punctuation Quickstudy Academic
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Falcont Agent
English Grammar -Learn Nouns
English Grammar -Learn Nouns
Published: 2014/09/15
Channel: Grammar made easy by Shalom
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In linguistics, a grammatical agent is a thematic relation that refers to the cause or initiator of an event.[2] The agent is a semantic concept distinct from the subject of a sentence. While the subject is determined syntactically, primarily through word order, the agent is determined through its relationship to the action expressed by the verb. The word comes from the present participle agens, agentis ("the one doing") of the Latin verb agere, to "do" or "make".

Theory[edit]

Typically, the situation is denoted by a sentence, the action by a verb in the sentence, and the agent by a noun phrase.

For example, in the sentence "Jack kicked the ball", Jack is the agent and "the ball" is the patient. In certain languages, the agent is declined or otherwise marked to indicate its grammatical role. In Japanese, for instance, the agentive case is marked with the case particle ga (が), while the nominative case, also called "bare case" or hadaka-kaku (ハダカ格), is marked with no case particle.[3] Modern English does not mark the agentive grammatical role of a noun in a sentence. Although certain nouns do have a permanent trait of agency (agent noun: runner, kicker, etc.), an agent noun is not necessarily an agent of a sentence: "Jack kicked the runner".

The notion of agency is easy to grasp intuitively but difficult to define: typical qualities that a grammatical agent often has are that it has volition, is sentient or perceives, causes a change of state, or moves. The linguist David Dowty included these qualities in his definition of a Proto-Agent, and proposed that the nominal with the most elements of the Proto-Agent and the fewest elements of the Proto-Patient tends to be treated as the agent in a sentence.[4] This solves problems that most semanticists have with deciding on the number and quality of thematic roles. For example, in the sentence His energy surprised everyone, His energy is the agent, even though it does not have most of the typical agent-like qualities such as perception, movement, or volition. Even Dowty's solution fails for verbs expressing relationships in time:

(1) April precedes May. vs: (2) May follows April.

Here what is agent and what is patient must be specified for each individual verb.

The grammatical agent is often confused with the subject, but these two notions are quite distinct: the former is based explicitly on its relationship to the action or event expressed by the verb, whereas the latter is based on the flow of information, word order, and importance to the sentence. In a sentence such as "The boy kicked the ball", "the boy" is the agent and the subject. However, when the sentence is rendered in the passive voice, "The ball was kicked by the boy", "the ball" is the grammatical subject, but "the boy" is still the agent. Many sentences in English and other Indo-European languages have the agent as subject.

The use of some transitive verbs denoting strictly reciprocal events may involve a conflation of agent and subject. In the sentence "John met Sylvia", for example, though both "John" and "Sylvia" would equally meet Dowty's definition of a Proto-Agent, the co-agent "Sylvia" is downgraded to patient because it is the direct object of the sentence.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Grammatical Features - Associativity". www.grammaticalfeatures.net. 
  2. ^ Kroeger, Paul (2005). Analyzing Grammar: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-521-01653-7. 
  3. ^ Takahashi, Tarou; et al. (2010). A Japanese Grammar (in Japanese) (4 ed.). Japan: Hitsuji Shobou. p. 27. ISBN 978-4-89476-244-2. 
  4. ^ Dowty, David. 1991. "Thematic proto-roles and argument selection", Language, 67.3:547-619
  5. ^ Givóm, Tom. 2001. Syntax: An Introduction. Volume 1. John Benjamins Publishing Company. p. 131.

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license