Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Agricultural Production and Productivity in India (ECO)
Agricultural Production and Productivity in India (ECO)
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: Vidya-mitra
Declining agricultural productivity leading to high poverty rates
Declining agricultural productivity leading to high poverty rates
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: Kenya CitizenTV
03 Causes of low Agricultural Productivity
03 Causes of low Agricultural Productivity
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: Sikshayati
Supporting Agricultural Productivity in Afghanistan
Supporting Agricultural Productivity in Afghanistan
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: World Bank
German farmers share tips on increasing agricultural productivity
German farmers share tips on increasing agricultural productivity
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: NTVUganda
Boosting agricultural productivity through innovation in sub-Saharan Africa
Boosting agricultural productivity through innovation in sub-Saharan Africa
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: Brookings Institution
Agricultural Productivity
Agricultural Productivity
Published: 2012/05/25
Channel: Royal Society of Chemistry
Agricultural Productivity and Economic Development in Southern Africa
Agricultural Productivity and Economic Development in Southern Africa
Published: 2012/02/06
Channel: Jason Welker
Frontiers: Redefining Agricultural Productivity
Frontiers: Redefining Agricultural Productivity
Published: 2014/07/01
Channel: Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota
Agricultural Productivity
Agricultural Productivity
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: National Hackathon All Problem Statement
Why has Brazilian Agriculture achieved exceptional increases in agricultural productivity
Why has Brazilian Agriculture achieved exceptional increases in agricultural productivity
Published: 2015/11/27
Channel: AICTube
Agriculture
Agriculture's great challenges: improving productivity and competitiveness
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: IICAnoticias
A cleaner Baltic Sea by improved agricultural productivity
A cleaner Baltic Sea by improved agricultural productivity
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: Yara International
Supporting Agriculture Productivity in Rural Afghanistan
Supporting Agriculture Productivity in Rural Afghanistan
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: World Bank
"Understanding Phytobiomes to Improve Agricultural Productivity"
"Understanding Phytobiomes to Improve Agricultural Productivity"
Published: 2014/09/04
Channel: APS
High-Tech Harvest Machinery To Increase Agricultural Productivity ...
High-Tech Harvest Machinery To Increase Agricultural Productivity ...
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: Kalilah
World Bank report recommends strategic interventions for increasing agricultural productivity
World Bank report recommends strategic interventions for increasing agricultural productivity
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: NTVUganda
Technology can be very useful in increasing agricultural productivity and value addition
Technology can be very useful in increasing agricultural productivity and value addition
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Narendra Modi
Prairie Restoration and it
Prairie Restoration and it's Benefits to Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: Mitchell Renteria
Documentary on  Initiative  for Agricultural Productivity And Commercialization
Documentary on Initiative for Agricultural Productivity And Commercialization
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: ADRA Nepal
Innovative applications for Increasing Agriculture Productivity
Innovative applications for Increasing Agriculture Productivity
Published: 2016/05/16
Channel: hattharith hum
Agricultural Productivity, Food Security, and Trade
Agricultural Productivity, Food Security, and Trade
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Center for Strategic & International Studies
Crop Protection Contributions toward Agricultural Productivity
Crop Protection Contributions toward Agricultural Productivity
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST)
Te Punaha Seminar: Agricultural productivity & Environmental Sustainability with Brian Bell
Te Punaha Seminar: Agricultural productivity & Environmental Sustainability with Brian Bell
Published: 2012/06/26
Channel: MSINewZealand
Key Issues In Agricultural Financing, Risks, Productivity Pt.1 |Business Morning|
Key Issues In Agricultural Financing, Risks, Productivity Pt.1 |Business Morning|
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Channels Television
Key Issues In Agricultural Financing, Risks, Productivity Pt.2 |Business Morning|
Key Issues In Agricultural Financing, Risks, Productivity Pt.2 |Business Morning|
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Channels Television
NULL POINTER - Winner in Agricultural Productivity at National Hackathon 2016
NULL POINTER - Winner in Agricultural Productivity at National Hackathon 2016
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Md. Imran Choudhury
Conserving water and increased Agricultural Productivity - TVET
Conserving water and increased Agricultural Productivity - TVET
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: EU Pakistan
We Solve for X: Daphne Preuss on agricultural productivity
We Solve for X: Daphne Preuss on agricultural productivity
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: X, the moonshot factory
Treadle pumps for improved agricultural productivity
Treadle pumps for improved agricultural productivity
Published: 2007/10/07
Channel: Odziz
2012 Global Agricultural Productivity Report
2012 Global Agricultural Productivity Report
Published: 2013/02/13
Channel: Harvest2050
Supporting Agriculture Productivity in Afghanistan
Supporting Agriculture Productivity in Afghanistan
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: World Bank
Agricultural productivity: Q&A session
Agricultural productivity: Q&A session
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: ABARES Outlook 2014
Download Agricultural Productivity Measurement and Sources of Growth Studies in Productivity and Eff
Download Agricultural Productivity Measurement and Sources of Growth Studies in Productivity and Eff
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Amberly C.
Growing More Food: West African Agriculture Shows the Way
Growing More Food: West African Agriculture Shows the Way
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: World Bank
Agricultural Productivity & Food Security Conference - Shenggen Fan - Sept 23, 2011
Agricultural Productivity & Food Security Conference - Shenggen Fan - Sept 23, 2011
Published: 2011/09/26
Channel: IFPRI
Download Agricultural Productivity Growth in Sub Saharan Africa Malmquist and Stochastic Frontier Ap
Download Agricultural Productivity Growth in Sub Saharan Africa Malmquist and Stochastic Frontier Ap
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: B. Grania
TIS Conference: Agricultural Productivity and Off-Farm Employment Q+A (2.1)
TIS Conference: Agricultural Productivity and Off-Farm Employment Q+A (2.1)
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: UNU-WIDER
Agricultural Productivity & Food Security Conference - Namanga Ngongi
Agricultural Productivity & Food Security Conference - Namanga Ngongi
Published: 2011/11/02
Channel: IFPRI
Stakeholders advise government on strategies to increase productivity in agriculture
Stakeholders advise government on strategies to increase productivity in agriculture
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: NTVUganda
Indian Agriculture: Problem of Perception
Indian Agriculture: Problem of Perception
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: Admin CCFI
The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program in Senegal
The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program in Senegal
Published: 2015/01/06
Channel: WAAPP PPAAO
Agricultural Productivity & Food Security Conference - Thomas Jayne, MSU
Agricultural Productivity & Food Security Conference - Thomas Jayne, MSU
Published: 2011/11/21
Channel: IFPRI
Nepad: Low funding is undermining agricultural productivity
Nepad: Low funding is undermining agricultural productivity
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: KBC Channel 1
Robert Henry: Innovations for agricultural productivity
Robert Henry: Innovations for agricultural productivity
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: ABARES Outlook 2014
Gov. Fua - SOPA 2012 (Part 1 - Livestock and agricultural productivity)
Gov. Fua - SOPA 2012 (Part 1 - Livestock and agricultural productivity)
Published: 2012/03/07
Channel: mcitbnx
Agricultural Productivity & Food Security Conference - Yusuf Abubakar
Agricultural Productivity & Food Security Conference - Yusuf Abubakar
Published: 2011/11/02
Channel: IFPRI
Use of science and technology emphasized in enhancing agricultural productivity
Use of science and technology emphasized in enhancing agricultural productivity
Published: 2016/09/05
Channel: KBC Channel 1
Pamela K. Anderson: "Agricultural Productivity in a Context of Intensifying Climate Change"
Pamela K. Anderson: "Agricultural Productivity in a Context of Intensifying Climate Change"
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: Chicago Council on Global Affairs
Boosting agricultural productivity through knowledge sharing
Boosting agricultural productivity through knowledge sharing
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Knowledge Sharing for Results
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Food production per capita since 1961
Grain production facilities

Agricultural productivity is measured as the ratio of agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs.[1] While individual products are usually measured by weight, their varying densities make measuring overall agricultural output difficult. Therefore, output is usually measured as the market value of final output, which excludes intermediate products such as corn feed used in the meat industry. This output value may be compared to many different types of inputs such as labour and land (yield). These are called partial measures of productivity.[citation needed]

Agricultural productivity may also be measured by what is termed total factor productivity (TFP). This method of calculating agricultural productivity compares an index of agricultural inputs to an index of outputs. This measure of agricultural productivity was established to remedy the shortcomings of the partial measures of productivity; notably that it is often hard to identify the factors cause them to change. Changes in TFP are usually attributed to technological improvements.[2]

Sources of agricultural productivity[edit]

Wheat yields in least developed countries since 1961. The steep rise in crop yields in the U.S. began in the 1940s. The percentage of growth was fastest in the early rapid growth stage. In developing countries maize yields are still rapidly rising.[3]

Some sources of agricultural productivity are:[4]

See: Productivity improving technologies (historical) Section: 2.4.1: Mechanization: Agriculture, Section 2.6: Scientific agriculture.

Importance of agricultural productivity[edit]

The productivity of a region's farms is important for many reasons. Aside from providing more food, increasing the productivity of farms affects the region's prospects for growth and competitiveness on the agricultural market, income distribution and savings, and labour migration. An increase in a region's agricultural productivity implies a more efficient distribution of scarce resources. As farmers adopt new techniques and differences, the more productive farmers benefit from an increase in their welfare while farmers who are not productive enough will exit the market to seek success elsewhere.[7]

A cooperative dairy factory in Victoria.

As a region's farms become more productive, its comparative advantage in agricultural products increases, which means that it can produce these products at a lower opportunity cost than can other regions. Therefore, the region becomes more competitive on the world market, which means that it can attract more consumers since they are able to buy more of the products offered for the same amount of money.

Increases in agricultural productivity lead also to agricultural growth and can help to alleviate poverty in poor and developing countries, where agriculture often employs the greatest portion of the population. As farms become more productive, the wages earned by those who work in agriculture increase. At the same time, food prices decrease and food supplies become more stable. Labourers therefore have more money to spend on food as well as other products. This also leads to agricultural growth. People see that there is a greater opportunity to earn their living by farming and are attracted to agriculture either as owners of farms themselves or as labourers.[8]

A liquid manure spreader.

However, it is not only the people employed in agriculture who benefit from increases in agricultural productivity. Those employed in other sectors also enjoy lower food prices and a more stable food supply. Their wages may also increase.[8]

Agricultural productivity is becoming increasingly important as the world population continues to grow. India, one of the world's most populous countries, has taken steps in the past decades to increase its land productivity. Forty years ago, North India produced only wheat, but with the advent of the earlier maturing high-yielding wheats and rices, the wheat could be harvested in time to plant rice. This wheat/rice combination is now widely used throughout the Punjab, Haryana, and parts of Uttar Pradesh. The wheat yield of three tons and rice yield of two tons combine for five tons of grain per hectare, helping to feed India's 1.1 billion people. To beat the challenges of Indian farmers like poor finances for agri-investment and real value of growing grains a new concept of e-Farming is being introduced by mykheti that gives a chance to everyone to be an e-Farmer to get the fresh fruits and vegetables direct from Khet/Farm at the cheapest and attracts everyone to invest in the pre-production of grains to share the profit with farmers. [9]

Agricultural productivity and sustainable development[edit]

Increase in agricultural productivity is often linked with questions about sustainability and sustainable development. Changes in agricultural practices necessarily bring changes in demands on resources. This means that as regions implement measures to increase the productivity of their farm land, they must also find ways to ensure that future generations will also have the resources they will need to live and thrive.

U.S. Agriculture productivity[edit]

An hour's work in 1998 bought 11 times as much chicken as in 1900. Shown this way includes the increase in overall buying power plus lowered costs from the farm to the consumer.

Between 1950 and 2000, during the so-called "second agricultural revolution of modern times", U.S. agricultural productivity rose fast, especially due to the development of new technologies. For example, the average amount of milk produced per cow increased from 5,314 pounds to 18,201 pounds per year (+242%), the average yield of corn rose from 39 bushels to 153 bushels per acre (+292%), and each farmer in 2000 produced on average 12 times as much farm output per hour worked as a farmer did in 1950.[10]

Productive farms[edit]

Some essential food products including bread, rice and pasta

For many farmers (especially in non-industrial countries) agricultural productivity may mean much more.[citation needed] A productive farm is one that provides most of the resources necessary for the farmer's family to live, such as food, fuel, fiber, healing plants, etc. It is a farm which ensures food security as well as a way to sustain the well-being of a community. This implies that a productive farm is also one which is able to ensure proper management of natural resources, such as biodiversity, soil, water, etc. For most farmers, a productive farm would also produce more goods than required for the community in order to allow trade.

Diversity in agricultural production is one key to productivity, as it enables risk management and preserves potentials for adaptation and change. Monoculture is an example of such a nondiverse production system. In a monocultural system a farmer may produce only crops, but no livestock, or only livestock and no crop.

The benefits of raising livestock, among others, are that it provides multiple goods, such as food, wool, hides, and transportation. It also has an important value in term of social relationships (such as gifts in weddings). In case of famine, when crops are not sufficient to ensure food safety, livestock can be used as food. Livestock may also provide manure, which can be used to fertilize cultivated soils, which increases soil productivity. On the other hand, in an agricultural system based only on raising livestock, food has to be bought from other farmers, and wastes produced cannot be easily disposed of. Production has many functions, and diversity is the foundation of such production. To ignore the complex functions provided by a farm is thought by many to turn agricultural production into a commodity.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Measuring Agricultural Productivity Using the Average Productivity Index (API) by Lal Mervin Dharmasiri [1]
  2. ^ Agricultural Investment and Productivity in Developing Countries, FAO Economic And Social Development Paper No. 148, ed. Lydia Zepeda, 2001, FAO Corporate Document Repository, 12 July 2007, http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X9447E/x9447e00.HTM.[2]
  3. ^ Fischer, R. A.; Byerlee, Eric; Edmeades, E. O. "Can Technology Deliver on the Yield Challenge to 2050" (PDF). Expert Meeting on How to Feed the World. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 
  4. ^ Egli, D.B. (2008). "Comparison of Corn and Soybean Yields in the United States: Historical Trends and Future Prospects". Agronomy. 100: S79–88. doi:10.2134/agronj2006.0286c. 
  5. ^ http://www.ipni.net/ipniweb/portal.nsf/0/35A687BDB628E999852572050049A51A International Plant Nutrition Institute
  6. ^ http://www.tfi.org/ The Fertilizer Institute
  7. ^ Mundlak, Yair, "Agricultural Productivity and Economic Policies: Concepts and Measurements," OECD Working Paper No. 75, OECD Development Center, August 1992, SourceOECD.org, 13 July 2007 http://miranda.sourceoecd.org/vl=4172647/cl=20/nw=1/rpsv/cgi-bin/wppdf?file=5lgsjhvj7g21.pdf (13–16).
  8. ^ a b Promoting Pro-Poor Growth: Agriculture, DAC Guidelines and Reference Series, Paris: OECD, 2006, OECD.org, 13 July 2007 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-17. Retrieved 2007-07-13.  (10).
  9. ^ Brown, Lester R. Plan B 2.0: Rescuing a Planet Under Stress an36353d a Civilization in Trouble. New York City: Earth Policy Institute, 2006.
  10. ^ FUGLIE, Keith O.; MacDONALD, James M. and BALL, Eldon.Productivity Growth in U.S. Agriculture. EB-9, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA), Econ. Res. Serv. September 2007. Available at: <http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/eb-economic-brief/eb9.aspx#.U8a32LEXtQs>. Accessed on: 01 Oct. 2011

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license