|• Governor||Hideaki Ōmura (since February 2011)|
|• Total||5,153.81 km2 (1,989.90 sq mi)|
|Population (May 1, 2016)|
|• Density||1,454.94/km2 (3,768.3/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-23|
|Flower||Kakitsubata (Iris laevigata)|
|Tree||Hananoki (Acer pycnanthum)|
|Bird||Scops-owl (Otus scops japonicus)|
|Fish||Kuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus)|
Aichi Prefecture (愛知県 Aichi-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region. The region of Aichi is also known as the Tōkai region. The capital is Nagoya. It is the focus of the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area.
Originally, the region was divided into the two provinces of Owari and Mikawa. After the Meiji Restoration, Owari and Mikawa were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system, Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula, was established as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture. Nagoya Prefecture was renamed to Aichi Prefecture in April 1872, and was united with Nukata Prefecture on November 27 of the same year.
The government of Aichi Prefecture is located in the Aichi Prefectural Government Office in Nagoya, which is the old capital of Owari.
In the third volume of the Man'yōshū there is a poem by Takechi Kurohito that reads: "The cry of the crane, calling to Sakurada; it sounds like the tide, draining from Ayuchi flats, hearing the crane cry". Ayuchi is the original form of the name Aichi, and the Fujimae tidal flat is all that remains of the earlier Ayuchi-gata. It is now a protected area.
For a time, an Aichi Station existed on the Kansai Line (at the time the Kansai Railway) between Nagoya and Hatta stations, but its role was overtaken by Sasashima-Live Station on the Aonami Line and Komeno Station on the Kintetsu Nagoya Line.
Located near the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu, Aichi Prefecture faces the Ise and Mikawa Bays to the south and borders Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Nagano Prefecture to the northeast, Gifu Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture to the west. It measures 106 km east to west and 94 km south to north and forms a major portion of the Nōbi Plain. With an area of 5,153.81 km2 it accounts for approximately 1.36% of the total surface area of Japan. The highest spot is Chausuyama at 1,415 m above sea level.
The western part of the prefecture is dominated by Nagoya, Japan's third largest city, and its suburbs, while the eastern part is less densely populated but still contains several major industrial centers. Due to its robust economy, for the period from October 2005 to October 2006, Aichi was the fastest growing prefecture in terms of population, beating Tokyo, at 7.4 per cent.
As of April 1, 2012, 17% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Aichi Kōgen, Hida-Kisogawa, Mikawa Wan, and Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Parks along with seven Prefectural Natural Parks.
Thirty-eight cities are located in Aichi Prefecture.
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Companies headquartered in Aichi include the following.
|Brother Industries, Ltd.||Nagoya|
|Central Japan Railway Company||Nagoya|
|Toyota Motor Corporation||Toyota|
As of 2001, Aichi Prefecture's population was 50.03% male and 49.97% female. 139,540 residents (nearly 2% of the population) are of foreign nationality.
|Age||% population||% male||% female|
|0 - 9||10.21||10.45||9.96|
|10 - 19||10.75||11.02||10.48|
|20 - 29||15.23||15.71||14.75|
|30 - 39||14.81||15.31||14.30|
|40 - 49||12.21||12.41||12.01|
|50 - 59||15.22||15.31||15.12|
|60 - 69||11.31||11.22||11.41|
|70 - 79||6.76||6.01||7.52|
The sports teams listed below are based in Aichi.
Notable sites in Aichi include the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum in Inuyama, which preserves historic buildings from Japan's Meiji and Taishō periods, including the reconstructed lobby of Frank Lloyd Wright's old Imperial Hotel (which originally stood in Tokyo from 1923 to 1967).
Because of Aichi's location along the Eastern seacoast, there are some scenic spots, but other than the Atsumi Peninsula surf beaches there are no significant beach destinations when compared to neighboring Shizuoka Prefecture. Most attractions are man-made destinations, dealing with the region's history or modern marvels.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aichi prefecture.|