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Amazing Airbus A400M Atlas steep Takeoff [HD]
Amazing Airbus A400M Atlas steep Takeoff [HD]
::2012/09/02::
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Airbus A400M Atlas at RIAT 20th July 2013
Airbus A400M Atlas at RIAT 20th July 2013
::2013/07/26::
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Airbus A400M Turkish Air Forces (Atlas) - Türk Hava Kuvvetleri A400M (Atlas)
Airbus A400M Turkish Air Forces (Atlas) - Türk Hava Kuvvetleri A400M (Atlas)
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Türk Hava Kuvvetleri A400M ATLAS - Turkish Air Force A400M ATLAS
Türk Hava Kuvvetleri A400M ATLAS - Turkish Air Force A400M ATLAS
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Airbus A400M Atlas amazing  takeoff capabilities!!!
Airbus A400M Atlas amazing takeoff capabilities!!!
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Première mission de l
Première mission de l'A400M Atlas
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Airbus A400M Atlas Wingover Farnborough 2014
Airbus A400M Atlas Wingover Farnborough 2014
::2014/07/18::
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Airbus A400M Atlas Farnborough 2014 (Tuesday)
Airbus A400M Atlas Farnborough 2014 (Tuesday)
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Airbus A400M Atlas Farnborough 2014 (Monday)
Airbus A400M Atlas Farnborough 2014 (Monday)
::2014/07/18::
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Best of tests Airbus A400M
Best of tests Airbus A400M
::2012/03/23::
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Airbus A400M Atlas Slow Motion
Airbus A400M Atlas Slow Motion
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Airbus Military A400M Atlas - Airbus Military - RIAT 2012 - NunosFlyingMachines.com (HD)
Airbus Military A400M Atlas - Airbus Military - RIAT 2012 - NunosFlyingMachines.com (HD)
::2012/07/15::
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Présentation de l
Présentation de l'A400M Atlas
::2014/05/07::
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RIAT 2014 Airbus A400M Atlas The Royal International Air Tattoo
RIAT 2014 Airbus A400M Atlas The Royal International Air Tattoo
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Airbus A400M Atlas
Airbus A400M Atlas
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Airbus A400M "Atlas" Bird Strike Landing Hamburg Finkenwerder
Airbus A400M "Atlas" Bird Strike Landing Hamburg Finkenwerder
::2012/11/14::
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RAF Waddington Air Show 2014 Friday - Turkish Airbus A400M Atlas / Grizzly take off
RAF Waddington Air Show 2014 Friday - Turkish Airbus A400M Atlas / Grizzly take off
::2014/07/04::
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RIAT 2013 Airbus A400M Atlas The Royal International Air Tattoo
RIAT 2013 Airbus A400M Atlas The Royal International Air Tattoo
::2013/07/21::
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Airbus A400M Atlas Display at RAF Fairford RIAT 2014
Airbus A400M Atlas Display at RAF Fairford RIAT 2014
::2014/08/23::
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Amazing Short Landing Capability of Airbus A400M Atlas
Amazing Short Landing Capability of Airbus A400M Atlas
::2014/01/04::
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Airbus A400M Atlas Landing Farnborough Airshow (2010)
Airbus A400M Atlas Landing Farnborough Airshow (2010)
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Airbus A400M Atlas- Alaska Mountain Ridge Flying FSX
Airbus A400M Atlas- Alaska Mountain Ridge Flying FSX
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Airbus A400M Atlas
Airbus A400M Atlas
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Airbus A400M Atlas flying Display at RIAT 2013 Sunday 21 July Airshow
Airbus A400M Atlas flying Display at RIAT 2013 Sunday 21 July Airshow
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Airbus A400M Atlas - Salon du Bourget 2013 - By JMCV-RD 2013
Airbus A400M Atlas - Salon du Bourget 2013 - By JMCV-RD 2013
::2013/07/03::
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Airbus A400M Atlas à la Réunion Aéroport Roland Garros,DA181
Airbus A400M Atlas à la Réunion Aéroport Roland Garros,DA181
::2014/09/01::
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Airbus Defence and Space A400M Atlas transport aircraft displays ahead of delivery to the UK’s Royal
Airbus Defence and Space A400M Atlas transport aircraft displays ahead of delivery to the UK’s Royal
::2014/08/06::
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Airbus A400M - Demonstration of manoeuvrability
Airbus A400M - Demonstration of manoeuvrability
::2013/07/24::
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Airbus A400M Atlas unpaved runway trials
Airbus A400M Atlas unpaved runway trials
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Airbus A400M Atlas arrival with at RIAT 2014 Friday 11 July Air Show
Airbus A400M Atlas arrival with at RIAT 2014 Friday 11 July Air Show
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Airbus Military A400M "Grizzly / Atlas" - 2014 Impressive Defensive Flares Testing [HD 1080p]
Airbus Military A400M "Grizzly / Atlas" - 2014 Impressive Defensive Flares Testing [HD 1080p]
::2014/06/10::
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Farnborough Airshow 2014 - Airbus A400M Atlas
Farnborough Airshow 2014 - Airbus A400M Atlas
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Airbus A400M Atlas flying display at Farnborough Airshow 2014 F-WWMZ
Airbus A400M Atlas flying display at Farnborough Airshow 2014 F-WWMZ
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Paris Air Show 2013: Airbus A400M Atlas
Paris Air Show 2013: Airbus A400M Atlas
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Turkish Airbus A400M Atlas leaving Waddington 2014
Turkish Airbus A400M Atlas leaving Waddington 2014
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Airbus A400M Atlas arrival at RIAT 2013 Thursday 18 July Airshow
Airbus A400M Atlas arrival at RIAT 2013 Thursday 18 July Airshow
::2014/01/13::
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ILA 2012 Airbus A400M "Atlas" Flying Display
ILA 2012 Airbus A400M "Atlas" Flying Display
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Airbus A400M Atlas Rehearsal Display RIAT 2013 Friday 19 July Airshow
Airbus A400M Atlas Rehearsal Display RIAT 2013 Friday 19 July Airshow
::2013/10/30::
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Airbus A400M ATLAS being flown like a fighter – Farnborough 2014
Airbus A400M ATLAS being flown like a fighter – Farnborough 2014
::2014/07/24::
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Airbus A400M Atlas flying Display at RIAT 2013 Saturday 20 July Airshow
Airbus A400M Atlas flying Display at RIAT 2013 Saturday 20 July Airshow
::2014/01/01::
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Airbus A400M Atlas F-WWMZ Takeoff Hamburg Finkenwerder
Airbus A400M Atlas F-WWMZ Takeoff Hamburg Finkenwerder
::2012/11/15::
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RIAT Royal International Air Tattoo Arrivals - RAF Fairford 2013 - Airbus A400M Atlas Grizzly
RIAT Royal International Air Tattoo Arrivals - RAF Fairford 2013 - Airbus A400M Atlas Grizzly
::2013/07/18::
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RIAT 2013 Airbus A400M Atlas with RAF Red Arrows Flypast
RIAT 2013 Airbus A400M Atlas with RAF Red Arrows Flypast
::2014/02/17::
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AIRBUS A400M ATLAS flying during RIAT, RAF FAIRFORD
AIRBUS A400M ATLAS flying during RIAT, RAF FAIRFORD
::2013/07/23::
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The Airbus A400M Atlas landing Royal Air Force Fairford Airport during RIAT
The Airbus A400M Atlas landing Royal Air Force Fairford Airport during RIAT
::2013/07/23::
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Airbus A400M Atlas, Amazing Short Landing Capability  RIAT720p H 264 AAC
Airbus A400M Atlas, Amazing Short Landing Capability RIAT720p H 264 AAC
::2013/12/23::
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Airbus A400M Atlas takeoff at Farnborough Airshow 2014 F-WWMZ
Airbus A400M Atlas takeoff at Farnborough Airshow 2014 F-WWMZ
::2014/07/23::
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Airbus A400M Atlas ~ RIAT 2014-07-12
Airbus A400M Atlas ~ RIAT 2014-07-12
::2014/07/16::
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Airbus A400M
Airbus A400M 'Atlas' Leaving Farnborough International Airshow 2012
::2012/07/16::
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Airbus A400M Atlas and the RAF Red Arrows Flyby RIAT 2013 Airshow
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A400M Atlas
A400M-1969.jpg
The second prototype A400M, Grizzly 2, at the 2010 Farnborough Airshow
Role Strategic/tactical airlift
Manufacturer Airbus Military
First flight 11 December 2009[1]
Introduction 2013
Status In service
Primary users French Air Force
Turkish Air Force

See Operators below for orders

Produced 2007–present
Number built 11
Unit cost
€152.4m[2](FY 2013) (France)

The Airbus A400M Atlas[3][4] is a multi-national four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft. It was designed by Airbus Military as a tactical airlifter with strategic capabilities.[5] The aircraft's maiden flight, originally planned for 2008, took place on 11 December 2009 from Seville, Spain.[1]

A total of 174 A400M aircraft have been ordered by eight nations as of July 2011.[6] The A400M received certification in March 2013. The first aircraft was delivered to the French Air Force in August 2013.

Development[edit]

Origins[edit]

The project began as the Future International Military Airlifter (FIMA) group, set up in 1982 by Aérospatiale, British Aerospace (BAe), Lockheed, and Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) to develop a replacement for the C-130 Hercules and Transall C-160.[7] Varying requirements and the complications of international politics caused slow progress. In 1989 Lockheed left the grouping and went on to develop an upgraded Hercules, the C-130J Super Hercules. With the addition of Alenia of Italy and CASA of Spain the FIMA group became Euroflag.

The A400M is positioned as an intermediate size between the Lockheed C-130 and the Boeing C-17. Originally the SNECMA M138 turboprop (based on the M88 core) was selected to power the A400M. Airbus Military issued a new request for proposal (RFP) in April 2002, after which Pratt & Whitney Canada with the PW180 and Europrop International answered; the latter was a new design. In May 2003, Airbus Military selected the Europrop TP400-D6, reportedly due to political interference over the PW180 engine.[8][9]

The partner nations – France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Belgium, and Luxembourg – signed an agreement in May 2003 to buy 212 aircraft.[citation needed] These nations decided to charge the Organisation for Joint Armament Cooperation (OCCAR) with the management of the acquisition of the A400M.

Following the withdrawal of Italy and revision of procurement totals the revised requirement was for 180 aircraft, with first flight in 2008 and first delivery in 2009. On 28 April 2005, South Africa joined the partnership programme with the state-owned Denel Saab Aerostructures receiving a contract for fuselage components.[10]

Into production[edit]

The first A400M, surrounded by EADS employees, during the aircraft's world presentation (roll-out), celebrated in Seville on 26 June 2008.

The A400M assembly at the Seville plant of EADS Spain started in the first quarter of 2007. Airbus plans to manufacture thirty aircraft per year.[11] The major assemblies arrive by Airbus Beluga transporters. The four Europrop TP400-D6 flight test engines were delivered in late February 2008 for the first A400M.[12] Static structural testing of an A400M test airframe began on 12 March 2008 in Spain.[13]

The first flight, originally scheduled for the first quarter of 2008, was postponed due to program delays, schedule adjustments and financial pressures. EADS announced in early January 2008 that continued development problems with the engines had resulted in a delay to the second quarter of 2008 before the first engine test flights on a C-130 testbed aircraft. The first flight of the aircraft, previously scheduled for July 2008, had again been postponed. Civil certification under European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) CS-25 will be followed later by certification for military purposes. The A400M was "rolled out" in Seville on 26 June 2008 at an event presided by King Juan Carlos I of Spain.[14] On 12 January 2011, serial production of the A400M for its first customers started.[15]

Development problems[edit]

On 9 January 2009, EADS announced that the first delivery had been postponed until at least 2012. EADS also indicated that it wanted to renegotiate "certain technical characteristics" of the aircraft.[16] EADS has long maintained the first deliveries would begin three years after the A400M's first flight. The German newspaper Financial Times Deutschland has closely followed the A400M program and reported on 12 January 2009 that the aircraft is overweight by 12 tons and may not be able to achieve a critical performance requirement, the ability to airlift 32 tons. Sources told FTD at the time that the aircraft could only lift 29 tons, which is insufficient to carry a modern armored infantry fighting vehicle (like the Puma).[17] The FTD report prompted the chief of the German Air Force to say, "That is a disastrous development," and could delay deliveries to the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) until 2014.[18] The Initial Operational Capability (IOC) for the Luftwaffe is delayed at least until 2017. This leads the political planning to potential alternatives in the shape of a higher integration of European airlift capabilities.[19] The OCCAR reminded the participating countries that they can terminate the contract before 31 March 2009.[20]

On 29 March 2009, Airbus CEO Thomas Enders told Der Spiegel magazine that the program may need to be abandoned without changes.[21] Then on 3 April 2009 the South African Air Force announced that it would start considering alternatives to the A400M due to postponed production and increased cost.[22] On 5 November 2009, South Africa announced it was cancelling the order citing increased cost and delivery delays.[23] On 12 June, The New York Times reported that Germany and France had delayed the decision whether or not to cancel their orders for another six months, while the UK still planned to decide at the end of June. The NYT also quoted a report to the French Senate from February 2009, according to which "the A400M is €5 billion over budget, 3 to 4 years behind schedule, [...] aerospace experts estimate it is also costing Airbus between €1 billion and €1.5 billion a year."[24]

The shortage of military transports caused by the A400M delay led the UK to lease, and subsequently purchase, eight C-17s. France and Germany have also been considering other aircraft, as all three countries need to support their operations in Afghanistan.[25] The ADS Group has warned that shifting the British orders to American aircraft for the short term budget savings would cost much more over time in missed civil and military aerospace business, because they say that the technologies used in the A400M would be a bridge to the next generation of civilian aircraft.[26] In June 2009, Lockheed Martin said that both United Kingdom and France had asked for technical details on the C-130J as an alternative to the A400M.[27]

The first A400M in Seville, Spain on 11 December 2009, before its maiden flight

Airbus acknowledged in 2009 that the program is expected to lose at least €2.4 billion and cannot break even without sales outside NATO countries.[8] A PricewaterhouseCoopers audit of the program projected that it would run €11.2 billion over budget unless corrective measures were taken, which would result in an overrun of only €7.6 billion.[28] On 24 July 2009, the seven European nations announced that they would continue with the A400M program, and form a joint procurement agency to renegotiate the contract with EADS.[29][30] The ministers of the seven European launch customers were supposed to meet 15 October 2009 in Germany to approve a new timetable, configuration and financial terms for the A400M airlifter.[31] On 14 October 2009, French Ministry of Defence spokesman Laurent Teisseire, announced this meeting had been postponed.[32]

On 9 December 2009, the Financial Times reported that Airbus has asked for an additional €5 billion subsidy to complete the project.[33] On 5 January 2010, Airbus repeated that the A400M program may be scrapped, costing Airbus €5.7 billion unless €5.3 billion was added by partner governments.[34] On 11 January 2010, Tom Enders, Airbus chief executive, stated that he was prepared to cancel production of the A400M if European governments did not provide more funding. Delays to the A400M project had already increased its budget by 25%.[35]

On 5 November 2010, Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain and Turkey finalised the contract and agreed to lend Airbus Military €1.5 billion. The program is at least three years behind schedule. The deal, however, meant also that the UK reduced its order from 25 to 22 aircraft and Germany from 60 to 53, decreasing the total order from 180 to 170.[36] In 2013 France's budget for 50 aircraft was €8.9bn (~US$11.7bn) at a unit cost of €152.4m (~US$200m), or €178m (~US$235m) including development costs.[2] The 2013 French White Paper on Defence and National Security cut their requirement for tactical transport aircraft from 70 to 50; since this includes their special forces' C-130 and C-160, the French envisage their A400M order will be cut to 35-40 in the 2014-19 budget.[37]

Flight testing[edit]

Before the first flight, the company obtained the required hours of airborne test time on the engines using a C-130 testbed aircraft.[38][39] The first flight of the C-130 testbed occurred on 17 December 2008.[40] The A400M's maiden flight was carried out from Seville on 11 December 2009.[1] The first A400M had flown 39 hours of test flights as of 9 March 2010.[41] The second test aircraft's engines were tested on 18 March 2010 prior to it beginning test flights.[42] The second A400M completed its first flight on 8 April 2010.[43] The third A400M took to the air in July 2010. With this flight the three A400Ms have taken more than 100 flights, totaling 400 hours.[44]

The first A400M on final approach, during its fourth flight on 15 January 2010

In July 2010, the A400M passed a key test: ultimate-load testing of the wing.[45] On 28 October 2010, Airbus Military announced that it was about to start refuelling and air-drop tests.[46] By late October 2010 the A400M had flown 672 hours of the 2,700 hours expected to reach certification. Cold weather testing is to be performed in either Canada or Sweden.[47] In November 2010, the first paratroop jumps were performed from the A400M. Notably Airbus CEO Tom Enders and the A400M project manager Bruno Delannoy were among the group of skydivers in the test.[48][49] In December 2010, the A400M fleet's flight time has risen to 965 hours.[50] A400M number four joined the test fleet with its first flight of over five hours on 20 December 2010.[51]

In late 2010, simulated icing tests were performed on the MSN1 flight test aircraft using devices installed on the leading edges of the wing.[52] These revealed an aerodynamic issue causing buffeting of the horizontal tail, and necessitated a six-week retrofit of the aircraft to install anti-icing equipment fed with engine bleed air.[52] Production aircraft will be eventually fitted with this anti-icing system.[52]

Winter tests were done in Kiruna, Sweden during February 2011.[53] By April 2011, a total of 1,400 flight hours over 450 flights had been achieved.[54] In May 2011 the A400M's EPI TP400-D6 engine received certification from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).[55] In May 2011, the A400M fleet had totaled 1,600 hours over 500 flights; by September 2011, the total increased to 2,100 hours and 684 flights.[56]

Due to a problem with the gearbox the A400M did not fly demonstrations at the 2011 Paris Air Show. It was shown on static display instead.[57] By October 2011, the total flight hours had reached 2,380 over 784 flights. A minor problem that occurred during a test for landing on a wet runway led to reconstruction of parts of the main landing gear door. A link on the main landing gear door structure broke after water forced its way through a gap between the structure and a rub pad.[58]

High altitude start and landing tests were performed at La Paz at 4,061.5 m (13,325 ft) and Cochabamba at 2,548 m (8,360 feet) in Bolivia in March 2012.[59][60][61][62]

The MSN2 flight test aircraft was due to spend the week of 22 May 2012 conducting unpaved runway trials on a grass strip at Cottbus-Drewitz Airport in Germany.[63] However, this testing was cut short on 23 May, when, during a rejected takeoff test, the left side main wheels broke through the runway surface. Despite the minor incident, Airbus Military expressed the opinion that overall, "the aircraft's general behaviour" on the grass strip was "excellent". The aircraft was extricated undamaged and returned to Toulouse.[63]

With the success of the flight tests, the A400M received its Type Certification from the European Aviation Safety Agency on 14 March 2013.[64] The first aircraft was delivered to the French Air Force on 1 August 2013 and handed over during a ceremony on 30 September 2013.[65][66]

The first Turkish A400M took off from Seville on 9 August 2013 for a maiden flight of 5 hours 30 minutes.[67]

Design[edit]

A400M landing gear display at Paris Air Show, 2007

The Airbus A400M will increase the airlift capacity and range compared with the aircraft it was originally set to replace, the older versions of the Hercules and Transall. Cargo capacity is expected to double over existing aircraft, both in payload and volume, and range is increased substantially as well. The cargo box is 17.71 m long excluding ramp, 4.00 m wide, and 3.85 m high (or 4.00 m aft of the wing).[68] and the ramp is 5.40 m long.[citation needed]

The A400M will operate in many configurations including cargo transport, troop transport, medical evacuation, aerial refuelling, and electronic surveillance.[citation needed] The aircraft is intended for use on short, soft landing strips and for long-range, cargo transport flights.[69]

Hamilton Sundstrand propeller for Airbus A400M at the Paris Air Show 2009

It features a fly-by-wire flight control system with sidestick controllers and flight envelope protection. Like other Airbus aircraft, the A400M will have a full glass cockpit (all information accessed through large colour screens) and as such will represent a technological leap compared to the older C-130s and C-160s that many countries now operate.[citation needed]

The A400M's wings are primarily carbon fibre reinforced plastic. The eight-bladed Scimitar propeller is also made from a woven composite material. The aircraft is powered by four Europrop TP400-D6 engines rated at 8,250 kW (11,000 hp) each.[70] The TP400-D6 engine is to be the most powerful turboprop engine in the West to enter operational use.[55] One of the few propeller powered aircraft with swept wings, the turboprops provide an efficient cruise speed of 780 km/h (480 mph) which falls between the C-130 and the jet-powered C-17.[citation needed]

The pair of propellers on each wing of the A400M turn in opposite directions, with the tips of the propellers advancing from above towards the midpoint between the two engines. This is in contrast to the overwhelming majority of multi-engine propeller driven aircraft where all propellers on the same wing turn in the same direction. The counter-rotation is achieved by the use of a gearbox fitted to two of the engines, and only the propeller turns the opposite direction; all four engines are identical and turn in the same direction which eliminates the need to have two different "handed" engines on stock for the same aircraft, which simplifies maintenance and supply costs. This configuration, dubbed DBE (Down Between Engines), allows the aircraft to produce more lift and lessens the torque and prop wash on each wing. It also reduces yaw in the event of an outboard engine failure.[71]

A400M showing its counter-rotating propellers on each wing

EADS and Thales will provide the new Multi-Colour Infrared Alerting Sensor (MIRAS) missile warning sensor for the A400M.[72][73]

The A400M has a removable refuelling probe mounted above the cockpit to allow the aircraft to receive fuel from drogue equipped tankers.[74] Optionally, the receiving probe can be replaced with a fuselage mounted UARRSI receptacle for receiving fuel from boom equipped tankers.[75] The aircraft can also act as a tanker when fitted with two wing mounted hose and drogue under-wing refuelling pods or a centre-line Hose and Drum unit.[74]

Operational history[edit]

A400M flying during the Royal International Air Tattoo (RIAT) 2010

The French Air Force used the A400M on its first operational mission, a flight to Mali, on 29 December 2013.[76][77]

Exports[edit]

South Africa[edit]

In December 2004, South Africa announced it would purchase eight A400Ms at a cost of approximately €837 million, with the nation joining the Airbus Military team as an industrial partner. Deliveries were expected from 2010 to 2012.[78][79] In 2009, South Africa cancelled all eight aircraft, citing increasing costs. On 29 November 2011 Airbus Military reached an agreement to refund pre-delivery payments worth €837 million to Armscor.[80]

Canada[edit]

Airbus Military made a bid in 2006 to supply Canada with the A400M to meet a tender request for 17 new tactical airlifters to replace its old Lockheed C-130E models.[81] Canada ordered four Boeing C-17 Globemaster IIIs and 17 Lockheed C-130J Super Hercules instead.[82]

Others[edit]

In July 2005, the Chilean Air Force signed a Memorandum of understanding for three aircraft,[83] but no order has been placed; Chile began talks on buying the Brazilian Embraer KC-390.[84]

In December 2005, the Royal Malaysian Air Force ordered four A400Ms to supplement its fleet of Lockheed C-130 Hercules.[85][86]

In 2009, the United States Air Force Air Mobility Command requested information on the A400M; the company responded with a proposal for 118 A400Ms.[87]

Variants[edit]

A400M Grizzly
Five prototype and development aircraft, a sixth aircraft was cancelled.
A400M-180 Atlas
Production variant

Operators[edit]

Artist's impression of the A400M in German Air Force livery

Orders[edit]

Date Country Orders Entry into service
date
Notes
27 May 2003  Germany 53 Expected November 2014 Order reduced from 60 to 53 (plus 7 options),[88] and will try to resell 13, leaving 40.[89]
 France 50 August 2013 Two aircraft delivered during 2013.[90]
 Spain 27 Expected 2016 Original budget of €3,453M increased to €5,493M in 2010.[91] Requirement reduced to 14 aircraft and will try to resell the remaining 13.[92]
 United Kingdom 22 First aircraft to be delivered in September 2014[93] Order reduced from 25 to "at least 22".[94]
 Turkey 10 First aircraft delivered in April 2014[95][96] A400M deliveries to be completed by 2018.[97][98]
 Belgium 7 Expected 2018–20
 Luxembourg 1 Expected 2019
December 2004  South Africa 0 N/A Order of 8 units cancelled
8 December 2005  Malaysia 4[85] Expected 2015 Only non-European country to purchase the A400M
Total: 174

Specifications[edit]

Airbus A400M silhouettes
Operational range of A400M with 20-tonne (44,000 lb) and 30-tonne (66,000 lb) payloads, flown from Paris, France

Data from Airbus Military specifications[99]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3 or 4 (2 pilots, 3rd optional, 1 loadmaster)
  • Capacity: 37,000 kg (81,600 lb)
    • 116 fully equipped troops / paratroops,
    • up to 66 stretchers accompanied by 25 medical personnel
  • Length: 45.1 m (148 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 42.4 m (139 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 14.7 m (48 ft 3 in)
  • Empty weight: 76,500 kg (168,654 lb) ; operating weight[100]
  • Max takeoff weight: 141,000 kg (310,852 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 50,500 kg (111,330 lb) internal fuel
  • Max landing weight: 122,000 kg (268,963 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Europrop TP400-D6[101] turboprop, 8,250 kW (11,060 hp) each
  • Propellers: 8-bladed Ratier-Figeac FH385 and FH386 variable pitch tractor propellers with feathering and reversing capability (FH385 anticlockwise on engines 2 and 4, FH386 clockwise on engines 1 and 3)[102], 5.3 m (17 ft 5 in) diameter

Performance

  • Cruising speed: 780 km/h (485 mph; 421 kn) (Mach 0.68–0.72)
  • Initial cruise altitude: at MTOW: 9,000 m (29,000 ft)
  • Range: 3,298 km (2,049 mi; 1,781 nmi) at max payload (long range cruise speed; reserves as per MIL-C-5011A)
    • Range at 30-tonne payload: 4,540 km (2,450 nmi)
    • Range at 20-tonne payload: 6,390 km (3,450 nmi)
  • Ferry range: 8,710 km (5,412 mi; 4,703 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 11,300 m (37,073 ft)
  • Tactical takeoff distance: 980 m (3,215 ft) (aircraft weight 100 tonnes, soft field, ISA, sea level)
  • Tactical landing distance: 770 m (2,526 ft) (as above)
  • Turning radius (ground): 28.6 m

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Updated- Pictures & Video: Airbus celebrates as A400M gets airborne." Flight International, 11 December 2009. Retrieved: 1 July 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Projet de loi de finances pour 2014 : Défense : équipement des forces" (in French). Senate of France. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 2014-08-30. 
  3. ^ "A400M naming ceremony at RIAT." Airbus Military, 6 July 2012. Retrieved: 6 July 2012.
  4. ^ Hoyle, Craig. "RIAT: A400M reborn as 'Atlas'." Flightglobal.com, 6 July 2012. Retrieved: 6 July 2012.
  5. ^ "RAF – A400m." RAF, MOD. Retrieved: 15 May 2010.
  6. ^ "A400M Contract Amendment Finalised With Customer Nations." Airbus Military. Retrieved: 9 September 2011.
  7. ^ Hewson, R. The Vital Guide to Military Aircraft, 2nd ed. Airlife Press, Ltd. 2001.
  8. ^ a b "Airbus Transport Is Almost Ready for Takeoff ". Wall Street Journal, 2 December 2009.
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