Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Aircraft registration
Aircraft registration
Published: 2014/08/09
Channel: Audiopedia
3  Aircraft Nationality & Registration Marks
3 Aircraft Nationality & Registration Marks
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: Robert Kowalski
Pushing Back An A340-600 in Munich | World
Pushing Back An A340-600 in Munich | World's Longest Airbus Aircraft!
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Dantorp Aviation
FAA UAS Registration Frequently Asked Questions
FAA UAS Registration Frequently Asked Questions
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: modelaircraft
ATPL Training / Air Law #13 Aircraft Nationality & Registration Marks
ATPL Training / Air Law #13 Aircraft Nationality & Registration Marks
Published: 2016/12/25
Channel: Aviation Training Network
How to change aircraft Certification/Registration tail number
How to change aircraft Certification/Registration tail number
Published: 2014/01/23
Channel: DIY With Michael Borders
Malta Is A Very Favourable Location For Aircraft Registration
Malta Is A Very Favourable Location For Aircraft Registration
Published: 2013/03/06
Channel: ACS Malta
Can I send in my aircraft registration renewal application early?
Can I send in my aircraft registration renewal application early?
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Advocate Consulting Legal Group, PLLC
How do I register my aircraft with the FAA?
How do I register my aircraft with the FAA?
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Advocate Consulting Legal Group, PLLC
When is it time to renew an aircraft’s registration?
When is it time to renew an aircraft’s registration?
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Advocate Consulting Legal Group, PLLC
Malta Is A Very Strong Jurisdiction For Aircraft Registration
Malta Is A Very Strong Jurisdiction For Aircraft Registration
Published: 2013/03/06
Channel: ACS Malta
1.01 Airlaw. Part 02 - Aircraft airworthiness and registration
1.01 Airlaw. Part 02 - Aircraft airworthiness and registration
Published: 2016/09/03
Channel: Flight courses
AIRCRAFT NATIONALITY & REGISTRATION MARK | TRAVEL TERMINOLOGY
AIRCRAFT NATIONALITY & REGISTRATION MARK | TRAVEL TERMINOLOGY
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: TRAVEL TERMINOLOGY - DELHI TRAVEL GUIDE
DJI GO App - Activating Your DJI Aircraft
DJI GO App - Activating Your DJI Aircraft
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: DJI Support
Aircraft stencils decals plackards design  cessna, warbirds markings registration 01
Aircraft stencils decals plackards design cessna, warbirds markings registration 01
Published: 2011/11/12
Channel: Sam Chamas
How To Register Your Drone! - Tutorial (FAA Registration)
How To Register Your Drone! - Tutorial (FAA Registration)
Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: DroneDude
ILLEGAL AIRCRAFT’S REGISTRATION, ORIGIN YET TO BE DETERMINED – GCAA 8 15 2017
ILLEGAL AIRCRAFT’S REGISTRATION, ORIGIN YET TO BE DETERMINED – GCAA 8 15 2017
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: TVG Evening News
Sport Pilot: Pilot Certification - Certification, Registration and Marking of Light-Sport Aircraft
Sport Pilot: Pilot Certification - Certification, Registration and Marking of Light-Sport Aircraft
Published: 2012/10/11
Channel: FAA Safety Team Central Florida
Offshore Aircraft Registration
Offshore Aircraft Registration
Published: 2011/09/29
Channel: BCProductions DC
Decommissioned Myanmar Airways Fokker F27-600 Friendship. Aicraft registration XY-AEW. (HD video)
Decommissioned Myanmar Airways Fokker F27-600 Friendship. Aicraft registration XY-AEW. (HD video)
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: Taoistdaz
Close Calls, Safety Risks Spur Feds To Require Registration For Drone Aircraft
Close Calls, Safety Risks Spur Feds To Require Registration For Drone Aircraft
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: CBS Los Angeles
Recent Amendments to the Aircraft Registration Act (Part 1)
Recent Amendments to the Aircraft Registration Act (Part 1)
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: GANADO Advocates
2nd Annual Offshore Aircraft Registration Symposium 2012
2nd Annual Offshore Aircraft Registration Symposium 2012
Published: 2012/06/26
Channel: BCProductions DC
Recent Amendments to the Aircraft Registration Act (Part 2)
Recent Amendments to the Aircraft Registration Act (Part 2)
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: GANADO Advocates
How to License Your Homebuilt Aircraft Video by HomebuiltHELP
How to License Your Homebuilt Aircraft Video by HomebuiltHELP
Published: 2011/03/21
Channel: actechbooks
B Aircraft Registration
B Aircraft Registration
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Weather24 Live
STRUCK DOWN: FAA Registration Rule Around Model Aircraft
STRUCK DOWN: FAA Registration Rule Around Model Aircraft
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Flash Forward RC
Air Seychelles celebrates the registration of the first Airbus A330 aircraft "Aldabra"
Air Seychelles celebrates the registration of the first Airbus A330 aircraft "Aldabra"
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: Air Seychelles
FAA Registration Stickers For Drone, Quadcopter, UAS, UAV
FAA Registration Stickers For Drone, Quadcopter, UAS, UAV
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: JTO2GO
#DroneEnable UTM – Registration, identification and tracking
#DroneEnable UTM – Registration, identification and tracking
Published: 2017/09/23
Channel: ICAO - The International Civil Aviation Organization
AMA Response to FAA Registration Mandate of Hobby Drones & RC Aircraft
AMA Response to FAA Registration Mandate of Hobby Drones & RC Aircraft
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: DroneLaw.Pro
How to Register a Drone with the FAA | How to Legally Own Your Drone
How to Register a Drone with the FAA | How to Legally Own Your Drone
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Autel Robotics
Drone Registration The Basics
Drone Registration The Basics
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: Robert Wilson
Drone operators will be required to register aircraft
Drone operators will be required to register aircraft
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: USA TODAY
EVA Air A330-300 Aircraft Model in " Bad Badtz Maru" Livery Unboxing #7
EVA Air A330-300 Aircraft Model in " Bad Badtz Maru" Livery Unboxing #7
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Y.V. Aviation
Rossiya Airlines B747-400 in "Tiger" Livery Aircraft Model Unboxing #5
Rossiya Airlines B747-400 in "Tiger" Livery Aircraft Model Unboxing #5
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Y.V. Aviation
Singapore airlines A350-900XWB aircraft collection
Singapore airlines A350-900XWB aircraft collection
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: Singapore ✈ A350ULR
Will the FAA notify owners when it is time to renew registration?
Will the FAA notify owners when it is time to renew registration?
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Advocate Consulting Legal Group, PLLC
TIP: DJI Phantom 3 FAA Drone Registration and Regulations
TIP: DJI Phantom 3 FAA Drone Registration and Regulations
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: Desert Drone
How to Register an Aircraft
How to Register an Aircraft
Published: 2011/02/07
Channel: efsconsultants
Drone registration Oklahoma
Drone registration Oklahoma
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: Registration For Drones
Tivat Airport LYTV/TIV Tower View - Montenegro Airlines Embraer 195LR Landing
Tivat Airport LYTV/TIV Tower View - Montenegro Airlines Embraer 195LR Landing
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: EdoStuff CroHD Aviation
New Livery!! Qantas B737-800 landing into Stunning Sydney Airport
New Livery!! Qantas B737-800 landing into Stunning Sydney Airport
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: One World Flyer
What is the International Aircraft Registry?
What is the International Aircraft Registry?
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Advocate Consulting Legal Group, PLLC
QANTAS Domestic Aircraft Rainy Planespotting At Brisbane Airport
QANTAS Domestic Aircraft Rainy Planespotting At Brisbane Airport
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: SEQ Spotting and Travels
Cloudster all wood ultralight aircraft kit from Simplex Aeroplanes
Cloudster all wood ultralight aircraft kit from Simplex Aeroplanes
Published: 2012/11/24
Channel: Light Sport and Ultralight Flyer
Shell Aircraft Dassault Falcon 7X takeoff from EHRD
Shell Aircraft Dassault Falcon 7X takeoff from EHRD
Published: 2015/05/23
Channel: BrielleMedia
The Malta Aircraft Registry Offers An Excellent Business Opportunity
The Malta Aircraft Registry Offers An Excellent Business Opportunity
Published: 2013/03/06
Channel: ACS Malta
GREEN ENERGY Aircraft takes off in historic around the world flight
GREEN ENERGY Aircraft takes off in historic around the world flight
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
Avro Vulcan XH558 strategic nuclear bomber aircraft - Great Britain AIR FORCES
Avro Vulcan XH558 strategic nuclear bomber aircraft - Great Britain AIR FORCES
Published: 2015/12/20
Channel: LA MAGRA
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A Van's Aircraft RV-7 displaying registration G-KELS. The G prefix denotes a civil aircraft registered in the United Kingdom
Registration prefixes list on map

In accordance with the Convention on International Civil Aviation (also known as the Chicago Convention), all civil aircraft must be registered with a national aviation authority (NAA) using procedures set by each country. Every country, even those not party to the Chicago Convention, has an NAA whose functions include the registration of civil aircraft. An aircraft can only be registered once, in one jurisdiction. The NAA allocates a unique alphanumeric string to identify the aircraft, which also indicates the nationality (i.e., country of registration[1]) of the aircraft, and provides a legal document called a Certificate of Registration, one of the documents which must be carried when the aircraft is in operation.[2]

The registration identifier must be displayed prominently on the aircraft.[3] Most countries also require the registration identifier to be imprinted on a permanent fireproof plate mounted on the fuselage in case of a post-fire/post-crash aircraft accident investigation. Military aircraft typically use tail codes and serial numbers.[4]

Although each aircraft registration identifier is unique, some countries allow it to be re-used when the aircraft has been sold, destroyed or retired. For example, N3794N is assigned to a Mooney M20F.[5] It had been previously assigned to a Beechcraft Bonanza (specifically, the aircraft in which Buddy Holly was killed). Also note that an individual aircraft may be assigned different registrations during its existence. This can be because the aircraft changes ownership, jurisdiction of registration, or in some cases for vanity reasons.

International standards[edit]

Registration JA8089 on a Japan Airlines Boeing 747-400.

The first use of aircraft registrations was based on the radio callsigns allocated at the London International Radiotelegraphic Conference in 1913. The format was a single letter prefix followed by four other letters (like A-BCDE).[6] The major nations operating aircraft were allocated a single letter prefix. Smaller countries had to share a single letter prefix, but were allocated exclusive use of the first letter of the suffix.[6] This was modified by agreement by the International Bureau at Berne and published on April 23, 1913. Although initial allocations were not specifically for aircraft but for any radio user, the International Air Navigation Convention held in Paris in 1919 (Paris Convention of 1919) made allocations specifically for aircraft registrations, based on the 1913 callsign list. The agreement stipulated that the nationality marks were to be followed by a hyphen then a group of four letters that must include a vowel (and for the convention Y was considered to be a vowel). This system operated until the adoption of the revised system in 1928.

The International Radiotelegraph Convention at Washington in 1927 revised the list of markings. These were adopted from 1928 and are the basis of the currently used registrations. The markings have been amended and added to over the years, and the allocations and standards have since 1947 been managed by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

Article 20 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention), signed in 1944, requires that all aircraft engaged in international air navigation bears its appropriate nationality and registration marks. Upon registration, the aircraft receives its unique "registration", which must be displayed prominently on the aircraft.

Annex 7 to the Chicago Convention describes the definitions, location, and measurement of nationality and registration marks. The aircraft registration is made up of a prefix selected from the country's callsign prefix allocated by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (making the registration a quick way of determining the country of origin) and the registration suffix. Depending on the country of registration, this suffix is a numeric or alphanumeric code, and consists of one to five digits or characters respectively. A supplement to Annex 7 provides an updated list of approved nationality and common marks used by various countries.

Country-specific usage[edit]

Air France Airbus A318 displaying registration F-GUGJ on the wing undersurface and the last two letters of the registration, GJ, on the nose wheel doors.
A Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner displaying Air India registration VT-ANG on the wing undersurface, on the nose wheel doors and on the rear fuselage.

While the Chicago convention sets out the country-specific prefixes used in registration marks, and makes provision for the ways they're used in international civil aviation and displayed on aircraft, individual countries also make further provision for their formats and the use of registration marks for intranational flight.

When painted on the aircraft's fuselage, the prefix and suffix are usually separated by a dash (for example, YR-BMA). When entered in a flight plan, the dash is omitted (for example, YRBMA). In some countries that use a number suffix rather than letters, like the United States (N), South Korea (HL), and Japan (JA), the prefix and suffix are connected without a dash. Aircraft flying privately usually use their registration as their radio callsign, but many aircraft flying in commercial operations (especially charter, cargo, and airlines) use the ICAO airline designator or a company callsign.

Some countries will permit an aircraft that will not be flown into the airspace of another country to display the registration with the country prefix omitted - for example, gliders registered in Australia commonly display only the three-letter unique mark, without the "VH-" national prefix.

Some countries also operate a separate registry system, or use a separate group of unique marks, for gliders, ultralights, and/or other less-common types of aircraft. For example, Germany and Switzerland both use lettered suffixes (in the form D-xxxx and HB-xxx respectively) for most forms of flight-craft but numbers (D-nnnn and HB-nnn) for unpowered gliders. Many other nations register gliders in subgroups beginning with the letter G, such as Norway with LN-Gxx and New Zealand with ZK-Gxx.

A comprehensive list of national prefixes and registration formats is available at this link.

United States[edit]

In the United States, the registration number is commonly referred to as an "N" number, because all aircraft registered there have a number starting with the letter N. An alphanumeric system is used because of the large numbers of aircraft registered in the United States. An N-number begins with a run of one or more numeric digits, may end with one or two alphabetic letters, may only consist of one to five characters in total, and must start with a digit other than zero. In addition, N-numbers may not contain the letters I or O, due to their similarities with the numerals 1 and 0.[7]

Each alphabetic letter in the suffix can have one of 24 discrete values, while each numeric digit can be one of 10, except the first, which can take on only one of nine values. This yields a total of 915,399 possible registration numbers in the namespace, though certain combinations are reserved either for government use or for other special purposes.[7] With so many possible calls, radio shortcuts are used. Normally when flying entirely within the United States, an aircraft would not identify itself starting with "N", since that is assumed. Also, after initial contact is made with an aircraft control site, only the last two or three characters are typically used.

The following are the combinations that could be used:

U.S. "N-number"

An older aircraft (registered before 31 December 1948) may have a second letter in its identifier, identifying the category of aircraft. This additional letter is not actually part of the aircraft identification (e.g. NC12345 is the same registration as N12345). Aircraft category letters have not been included on any registration numbers issued since 1 January 1949, but they still appear on antique aircraft for authenticity purposes. The categories were:

  • C = airline, commercial and private
  • G = glider
  • L = limited
  • R = restricted (such as cropdusters and racing aircraft)[8]
  • S = state
  • X = experimental

For example, N-X-211, the Ryan NYP aircraft flown by Charles Lindbergh as the Spirit of St. Louis, was registered in the experimental category.

There is a unique overlap in the United States with aircraft having a single number followed by two letters and radio call signs issued by the Federal Communications Commission to Amateur Radio operators holding the Amateur Extra class license. For example, N4YZ is, on the one hand, a Cessna 206 registered to a private individual in California, while N4YZ is also issued to an Amateur Radio operator in North Carolina.

Decolonisation and independence[edit]

The impact of decolonisation and independence on aircraft registration schemes has varied from place to place. Most countries, upon independence, have had a new allocation granted - in most cases this is from the new country's new ITU allocation, but neither is it uncommon for the new country to be allocation a subset of their former colonial power's allocation. For example, after partition in 1947, India retained the VT designation it had received as part of the British Empire's Vx series allocation, while Pakistan adopted the AP designation from the newly allocated ITU callsigns APA-ASZ.

When this happens it is usually the case that aircraft will be re-registered into the new series retaining as much of the suffix as is possible. For example, when in 1929 the British Dominions at the time established their own aircraft registers, marks were reallocated as follows:

  • Canada: G-Cxxx to CF-xxx, then expanded to C-Fxxx, C-Gxxx, and C-Ixxx in 1974)
  • Australia: G-AUxx to VH-Uxx, then immediately expanded to all VH-xxx marks.
  • New Zealand: G-NZxx to ZK-Zxx, then immediately expanded to all ZK-xxx marks.
  • Newfoundland: G-Cxxx (with Canada) to VO-xxx, then re-merged with the Canadian register in 1949 to CF-xxx.
  • South Africa: G-UAxx to ZU-Axx, then expanded to all ZU-xxx marks, then again to current ZS-xxx, ZT-Rxx, and ZU-xxx allocations.

Two oddities created by this reallocation process are the current formats used by the Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong and Macau, both of which were returned to PRC control from Britain in 1997 and Portugal in 1999 respectively. Hong Kong's prefix of VR-H and Macau's of CS-M, both subdivisions of their colonial powers' allocations, were replaced by China's B- prefix without the registration mark being extended, leaving aircraft from both SARs with registration marks of only four characters, as opposed to the norm of five.

Registration prefixes and patterns by countries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Article 17 of the Chicago Convention
  2. ^ Article 29 of the Chicago Convention
  3. ^ Article 20 of the Chicago Convention
  4. ^ "US Air Force Tail Codes". Aerospaceweb.org. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "N3794N". Registry.faa.gov. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  6. ^ a b "Complete Civil Registers:1 Belgium". Air-Britain Archive. 1980 (1): page 11. 1980. ISSN 0262-4923. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Forming an N-Number". Faa.gov. 2015-03-19. Retrieved 2016-09-14. 
  8. ^ Sean Elliott (March 2015). "What does restricted category have to do with experimental". Sport Aviation: 11. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license