Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Adrienne
Adrienne's Album Goes to #1
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: The Real Daytime
Chance the Rapper- Coloring Book (Chance 3) [Full Album]
Chance the Rapper- Coloring Book (Chance 3) [Full Album]
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: Mo Usman
Sigur Rós - Valtari [Full Album Stream]
Sigur Rós - Valtari [Full Album Stream]
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Sigur Rós
Michael Jackson - Thriller (Album)
Michael Jackson - Thriller (Album)
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: ManOfLeisure
Daft Punk Random Access Memories Album
Daft Punk Random Access Memories Album
Published: 2016/01/30
Channel: IMax
Lana Del Rey - Lust For Life (Full Album) 2017
Lana Del Rey - Lust For Life (Full Album) 2017
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Traduções Musicais
Chris Brown - Heartbreak on a Full Moon [Full Album]
Chris Brown - Heartbreak on a Full Moon [Full Album]
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: RidingYourMusic
Best of Coldplay Greatest Hits Full Album
Best of Coldplay Greatest Hits Full Album
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: MusicQue
THE BEST OF KERISPATIH  [ FULL ALBUM ]
THE BEST OF KERISPATIH [ FULL ALBUM ]
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Leak bunga
One More Light Live (Live Album Trailer) - Linkin Park
One More Light Live (Live Album Trailer) - Linkin Park
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Linkin Park
BLACK SABBATH - Paranoid (1970) (Full Album)
BLACK SABBATH - Paranoid (1970) (Full Album)
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: 1001 STONED ALBUMS
Chrisye - Full Album 80an-2000an (Nostalgia Indonesia Paling Populer)
Chrisye - Full Album 80an-2000an (Nostalgia Indonesia Paling Populer)
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Mp3 Galeri
The Best Acoustic Covers of Popular Songs 2017 Acoustic Song Full Album
The Best Acoustic Covers of Popular Songs 2017 Acoustic Song Full Album
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Time Music
The Chainsmokers - Memories...Do Not Open (FULL Album)
The Chainsmokers - Memories...Do Not Open (FULL Album)
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: WizKhalifaWAM
Eminem   The Eminem Show Full Album
Eminem The Eminem Show Full Album
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: kimba Nsambi
IWAN FALS - Full Album KOLEKSI AKUSTIK Full Lirik HQ
IWAN FALS - Full Album KOLEKSI AKUSTIK Full Lirik HQ
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Mp3 Galeri
Tool - Ænima [Full album]
Tool - Ænima [Full album]
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: Ozkurl
Ty Dolla $ign - Beach House 3 [Full Album]
Ty Dolla $ign - Beach House 3 [Full Album]
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: RidingYourMusic
Pearl Jam -Ten (1 album -1991) -Full album
Pearl Jam -Ten (1 album -1991) -Full album
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: moi02
[FULL ALBUM] SEVENTEEN - TEEN, AGE [2ND ALBUM]
[FULL ALBUM] SEVENTEEN - TEEN, AGE [2ND ALBUM]
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: NICKNACK K-POP SHOP5
(FULL ALBUM) Maroon 5 - Red Pill Blues
(FULL ALBUM) Maroon 5 - Red Pill Blues
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: David Ysasi
Lagu Terbaik ANJI Full Album - Lagu Indonesia Terbaru 2017
Lagu Terbaik ANJI Full Album - Lagu Indonesia Terbaru 2017
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Dikidew Music
Metallica- Black album (Full album)
Metallica- Black album (Full album)
Published: 2012/08/13
Channel: DenBesteDubbenEver
sheila on 7 full album pilihan BAPER
sheila on 7 full album pilihan BAPER
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: Nubi Films
Moby - 18 (Full Album)
Moby - 18 (Full Album)
Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: Laranja Rocks
Didi Kempot Full Album
Didi Kempot Full Album
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: eduarNet
Bob Marley Greatest Hits Full Album - Bob Marley Top Songs Playlist - Best Reggae Songs Ever
Bob Marley Greatest Hits Full Album - Bob Marley Top Songs Playlist - Best Reggae Songs Ever
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: Free Style
ST12 - Lagu Pilihan Terbaik ST12 [ Full Album ] ( Setia Band )
ST12 - Lagu Pilihan Terbaik ST12 [ Full Album ] ( Setia Band )
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: GOLDEN Memories
Buena Vista Social Club - Full album
Buena Vista Social Club - Full album
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: World Circuit Records
[FULL ALBUM] Bolbbalgan4(볼빨간사춘기) - Red Diary Page.1 [Mini Album]
[FULL ALBUM] Bolbbalgan4(볼빨간사춘기) - Red Diary Page.1 [Mini Album]
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: 1TheMusic A92
David Bowie - Hunky Dory (Full Album)
David Bowie - Hunky Dory (Full Album)
Published: 2016/01/24
Channel: Laranja Rocks
Exist - Full Album | Lagu Lawas Nostalgia - Lagu Malaysia Lama Populer
Exist - Full Album | Lagu Lawas Nostalgia - Lagu Malaysia Lama Populer
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: Mp3 Galeri
Despacito Via Vallen Terbaru Full Album dan lirik Agustus 2017
Despacito Via Vallen Terbaru Full Album dan lirik Agustus 2017
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: DANGDUT KOPLO INDONESIA
TULUS Full Album - THE BEST OF TULUS
TULUS Full Album - THE BEST OF TULUS
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: INDO MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT
Geisha - Full Album [ Lagu Indonesia Terbaru 2017 - 2016 ]
Geisha - Full Album [ Lagu Indonesia Terbaru 2017 - 2016 ]
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Dikidew Music
Westlife 1999 FULL ALBUM [HIGH QUALITY SOUND]
Westlife 1999 FULL ALBUM [HIGH QUALITY SOUND]
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Alif Wildan
Repvblik   Aku Tetap Cinta Album 2016
Repvblik Aku Tetap Cinta Album 2016
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: zaenal yusup
ALBUM EMAS Rhoma Irama Full Album Tembang Kenangan
ALBUM EMAS Rhoma Irama Full Album Tembang Kenangan
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: syarip 990
Birdy - Fire Within (Full album)
Birdy - Fire Within (Full album)
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Júlia M.
Eminem’s “Revival” Album Fails To Drop On November 17; Fans Lose Their Minds
Eminem’s “Revival” Album Fails To Drop On November 17; Fans Lose Their Minds
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: HipHopDX
NOAH Full Album - Lagu Pilihan Terbaik Noah - Lagu Indonesia Terbaru 2017 & 2016
NOAH Full Album - Lagu Pilihan Terbaik Noah - Lagu Indonesia Terbaru 2017 & 2016
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Taufiq Rahman
[Full Album] 악동뮤지션 (Akdong Musician (AKMU)) – 사춘기 하 (思春記 下) WINTER
[Full Album] 악동뮤지션 (Akdong Musician (AKMU)) – 사춘기 하 (思春記 下) WINTER
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Kpop Music _
Những Ca Khúc Nhạc Trẻ Hay Nhất Song Thư 2016 - Album Nhạc Trẻ "Yêu Anh Yêu Đến Đau Lòng"
Những Ca Khúc Nhạc Trẻ Hay Nhất Song Thư 2016 - Album Nhạc Trẻ "Yêu Anh Yêu Đến Đau Lòng"
Published: 2016/07/09
Channel: Nam Việt Music
Gorillaz- Demon Days (full album)
Gorillaz- Demon Days (full album)
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: ej gates
Breaking Benjamin Phobia Full Album HQ
Breaking Benjamin Phobia Full Album HQ
Published: 2017/08/12
Channel: Toamikel
Fat Freddys Drop - Based On A True Story (Full Album)
Fat Freddys Drop - Based On A True Story (Full Album)
Published: 2012/10/12
Channel: SnoopDoggyTosh
Simi - Simisola - Full Album | All Songs (Audio)
Simi - Simisola - Full Album | All Songs (Audio)
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: X3M Music
Mai potta Kannala - Latest Tamil Video Album Song 2017 - 4K | EJ brothers musical ft | Kavinilavan
Mai potta Kannala - Latest Tamil Video Album Song 2017 - 4K | EJ brothers musical ft | Kavinilavan
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: PLAY TM - Latest Short Films
Tycho - Dive {Full Album}
Tycho - Dive {Full Album}
Published: 2012/11/21
Channel: itskerim
Album Lệ Quyên & Thái Thịnh - Còn Trong Kỷ Niệm
Album Lệ Quyên & Thái Thịnh - Còn Trong Kỷ Niệm
Published: 2016/05/04
Channel: POPS MUSIC
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
An LP record album on a phonograph turntable

An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD, record, audio tape or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century, first as books of individual 78rpm records, then from 1948 as vinyl LP records played at 33 13 rpm. Vinyl LPs are still issued, though in the 21st-century album sales have mostly focused on compact disc (CD) and MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format used alongside vinyl from the 1970s into the first decade of the 2000s.

An album may be recorded in a recording studio (fixed or mobile), in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places. The time frame for completely recording an album varies between a few hours to several years. This process usually requires several takes with different parts recorded separately, and then brought or "mixed" together. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed "live", even when done in a studio. Studios are built to absorb sound, eliminating reverberation, so as to assist in mixing different takes; other locations, such as concert venues and some "live rooms", allow for reverberation, which creates a "live" sound.[1] The majority of studio recordings contain an abundance of editing, sound effects, voice adjustments, etc. With modern recording technology, musicians can be recorded in separate rooms or at separate times while listening to the other parts using headphones; with each part recorded as a separate track.

Album covers and liner notes are used, and sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, and lyrics or librettos.[2][3] Historically, the term "album" was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format. In musical usage the word was used for collections of short pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century.[4] Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums[5] (one side of a 78 rpm record could hold only about 3.5 minutes of sound). When long-playing records were introduced, a collection of pieces on a single record was called an album; the word was extended to other recording media such as compact disc, MiniDisc, Compact audio cassette, and digital albums as they were introduced.[6]

History

An early album of multiple 78 rpm records packaged in book form

The term "album" was first applied metaphorically to music in the early nineteenth century for collections of short pieces of music.[4] When 78rpm records came out, as it became necessary to bundle sets of records in book-like packages resembling photo albums, to accommodate extended musical pieces or spoken word programs, the term was again applied metaphorically.[5] With the advent of the long-playing record (LP), a 33 13 rpm microgroove vinyl disc introduced by Columbia Records in 1948,[7] the term was adapted to a single disk which held as much programming as at least four 78s, obscuring the metaphor. The term was extended to other recording media such as Compact audio cassette, compact disc, MiniDisc, and digital albums, as they were introduced.[6] As part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some commenters have declared that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album.[citation needed]

Length

While an album may contain as many or as few tracks as required, the criteria for the UK Albums Chart is that a recording counts as an "album" if it either has more than four tracks or lasts more than 25 minutes.[8] Sometimes shorter albums are referred to as "mini-albums" or EPs.[9] Albums such as Tubular Bells, Amarok, Hergest Ridge by Mike Oldfield, and Yes's Close to the Edge, include fewer than four tracks. There are no formal rules against artists such as Pinhead Gunpowder referring to their own releases under thirty minutes as "albums".

If an album becomes too long to fit onto a single vinyl record or CD, it may be released as a double album where two vinyl LPs or compact discs are packaged together in a single case, or a triple album containing three LPs or compact discs. Recording artists who have an extensive back catalogue may re-release several CDs in one single box with a unified design, often containing one or more albums (in this scenario, these releases can sometimes be referred to as a "two (or three)-fer"), or a compilation of previously unreleased recordings. These are known as box sets. Some musical artists have also released more than three compact discs or LP records of new recordings at once, in the form of boxed sets, although in that case the work is still usually considered to be an album.

Tracks

Material (music or sounds) is stored on an album in sections termed tracks, normally 11 or 12 tracks. A music track (often simply referred to as a track) is an individual song or instrumental recording. The term is particularly associated with popular music where separate tracks are known as album tracks; the term is also used for other formats such as EPs and singles. When vinyl records were the primary medium for audio recordings a track could be identified visually from the grooves and many album covers or sleeves included numbers for the tracks on each side. On a compact disc the track number is indexed so that a player can jump straight to the start of any track. On digital music stores such as iTunes the term song is often used interchangeably with track regardless of whether there is any vocal content.

Bonus tracks

A bonus track (also known as a bonus cut or bonus) is a piece of music which has been included as an extra. This may be done as a marketing promotion, or for other reasons. It is not uncommon to include singles as bonus tracks on re-issues of old albums, where those tracks weren't originally included. Online music stores allow buyers to create their own albums by selecting songs themselves; bonus tracks may be included if a customer buys a whole album rather than just one or two songs from the artist. The song is not necessarily free nor is it available as a stand-alone download, adding also to the incentive to buy the complete album. In contrast to hidden tracks, bonus tracks are included on track listings and usually do not have a gap of silence between other album tracks.

Audio formats

Vinyl records

Two vinyl records with inner and outer album sleeves

Vinyl LP records have two sides, each comprising one-half of the album. If a pop or rock album contained tracks released separately as commercial singles, they were conventionally placed in particular positions on the album.[6] A common configuration was to have the album led off by the second and third singles, followed by a ballad. The first single would lead off side 2.[citation needed] In the past many singles (such as the Beatles' "Hey Jude" and Bob Dylan's "Positively 4th Street") did not appear on albums, but others (such as the Beatles' "Come Together" and Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone") formed part of an album released concurrently. Today, many commercial albums of music tracks feature one or more singles, which are released separately to radio, TV or the Internet as a way of promoting the album.[10] Albums have also been issued that are compilations of older tracks not originally released together, such as singles not originally found on albums, b-sides of singles, or unfinished "demo" recordings.[6]

Album sets of the past were sequenced for record changers. In the case of a two-record set, for example, sides 1 and 4 would be stamped on one record, and sides 2 and 3 on the other. The user would stack the two records onto the spindle of an automatic record changer, with side 1 on the bottom and side 2 (on the other record) on top. Side 1 would automatically drop onto the turntable and be played. When finished, the tone arm's position would trigger a mechanism which moved the arm out of the way, dropped the record with side 2, and played it. When both records had been played, the user would pick up the stack, turn it over, and put them back on the spindle—sides 3 and 4 would then play in sequence.[6] Record changers were used for many years of the LP era, but eventually fell out of use.

8-track tape

A typical 8-track tape player

8-track tape (formally Stereo 8: commonly known as the eight-track cartridge, eight-track tape, or simply eight-track) is a magnetic tape sound recording technology popular in the United States[11] from the mid-1960s to the late 1970s when the Compact Cassette format took over.[12][13] The format is regarded as an obsolete technology, and was relatively unknown outside the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia.[14][15]

Stereo 8 was created in 1964 by a consortium led by Bill Lear of Lear Jet Corporation, along with Ampex, Ford Motor Company, General Motors, Motorola, and RCA Victor Records (RCA). It was a further development of the similar Stereo-Pak four-track cartridge created by Earl "Madman" Muntz. A later quadraphonic version of the format was announced by RCA in April 1970 and first known as Quad-8, then later changed to just Q8.

Compact cassette

A blank compact cassette tape and case

The Compact Cassette was a popular medium for distributing pre-recorded music in the late 1970s through to the 1990s. The very first "Compact Cassette" was introduced by Philips in August 1963 in the form of a prototype.[16] Compact Cassettes became especially popular during the 1980s after the advent of the Sony Walkman, which allowed the person to control what they listened to.[16][17] The Walkman was convenient because of its size, the device could fit in most pockets and often came equipped with a clip for belts or pants.[16] Compact cassettes also saw the creation of mixtapes, which are tapes containing a compilation of songs created by any average listener of music.[18] The songs on a mixtape generally relate to one another in some way, whether it be a conceptual theme or an overall sound.[18] The compact cassette used double-sided magnetic tape to distribute music for commercial sale.[16][19] The music is recorded on both the "A" and "B" side of the tape, with cassette being "turned" to play the other side of the album.[16] Compact Cassettes were also a popular way for musicians to record "Demos" or "Demo Tapes" of their music to distribute to various record labels, in the hopes of acquiring a recording contract.[20] The sales of Compact Cassettes eventually began to decline in the 1990s, after the release and distribution Compact Discs. After the introduction of Compact discs, the term "Mixtape" began to apply to any personal compilation of songs on any given format.[18] Recently there has been a revival of Compact Cassettes by independent record labels and DIY musicians who prefer the format because of its difficulty to share over the internet.[21]

Compact disc

A compact disc within an open jewel case

The compact disc format replaced both the vinyl record and the cassette as the standard for the commercial mass-market distribution of physical music albums.[22] After the introduction of music downloading and MP3 players such as the iPod, US album sales dropped 54.6% from 2001 to 2009.[23] The CD is a digital data storage device which permits digital recording technology to be used to record and play-back the recorded music.[19][22]

MP3 albums, and similar

Most recently, the MP3 audio format has matured, revolutionizing the concept of digital storage. Early MP3 albums were basically CD-rips created by early CD-ripping software, and sometimes real-time rips from cassettes and vinyl.

The so-called "MP3 album" isn't necessarily just in MP3 file format, in which higher quality formats such as FLAC and WAV can be used on storage mediums that MP3 albums reside on, such as CD-R-ROMs, hard drives, flash memory (e.g. thumbdrives, MP3 players, SD cards), etc.[citation needed]

Types of album

Studio

Most albums are studio albums - that is, they are recorded in a recording studio with equipment meant to give those overseeing the recording as much control as possible over the sound of the album. They minimize external noises and reverberations and have highly sensitive microphones and sound mixing equipment. In some studios, each member of a band records their part in separate rooms (or even at separate times, while listening to the other parts of the track with headphones to keep the timing right).

Live

An album may be recorded in a recording studio (fixed or mobile), in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places. The recording process may occur within a few hours or may take several years to complete, usually in several takes with different parts recorded separately, and then brought or "mixed" together. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed "live", even when done in a studio. Studios are built to absorb sound, eliminating reverberation, so as to assist in mixing different takes; other locations, such as concert venues and some "live rooms", allow for reverberation, which creates a "live" sound.[1]

Concert or stage performances are recorded using remote recording techniques. Live albums may be recorded at a single concert, or combine recordings made at multiple concerts. They may include applause and other noise from the audience, comments by the performers between pieces, improvisation, and so on. They may use multitrack recording direct from the stage sound system (rather than microphones placed among the audience), and can employ additional manipulation and effects during post-production to enhance the quality of the recording. Comedy albums, in particular, are most often recorded live because the audience reaction is part of the cue that the comedian is succeeding.

The best-selling live album worldwide is Garth Brooks' Double Live, which shipped over 10.5 million 2-CD sets in the United States alone as of November 2006.[24] In Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time 18 albums were live albums.[citation needed]

Solo

A solo album, in popular music, is an album recorded by a current or former member of a rock group which is released under that artist's name only, even though some or all other band members may be involved. The solo album appeared as early as the late 1940s. A 1947 Billboard magazine article heralded "Margaret Whiting huddling with Capitol execs over her first solo album on which she will be backed by Frank De Vol".[25] There is no formal definition setting forth the amount of participation a band member can solicit from other members of his band, and still have the album referred to as a solo album. One reviewer wrote that Ringo Starr's third venture, Ringo, "[t]echnically... wasn't a solo album because all four Beatles appeared on it".[26] Three of the four members of the Beatles released solo albums while the group was officially still together.

A performer may record a solo album for a number of reasons. A solo performer working with other members will typically have full creative control of the band, be able to hire and fire accompanists, and get the majority of the proceeds. The performer may be able to produce songs that differ widely from the sound of the band with which the performer has been associated, or that the group as a whole chose not to include in its own albums. Graham Nash, of The Hollies described his experience in developing a solo album as follows: "The thing that I go through that results in a solo album is an interesting process of collecting songs that can't be done, for whatever reason, by a lot of people".[27] A solo album may also represent the departure of the performer from the group.

Tribute or cover

A tribute or cover album is a collection of cover versions of songs or instrumental compositions. Its concept may involve various artists covering the songs of a single artist, genre or period, a single artist covering the songs of various artists or a single artist, genre or period, or any variation of an album of cover songs which is marketed as a "tribute".

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Philip Newell (18 Jul 2013). Recording Studio Design. Taylor & Francis. pp. 169–170. 
  2. ^ "Album Cover Art Series". Rock Art Picture Show. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "The history of the CD – The 'Jewel Case'". Philips Research. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Mendelssohn And Schumann". Old and Sold. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Cross, Alan (15 July 2012) Life After the Album Is Going to Get Weird. alancross.ca
  6. ^ a b c d e "About Vinyl Records". Record Collector's Guild. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "First LP released". wired.com. 
  8. ^ "Rules For Chart Eligibility – Albums" (PDF). The Official UK Charts Company. January 2007. Archived from the original (pdf) on 27 June 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2007. 
  9. ^ "As albums fade away, music industry looks to shorter records". Associated Press. Retrieved 1 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "Chronology: Technology and the Music Industry". Callie Tainter. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "What Are 8-Track Tapes?". wisegeek.com. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  12. ^ Moore, Dan. "Collector's Corner: The History Of The Eight-Track Tape". Goldmine magazine. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "What Are 8-Track Tapes?". Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  14. ^ Moore, Dan. "Collector's Corner: The History Of The Eight-Track Tape". Goldmine magazine. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  15. ^ "What Are 8-Track Tapes?". wisegeek.com. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "History of Compact Cassette". Vintage Cassettes. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  17. ^ Haire, Meaghan (1 July 2009). "A Brief History of The Walkman". Time. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  18. ^ a b c "Mixtape History". MTV. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  19. ^ a b "The History of Recorded Music". Music Cd Industry. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  20. ^ "Demo Tapes". Dave Mandl. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  21. ^ "Cassette Revival". Mediageek. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "The history of the CD – The beginning". Philips Research. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  23. ^ "Scary Stat: Album Sales Down 54.6 Percent Since 2000.." Digital Music Newss. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  24. ^ RIAA - Gold & Platinum - May 30, 2008 Archived 2 September 2008 at WebCite
  25. ^ Billboard Magazine (April 5, 1947), p. 21.
  26. ^ Jay Warner, On this day in music history (2004), p. 323.
  27. ^ Dave Zimmer, 4 way street: the Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young reader (2004), p. 218.

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license