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Terry Alderman - Swing Genius vs England 1989
Terry Alderman - Swing Genius vs England 1989
Published: 2011/05/23
Channel: robelinda
Raw Video: Alderman Confronts Chicago Police At Crime Scene
Raw Video: Alderman Confronts Chicago Police At Crime Scene
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: CBS Chicago
KLOROX LA TOP ALDERMAN KOMPA 2008
KLOROX LA TOP ALDERMAN KOMPA 2008
Published: 2011/02/22
Channel: lalykayuri
Dr Katz S05E12 Alderman
Dr Katz S05E12 Alderman
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: Dr Katz T
Top Alderman  - Byen Domaj [ NEW VIDEO 2015 ]
Top Alderman - Byen Domaj [ NEW VIDEO 2015 ]
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: AnmweTV
Alderman | This Girl (Acoustic + Live)
Alderman | This Girl (Acoustic + Live)
Published: 2013/08/06
Channel: Alderman
Chicago Alderman Slugged Outside of Ward Office
Chicago Alderman Slugged Outside of Ward Office
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: DNAinfo Chicago
The Good Book Club | The Power by Naomi Alderman
The Good Book Club | The Power by Naomi Alderman
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: A Case for Books
Terry Alderman Dislocates his Shoulder
Terry Alderman Dislocates his Shoulder
Published: 2007/02/12
Channel: ISGVids
TERRY ALDERMAN, The King of Swing, 17 WICKETS COMPILATION 1981
TERRY ALDERMAN, The King of Swing, 17 WICKETS COMPILATION 1981
Published: 2012/12/05
Channel: 172Allrounder721
2 Investigators: Alderman Threatens To Ruin Landlord
2 Investigators: Alderman Threatens To Ruin Landlord
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: CBS Chicago
TOP ALDERMAN - NOU PA EGARE  [ AUDIO OFFICIAL ]
TOP ALDERMAN - NOU PA EGARE [ AUDIO OFFICIAL ]
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Haitian Music all day
Must Watch As Tucker Takes On Chicago Alderman In Mortal Fear Of Telling Black Men  The  TRUTH!
Must Watch As Tucker Takes On Chicago Alderman In Mortal Fear Of Telling Black Men The TRUTH!
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: The AntiCoIntelPro Show
McGann for Alderman
McGann for Alderman
Published: 2014/11/16
Channel: Pat McGann
VIOLENT DISGUSTING CRICKET FANS- broken shoulder incident 1982 Perth, Terry Alderman
VIOLENT DISGUSTING CRICKET FANS- broken shoulder incident 1982 Perth, Terry Alderman
Published: 2011/04/02
Channel: robelinda2
Athletico Mince with Bob and Andy – Ep. 32 The Alderman and the Apricot
Athletico Mince with Bob and Andy – Ep. 32 The Alderman and the Apricot
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Athletico Mince with Bob and Andy
LOL DAD & TOP ALDERMAN - BOUJE  [ AUDIO OFFICIAL ]
LOL DAD & TOP ALDERMAN - BOUJE [ AUDIO OFFICIAL ]
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: Haitian Music all day
An interview with Naomi Alderman and Adjoa Andoh, Author and Narrator of
An interview with Naomi Alderman and Adjoa Andoh, Author and Narrator of 'The Power'
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: Audible.co.uk
TERRY ALDERMAN 6 FOR VS ENGLAND 1989
TERRY ALDERMAN 6 FOR VS ENGLAND 1989
Published: 2012/12/05
Channel: 172Allrounder721
Alderman Has Words With Cops
Alderman Has Words With Cops
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: CBS Chicago
Nelson Dellis
Nelson Dellis' MIND SHOW - Jared Alderman // Professional Card Counter
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Nelson Dellis
'The Power' by Naomi Alderman | Book Review
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Wandering Reader
Planting Alderman Peas | Patti at AldermanFarms
Planting Alderman Peas | Patti at AldermanFarms
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Alderman Farms
Nashua LWV Candidates Forum  (Alderman at Large) 10/19/17
Nashua LWV Candidates Forum (Alderman at Large) 10/19/17
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: Nashua BOA Meetings
Terry Alderman vs Gordon Greenidge
Terry Alderman vs Gordon Greenidge
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: 172Allrounder721
The Power by Naomi Alderman | Chareads
The Power by Naomi Alderman | Chareads
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Chareads
Alderman caught slandering mayor
Alderman caught slandering mayor
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Robert Trice
Dem Alderman Wants the Elderly To GET OUT
Dem Alderman Wants the Elderly To GET OUT
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Kimberly Morin
Darrell Alderman Tribute Piece
Darrell Alderman Tribute Piece
Published: 2009/01/22
Channel: Fresh Mind Media
Athletico Mince with Bob and Andy – Ep.16  The Alderman
Athletico Mince with Bob and Andy – Ep.16 The Alderman's Toffee
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Athletico Mince with Bob and Andy
Going "Beyond the Barbell" with Ben Alderman & Blair Morrison | PowerCast #121 | SuperTraining.TV
Going "Beyond the Barbell" with Ben Alderman & Blair Morrison | PowerCast #121 | SuperTraining.TV
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: Jim McDonald
Chicago Alderman Collapses
Chicago Alderman Collapses
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: CBS Chicago
Alderman Under Police Protection
Alderman Under Police Protection
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: CBS Chicago
Teenage Fantasy - Jorja Smith Cover by Billie Alderman
Teenage Fantasy - Jorja Smith Cover by Billie Alderman
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Billie Alderman
Margaret Atwood in conversation with Naomi Alderman
Margaret Atwood in conversation with Naomi Alderman
Published: 2013/03/15
Channel: Hachette Book Group
Sanctuary - Lennon Stella (Nashville) Cover by Billie Alderman
Sanctuary - Lennon Stella (Nashville) Cover by Billie Alderman
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Billie Alderman
Phoenix Wright: Dual Destinies | "Night Night, Alderman" | Part 8
Phoenix Wright: Dual Destinies | "Night Night, Alderman" | Part 8
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: KarateChopsticks
Garden Express - Alderman Farms "Barn Garden" Tour (May 1, 2016)
Garden Express - Alderman Farms "Barn Garden" Tour (May 1, 2016)
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: Alderman Farms
The Power by Naomi Alderman Book Discussion & Review | Books with Rachel August 2017
The Power by Naomi Alderman Book Discussion & Review | Books with Rachel August 2017
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: Life with Rachel
Review: The Power by Naomi Alderman | Minute Reads
Review: The Power by Naomi Alderman | Minute Reads
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: One Minute Reads
Leland alderman acts a fool
Leland alderman acts a fool
Published: 2009/07/18
Channel: lelandmississippi
Criminal investigation involving Manchester alderman underway
Criminal investigation involving Manchester alderman underway
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: WMUR-TV
Bailey
Bailey's Women's Prize for Fiction | Naomi Alderman - The Power
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: The Reader's Athenaeum
Road to Regionals with Ben Alderman
Road to Regionals with Ben Alderman
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Ben Alderman
Alderman Farms Permaculture Site Design
Alderman Farms Permaculture Site Design
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: J&J Acres
Tyler Alderman Highlights
Tyler Alderman Highlights
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Oklahoma City University Men's Basketball
Spearfishing New Zealand:  Winter dive at the Alderman Islands
Spearfishing New Zealand: Winter dive at the Alderman Islands
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: Glenn West
Terry Alderman SINKS the CREAM of West Indies Batting , Richardson, Richards, Lloyd
Terry Alderman SINKS the CREAM of West Indies Batting , Richardson, Richards, Lloyd
Published: 2015/03/14
Channel: 172Allrounder721
"Savannah
"Savannah's Alderman" Tony Thomas. Volume 1
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: John Perry
Alderman Islands Kingfish Jigging
Alderman Islands Kingfish Jigging
Published: 2015/12/03
Channel: Scott Stewart
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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An alderman is a member of a municipal assembly or council in many jurisdictions founded upon English law. The term may be titular, denoting a high-ranking member of a borough or county council, a council member chosen by the elected members themselves rather than by popular vote, or a council member elected by voters.[1]

The title is derived from the Old English title of ealdorman, literally meaning "elder man", and was used by the chief nobles presiding over shires.

Similar titles exist in other Germanic countries, such as the Swedish Ålderman, the Danish and West Frisian Olderman, the Dutch Ouderman, the Finnish Oltermanni and the German Ältester which all mean "elder man" or "wise man".

Usage by country[edit]

Australia[edit]

Many local government bodies used the term "alderman" in Australia. As in the way local councils have been modernised in the United Kingdom and Ireland, the term alderman has been discontinued in a number of places. For example, in the state of Queensland before 1994, rural "shires" elected "councillors" and a "chairman", while "cities" elected a "mayor" and "aldermen". Since 1994, all local and regional government areas in Queensland elect a "mayor" and "councillors." (Australian capital cities usually have a Lord Mayor). An example of the use of the term alderman is evident in the City of Adelaide.[2] Aldermen were elected from the electors in all the wards.[3]

Canada[edit]

Historically, in Canada, the term "alderman" was used for those persons elected to a municipal council to represent the wards. As women were increasingly elected to municipal office, the term "councillor" slowly replaced "alderman", although there was some use of the term "alderperson". Today, the title of "alderman" is rarely used except in some cities in Alberta and Ontario, as well as some smaller municipalities elsewhere in the country, that retain the title for historical reasons.

Ireland[edit]

The title "alderman" was abolished for local authorities in the Republic of Ireland by the Local Government Act 2001, with effect from the 2004 local elections.[4] Early usage of the term mirrored that of England and Wales. Local elections since the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1919 have used the single transferable vote in multiple-member electoral areas.[5][6] In each electoral area of a borough or county borough, the first several candidates elected were styled "alderman" and the rest "councillor".[7] Someone co-opted to fill a seat vacated by an alderman would be styled "councillor".[8]

England and Wales[edit]

Although the term originated in England, it had no single definition there until the 19th century, as each municipal corporation had its own constitution. It was used in England, Wales and Ireland (all of Ireland being part of the United Kingdom from January 1801 until December 1922), but was not used in Scotland. Under the Municipal Reform Act 1835, municipal borough corporations consisted of councillors and aldermen. Aldermen would be elected not by the electorate, but by the council (including the outgoing aldermen), for a term of six years, which allowed a party that narrowly lost an election to retain control by choosing aldermen. This was changed by the Municipal Corporations Amendment Act 1910, so that outgoing aldermen were no longer allowed to vote.[9][10] Aldermen with voting rights were finally abolished under the Local Government Act 1972 in 1974, except for the Greater London Council and the London borough councils, where they remained a possibility until 1977/1978.[11] County councils also elected aldermen, but not rural district and urban district councils.

Honorary Alderman[edit]

Councils in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland still have the power to create honorary aldermen, as a reward for their services as a councillor, doing so at a special meeting to pass the title approved by two thirds of those attending.[12] This power is used much more often in Northern Ireland than in England or Wales, where councils may additionally designate up to a quarter of their elected councillors as aldermen.

City of London[edit]

In the City of London, but nowhere else, aldermen are still elected for each of the wards of the City, by the regular electorate, and until 2004 could hold office for life, but now have a term of not more than six years. They form the Court of Aldermen. To be a candidate to be Lord Mayor of the City of London, it is necessary to be an alderman and to have been a sheriff of the City of London.

"Alderman" is used for both men and women and may be prefixed to a person's name (e.g., Alderman John Smith, Alderman Smith or, for women, Alderman Mrs (or Miss) Smith).

Scotland[edit]

In Scotland, the office of "baillie" bore some similarities to that of Alderman in England and Wales.

South Africa[edit]

In South Africa the term "Alderman" refers to senior members of municipal assemblies.[13] They are distinguished from ordinary councillors for their "long and distinguished service as a councillor".[14] This can be achieved either via long term of service, or through alternative means such as 'point' systems.[15]

United States[edit]

A "board of aldermen" is the governing executive or legislative body of many cities and towns in the United States. The term is sometimes used instead of city council, but it can also refer to an executive board independent of the council, or to what is essentially an upper house of a bicameral legislature (as it was in New York City until the 20th century). Its members are called "Alderman."

Some cities, such as Chicago, mix the two terms, thereby having a city council composed of aldermen. Some states such as Pennsylvania established aldermen in the 19th century to serve as local judges for minor infractions. Pennsylvania's aldermen were phased out in the early 20th century. Depending on the jurisdiction, an alderman could have been part of the legislative or judicial local government. Boards of aldermen are used in many rural areas of the United States as opposed to a larger city council or city commission.

Historically the term could also refer to local municipal judges in small legal proceedings (as in Pennsylvania[16] and Delaware).

Alderman is abbreviated as Ald., e.g.,

Ald. Danny Solis (25th) has overhauled the zoning application to spell out the purpose of the zoning change and identify everyone with an interest in the property -- including limited partnerships and liability corporations.

— Chicago Sun-Times, 10 Feb 2010

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alderman". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2010. 2010. Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2010. 
  2. ^ "Adelaide - City Council, Town Hall and Allied Matters". Slsa.sa.gov.au. Archived from the original on 10 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  3. ^ "Microsoft Word - 7540 ACC Rep Review Stage 1 Consultants Report FINAL - Volume 2.doc" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  4. ^ O'Sullivan, Terry (2003). "Local Areas and Structures". In Callanan, Mark; Keogan, Justin F. Local Government in Ireland: Inside Out. Institute of Public Administration. p. 49. ISBN 9781902448930. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  5. ^ Deignan, Patrick (May–June 2009). "PR & the Sligo borough election of 1919". History Ireland. 17 (3). Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Local Elections in Ireland". Ireland: Citizens Information Board. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2017. The electoral system is based on proportional representation with single transferable vote. 
  7. ^ Originally "Local Government (Ireland) Act 1919". Wikisource. 3 June 1919. Section 4 (2). Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Local Government Act, 1941, Section 42". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  9. ^ kclancy. "Stoke-on-Trent memories of politician Terry Crowe". Thisisstaffordshire.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  10. ^ "Aldermen in Municipal Boroughs Bill (Hansard, 20 July 1910)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. 20 July 1910. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  11. ^ Minors, Michael; Grenham, Dennis (March 2007). "London Borough Council Elections 4 May 2006". Greater London Authority. ISBN 9781852612320. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  12. ^ Local Government Act 1972 Part XII Section 249 (1)
  13. ^ Policy: Conferment of Aldermanship on Councillors of the West Coast District Municipality. West Coast District Municipality. http://westcoastdm.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/confernment_of_aldermanship.pdf
  14. ^ Policy Relating to the Conferment of Civic Honours. Sedibeng Municipality. http://www.sedibeng.gov.za/a_keydocs/20100914_honours_policy.pdf
  15. ^ "Councillor made alderman | IOL". Retrieved 2017-06-04. 
  16. ^ "Have Pittsburgh city councilors ever been called "aldermen"? I used to see "alderman" signs on an old building". Pittsburghcitypaper.ws. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 

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