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|Aligarh Muslim University|
The seal of the Aligarh Muslim University
|Motto||Arabic: عَلَّمَ الاِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَم
'allama'l-insāna mā lam ya'lam
|Motto in English||Taught man what he did not know (Qur'an 96:5)|
|Established||1875 (as MAO College)
1920 (as AMU)
|Vice-Chancellor||Lt. General Zameerud-din Shah|
|Location||Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India|
|Campus||Urban 467.6 hectares (1,155 acres)|
|Affiliations||UGC, NAAC, AIU|
Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) (Urdu: علی گڑھ مسلم یونیورسٹی) is a public university, funded by the central government of India is among the oldest central universities in India. It was established by Syed Ahmad Khan as Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College. It was designed to train Muslims for government service in India and prepare them for advanced training in British universities. The Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920. The main campus of AMU is located in the city of Aligarh. The University has consistently ranked among the best educational institutions in India. According to Times Higher Education, Asia Ranking 2014, AMU ranks 3rd among Universities in India. The university is open to all irrespective of caste, creed, religion or gender.
It was established as Madrasatul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind in 1875–78, The Anglo–Indian statesman Syed Ahmad Khan founded the predecessor of AMU, Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College, in 1877 having already established two schools. He considered competence in English and "Western sciences" necessary skills for maintaining Muslims' political influence, especially in Northern India. Khan's image for the college was based on his visit to Oxford and Cambridge and he wanted to establish an education system similar to the British model. Aga Khan III also played a major role in realizing the idea of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan by collecting funds for building the Aligarh Muslim University In the beginning the college was affiliated with the University of Calcutta but became an affiliate of Allahabad University in 1885. Around 1900 efforts began to make the college its own university. Its range of courses was expanded and a girls school was added in 1907 before it became the Aligarh Muslim University in 1920.
The first chancellor of the university was Sultan Shah Jahan Begum. In 1927, a school for the blind was established and, the following year, a medical school was attached to the university. By the end of the 1930s, the university had developed an Engineering faculty. Syed Zafarul Hasan, joined the Aligarh Muslim University in early 1900s as head of Philosophy Department, dean Faculty of Arts. He was a pro-vice chancellor before his retirement.
Before 1939, faculty and students supported an all-India nationalist movement. After 1939, political sentiment shifted toward support for a Muslim separatist movement. University Students and faculty mobilised behind Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the University hence became an epicenter of Pakistan Movement.
The college occupies over 467.6 hectares (1,155 acres) in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh,
The AMU has established centres at Malappuram, (Kerala) and Murshidabad, (West Bengal) while the Kishanganj, (Bihar) centre has been allotted land, and a site has been identified for Aurangabad, (Maharashtra) centre.
There are two fully functioning off-campus centers located in the cities of Malappuram and Murshidabad. Since November 2013, a new campus started functioning at Kishanganj. The AMU sub campus at Kishanganj is housed in two separate buildings temporarily.
In 2012, the university was ranked 5th by India Today. In 2013, the University ranked 9th in the top 10 higher education institutions in India by Times Higher Education World University Rankings.
The vice-chancellors of Aligarh Muslim University are:
Alumni of the university are popularly known as Aligarians (the more generic Aligarhiya is used to refer to inhabitants of Aligarh who have not studied at AMU.)
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