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Cornell Alma Mater
Cornell Alma Mater
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Cornell Alumni Association
Carolina Band Plays LSU Alma Mater
Carolina Band Plays LSU Alma Mater
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: University of South Carolina
Alma Mater
Alma Mater
Published: 2015/11/07
Channel: Alice Cooper - Topic
Moonspell - Alma Mater (Subtítulos en español - traducción)
Moonspell - Alma Mater (Subtítulos en español - traducción)
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: 483j4ndr0
Alabama Alma Mater
Alabama Alma Mater
Published: 2009/12/06
Channel: halftwin17
"Alma Mater" Southern University - 2015 Boombox Classic
"Alma Mater" Southern University - 2015 Boombox Classic
Published: 2015/09/20
Channel: ShowtimeWeb
Alma Mater
Alma Mater
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: United States Military Academy Cadet Glee Club - Topic
Morrissey - Alma Matters
Morrissey - Alma Matters
Published: 2009/06/16
Channel: Morrissey
HamptonU - Alma Mater, Talkin
HamptonU - Alma Mater, Talkin' 8.24.2017
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Thomas L. Jones, Jr.
Notre Dame Alma Mater
Notre Dame Alma Mater
Published: 2009/12/06
Channel: halftwin17
Fisk University Alma Mater
Fisk University Alma Mater
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: Fisk1866
ALMA MATER 2017!  Факультет международных экономических отношений и туристического бизнеса!
ALMA MATER 2017! Факультет международных экономических отношений и туристического бизнеса!
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: Блог студентов ХНУ имени В.Н.Каразина
Penn State Alma Mater
Penn State Alma Mater
Published: 2008/10/15
Channel: patschamps0204
Alma Mater
Alma Mater
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: United States Military Academy Cadet Glee Club - Topic
Mickey Mouse Club: "Alma Mater"
Mickey Mouse Club: "Alma Mater"
Published: 2007/07/09
Channel: storyjan
Big Ten Alma Mater Songs
Big Ten Alma Mater Songs
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Vdub InCa
Alma Mater
Alma Mater
Published: 2010/08/18
Channel: University of Iowa
'Never Judge, without knowing the background' says T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater
Published: 2010/09/28
Channel: almamaterindia
GPL & PSM - Almamater
GPL & PSM - Almamater
Published: 2012/05/31
Channel: unpad
UH Alma Mater
UH Alma Mater
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: University of Houston
William and Mary Alma Mater
William and Mary Alma Mater
Published: 2011/02/26
Channel: William & Mary Women's Chorus
Alma Mater Winter 2010
Alma Mater Winter 2010
Published: 2011/01/07
Channel: Pitt Men's Glee Club
PVAMU Alma Mater
PVAMU Alma Mater
Published: 2011/01/29
Channel: PVAMUGMC
Alma Mater
Alma Mater
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: Georgia Redcoat Marching Band - Topic
Moonspell - Alma Mater (With Lyrics)
Moonspell - Alma Mater (With Lyrics)
Published: 2010/06/10
Channel: valmont1602
almamater 01.flv
almamater 01.flv
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: vdaendels
Ohio State Alma Mater
Ohio State Alma Mater
Published: 2009/12/06
Channel: halftwin17
Alma Mater - Life is Beautiful
Alma Mater - Life is Beautiful
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: alexrainbirdMusic
UGA Alma Mater
UGA Alma Mater
Published: 2013/07/24
Channel: University of Georgia
Rodrigo Leão - Alma Mater
Rodrigo Leão - Alma Mater
Published: 2009/07/07
Channel: 4phi
Moonspell - Wolfheart - Alma Mater with lyrics
Moonspell - Wolfheart - Alma Mater with lyrics
Published: 2009/12/07
Channel: DjLudjak
Auburn Alma Mater (Singing)
Auburn Alma Mater (Singing)
Published: 2015/02/28
Channel: Auburn University Marching Band - Topic
T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater speaks on Relationship.
T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater speaks on Relationship.
Published: 2010/03/06
Channel: almamaterindia
PVAMU - Alma Mater (2015)
PVAMU - Alma Mater (2015)
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: ZymbalistiK
Moonspell - Alma Mater - Rock in Rio 2008 Lisboa
Moonspell - Alma Mater - Rock in Rio 2008 Lisboa
Published: 2008/06/18
Channel: TygoS
L. Young  sings Eastside High Alma Mater from Lean On Me
L. Young sings Eastside High Alma Mater from Lean On Me
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: L.Young
T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater speaks on DINACHARYA
T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater speaks on DINACHARYA
Published: 2010/02/13
Channel: almamaterindia
21 August Part 4 (Alma Mater T T Rangarajan Sunday Live Program)
21 August Part 4 (Alma Mater T T Rangarajan Sunday Live Program)
Published: 2011/08/24
Channel: Nisar Ahammed
Penn State football team singing alma mater
Penn State football team singing alma mater
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Happy Valley
Emotional Adulthood by T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater
Emotional Adulthood by T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater
Published: 2010/04/17
Channel: almamaterindia
T.T.Rangarajan , Founder, Alma Mater speaks on "You are the co-author of your destiny."
T.T.Rangarajan , Founder, Alma Mater speaks on "You are the co-author of your destiny."
Published: 2010/03/13
Channel: almamaterindia
ALMA MATER 2017! Социологический факультет
ALMA MATER 2017! Социологический факультет
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: Блог студентов ХНУ имени В.Н.Каразина
Alma Mater Play - Customize Tshirts
Alma Mater Play - Customize Tshirts
Published: 2013/08/03
Channel: Alma Mater
De La Salle Alma Mater Hymn Featuring De La Salle Philippines
De La Salle Alma Mater Hymn Featuring De La Salle Philippines
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: WeBenilde
Moonspell - Alma mater
Moonspell - Alma mater
Published: 2009/10/10
Channel: StrangervC
Monsters University- 20. MU Alma Mater (W/Lyrics)
Monsters University- 20. MU Alma Mater (W/Lyrics)
Published: 2013/06/19
Channel: Zak Wood
Alma Mater AM Arroquia Martinez Lucena 2017
Alma Mater AM Arroquia Martinez Lucena 2017
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Raúl García
University of Florida Alma Mater
University of Florida Alma Mater
Published: 2013/06/16
Channel: Christopher Hoffman
ALICE COOPER Alma Mater subtitulada al español
ALICE COOPER Alma Mater subtitulada al español
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: Laura Cooper
С Днём рождения, alma mater!
С Днём рождения, alma mater!
Published: 2017/11/20
Channel: UNIVER TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Alma Mater statue by Mario Korbel, at the entrance of the University of Havana in Cuba.

Alma mater (Latin: alma "nourishing/kind", mater "mother"; pl. [rarely used] almae matres) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college: in English, this is largely a US usage referring to either a school or university from which an individual has graduated, or a song or hymn associated with a school.[1] The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students.[2] Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor.

Before its current usage, Alma mater was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses, especially Ceres or Cybele,[3] and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary. It entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto "Alma Mater Studiorum" ("nurturing mother of studies"), which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world[4]. It is related to alumnus, a term used for a university graduate that literally means a "nursling" or "one who is nourished".[5]

Etymology[edit]

John Legate's Alma Mater for Cambridge in 1600

Although alma (nourishing) was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele, Venus, and other mother goddesses, it was not frequently used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin.[6] In the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the phrase is attributed to Lucretius' De rerum natura, where it is used as an epithet to describe an earth goddess:

Denique caelesti sumus omnes semine oriundi
omnibus ille idem pater est, unde alma liquentis
umoris guttas mater cum terra recepit
(2.991–93)

We are all sprung from that celestial seed,
all of us have same father, from whom earth,
the nourishing mother, receives drops of liquid moisture

After the fall of Rome, the term came into Christian liturgical usage in association with the Virgin Mary. "Alma Redemptoris Mater" is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary.[6]

The earliest documented use of the term to refer to a university in an English-speaking country is in 1600, when the University of Cambridge printer, John Legate, began using an emblem for the university's press.[7][8] The device's first-known appearance is on the title-page of William Perkins' A Golden Chain, where the Latin phrase Alma Mater Cantabrigia ("nourishing mother Cambridge") is inscribed on a pedestal bearing a nude, lactating woman wearing a mural crown.[9][10] In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is often cited in 1710, when an academic mother-figure is mentioned in a remembrance of Henry More by Richard Ward.[11][12]

Special usage[edit]

Many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name. The University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum (nourishing mother of studies), refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, Poland, have similarly used the expression in conjunction with geographical or foundational characteristics. At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, Austria, an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010, uses the term as its official name

In the United States, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, has been called the "Alma Mater of the Nation" because of its ties to the country's founding.[13] At Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario, and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the main student government is known as the Alma Mater Society.

Monuments[edit]

Alma Mater (1929, Lorado Taft), University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

The ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant (e.g., at the Palatine Hill in Rome).

Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses. For example, in the United States: there is a well-known bronze statue of Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French situated on the steps of Columbia University's Low Library; the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign also has an Alma Mater statue by Lorado Taft. An altarpiece mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage, depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth, standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences.

Outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, with Feliciana Villalón Wilson as the inspiration for Alma Mater, and it was installed in its current location in 1927, at the direction of architect Raul Otero.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alma mater" at Dictionary.com. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
  2. ^ Ayto, John (2005). Word Origins (2nd ed.). London: A&C Black. ISBN 9781408101605. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd edition
  4. ^ "Our history - University of Bologna". Unibo.it. Retrieved 8 November 2017. 
  5. ^ Cresswell, Julia (2010). Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins. Oxford University Press. p. 12. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Sollors, Werner (1986). Beyond Ethnicity: Consent and Descent in American Culture. Oxford University Press. p. 78. ISBN 9780198020721. 
  7. ^ Stokes, Henry Paine (1919). Cambridge stationers, printers, bookbinders, &c. Cambridge: Bowes & Bowes. p. 12. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  8. ^ Roberts, S. C. (1921). A History of the Cambridge University Press 1521-1921. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  9. ^ Stubbings, Frank H. (1995). Bedders, Bulldogs and Bedells: A Cambridge Glossary (2nd ed.). p. 39. 
  10. ^ Perkins, William (1600). A Golden Chaine: Or, the Description of Theologie, containing the order and causes of salvation and damnation, according to God's word. Cambridge: University of Cambridge. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  11. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Alma mater". Online Etymological Dictionary. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  12. ^ Ward, Richard (1710). The Life of the Learned and Pious Dr. Henry More, Late Fellow of Christ's College in Cambridge. London: Joseph Downing. p. 148. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "William & Mary – History & Traditions". wm.edu. 
  14. ^ Cremata Ferrán, Mario. "Dos rostros, dos estatuas habaneras". Opus Habana. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

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