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Moonspell - Alma Mater (Subtítulos en español - traducción)
Moonspell - Alma Mater (Subtítulos en español - traducción)
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: 483j4ndr0
Moonspell - Alma Mater (With Lyrics)
Moonspell - Alma Mater (With Lyrics)
Published: 2010/06/10
Channel: valmont1602
Morrissey - Alma Matters
Morrissey - Alma Matters
Published: 2009/06/16
Channel: Morrissey
Cornell Alma Mater
Cornell Alma Mater
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Cornell Alumni Association
'Never Judge, without knowing the background' says T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater
Published: 2010/09/28
Channel: almamaterindia
Underworld - Born Slippy (Alma & Mater Edit)
Underworld - Born Slippy (Alma & Mater Edit)
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: Le Polyson
Rodrigo Leão - Alma Mater
Rodrigo Leão - Alma Mater
Published: 2009/07/07
Channel: 4phi
Welcome to Alma Mater 2016
Welcome to Alma Mater 2016
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Grigol Robakidze University
T.T.Rangarajan , Founder, Alma Mater speaks on "You are the co-author of your destiny."
T.T.Rangarajan , Founder, Alma Mater speaks on "You are the co-author of your destiny."
Published: 2010/03/13
Channel: almamaterindia
Alma Redemptoris Mater (Simple Tone)
Alma Redemptoris Mater (Simple Tone)
Published: 2010/12/31
Channel: Stephan George
Małgorzata Walewska - "Alma Mater"
Małgorzata Walewska - "Alma Mater"
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Małgorzata Walewska
Alma Mater - Life is Beautiful
Alma Mater - Life is Beautiful
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: alexrainbirdMusic
GPL & PSM - Almamater
GPL & PSM - Almamater
Published: 2012/05/31
Channel: unpad
Moonspell - Alma Mater - Rock in Rio 2008 Lisboa
Moonspell - Alma Mater - Rock in Rio 2008 Lisboa
Published: 2008/06/18
Channel: TygoS
De La Salle Alma Mater Hymn Featuring De La Salle Philippines
De La Salle Alma Mater Hymn Featuring De La Salle Philippines
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: WeBenilde
Underworld - Born Slippy (Alma & Mater Edit)
Underworld - Born Slippy (Alma & Mater Edit)
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Deep & Deeper
Alma Mater Play - Customize Tshirts
Alma Mater Play - Customize Tshirts
Published: 2013/08/03
Channel: Alma Mater
ALMA MATER ALBUM
ALMA MATER ALBUM
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Rafael Mariae Hernandez
almamater 01.flv
almamater 01.flv
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: vdaendels
01 Grease - Alma Mater & Alma Mater Parody [Broadway 1972]
01 Grease - Alma Mater & Alma Mater Parody [Broadway 1972]
Published: 2011/08/25
Channel: OriginalBroadwayCast
21 August Part 4 (Alma Mater T T Rangarajan Sunday Live Program)
21 August Part 4 (Alma Mater T T Rangarajan Sunday Live Program)
Published: 2011/08/24
Channel: Nisar Ahammed
3. Advocata Nostra - Alma Mater Music From The Vatican
3. Advocata Nostra - Alma Mater Music From The Vatican
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: giovysoundtrack
T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater speaks on Relationship.
T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater speaks on Relationship.
Published: 2010/03/06
Channel: almamaterindia
Sum-ag Elementary School Alma mater song
Sum-ag Elementary School Alma mater song
Published: 2014/06/11
Channel: Klara Zano
'Life moves on...' says T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater
Published: 2010/04/24
Channel: almamaterindia
T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater speaks on DINACHARYA
T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater speaks on DINACHARYA
Published: 2010/02/13
Channel: almamaterindia
Horace Green Alma Mater (Broadway Cast Recording) | SCHOOL OF ROCK: The Musical
Horace Green Alma Mater (Broadway Cast Recording) | SCHOOL OF ROCK: The Musical
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: School of Rock the Musical
Moonspell - Alma Mater (Masters of Rock 2011 DVD) ®
Moonspell - Alma Mater (Masters of Rock 2011 DVD) ®
Published: 2011/11/30
Channel: makanabik
Carolina Band Plays LSU Alma Mater
Carolina Band Plays LSU Alma Mater
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: University of South Carolina
Emotional Adulthood by T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater
Emotional Adulthood by T.T.Rangarajan, Founder, Alma Mater
Published: 2010/04/17
Channel: almamaterindia
MoonSpell - Alma Mater
MoonSpell - Alma Mater
Published: 2008/02/27
Channel: NeoRock06
Alma Mater
Alma Mater
Published: 2010/08/18
Channel: University of Iowa
"Alma Mater" Southern University - 2015 Boombox Classic
"Alma Mater" Southern University - 2015 Boombox Classic
Published: 2015/09/20
Channel: ShowtimeWeb
William and Mary Alma Mater
William and Mary Alma Mater
Published: 2011/02/26
Channel: William & Mary Women's Chorus
Rodrigo Leao - Alma Mater
Rodrigo Leao - Alma Mater
Published: 2012/12/08
Channel: Leonard Winters
ALMA MATTER ///TEMA REING OF LIGHT ,,, BLACK METAL ARGENTINA
ALMA MATTER ///TEMA REING OF LIGHT ,,, BLACK METAL ARGENTINA
Published: 2013/04/22
Channel: alma metalero
Notre Dame Alma Mater
Notre Dame Alma Mater
Published: 2009/12/06
Channel: halftwin17
Alabama Alma Mater
Alabama Alma Mater
Published: 2009/12/06
Channel: halftwin17
Varun Agarwal: From failing in engineering to co-founding a million-dollar company
Varun Agarwal: From failing in engineering to co-founding a million-dollar company
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: INKtalks
Alma Mater song
Alma Mater song
Published: 2010/03/27
Channel: angelxtine08
Moonspell-Alma Mater
Moonspell-Alma Mater
Published: 2012/12/10
Channel: Edi Ley
ALMA MATER - Miguel Ángel Font | AM Arroquia Martínez de Jódar (Jaén)
ALMA MATER - Miguel Ángel Font | AM Arroquia Martínez de Jódar (Jaén)
Published: 2018/01/11
Channel: MiguelAFont
God Eater 2 Rage Burst OST - Alma Mater
God Eater 2 Rage Burst OST - Alma Mater
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: Gestridens
Alma Mater Winter 2010
Alma Mater Winter 2010
Published: 2011/01/07
Channel: Pitt Men's Glee Club
Watch James Franklin sing Penn State alma mater after upset win over Ohio State
Watch James Franklin sing Penn State alma mater after upset win over Ohio State
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: PennLive.com
Ohio State Alma Mater
Ohio State Alma Mater
Published: 2009/12/06
Channel: halftwin17
#2 | MY ALMA MATER TOUR
#2 | MY ALMA MATER TOUR
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: John Ryan Santos
Mickey Mouse Club: "Alma Mater"
Mickey Mouse Club: "Alma Mater"
Published: 2007/07/09
Channel: storyjan
We Hail Thee Carolina (Alma Mater)
We Hail Thee Carolina (Alma Mater)
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: gibhvac
Ali Primera - Alma mater
Ali Primera - Alma mater
Published: 2010/11/27
Channel: Carlín Díaz
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Alma Mater statue by Mario Korbel, at the entrance of the University of Havana in Cuba.

Alma mater (Latin: alma "nourishing/kind", mater "mother"; pl. [rarely used] almae matres) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college. In English, this is largely a U.S. usage referring to a school or university from which an individual has graduated or to a song or hymn associated with a school.[1] The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students.[2] Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor.

Before its current usage, Alma mater was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses, especially Ceres or Cybele,[3] and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary. It entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto Alma Mater Studiorum ("nurturing mother of studies"), which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world[4]. It is related to alumnus, a term used for a university graduate that literally means a "nursling" or "one who is nourished".[5]

Etymology[edit]

John Legate's Alma Mater for Cambridge in 1600

Although alma (nourishing) was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele, Venus, and other mother goddesses, it was not frequently used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin.[6] In the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the phrase is attributed to Lucretius' De rerum natura, where it is used as an epithet to describe an earth goddess:

Denique caelesti sumus omnes semine oriundi
omnibus ille idem pater est, unde alma liquentis
umoris guttas mater cum terra recepit (2.991–93)

We are all sprung from that celestial seed,
all of us have same father, from whom earth,
the nourishing mother, receives drops of liquid moisture

After the fall of Rome, the term came into Christian liturgical usage in association with the Virgin Mary. "Alma Redemptoris Mater" is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary.[6]

The earliest documented use of the term to refer to a university in an English-speaking country is in 1600, when the University of Cambridge printer, John Legate, began using an emblem for the university's press.[7][8] The device's first-known appearance is on the title-page of William Perkins' A Golden Chain, where the Latin phrase Alma Mater Cantabrigia ("nourishing mother Cambridge") is inscribed on a pedestal bearing a nude, lactating woman wearing a mural crown.[9][10] In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is often cited in 1710, when an academic mother-figure is mentioned in a remembrance of Henry More by Richard Ward.[11][12]

Special usage[edit]

Many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name. The University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum (nourishing mother of studies), refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, Poland, have similarly used the expression in conjunction with geographical or foundational characteristics. At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, Austria, an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010, uses the term as its official name

In the United States, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, has been called the "Alma Mater of the Nation" because of its ties to the country's founding.[13] At Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario, and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the main student government is known as the Alma Mater Society.

Monuments[edit]

Alma Mater (1929, Lorado Taft), University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

The ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant (e.g., at the Palatine Hill in Rome).

Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses. For example, in the United States: there is a well-known bronze statue of Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French situated on the steps of Columbia University's Low Library; the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign also has an Alma Mater statue by Lorado Taft. An altarpiece mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage, depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth, standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences.

Outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, with Feliciana Villalón Wilson as the inspiration for Alma Mater, and it was installed in its current location in 1927, at the direction of architect Raul Otero.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alma mater" at Dictionary.com. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
  2. ^ Ayto, John (2005). Word Origins (2nd ed.). London: A&C Black. ISBN 9781408101605. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd edition
  4. ^ "Our history - University of Bologna". Unibo.it. Retrieved 8 November 2017. 
  5. ^ Cresswell, Julia (2010). Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins. Oxford University Press. p. 12. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Sollors, Werner (1986). Beyond Ethnicity: Consent and Descent in American Culture. Oxford University Press. p. 78. ISBN 9780198020721. 
  7. ^ Stokes, Henry Paine (1919). Cambridge stationers, printers, bookbinders, &c. Cambridge: Bowes & Bowes. p. 12. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  8. ^ Roberts, S. C. (1921). A History of the Cambridge University Press 1521-1921. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  9. ^ Stubbings, Frank H. (1995). Bedders, Bulldogs and Bedells: A Cambridge Glossary (2nd ed.). p. 39. 
  10. ^ Perkins, William (1600). A Golden Chaine: Or, the Description of Theologie, containing the order and causes of salvation and damnation, according to God's word. Cambridge: University of Cambridge. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  11. ^ Harper, Douglas. "Alma mater". Online Etymological Dictionary. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  12. ^ Ward, Richard (1710). The Life of the Learned and Pious Dr. Henry More, Late Fellow of Christ's College in Cambridge. London: Joseph Downing. p. 148. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "William & Mary – History & Traditions". wm.edu. 
  14. ^ Cremata Ferrán, Mario. "Dos rostros, dos estatuas habaneras". Opus Habana. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

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