SPONSORED VIDEO
Play Video
1
Alsace: bilingualism a thing of the past | European Journal
Alsace: bilingualism a thing of the past | European Journal
::2013/01/17::
Play Video
2
Sie schwetzt elsassisch, Ich schwetz PA deitsch
Sie schwetzt elsassisch, Ich schwetz PA deitsch
::2012/06/19::
Play Video
3
Real French: D
Real French: D'où est-ce que vous venez?
::2010/07/08::
Play Video
4
France : a multilingual country
France : a multilingual country
::2014/04/24::
Play Video
5
Man Teaches Class On Pennsylvania Dutch Dialect
Man Teaches Class On Pennsylvania Dutch Dialect
::2011/03/15::
Play Video
6
Alsacien Elsaesser
Alsacien Elsaesser
::2013/08/04::
Play Video
7
Für d
Für d'Kotz (Für die Katze)
::2009/02/03::
Play Video
8
Alsace /The Eastern of France.
Alsace /The Eastern of France.
::2010/04/24::
Play Video
9
BELLS AT MONT SAINT-ODILE -- Alsace, France
BELLS AT MONT SAINT-ODILE -- Alsace, France
::2011/01/15::
Play Video
10
45 Languages of France / 45 langues de France [audio]
45 Languages of France / 45 langues de France [audio]
::2014/12/06::
Play Video
11
ALS Hastalığı Hakkında 10 Bilgi !
ALS Hastalığı Hakkında 10 Bilgi !
::2014/10/01::
Play Video
12
Ecomusée d
Ecomusée d'Alsace-Openair-Museum of Alsace (France)
::2006/12/30::
Play Video
13
Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin : Berceuse de Marie
Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin : Berceuse de Marie
::2013/02/28::
Play Video
14
Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin : Ma petite Soeur , Romance sans Paroles
Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin : Ma petite Soeur , Romance sans Paroles
::2013/03/07::
Play Video
15
Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin : Styrienne
Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin : Styrienne
::2013/03/05::
Play Video
16
Als e gitarr - poem by André Weckmann music by D W Solomons.wmv
Als e gitarr - poem by André Weckmann music by D W Solomons.wmv
::2011/09/09::
Play Video
17
Kaysersberg, Alsace (France) -- Sunday Morning, March 21, 2010 Cool Bike Parking Area!
Kaysersberg, Alsace (France) -- Sunday Morning, March 21, 2010 Cool Bike Parking Area!
::2010/03/29::
Play Video
18
Once upon a Time in a Time by Andrée Weschler, 2003
Once upon a Time in a Time by Andrée Weschler, 2003
::2009/03/15::
Play Video
19
South Tyrolean Dialect
South Tyrolean Dialect
::2013/08/22::
Play Video
20
rainbow-dash-nightcore-MIX
rainbow-dash-nightcore-MIX
::2015/01/05::
Play Video
21
S.S. Cardiacs - Noo Noo (In A Foreign Dialect)
S.S. Cardiacs - Noo Noo (In A Foreign Dialect)
::2010/11/10::
Play Video
22
German Bagpipes - Hümmelchen
German Bagpipes - Hümmelchen
::2007/09/28::
Play Video
23
White Rose Movement - Alsatian
White Rose Movement - Alsatian
::2011/03/24::
Play Video
24
Germany: Anon. 9th c. - Thes abet er ubar woroltring
Germany: Anon. 9th c. - Thes abet er ubar woroltring
::2011/10/11::
Play Video
25
Learn Alsatian language vocabulary - colors, couleurs - apprendre la langue et vocabulaire alsacien
Learn Alsatian language vocabulary - colors, couleurs - apprendre la langue et vocabulaire alsacien
::2012/10/08::
Play Video
26
Renaud Schmitt : Interview - France 3
Renaud Schmitt : Interview - France 3
::2008/12/07::
Play Video
27
Learn Alsatian language vocabulary of fruits - apprendre la langue et le vocabulaire alsacien
Learn Alsatian language vocabulary of fruits - apprendre la langue et le vocabulaire alsacien
::2012/10/08::
Play Video
28
Nespresso en Alsacien (Sous-Titrée en Français) - Wotch a koffie ?
Nespresso en Alsacien (Sous-Titrée en Français) - Wotch a koffie ?
::2008/04/11::
Play Video
29
Alsatian Dancers of Texas
Alsatian Dancers of Texas
::2014/09/06::
Play Video
30
Le Pot-de-Vin
Le Pot-de-Vin
::2013/10/16::
Play Video
31
Variations on folksongs from Alsace for cello and guitar.wmv
Variations on folksongs from Alsace for cello and guitar.wmv
::2011/04/20::
Play Video
32
Alsace Moselle - Le droit local
Alsace Moselle - Le droit local
::2013/01/13::
Play Video
33
Part II PA Dutch DIalect Program: Der Busch Knibbel
Part II PA Dutch DIalect Program: Der Busch Knibbel
::2010/03/24::
Play Video
34
Contrast between swiss german and german (SF Arena clip)
Contrast between swiss german and german (SF Arena clip)
::2008/07/27::
Play Video
35
ADN Dialect & da. - "ZeitZone" coming soon!
ADN Dialect & da. - "ZeitZone" coming soon!
::2013/06/20::
Play Video
36
Part V PA Dutch Dialect Program: Busch Knibbel
Part V PA Dutch Dialect Program: Busch Knibbel
::2010/03/26::
Play Video
37
Learn German! - Unterhaltungskursus für Fortgeschrittene - Lektion Zwei
Learn German! - Unterhaltungskursus für Fortgeschrittene - Lektion Zwei
::2008/12/30::
Play Video
38
Nice Lady in Riquewihr, Alsace, France Opens An Old Protestant Church for Me -- March 2010
Nice Lady in Riquewihr, Alsace, France Opens An Old Protestant Church for Me -- March 2010
::2010/04/01::
Play Video
39
Onyx the German Shepherd-Labrador mix
Onyx the German Shepherd-Labrador mix
::2009/05/24::
Play Video
40
GEEKS commercial *God Engineers Every Kings Success*
GEEKS commercial *God Engineers Every Kings Success*
::2011/07/15::
Play Video
41
Kylie German dialect
Kylie German dialect
::2010/08/08::
Play Video
42
Danse Macabre -- Kinstheim, Alsace (France) -- Dance of Death, March 21, 2010
Danse Macabre -- Kinstheim, Alsace (France) -- Dance of Death, March 21, 2010
::2010/03/31::
Play Video
43
Dialect Vlog Hop
Dialect Vlog Hop
::2011/07/23::
Play Video
44
German Shepherd Ringtones
German Shepherd Ringtones
::2013/12/25::
Play Video
45
Amish Trip to get some pure honey
Amish Trip to get some pure honey
::2014/11/15::
Play Video
46
Dante
Dante's Inferno Gameplay Walkthrough - Episode 005 - Gluttony
::2013/11/24::
Play Video
47
Franco-German War (1870)
Franco-German War (1870)
::2008/04/28::
Play Video
48
The Swabian--Alemannic Fastnacht, Freiburg 2013
The Swabian--Alemannic Fastnacht, Freiburg 2013
::2013/03/23::
Play Video
49
Learn German: Fun Facts about Germany
Learn German: Fun Facts about Germany
::2014/03/25::
Play Video
50
Basle, Switzerland
Basle, Switzerland
::2009/03/29::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [ .. ]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Alsatian language)
Jump to: navigation, search
"Alsacien" redirects here. For the German wine grape that is also known as Alsacien, see Elbling.
Alsatian
Elsässerdeutsche, Alsacien
Native to France
Region Alsace
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated by No official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-3 gsw (with Swiss German)
Glottolog swis1247  (Swiss German)[1]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Alsatian (Alsatian and Alemannic German: Elsässerditsch (literally Alsatian German); French: Alsacien; German: Elsässisch or Elsässerdeutsch) is a Low Alemannic German dialect spoken in most of Alsace, a region in eastern France which has passed between French and German control many times.

Alsace Dialects.PNG

Language family[edit]

A bilingual (French and Alsatian) sign in Mulhouse.

Alsatian is closely related to other nearby Alemannic dialects, such as Swiss German, Swabian, and Markgräflerisch as well as Kaiserstühlerisch. It is often confused with Lorraine Franconian, a more distantly related Franconian dialect spoken in the northeast corner of Alsace and in neighbouring Lorraine. Like other dialects and languages, Alsatian has also been influenced by outside sources. Words of Yiddish origin can be found in Alsatian, and modern conversational Alsatian includes adaptations of French words and English words, especially concerning new technologies.

Many speakers of Alsatian could, if pressed, write in reasonable standard German. For most this would be rare and confined to those who have learned German at school or through work. As with other dialects, various factors determine when, where, and with whom one might converse in Alsatian. Some dialect speakers are unwilling to speak standard German, at times, to certain outsiders and prefer to use French. In contrast, many people living near the border with Basel, Switzerland will speak their dialect with a Swiss person from that area, as they are mutually understandable for the most part; similar habits may apply to conversations with people of the nearby German Markgräflerland. Some street names in Alsace may use Alsatian spellings (they were formerly displayed only in French but are now bilingual in some places, especially Strasbourg and Mulhouse).[citation needed]

Orthography[edit]

Majuscule forms (also called uppercase or capital letters)
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Ä À É Ö Ü Ù
Minuscule forms (also called lowercase or small letters)
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z ä à é ö ü ù
IPA
/a/, /ə/ /b̥/ /k/,/g̊/ /d̥/ /e/, /eː/, /ə/ /f/ /g̊/ /h/ /ɪ/ /j/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/, /ŋ/ /o/ /p/ /k/ /ɾ/ /s/ /t/ /ʊ/ /v/ /ʋ/ /ks/ /j/ /z/ /ɛ/ /ɑ/, /ɑˈ/ /ɛ/ /œ/ /y/ /u/

Letters colored red are only used in loanwords.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Alsatian has a rather simple set of 14 consonants:

Labial Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop ɡ̊,
Affricate pf ts
Fricative f s ʃ ç x
Sonorant ʋ l

Two consonants are restricted in their distribution: /kʰ/ only occurs at the beginning of a word or morpheme, and then only if followed immediately by a vowel; /ŋ/ never occurs at the beginning of a word or morpheme.

Alsatian, like some German dialects, has lenited all obstruents but [k]. Its lenes are, however, voiceless as in all Southern German varieties. Therefore, they are here transcribed /b̥/, /d̥/, /ɡ̊/.

The phoneme /ç/ has a velar allophone [x] after back vowels (/u/, /o/, /ɔ/, and /a/ in those speakers who do not pronounce this as [æ]), and palatal [ç] elsewhere. In southern dialects, there is a tendency to pronounce it /x/ in all positions, and in Strasbourg the palatal allophone tends to conflate with the phoneme /ʃ/.

Vowels[edit]

Short vowels: /ʊ/, /o/, /ɒ/, /a/ ([æ] in Strasbourg), /ɛ/, /ɪ/, /i/, /y/.

Long vowels: /ʊː/, /oː/, /ɒː/, /aː/, /ɛː/, /eː/, /iː/, /yː/

Diphthongs[edit]

Comparative vocabulary list[edit]

English Alsatian High Alemannic Standard German Swabian German Standard French Standard Dutch
house Hüüs [hyˑs] Huus Haus Hous maison huis
loud lüüt [lyˑd̥] luut laut lout bruyant luid
people Lit [lɪd̥] Lüt Leute Leid gens/peuple lui
today hit [hɪd̥] hüt heute heid aujourd'hui heden
beautiful schen [ʃeːn] schö schön sche beau schoon
Earth Ard [aˑɾd̥] Ärd Erde Erd terre aarde
Fog Nabel [naːb̥l̩] Näbel Nebel Nebl brouillard nevel
water Wàsser [ʋɑsəɾ] Wasser Wasser Wasser eau water
man Mànn [mɑˑn] Maa Mann homme man
to eat assa [asə] ässe essen essa manger eten
to drink trenka [d̥ɾəŋɡ̊ə] trinkche trinken trenka boire drinken
little klai [ɡ̊laɪ̯] chlei klein kloi petit, petite klein
child Kind [kɪnd̥] Chind Kind Kind enfant kind
day Däi Dag Tag Dàg jour dag
woman Frài Frou Frau Frau femme vrouw

Status of Alsatian in France[edit]

The constitution of the Fifth Republic states that French alone is the official language of the Republic. However, Alsatian, along with other regional languages, is recognized by the French government in the official list of languages of France. France is a signatory to the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages but has never ratified the law and has not given regional languages the support that would be required by the charter. The policies of the Paris government have had the deliberate effect of greatly weakening the prevalence of native languages in France that are not "French." As a result, the Alsatian dialect of German has gone from being the prevalent language of the region to one in decline. A 1999 INSEE survey counted 548,000 adult speakers of Alsatian in France, making it the second most-spoken regional language in the country (after Occitan). Like all regional languages in France, however, the transmission of Alsatian is on the decline. While 43% of the adult population of Alsace speaks Alsatian, its use has been largely declining amongst the youngest generations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Swiss German". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • (French) [1] François Héran, et al. (2002) "La dynamique des langues en France au fil du XXe siècle". Population et sociétés 376, Ined.
  • (French) [2] "L'alsacien, deuxième langue régionale de France" Insee, Chiffres pour l'Alsace no. 12, December 2002
  • (French) Brunner, Jean-Jacques. L'alsacien sans peine. ASSiMiL, 2001. ISBN 2-7005-0222-1
  • (French) Laugel-Erny, Elsa. Cours d'alsacien. Les Editions du Quai, 1999.
  • (French) Matzen, Raymond, and Léon Daul. Wie Geht's ? Le dialecte à la portée de tous La Nuée Bleue, 1999. ISBN 2-7165-0464-4
  • (French)Matzen, Raymond, and Léon Daul. Wie Steht's ? Lexiques alsacien et français, Variantes dialectales, Grammaire La Nuée Bleue, 2000. ISBN 2-7165-0525-X

External links[edit]

Media related to Alsatian dialect at Wikimedia Commons

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2015