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Alsacien Elsaesser
Alsacien Elsaesser
Published: 2013/08/04
Channel: José Meidinger
Alsace: bilingualism a thing of the past | European Journal
Alsace: bilingualism a thing of the past | European Journal
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Channel: DW English
Sie schwetzt elsassisch, Ich schwetz PA deitsch
Sie schwetzt elsassisch, Ich schwetz PA deitsch
Published: 2012/06/19
Channel: penndeitsch
Easy French 58 - Strasbourg and Alsace
Easy French 58 - Strasbourg and Alsace
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: Easy Languages
Learn German Dialects | An Overview
Learn German Dialects | An Overview
Published: 2013/03/11
Channel: Get Germanized
Ec Coiff Ferber uf Elsassich
Ec Coiff Ferber uf Elsassich
Published: 2012/12/05
Channel: emilien2404
45 langues régionales de France / 45 Languages of France
45 langues régionales de France / 45 Languages of France
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: Hera
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L'Alsace, part deux: Entre La France et L'Allemagne
Published: 2012/10/30
Channel: andiamthearrow
German vs. Austrian | German Speaking Austrian
German vs. Austrian | German Speaking Austrian
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: DontTrustTheRabbit
Choucroute Garnie
Choucroute Garnie
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: Bruce Beck
Opening the Baeckeoffe
Opening the Baeckeoffe
Published: 2012/09/27
Channel: Christopher Schultz
28 Accents of France / 28 accents de France [audio]
28 Accents of France / 28 accents de France [audio]
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Hera
Every Dogma Has Its Drive
Every Dogma Has Its Drive
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Dead Frt West
Alsatian Meaning
Alsatian Meaning
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: SDictionary
How to Pronounce Alsatian
How to Pronounce Alsatian
Published: 2018/01/27
Channel: Pronunco Tutorial
Alsatian (Alemannic) - Fruits
Alsatian (Alemannic) - Fruits
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: EuroMinLang Europe Minority Languages
France : a multilingual country
France : a multilingual country
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: Strassburger92
Alsatian (Alemannic) - Animals
Alsatian (Alemannic) - Animals
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: EuroMinLang Europe Minority Languages
Kogenheim Elsasser Owe - Minner Sepp isch e Star - Resumé - Acte 1
Kogenheim Elsasser Owe - Minner Sepp isch e Star - Resumé - Acte 1
Published: 2018/01/13
Channel: Rachel Vogeleisen
Oscar the Alsatian
Oscar the Alsatian
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: Monica Olivia
Alsatian pronunciation and definition
Alsatian pronunciation and definition
Published: 2017/12/06
Channel: Pronunciation Flashcards
How to Pronounce alsatian - American English
How to Pronounce alsatian - American English
Published: 2018/01/25
Channel: HowToPronounce53
Unirevshare in All Major Languages of the World
Unirevshare in All Major Languages of the World
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Gex Oney
Introducing the Alsatian Boudoir
Introducing the Alsatian Boudoir
Published: 2017/12/21
Channel: Boudoir de Sainte Foy
Alsace Haus Texas met
Alsace Haus Texas met'm Justin Jungman
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Thierry Kranzer
Alsatian Onion Tort
Alsatian Onion Tort
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Castles and Kitchens
Jesse the Alsatian
Jesse the Alsatian
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: Julesy Llandelar
Alsatian Dancers 7
Alsatian Dancers 7
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: Debbie Williams
Sandbox,Alsatian
Sandbox,Alsatian
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: BossGamers24
Alsatian Country: Race Rewind in HD
Alsatian Country: Race Rewind in HD
Published: 2012/02/08
Channel: BicyclesOutback
Alsatian Apple Tart
Alsatian Apple Tart
Published: 2014/05/19
Channel: Emily Lambert
2017 annual lunch Union Alsacienne
2017 annual lunch Union Alsacienne
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Thierry Kranzer
Terminator Salvation HD trailer
Terminator Salvation HD trailer
Published: 2008/12/06
Channel: BrindilleAlsace
Kogenheim Elsasser Owe - Minner Sepp isch e Star - Resumé - Acte 2
Kogenheim Elsasser Owe - Minner Sepp isch e Star - Resumé - Acte 2
Published: 2018/01/13
Channel: Rachel Vogeleisen
The Alsatian of the Forest
The Alsatian of the Forest
Published: 2015/04/03
Channel: The Clarkes
still alsace
still alsace
Published: 2014/02/16
Channel: michel dubau
How to pronounce Alsatian
How to pronounce Alsatian
Published: 2018/02/10
Channel: Pronounce Say
How to say "alsatians"! (High Quality Voices)
How to say "alsatians"! (High Quality Voices)
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: WordBox
Dell
Dell
Published: 2010/03/24
Channel: dampfnudle
Ham knuckle with braised green cabbage (jambonneau braisé aux choux) - French Cuisine
Ham knuckle with braised green cabbage (jambonneau braisé aux choux) - French Cuisine
Published: 2015/01/24
Channel: Famous Cuisines Channel
Yamakasi Elsassich
Yamakasi Elsassich
Published: 2007/07/16
Channel: Foxfarenheit
Tartes flambées by La Flamme
Tartes flambées by La Flamme
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Jean-Luc Besset
The Easiest Onion Tart | Potluck with Ali
The Easiest Onion Tart | Potluck with Ali
Published: 2017/12/21
Channel: Potluck Video
Panorama of the Alsace landscape in France.
Panorama of the Alsace landscape in France.
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: ikiel24
Poem #01 Past Affair by PoemsByChris
Poem #01 Past Affair by PoemsByChris
Published: 2012/06/23
Channel: PoemsByCHRIS
How to Pronounce Alsatian
How to Pronounce Alsatian
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: uPronounce
Uncharted 3 Oles Deception
Uncharted 3 Oles Deception
Published: 2011/09/13
Channel: OLESPROD RealFilm Dimension
Alsatian Dancers of Texas
Alsatian Dancers of Texas
Published: 2014/09/06
Channel: Debbie Williams
Contrast between swiss german and german (SF Arena clip)
Contrast between swiss german and german (SF Arena clip)
Published: 2008/07/27
Channel: ljuvefreya
40 KNOTS Pinot Gris
40 KNOTS Pinot Gris
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: Brenda Hetman-Craig
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Alsatian
Native to France
Region Alsace
Native speakers
900,000 (2013)[1]
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated by No official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-3 gsw (with Swiss German)
Glottolog swis1247  Swiss German[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Blason région fr Alsace.svg
Part of the series on
Alsace
Flag of Alsace (historical).svg
Rot un Wiss, traditional flag of Alsace

Alsatian (Alsatian and Alemannic German: Elsässerditsch (Alsatian German); Frankish: Elsässerdeitsch; French: Alsacien; German: Elsässisch or Elsässerdeutsch) is a Low Alemannic German dialect spoken in most of Alsace, a formerly disputed region in eastern France that has passed between French and German control five times since 1681. A dialect of Alsatian German is spoken in the United States by the so-called Swiss Amish, whose ancestors emigrated there in the middle of the 19th century. The approximately 7,000 speakers are located mainly in Allen County, Indiana, with "daughter settlements"[Note 1] elsewhere.[3] In Canada, Amish communities are located mostly in Ontario, with smaller settlements in New Brunswick and on Prince Edward Island.[4]

Alsace Dialects.PNG

Language family[edit]

A bilingual (French and Alsatian) sign in Mulhouse.

Alsatian is closely related to other nearby Alemannic dialects, such as Swiss German, Swabian, and Markgräflerisch as well as Kaiserstühlerisch. It is often confused with Lorraine Franconian, a more distantly related Franconian dialect spoken in the northwest corner of Alsace and in neighbouring Lorraine. Like other dialects and languages, Alsatian has also been influenced by outside sources. Words of Yiddish origin can be found in Alsatian, and modern conversational Alsatian includes adaptations of French words and English words, especially concerning new technologies.

Many speakers of Alsatian could, if necessary, write in reasonable standard German. For most this would be rare and confined to those who have learned German at school or through work. As with other dialects, various factors determine when, where, and with whom one might converse in Alsatian. Some dialect speakers are unwilling to speak standard German, at times, to certain outsiders and prefer to use French. In contrast, many people living near the border with Basel, Switzerland, will speak their dialect with a Swiss person from that area, as they are mutually intelligible for the most part; similar habits may apply to conversations with people of the nearby German Markgräflerland. Some street names in Alsace may use Alsatian spellings (they were formerly displayed only in French but are now bilingual in some places, especially Strasbourg and Mulhouse).

Orthography[edit]

Majuscule forms
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Ä À É Ö Ü Ù
Minuscule forms
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z ä à é ö ü ù
IPA
/a/, /ə/ /b̥/ /k/, /ɡ̊/ /d̥/ /e/, /eː/, /ə/ /f/ /ɡ̊/ /h/ /ɪ/ /j/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/, /ŋ/ /o/ /p/ /k/ /ɾ/ /s/ /t/ /ʊ/ f /ʋ/ /ks/ /Y/, /yː/, /ɪ/, /iː/ /z/ /ɛ/ /ɑ/, /ɑː/ /ɛ/ /œ/ /y/ /u/

C, Q, and X are only used in loanwords. Y is also used in native words such as Dytschi ("German"), but is more common in loanwords.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Alsatian has a set of 19 consonants:

Labial Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop ɡ̊,
Affricate pf ts
Fricative f s ʃ ç (x) h
Sonorant ʋ l j ʁ̞

Three consonants are restricted in their distribution: /kʰ/ and /h/ only occur at the beginning of a word or morpheme, and then only if followed immediately by a vowel; /ŋ/ never occurs at the beginning of a word or morpheme.

Alsatian, like some German dialects, has lenited all obstruents but [k]. Its lenes are, however, voiceless as in all Southern German varieties. Therefore, they are here transcribed /b̥/, /d̥/, /ɡ̊/.

The phoneme /ç/ has a velar allophone [x] after back vowels (/u/, /o/, /ɔ/, and /a/ in those speakers who do not pronounce this as [æ]), and palatal [ç] elsewhere. In southern dialects, there is a tendency to pronounce it /x/ in all positions, and in Strasbourg the palatal allophone tends to conflate with the phoneme /ʃ/.

Vowels[edit]

Short vowels: /ʊ/, /o/, /ɒ/, /a/ ([æ] in Strasbourg), /ɛ/, /ɪ/, /i/, /y/.

Long vowels: /ʊː/, /oː/, /ɒː/, /aː/, /ɛː/, /eː/, /iː/, /yː/

Diphthongs[edit]

Comparative vocabulary list[edit]

English Alsatian High Alemannic Standard German Swabian German Standard French
house Hüüs [hyˑs] Huus Haus Hous maison
loud lüüt [lyˑd̥] luut laut lout bruyant
people Lit [lɪd̥] Lüt Leute Leid gens/peuple
today hit [hɪd̥] hüt heute heid aujourd'hui
beautiful schen [ʃeːn] schö schön sche beau
Earth Ard [aˑɾd̥] Ärd Erde Erd terre
Fog Nabel [naːb̥l̩] Näbel Nebel Nebl brouillard
water Wàsser [ʋɑsəɾ] Wasser Wasser Wasser eau
man Mànn [mɑˑn] Maa Mann homme
to eat assa [asə] ässe essen essa manger
to drink trenka [d̥ɾəŋɡ̊ə] trinkche trinken trenka boire
little klai [ɡ̊laɪ̯] chlei klein kloi petit, petite
child Kind [kɪnd̥] Chind Kind Kind enfant
day Däi Dag Tag Dàg jour
woman Frài Frou Frau Frau femme

Status of Alsatian in France[edit]

Since 1992, the constitution of the Fifth Republic states that French is the official language of the Republic. However, Alsatian, along with other regional languages, is recognized by the French government in the official list of languages of France. France is a signatory to the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages but has never ratified the law and has not given regional languages the support that would be required by the charter. The policies of the Paris government have had the deliberate effect of greatly weakening the prevalence of native languages in France that are not "French." As a result, the Alsatian dialect of German has gone from being the prevalent language of the region to one in decline. A 1999 INSEE survey counted 548,000 adult speakers of Alsatian in France, making it the second most-spoken regional language in the country (after Occitan). Like all regional languages in France, however, the transmission of Alsatian is on the decline. While 43% of the adult population of Alsace speaks Alsatian, its use has been largely declining amongst the youngest generations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alsatian at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Swiss German". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Chad Thompson: The Languages of the Amish of Allen County, Indiana: Multilingualism and Convergence, in Anthropological Linguistics, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Spring, 1994), pp. 69-91
  4. ^ "Canada Amish". Amish America. Amish America. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  • (in French) [1] François Héran, et al. (2002) "La Dynamique des langues en France au fil du XXe siècle". Population et sociétés 376, Ined.
  • (in French) [2] "L'Alsacien, deuxième langue régionale de France" Insee, Chiffres pour l'Alsace no. 12, December 2002
  • (in French) Brunner, Jean-Jacques. L'Alsacien sans peine. ASSiMiL, 2001. ISBN 2-7005-0222-1
  • (in French) Laugel-Erny, Elsa. Cours d'alsacien. Les Editions du Quai, 1999.
  • (in French) Matzen, Raymond, and Léon Daul. Wie Geht's ? Le Dialecte à la portée de tous La Nuée Bleue, 1999. ISBN 2-7165-0464-4
  • (in French)Matzen, Raymond, and Léon Daul. Wie Steht's ? Lexiques alsacien et français, Variantes dialectales, Grammaire La Nuée Bleue, 2000. ISBN 2-7165-0525-X

External links[edit]

Media related to Alsatian dialect at Wikimedia Commons

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ When Amish communities become too big, a number of families move away and form a new settlement, which is referred to as a daughter settlement. The settlement from which they leave is the mother settlement.[1][2]

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