Play Video
1
Alsace: bilingualism a thing of the past | European Journal
Alsace: bilingualism a thing of the past | European Journal
::2013/01/17::
Play Video
2
Sie schwetzt elsassisch, Ich schwetz PA deitsch
Sie schwetzt elsassisch, Ich schwetz PA deitsch
::2012/06/19::
Play Video
3
Learn Alsatian language vocabulary - colors, couleurs - apprendre la langue et vocabulaire alsacien
Learn Alsatian language vocabulary - colors, couleurs - apprendre la langue et vocabulaire alsacien
::2012/10/08::
Play Video
4
Learn Alsatian language vocabulary of fruits - apprendre la langue et le vocabulaire alsacien
Learn Alsatian language vocabulary of fruits - apprendre la langue et le vocabulaire alsacien
::2012/10/08::
Play Video
5
Présentation de l
Présentation de l'OLCA (Office pour la Langue et la Culture d'Alsace)
::2012/05/11::
Play Video
6
How to change windows 7 region and language to Alsatian ( France )
How to change windows 7 region and language to Alsatian ( France )
::2012/04/23::
Play Video
7
Alsace /The Eastern of France.
Alsace /The Eastern of France.
::2010/04/24::
Play Video
8
how to change windows 7 Region and Language format to Alsatian (France)
how to change windows 7 Region and Language format to Alsatian (France)
::2012/05/04::
Play Video
9
Traditional Alsace Music in Strasbourg
Traditional Alsace Music in Strasbourg
::2013/07/05::
Play Video
10
Secret Life of Dogs: Alsatian dog drinking water in ultra slow motion
Secret Life of Dogs: Alsatian dog drinking water in ultra slow motion
::2013/01/18::
Play Video
11
The German Shepherd Dog or Alsatian.
The German Shepherd Dog or Alsatian.
::2012/08/11::
Play Video
12
Alsatian Dog
Alsatian Dog
::2009/06/18::
Play Video
13
Memoirs From My Alsatian Grandmother
Memoirs From My Alsatian Grandmother
::2014/03/10::
Play Video
14
Alsatian pups 2 wks
Alsatian pups 2 wks
::2010/07/23::
Play Video
15
Simon Bookish - Alsatian Dog
Simon Bookish - Alsatian Dog
::2013/01/17::
Play Video
16
German Shepherd vs. Doberman
German Shepherd vs. Doberman
::2010/02/08::
Play Video
17
Finalcall For Alsatian Grove Machine
Finalcall For Alsatian Grove Machine
::2014/02/23::
Play Video
18
Alsatian Potato Salad : Recipes From Spicy to Cool
Alsatian Potato Salad : Recipes From Spicy to Cool
::2013/08/26::
Play Video
19
TRANSLATE IN 20 LANGUAGES = Alsace
TRANSLATE IN 20 LANGUAGES = Alsace
::2011/03/22::
Play Video
20
How to Pronounce Alsatian
How to Pronounce Alsatian
::2014/08/14::
Play Video
21
Alsace, France
Alsace, France
::2007/12/28::
Play Video
22
Odin The German Shepherd in Slow Motion
Odin The German Shepherd in Slow Motion
::2013/08/08::
Play Video
23
Dog Attacks Man for Throwing Bricks
Dog Attacks Man for Throwing Bricks
::2013/06/08::
Play Video
24
Jean Suffert describing Alsatian wine
Jean Suffert describing Alsatian wine
::2013/07/16::
Play Video
25
Travel Writer Ralph Grizzle, Reporting from Hotel Barge Panache in Alsace-Lorraine
Travel Writer Ralph Grizzle, Reporting from Hotel Barge Panache in Alsace-Lorraine
::2012/09/07::
Play Video
26
Alsace - Ligne Maginot - Ecomusee im Deutsch
Alsace - Ligne Maginot - Ecomusee im Deutsch
::2011/05/08::
Play Video
27
German Shepherd Puppy Obedience
German Shepherd Puppy Obedience
::2009/06/04::
Play Video
28
Pastor Aleman Policia Perros De Pelo Largo Y Corto - Ovejero Aleman - German Shepherd Animales HD
Pastor Aleman Policia Perros De Pelo Largo Y Corto - Ovejero Aleman - German Shepherd Animales HD
::2014/08/14::
Play Video
29
Police dog training, Miami K9 Enforcement German Shepherd
Police dog training, Miami K9 Enforcement German Shepherd
::2011/05/30::
Play Video
30
An Alsatian climbs a Banyan Tree near
An Alsatian climbs a Banyan Tree near
::2008/06/29::
Play Video
31
Alsatian Chocolate Balls-French Project
Alsatian Chocolate Balls-French Project
::2008/06/11::
Play Video
32
Doggy Dan - The Online Dog Trainer - German Shepherd dog playing
Doggy Dan - The Online Dog Trainer - German Shepherd dog playing
::2014/05/06::
Play Video
33
6 month old German Shepherd puppy in training
6 month old German Shepherd puppy in training
::2012/02/20::
Play Video
34
The Dragons of Alsace Farm by Laurie Lewis
The Dragons of Alsace Farm by Laurie Lewis
::2013/03/24::
Play Video
35
Als e gitarr - poem by André Weckmann music by D W Solomons.wmv
Als e gitarr - poem by André Weckmann music by D W Solomons.wmv
::2011/09/09::
Play Video
36
Dog Training - How To Train A German Shepherd
Dog Training - How To Train A German Shepherd
::2008/11/20::
Play Video
37
Crufts 2014 - German Shepherd Dog Best of Breed
Crufts 2014 - German Shepherd Dog Best of Breed
::2014/03/07::
Play Video
38
Early dog training, 1940
Early dog training, 1940's -- Film 90352
::2013/08/28::
Play Video
39
talking white german shepherd dog
talking white german shepherd dog
::2007/07/22::
Play Video
40
L
L'Alsace en Version Originale : L'Alsacien et les enfants
::2013/10/21::
Play Video
41
Untamed and Uncut: Attack Dog Bites Reporter
Untamed and Uncut: Attack Dog Bites Reporter
::2008/09/17::
Play Video
42
L
L'Alsace en Version Originale : Apprendre et transmettre l'alsacien
::2013/10/23::
Play Video
43
(English subtitles) Francisco Randez, Alsace au Menu, Amérique du Sud
(English subtitles) Francisco Randez, Alsace au Menu, Amérique du Sud
::2011/06/22::
Play Video
44
Dogs 101 - Belgian Malinois
Dogs 101 - Belgian Malinois
::2011/09/28::
Play Video
45
Kraftwerk K9 Training German Shepherd Puppies
Kraftwerk K9 Training German Shepherd Puppies
::2013/05/10::
Play Video
46
christmas market berlin - Dezember 2006
christmas market berlin - Dezember 2006
::2006/12/18::
Play Video
47
Kronenbourg The Farmers of Alsace
Kronenbourg The Farmers of Alsace
::2013/02/06::
Play Video
48
Klangtrotler sur France 3 Alsace
Klangtrotler sur France 3 Alsace
::2013/10/15::
Play Video
49
albert gérard l
albert gérard l'alsacien l'alsace c'est bien c'est beau c'est
::2012/07/02::
Play Video
50
Big Talking German Shepherd Dog
Big Talking German Shepherd Dog
::2012/04/06::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Alsacien" redirects here. For the German wine grape that is also known as Alsacien, see Elbling.
Alsatian
Elsässerdeutsche, Alsacien
Native to France
Region Alsace
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated by No official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-3 gsw (with Swiss German)
Glottolog swis1247  (Swiss German)[1]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Alsatian (Alsatian and Alemannic German: Elsässerditsch (literally Alsatian-German); French: Alsacien; German: Elsässisch or Elsässerdeutsch) is a Low Alemannic German dialect spoken in most of Alsace, a region in eastern France which has passed between French and German control many times.

Alsace Dialects.PNG

Language family[edit]

A bilingual (French and Alsatian) sign in Mulhouse.

Alsatian is closely related to other nearby Alemannic dialects, such as Swiss German, Swabian, and Markgräflerisch as well as Kaiserstühlerisch. It is often confused with Lorraine Franconian, a more distantly related Franconian dialect spoken in the northeast corner of Alsace and in neighbouring Lorraine. Like other dialects and languages, Alsatian has also been influenced by outside sources. Words of Yiddish origin can be found in Alsatian, and modern conversational Alsatian includes adaptations of French words and English words, especially concerning new technologies.

Many speakers of Alsatian could, if pressed, write in reasonable standard German. For most this would be rare and confined to those who have learned German at school or through work. As with other dialects, various factors determine when, where, and with whom one might converse in Alsatian. Some dialect speakers are unwilling to speak standard German, at times, to certain outsiders and prefer to use French. In contrast, many people living near the border with Basel, Switzerland will speak their dialect with a Swiss person from that area, as they are mutually understandable for the most part; similar habits may apply to conversations with people of the nearby German Markgräflerland. Some street names in Alsace may use Alsatian spellings (they were formerly displayed only in French but are now bilingual in some places, especially Strasbourg and Mulhouse).[citation needed]

Orthography[edit]

Majuscule forms (also called uppercase or capital letters)
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Ä À É Ö Ü Ù
Minuscule forms (also called lowercase or small letters)
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z ä à é ö ü ù
IPA
/a/, /ə/ /b̥/ /k/,/g̊/ /d̥/ /e/, /eː/, /ə/ /f/ /g̊/ /h/ /ɪ/ /j/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/, /ŋ/ /o/ /p/ /k/ /ɾ/ /s/ /t/ /ʊ/ /v/ /ʋ/ /ks/ /j/ /z/ /ɛ/ /ɑ/, /ɑˈ/ /ɛ/ /œ/ /y/ /u/

Letters colored red are only used in loanwords.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Alsatian has a rather simple set of 14 consonants:

Labial Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop ɡ̊,
Affricate pf ts
Fricative f s ʃ ç x
Sonorant ʋ l

Two consonants are restricted in their distribution: /kʰ/ only occurs at the beginning of a word or morpheme, and then only if followed immediately by a vowel; /ŋ/ never occurs at the beginning of a word or morpheme.

Alsatian, like some German dialects, has lenited all obstruents but [k]. Its lenes are, however, voiceless as in all Southern German varieties. Therefore, they are here transcribed /b̥/, /d̥/, /ɡ̊/.

The phoneme /ç/ has a velar allophone [x] after back vowels (/u/, /o/, /ɔ/, and /a/ in those speakers who do not pronounce this as [æ]), and palatal [ç] elsewhere. In southern dialects, there is a tendency to pronounce it /x/ in all positions, and in Strasbourg the palatal allophone tends to conflate with the phoneme /ʃ/.

Vowels[edit]

Short vowels: /ʊ/, /o/, /ɒ/, /a/ ([æ] in Strasbourg), /ɛ/, /ɪ/, /i/, /y/.

Long vowels: /ʊː/, /oː/, /ɒː/, /aː/, /ɛː/, /eː/, /iː/, /yː/

Diphthongs[edit]

Comparative vocabulary list[edit]

English Alsatian High Alemannic Standard German Swabian German dialect Standard French Standard Dutch (closest approximation)
house Hüüs [hyˑs] Huus Haus Hous maison huis
loud lüüt [lyˑd̥] luut laut lout bruyant luid
people Lit [lɪd̥] Lüt Leute Leid gens/peuple lui
today hit [hɪd̥] hüt heute heid aujourd'hui vandaag
beautiful schen [ʃeːn] schö schön sche beau schoon
Earth Ard [aˑɾd̥] Ärd Erde Erd terre aarde
Fog Nabel [naːb̥l̩] Näbel Nebel Nebl brouillard nevel
water Wàsser [ʋɑsəɾ] Wasser Wasser Wasser eau water
man Mànn [mɑˑn] Maa Mann homme man
eat assa [asə] ässe essen essa manger eten
to drink trenka [d̥ɾəŋɡ̊ə] trinkche trinken trenka boire drinken
little klai [ɡ̊laɪ̯] chlei klein kloi petit, petite klein
child Kind [kɪnd̥] Chind Kind Kind enfant kind
day Däi Dag Tag Dàg jour dag
woman Frài Frou Frau Frau femme vrouw

Status of Alsatian in France[edit]

The constitution of the Fifth Republic states that French alone is the official language of the Republic. However, Alsatian, along with other regional languages, is recognized by the French government in the official list of languages of France. France is a signatory to the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages but has never ratified the law and has not given regional languages the support that would be required by the charter. The policies of the Paris government have had the deliberate effect of greatly weakening the prevalence of native languages in France that are not "French." As a result, the Alsatian dialect of German has gone from being the prevalent language of the region to one in decline. A 1999 INSEE survey counted 548,000 adult speakers of Alsatian in France, making it the second most-spoken regional language in the country (after Occitan). Like all regional languages in France, however, the transmission of Alsatian is on the decline. While 43% of the adult population of Alsace speaks Alsatian, its use has been largely declining amongst the youngest generations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Swiss German". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • (French) [1] François Héran, et al. (2002) "La dynamique des langues en France au fil du XXe siècle". Population et sociétés 376, Ined.
  • (French) [2] "L'alsacien, deuxième langue régionale de France" Insee, Chiffres pour l'Alsace no. 12, December 2002
  • (French) Brunner, Jean-Jacques. L'alsacien sans peine. ASSiMiL, 2001. ISBN 2-7005-0222-1
  • (French) Laugel-Erny, Elsa. Cours d'alsacien. Les Editions du Quai, 1999.
  • (French) Matzen, Raymond, and Léon Daul. Wie Geht's ? Le dialecte à la portée de tous La Nuée Bleue, 1999. ISBN 2-7165-0464-4
  • (French)Matzen, Raymond, and Léon Daul. Wie Steht's ? Lexiques alsacien et français, Variantes dialectales, Grammaire La Nuée Bleue, 2000. ISBN 2-7165-0525-X

External links[edit]

Media related to Alsatian language at Wikimedia Commons

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014