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American Defense
American Defense
Published: 2006/06/21
Channel: wapo77
American Defense MFG Mounts
American Defense MFG Mounts
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: EDCGunsandGear
See What I
See What I've Become
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: American Defense Society
ANTIFA At Toronto M-103 Protest
ANTIFA At Toronto M-103 Protest
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: American Defense Society
This Is Antifa.
This Is Antifa.
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: American Defense Society
Disturbing Message To All Americans From Ex Defense Minister Of Canada
Disturbing Message To All Americans From Ex Defense Minister Of Canada
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: THAT IS IMPOSSIBLE
Great American Defense Communities 2017
Great American Defense Communities 2017
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Association of Defense Communities
WE WILL NOT REST: Vice President Mike Pence RUSSIA, NATO, AMERICAN DEFENSE SPEECH at Adriatic Summit
WE WILL NOT REST: Vice President Mike Pence RUSSIA, NATO, AMERICAN DEFENSE SPEECH at Adriatic Summit
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP NEWS & LIVE SPEECH 2017
USA Sends Message To North Korea & Deploys THAAD Missile Defense System To South Korea
USA Sends Message To North Korea & Deploys THAAD Missile Defense System To South Korea
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: WarLeaks - Daily Military Defense Videos & Combat Footage
CAN THE U.S. DEFEND AGAINST A NORTH KOREAN MISSILE STRIKE ? || WARTHOG 2017
CAN THE U.S. DEFEND AGAINST A NORTH KOREAN MISSILE STRIKE ? || WARTHOG 2017
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: Warthog Defense
The Cost of Cutting America
The Cost of Cutting America's Defense Budget
Published: 2014/03/27
Channel: VICE News
Policestore - American Defense Ad-Recon-H Mounts
Policestore - American Defense Ad-Recon-H Mounts
Published: 2012/03/26
Channel: policestoreinc
Bialos on Buy American, Defense-Industrial Strategy, Third Offset & Innovation
Bialos on Buy American, Defense-Industrial Strategy, Third Offset & Innovation
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Defense & Aerospace Report
Free Speech Rally Highlights At Berkeley
Free Speech Rally Highlights At Berkeley
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: American Defense Society
Top Defense Attorney Reveals the Most Important Things You Need to Know When You Conceal Carry
Top Defense Attorney Reveals the Most Important Things You Need to Know When You Conceal Carry
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Geauga Firearms Academy
American Defense League - September 11th - Factus MMI
American Defense League - September 11th - Factus MMI
Published: 2011/09/09
Channel: holy1683league
Patriot Missile Defense System: America
Patriot Missile Defense System: America's Enemies Still Fear (Even After Almost 40 Years)
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Dung Tran
Why Does America Love Its Military So Much?
Why Does America Love Its Military So Much?
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: NowThis
ROCKWELL B-1B LANCER PROMOTIONAL FILM  "NEW STRENGTH FOR AMERICAN DEFENSE"  55784
ROCKWELL B-1B LANCER PROMOTIONAL FILM "NEW STRENGTH FOR AMERICAN DEFENSE" 55784
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Rebuilding American Defense
Rebuilding American Defense
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: Marco Rubio
USA vs N.KOREA (wwIII-GUAM War!) | U.S Army VS North Korean Army/Military Power Comparison 2017
USA vs N.KOREA (wwIII-GUAM War!) | U.S Army VS North Korean Army/Military Power Comparison 2017
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: VSB defense
This is why America is scared from Russian S400 Triumf Air Defense
This is why America is scared from Russian S400 Triumf Air Defense
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: Logical Hindu
EUROPE IS SAFE !!! NATO Military Missile Defense Mini Documentary
EUROPE IS SAFE !!! NATO Military Missile Defense Mini Documentary
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
American Defense Contractors May Soon Face Grand Competition
American Defense Contractors May Soon Face Grand Competition
Published: 2012/09/13
Channel: TheStreet
American Defense Policy
American Defense Policy
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: John Karcher
The American Defense League on the Taliban, Israel and Palistine
The American Defense League on the Taliban, Israel and Palistine
Published: 2010/01/25
Channel: therealcaptobvious
WATCH: President Donald Trump Meets With Secretary of Defense James "Mad Dog" Mattis At The Pentagon
WATCH: President Donald Trump Meets With Secretary of Defense James "Mad Dog" Mattis At The Pentagon
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: FOX 10 Phoenix
Byrne: Defense Bill Ensures Security of the American People
Byrne: Defense Bill Ensures Security of the American People
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Rep. Bradley Byrne
Local defense systems didn’t stand a chance against Syria strike – def. expert
Local defense systems didn’t stand a chance against Syria strike – def. expert
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: RT America
2013 Strategy Conference Banquet Keynote - American Defense Budget and the Future of U.S. Landpower
2013 Strategy Conference Banquet Keynote - American Defense Budget and the Future of U.S. Landpower
Published: 2013/04/11
Channel: USArmyWarCollege
Full Interview: Defense Secretary James Mattis, May 28
Full Interview: Defense Secretary James Mattis, May 28
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: Face The Nation
North Korean Missiles Vs US THAAD and AEGIS Defense System
North Korean Missiles Vs US THAAD and AEGIS Defense System
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Zobiyen TV
"The Last Warrior: Andrew Marshall and the Shaping of Modern American Defense Strategy
"The Last Warrior: Andrew Marshall and the Shaping of Modern American Defense Strategy
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: Richard Nixon Foundation
STRATEGIC DEFENSE INITIATIVE STAR WARS RONALD REAGAN 33112
STRATEGIC DEFENSE INITIATIVE STAR WARS RONALD REAGAN 33112
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
US Missile Defense System Successfully Intercepts ICBM: FTG-15 Test Footage
US Missile Defense System Successfully Intercepts ICBM: FTG-15 Test Footage
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: AiirSource Military
Russian Report on South Koreans
Russian Report on South Koreans' Protests Against American Missile Defense System
Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: Russia Insider
American Defense Systems DFW - Grapevine, TX
American Defense Systems DFW - Grapevine, TX
Published: 2010/10/06
Channel: yellowbook
President Donald Trump
President Donald Trump's America First Blue Print Budget Explained: Department Of Defense
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: Golden State Times
IF NOKO LAUNCH IT
IF NOKO LAUNCH IT'S GAME OVER, WARN US SEC. DEFENSE JIM MATTIS, INTERCEPTOR READY ON STANDBY
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Youtupe Mania
Top Artist: Tribalism Is The Greatest Threat To America/Defense Condition Lowered To Safest Level
Top Artist: Tribalism Is The Greatest Threat To America/Defense Condition Lowered To Safest Level
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
Trump Supporters Charging Antifa at Berkeley Free Speech Rally
Trump Supporters Charging Antifa at Berkeley Free Speech Rally
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: American Defense Society
Antifa vs Trump Supporters at Huntington Beach, California
Antifa vs Trump Supporters at Huntington Beach, California
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: American Defense Society
American Defense Academy IDPA 7-18-15
American Defense Academy IDPA 7-18-15
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: TJ Kane
Israeli and American Defense Ministers hold Joint Press Conference
Israeli and American Defense Ministers hold Joint Press Conference
Published: 2011/03/24
Channel: Arutz Sheva TV
Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt's Final Address (Full Audiobook)
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Audio Law Library
09 American defense minster in Pakistan wtih 7 point agenda
09 American defense minster in Pakistan wtih 7 point agenda
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: Ask Tahir ul Qadri
JB Campbell American Defense Party, Stew Webb, WillPWilson, Glenn Canady, AllDayLive, MediaCific,
JB Campbell American Defense Party, Stew Webb, WillPWilson, Glenn Canady, AllDayLive, MediaCific,
Published: 2014/03/02
Channel: willpwilson
American Cane Self Defense Joe Robaina on NBCTV Miami
American Cane Self Defense Joe Robaina on NBCTV Miami
Published: 2014/05/19
Channel: American Cane Self Defense
How Do We Inject Innovation Into the Defense Department
How Do We Inject Innovation Into the Defense Department
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: New America
WE WILL NOT REST: Vice President Mike Pence RUSSIA, NATO, AMERICAN DEFENSE SPEECH at Adriatic Summit
WE WILL NOT REST: Vice President Mike Pence RUSSIA, NATO, AMERICAN DEFENSE SPEECH at Adriatic Summit
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Fer Tito
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This leaflet of the American Defense Society from the time of World War I lists the organization's dues structure and general aims.

The American Defense Society was a nationalist American political group founded in 1915. It advocated American intervention against Germany during World War I and opposition to the Bolsheviks when they came to power in Russia after the October Revolution of 1917.

Organizational history[edit]

Formation[edit]

Clarence Smedley Thomas, Cushing Stetson, and John F. Hubbard formed the ADS in August 1915 as a splinter group from the National Security League (NSL). They objected to the NSL for being uncritical in support of the Wilson administration. Like the NSL, the ADS favored progressivism and its reform programs, but it was much more militarist and nationalistic than the NSL. Its first honorary president was former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt.[1] The Chairman was Richard Melancthon Hurd.

Among the political positions of the ADS were:

  • Total victory against Germany in World War I, with no discussion of peace terms
  • Centralized organization of national industry, as accomplished temporarily under the War Industries Board
  • Expulsion of socialists from U.S. politics
  • Suppression of sedition
  • One hundred percent Americanism

In February 1918, the Society called on Congress to take action on a series of measures required by U.S. entry into World War I. It wanted an "overwhelming force" sent to France: "the quicker we put our full strength into the war the sooner it will be over."[2] It called for the internment of enemy aliens and sympathizers, to prevent sabotage because "if enough munition factories are blown up here we shall lose the war."[2][3] It claimed that England saw an end to foreign plots and propaganda after interning 70,000. On the educational and cultural front, the Society was uncompromising:

"The appalling and complete breakdown of German Kultur compels a sweeping revision of the attitude of civilized nations and individuals toward the German language, literature, and science. The close scrutiny of German thought induced by "Hun" frightfulness in this war has revealed abhorrent qualities hitherto unknown, and to most people unsuspected. Hereafter, throughout every English-speaking country on the globe, the German language will be a dead language. Out with it forever!"[2]

The ADS also called for compulsory military training for all men between the ages of 18 and 21[2]

At the end of 1918 it launched a campaign to eliminate instruction in German nationwide.[4]

Following World War I, the ADS joined the campaign against American participation in the League of Nations. It described the League as a surrender of national sovereignty "obnoxious to the Constitution of the United States." It denounced "the impossible doctrines of the self-determination of races which is contrary to our fundamental doctrines as a nation."[5]

The Society was officially non-partisan, but in 1920 Charles Steward Davison, Charirman of the Board of Trustees, wrote an open letter to ADS officers, members, and contributors urging them to support the Republican presidential ticket, Harding and Coolidge.[6]

The manager of the ADS' Washington Bureau in the 1920s was Richard Merrill Whitney, the author of an expose of radical activity called The Reds in America.[7]

The ADS and the Second World War[edit]

The ADS made a brief resurgence during the years immediately preceding World War II. The group conducted a campaign against the attempt of President Franklin D. Roosevelt to "pack" the Supreme Court by expanding the number of members in that body.[8] Later, the group was hamstrung by the death of two of its principals: Chairman of the Board of Trustees Davison in 1942 and Board Chairman Elon Huntington Hooker in 1948.[8]

In its later years, it maintained its public profile by giving awards. In 1939, it presented awards called the Atlantic Fleet Silver Cup for excellence in gunnery and the Distinguished Service Gold Medal for work on behalf of national defense and preparedness.[9] In 1943, it honored Theodore Roosevelt on the eighty-fifth anniversary of his birth.[1]

The Society seems to have essentially been terminated with Davison's death, finally disappearing from New York City directories in 1956.[8]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b New York Times: "Theodore Roosevelt to be Honored Today," October 27, 1943, accessed March 30, 2010
  2. ^ a b c d New York Times: "Calls for Strict Ban on German Language," February 25, 1918, accessed January 7, 2010
  3. ^ The reference was probably to the sabotage of a New York harbor munitions depot in 1916.
  4. ^ New York Times: "To Fight German Teaching," December 31, 1918, accessed January 7, 2010
  5. ^ New York Times: "Files 10 Objections to Nations' League," September 1, 1919, accessed March 30, 2010. Signing the organization's letter sent to each U.S. senator were: Charles Stewart Davison, John R. Rathom, George B. Agnew, Richard Washburn Child, Dr. William T. Hornaday, Newton W. Gilbert, Lee de Forest, William Guggenheim, Robert Appleton, Dr. L.L. Seaman, C[larence].S[medley]. Thompson, Raymond L. Tiffany, J.P. Harris, and Charles Larned Robinson.
  6. ^ New York Times: "Makes Plea for Harding," August 28, 1920, accessed March 30, 2010
  7. ^ New York Times: "R.M. Whitney Dies Suddenly in Hotel," August 17, 1924, accessed March 30, 2010. Whitney was a Harvard graduate and a witness for the prosecution at the trial of William Z. Foster.
  8. ^ a b c Melissa Haley, "Guide to the Records of the American Defense Society, 1915-1942. New-York Historical Society.
  9. ^ New York Times: "To Get Defense Awards," November 26, 1939, accessed March 30, 2010

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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