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America, Europe and Nationalism
America, Europe and Nationalism
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: KnowledgeHub
NATIONALISM: Americans Come First - A Revolution to Win Back Our Country!
NATIONALISM: Americans Come First - A Revolution to Win Back Our Country!
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: The Good American Radio Broadcast
a new American Nationalism by George Lincoln Rockwell
a new American Nationalism by George Lincoln Rockwell
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: Warren Yurmind
Obama: We Must Guard Against American Nationalism
Obama: We Must Guard Against American Nationalism
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
Brittany Pettibone   American Nationalism & Marxist Programming in the Sci fi Genre
Brittany Pettibone American Nationalism & Marxist Programming in the Sci fi Genre
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: matrix eco
Rise of the Sleeping Giant: White European Nationalism
Rise of the Sleeping Giant: White European Nationalism
Published: 2015/09/12
Channel: European American Vanguard
Why white nationalists hear a political ally in Donald Trump
Why white nationalists hear a political ally in Donald Trump
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Why I
Why I'm a White Nationalist (14 Reasons)
Published: 2014/12/07
Channel: DukeOfDurham
The movement that’s fueling Donald Trump’s white nationalist supporters
The movement that’s fueling Donald Trump’s white nationalist supporters
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: VICE News
Anonymous Patriots  American Nationalism America first.
Anonymous Patriots American Nationalism America first.
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Anonymous Patriots
George Carlin : Delusional ideas of the american nationalism جورج كارلين : عبثيات القومية الأميريكية
George Carlin : Delusional ideas of the american nationalism جورج كارلين : عبثيات القومية الأميريكية
Published: 2014/09/10
Channel: ibn alaawwam
Importance of Nationalism
Importance of Nationalism
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: European American Vanguard
America FIRST? Is it time for Nationalism?
America FIRST? Is it time for Nationalism?
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Why Tea
American Patriotism Vs. Nationalism: A school Videoessay
American Patriotism Vs. Nationalism: A school Videoessay
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: TheAnonymousKitten
APUSH-American Nationalism
APUSH-American Nationalism
Published: 2011/11/02
Channel: jonleisher
The 25 Points of American Nationalism
The 25 Points of American Nationalism
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: FredericktheGreatII
Greg Johnson: Is White Nationalism Un-American?
Greg Johnson: Is White Nationalism Un-American?
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Nacionalista Blanco del SoCal
1940
1940's American Nationalism
Published: 2015/05/27
Channel: rrkitchen20
Fable of American Nationalism
Fable of American Nationalism
Published: 2014/04/08
Channel: RedShirtArmy
When an Irish-American starts talking about Irish nationalism
When an Irish-American starts talking about Irish nationalism
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: Frederick the Great
American Nationalism thoughts on strategy and symbolism
American Nationalism thoughts on strategy and symbolism
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: NationalistNate
The truth about white supremacy and American Nationalism..
The truth about white supremacy and American Nationalism..
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: david mover
Torch of Marxism: American Nationalism
Torch of Marxism: American Nationalism
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: Torch of Marxism
American Nationalism
American Nationalism
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: Madison Wheeler
Debate: Free Trade vs. Nationalism
Debate: Free Trade vs. Nationalism
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Learn Liberty
WHITE NATIONALISM [1] White America - Hearts of Iron IV HOI4 Paradox
WHITE NATIONALISM [1] White America - Hearts of Iron IV HOI4 Paradox
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: FeedBackGaming
Kyle @BasedStickman_ Chapman On Evergreen State And American Nationalism At #FreeSpeechPDX Event
Kyle @BasedStickman_ Chapman On Evergreen State And American Nationalism At #FreeSpeechPDX Event
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: The Common Sense Conservative
Moody Pulp "American Nationalism"
Moody Pulp "American Nationalism"
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: Rob Harmon
Anatol Lieven on American Nationalism and American Culture
Anatol Lieven on American Nationalism and American Culture
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute
American nationalism
American nationalism
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: alexa144x
The Crises of the 1790s & the Birth of American Nationalism (HD)
The Crises of the 1790s & the Birth of American Nationalism (HD)
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: National Constitution Center
American nationalism not entirely exceptional - ABC TV Planet America 10/08/12
American nationalism not entirely exceptional - ABC TV Planet America 10/08/12
Published: 2012/08/13
Channel: United States Studies Centre
Understanding Alt-Right White Nationalism | Part One
Understanding Alt-Right White Nationalism | Part One
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: The Moa
Renaissance Party of North America :  Ethnonationalism Rising White Nationalism Dying
Renaissance Party of North America : Ethnonationalism Rising White Nationalism Dying
Published: 2014/06/09
Channel: john king
Nationalism and contemporary America
Nationalism and contemporary America
Published: 2012/08/31
Channel: Oxford Academic (Oxford University Press)
John Morgan: "What Nationalism in Eastern Europe Can Teach the West"
John Morgan: "What Nationalism in Eastern Europe Can Teach the West"
Published: 2014/06/12
Channel: American Renaissance
American Nationalism
American Nationalism
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: TOTAL FREEDOM
U.S. History Lesson 61: Nationalism and the American System
U.S. History Lesson 61: Nationalism and the American System
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: Matt Martin
PTR 12/11/2015: Cultural Marxism; Islamic Fundamentalism; American Nationalism
PTR 12/11/2015: Cultural Marxism; Islamic Fundamentalism; American Nationalism
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Plain Talk Radio
Chapter Eight: Varieties of American Nationalism
Chapter Eight: Varieties of American Nationalism
Published: 2013/10/21
Channel: Anna Latimer
Anonymous The truth on Nationalism
Anonymous The truth on Nationalism
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Anonymous Patriots
American Proposition vs Southern Nationalism
American Proposition vs Southern Nationalism
Published: 2013/09/26
Channel: RedShirtArmy
Anonymous Patriots Embrace Your American Nationalism
Anonymous Patriots Embrace Your American Nationalism
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: SGT DRAGS
A Comanche Indian on Nationalism and Ethnic Preservation
A Comanche Indian on Nationalism and Ethnic Preservation
Published: 2012/09/16
Channel: Nationalism4Life
American  nationalism
American nationalism
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: Coach Daugherty
American nationalism during and after the Vietnam war
American nationalism during and after the Vietnam war
Published: 2014/06/22
Channel: joe wilkie
The Rise of Nationalism - The Road to World War II, pt.1
The Rise of Nationalism - The Road to World War II, pt.1
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Aaron Champagne
American Nationalism Now The Case For A USA Nationalist Policy anti NWO
American Nationalism Now The Case For A USA Nationalist Policy anti NWO
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Nation Siege
Black Americans Embracing Nationalism
Black Americans Embracing Nationalism
Published: 2013/12/21
Channel: Brother Jay
War and Nation Building in Latin America: Crash Course World History 225
War and Nation Building in Latin America: Crash Course World History 225
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: CrashCourse
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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About 50 men, most of them seated, are in a large meeting room. Most are focused on the five men standing in the center of the room. The tallest of the five is laying a document on a table.
John Trumbull's famous painting is often identified as a depiction of the signing of the Declaration, but it actually shows the drafting committee presenting its work to the Congress.[1]

American nationalism or United States nationalism is a form of nationalism found in the United States of the North American landmass.[2]

American scholars such as Hans Kohn have claimed that the United States government institutionalized a civic nationalism based on legal and rational concepts of citizenship, and based on a common language and cultural traditions, rather than ethnic nationalism.[2] The founders of the United States founded the country upon classical liberal individualist principles rather than ethnic nationalist principles.[2] American nationalism since World War I and particularly since the 1960s has largely been based upon the civic nationalist culture of the country's founders.[3]

History[edit]

The United States traces its origins to the Thirteen Colonies founded by Britain in the 17th and early 18th century. Residents identified with Britain until the mid-18th century when the first sense of being "American" emerged. The Albany Plan proposed a union between the colonies in 1754. Although unsuccessful, it served as a reference for future discussions of independence.

Soon afterward, the colonies faced several common grievances over acts passed by the British parliament, including taxation without representation. Americans were in general agreement that only their own colonial legislatures—and not Parliament in London—could pass taxes. Parliament vigorously insisted otherwise and no compromise was found. The London government punished Boston for the Boston Tea Party and the 13 colonies united and formed the Continental Congress, which lasted from 1774 to 1789. Fighting broke out in 1775 and the sentiment swung to independence in early 1776, influenced especially by the appeal to American nationalism by Thomas Paine. His pamphlet Common Sense was a runaway best seller in 1776.[4] Congress unanimously issued a Declaration of Independence announcing a new nation had formed, the United States of America. The American patriots won the American Revolutionary War and received generous peace terms from Britain in 1783. The minority of Loyalists (loyal to King George III) could remain or leave; about 80% remained and became full American citizens.[5] Frequent parades along with new rituals and ceremonies—and a new flag—provided popular occasions for expressing a spirit of American nationalism.[6]

The new nation operated under the very weak national government set up by the Articles of Confederation, and most Americans put loyalty to their state ahead of loyalty to the nation. Nationalists, led by George Washington, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison had Congress call a constitutional convention in 1787. It produced the Constitution for a strong national government which was debated in every state and unanimously adopted. It went into effect in 1789 with Washington as the first president.[7]

In an 1858 speech, future U.S. president Abraham Lincoln alluded to a form of American civic nationalism originating from the tenets of the Declaration of Independence as a force for national unity in the U.S., stating that it was a method for uniting diverse peoples of different ethnic ancestries into a common nationality:

If they look back through this history to trace their connection with those days by blood, they find they have none, they cannot carry themselves back into that glorious epoch and make themselves feel that they are part of us, but when they look through that old Declaration of Independence they find that those old men say that "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal", and then they feel that moral sentiment taught in that day evidences their relation to those men, that it is the father of all moral principle in them, and that they have a right to claim it as though they were blood of the blood, and flesh of the flesh of the men who wrote the Declaration, and so they are. That is the electric cord in that Declaration that links the hearts of patriotic and liberty-loving men together, that will link those patriotic hearts as long as the love of freedom exists in the minds of men throughout the world.

— Abraham Lincoln, address to Chicagoan voters, (July 10, 1858), Chicago, Illinois.[8]

Civil War[edit]

White Southerners increasingly felt alienated—they saw themselves as becoming second-class citizens as aggressive anti-slavery Northerners tried to end their ability to take slave property to the fast-growing western territories. They questioned whether their loyalty to the nation trumped their loyalty to their state and their way of life, since it was so intimately bound up with slavery, whether they owned any slaves or not. A sense of Southern nationalism was starting to emerge, though it was inchoate as late as 1860 when the election of Lincoln was a signal for most of the slave states in the South to secede and form their own new nation.[9] The Confederate government insisted the nationalism was real and imposed increasing burdens on the population in the name of independence and nationalism. The fierce combat record of the Confederates demonstrates their commitment to the death for independence. The government and army refused to compromise and were militarily overwhelmed in 1865.[10] By the 1890s the white South felt vindicated through its belief in the newly constructed memory of the "Lost Cause of the Confederacy". The North came to accept or at least tolerate racial segregation and disfranchisement of black voters in the South. The spirit of American nationalism had returned to Dixie.[11]

The North's triumph in the Civil War marked a significant transition in American national identity. The ratification of the Fourteenth amendment settled the basic question of national identity, such as the criteria for becoming a citizen of the United States. Everyone born in the territorial boundaries of the United States or those areas and subject to its jurisdiction was an American citizen, regardless of ethnicity or social status. (Indians on reservations became citizens in 1924. Indians off reservations had always been citizens.) [12]

With a very fast growing industrial economy, immigrants were welcome from Europe, Canada Mexico and Cuba, and millions came. Becoming a full citizen was an easy process of filling out paperwork over a five year span.[13]

However, new Asian arrivals were not welcome. Restrictions were imposed on most Chinese immigrants in the 1880s, and informal restrictions on most Japanese in 1907; by 1924 it was difficult for any Asian to enter the U.S., but children born in the U.S. to Asian parents were full citizens. The restrictions were ended on the Chinese in the 1940s and on other Asians in 1965.[14]

An 1869 Thomas Nast cartoon espousing American nationalism. In the cartoon, Americans of different ancestries and ethnic backgrounds sit together at a dinner table with Columbia to enjoy a Thanksgiving meal as equal members of the American citizenry, while Uncle Sam prepares and sets the table. Thus, the cartoon espouses an inclusive form of American nationalism that is civic in nature, where membership in the nation is not dependent upon ethnicity.[15][16]

Nationalism in the contemporary United States[edit]

Nationalism and Americanism remain topics in the modern United States. Political scientist Paul McCartney, for instance, argues that as a nation defined by a creed and sense of mission, Americans tend to equate their interests with those of humanity, which in turn informs their global posture.[17]

The September 11 attacks of 2001 led to a wave of nationalist expression in the United States. This was accompanied by a rise in military enlistment that included not only lower-income Americans, but also middle-class and upper-class citizens.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wills, Inventing America, 348.
  2. ^ a b c Motyl 2001, p. 16.
  3. ^ Motyl 2001, pp. 558, 559.
  4. ^ Trish Loughran, "Disseminating Common Sense: Thomas Paine and the Problem of the Early National Bestseller." American Literature 78.1 (2006): 1–28.
  5. ^ Max Savelle, "Nationalism and other Loyalties in the American Revolution." American Historical Review 67.4 (1962): 901–23 in JSTOR
  6. ^ David Waldstreicher, "Rites of rebellion, rites of assent: Celebrations, print culture, and the origins of American nationalism." Journal of American History 82.1 (1995): 37–61. in JSTOR
  7. ^ Edward J. Larson, George Washington, Nationalist (U of Virginia Press, 2016).
  8. ^ Address to Chicagoan voters (July 10, 1858); quoted in Roy P. Basler, ed., The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln (1953), vol 2 p. 501.
  9. ^ John McCardell, The Idea of a Southern Nation: Southern Nationalists and Southern Nationalism, 1830–1860 (1979).
  10. ^ Paul Quigley, Shifting Grounds: Nationalism and the American South, 1848–1865 (2012)
  11. ^ Gaines M. Foster, Ghosts of the Confederacy: Defeat, the Lost Cause and the Emergence of the New South, 1865–1913 (1988).
  12. ^ Charles E. Larsen, "Nationalism and States' Rights in Commentaries on the Constitution after the Civil War." American Journal of Legal History 3.4 (1959): 360–69. in JSTOR
  13. ^ Thomas J. Archdeacon, European Immigration from the Colonial Era to the 1920s: A Historical Perspective (2000) online.
  14. ^ Erika Lee, "The 'Yellow Peril' and Asian Exclusion in the Americas." Pacific Historical Review 76.4 (2007): 537–62. in JSTOR
  15. ^ Kennedy, Robert C. (November 2001). "Uncle Sam's Thanksgiving Dinner, Artist: Thomas Nast". On This Day: HarpWeek. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on November 23, 2001. Retrieved November 23, 2001. 
  16. ^ Walfred, Michele (July 2014). "Uncle Sam's Thanksgiving Dinner: Two Coasts, Two Perspectives". Thomas Nast Cartoons. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved March 5, 2016. 
  17. ^ McCartney, Paul (August 28, 2002). The Bush Doctrine and American Nationalism. Annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. American Political Science Association. McCartney-2002. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  18. ^ The Demographics of Military Enlistment After 9/11

Further reading[edit]

  • Arieli, Yehoshua. Individualism and nationalism in American ideology (Harvard University Press, 1964).
  • Bonikowski, Bart, and Paul DiMaggio. "Varieties of American popular nationalism." American Sociological Review (2016) 81#5 pp. 949–80 online
  • "French anti-Americanism: Spot the difference". The Economist. December 20, 2005. 
  • Faust, Drew G. The Creation of Confederate Nationalism: Ideology and Identity in the Civil War South (LSU Press, 1988).
  • Kramer, Lloyd S. Nationalism in Europe and America: Politics, Cultures, and Identities since 1775 (2011).
  • Lawson, Melinda. Patriot Fires: Forging a New American Nationalism in the Civil War North (University Press of Kansas, 2002).
  • Li, Qiong, and Marilynn Brewer. "What Does It Mean to Be an American? Patriotism, Nationalism, and American Identity after September 11." Political Psychology (2004). 25(5): 727–39
  • Motyl, Alexander J. (2001). Encyclopedia of Nationalism, Volume II. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-227230-7. 
  • Maguire, Susan E. "Brother Jonathan and John Bull build a nation: the transactional nature of American nationalism in the early nineteenth century." National Identities 18.2 (2016): 179–98.
  • Quigley, Paul. Shifting Grounds: Nationalism and the American South, 1848-1865 (2012)
  • Trautsch, Jasper M. "The origins and nature of American nationalism," National Identities (Sep 2016) 18#3 pp. 289–312.
  • Waldstreicher, David. In the midst of perpetual fetes: The making of American nationalism, 1776–1820 (U of North Carolina Press, 1997).
  • Zelinsky, Wilbur. Nation into State: The Shifting Symbolic Foundations of American Nationalism (U of North Carolina Press, 1988).

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