|Ancient names: Ask, Amardha, Amardian, Tabaristan, Amele, Amol|
|• Mayor||Amir soleimani|
|• city||21 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||76 m (249 ft)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|Area code(s)||(+98) 121|
Amol (Persian: آمل – [ɒˈmol]; pronunciation (help·info); also Romanized as Āmol and Amul) is a city in and the capital of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 197,470, in 55,183 families.
Amol is located on the Haraz river bank. It is less than 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of the Caspian sea and less than 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the Alborz mountains. It is 180 kilometres (110 mi) from Tehran, and 60 kilometres (37 mi) east of the provincial capital, Sari.
Amol is an old city, with its age dating back to the Amards & Ashkanian. Amards were the people inhabiting the area before the arrival of Aryans. Many scholars believe that the city's name is rooted in the word Amard (Amui in Pahlavi). According to historical literature, Amol was the capital of Mazandaran, at least in the period starting from Sassanian Empire to the Ilkhanate dynasty of Mongol Empire.
Some historians in the past have associated this ancient city with the periods of the Pishdadians and the Kianians. In respect to the relics and coins found in this region, this city can be said to be the capital of this territory during the Sassanid era. The inhabitants of Amol city embraced Islam during the reign of Mahdi, the Abbasi Caliph, after which Islamic structures came into focus here. But after the Mongol invasion, the region was subject to devastation and it was during this time that Sary was declared as capital. In the beginning of the 7th century A.H., Hessam-edin Ardeshir, shifted the capital from Sary to Amol, and constructed his palace there. But in the year 795 A.H., the cities of Amol and Sary were plundered by Amir Teimoor Gurkani, and thereafter Amol suffered a setback. The great scholar and religious personality (translator of The Holy Qoran), Mohammad Ebne Jarir Tabari is from Amol city. The modern city of Amol stands to the north of the site of the ancient city.
Today, Amol is a thriving modern metropolis.
Breakdown of 2006 census:
Many of the Amoli people have their own summer houses in Larijan, the mountainous southern part of the greater Amol. Some of the villages in Larijan include: Ab Ask, Abgarm, Amiri, Baijan, Chelav, Era, Gazaneh, Lasem, Namarestagh, Nava, Nyak, Polour, Rineh, and Shahandasht.
|Climate data for Amol|
|Average high °C (°F)||13.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||8.7
|Average low °C (°F)||4.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||96
|Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 96m|
Notable figures of the past:
Amol has two universities:
The Jungle Uprising (Persian: قيام جنگل): In 1982 Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran) mobilized its forces to jungles around Amol and started some wars against Islamic Republic from there. It finally organized a famous uprising in 25 January 1982. This uprising led to a big failure and most of UIC (S) leaders were hanged but the uprising itself became very famous and is well respected between some Iranian Leftist organizations.
Amol is the administrative center of Amol county.
|Map||District||City / RD*
|Central||Amol City (c)|
|Bala Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD||Derazan, Haloomesar, Oskoo Mahalleh (c), Ziarood, ...|
|Pain Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD||Hali Koti, Kelaksar, Marandeh (c), ...|
|Chelav RD||Alimestan, Khoshevash, Kondeva, Lehash, Neshel, Razeke (c), Tiar, ...|
|Harazpey-ye Jonubi RD||Ahangar Kola, Aski Mahalleh, Kamangar Kola, Pasha Kola, Qadi Mahalleh (c), Qoroq, ...|
|Larijan||Rineh City (c)|
|Bala Larijan RD||Ab Ask, Abgarm, Akha, Amir Abad, Dinan, Enheh, Garna, Gazaneh, Gilas, Ira, Kenar Anjam, Kondeloo, Lasem, Lazirak, Malar, Nava, Niak, Polemoon, Poloor, Shahandasht, Shams Abad, Vana, Ziar, ...|
|Larijan-e Sofla RD||Baijan (c), Haji Dela, Namar, Panjab, ...|
|Dabudasht||Dabudasht City (c)|
|Dabuy-ye Jonubi RD||Darzi Kola, Kachap, Kamangar Kola, Raees Abad (c), Rash Kola, ...|
|Dasht-e Sar RD||Baliran, Ejbar Kola, Firooz Kola, Najjar Mahalleh (c), Pasha Kola, ...|
Kaleh Amol VC is a volleyball club based in Amol, currently competing in the highest tier of the Iranian volleyball classification, the Iranian Volleyball Super League and Amardian FC in Azadegan League, Kalleh Amol Basketball in LIG1 Iran.
Amol is the birthplace of many popular wrestlers and Volleyball athletes.
Notable wrestlers from Amol include Ghasem Rezaei (Olympic gold medalist), Ali Akbari, Mohsen Hajipour, Nahavandian and in volleyball, Behroz Ataei, Hasan Mansouri, Khowrasani, Adel Gholami, Khosro Ghobadi, Shah Gholam, Alireza Jadidi and Heshmat Omidi.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amol (city).|
|History of Iran|
|Proto-Elamite 3200–2700 BCE|
|Elam 2700–539 BCE|
|Mannaeans 850–616 BCE|
|Median Empire 678–550 BCE|
|(Scythian Kingdom 652–625 BCE)|
|Achaemenid Empire 550–330 BCE|
|Atropatene 320s BC – 3rd century AD|
|Seleucid Empire 312–63 BCE|
|Parthian Empire 247 BCE – 224 CE|
|Sasanian Empire 224–651|
|MEDIEVAL (EARLY ISLAMIC) PERIOD|
|Umayyad Caliphate 661–750|
|Abbasid Caliphate 750–1258|
|Minor dynasties of northern Iran|
|Dabuyids 642–760||Bavandids 651–1349|
of Damavand 651–760
|Alids of northern Iran 864–14th century|
|Iranian Intermezzo 821–1062|
|Ghaznavid Empire 977–1186|
|Ghurid dynasty 1011–1215|
|Great Seljuq Empire 1037–1194|
|Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231|
|Atabegs of Yazd 1141–1319|
|Kurt dynasty 1244–1396|
|Ilkhanate Empire 1256–1335|
|Afrasiyab dynasty 1349–1504|
|Timurid Empire 1370–1405|
|Kia'i dynasty 1389–1592|
|EARLY MODERN PERIOD|
|Safavid Empire 1501–1736|
|(Hotaki dynasty 1722–1729)|
|Afsharid Empire 1736–1747|
|Qajar Empire 1796–1925|
|Pahlavi dynasty 1925–1979|
|Interim Government 1979–1980|
|Islamic Republic 1980–present|