The Amstel river in Amsterdam
|- location||Nieuwveen, South Holland|
|- location||Amsterdam, North Holland|
|Length||31 km (19 mi)|
Location of the Amstel in dark blue
The Amstel (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɑmstəl]) is a river in the Netherlands which flows from Nieuwveen, South Holland to Amsterdam, North Holland. The river's name is derived from Aeme-stelle, old Dutch for "water-area", namely, an area abounding with water.
The well-known Magere Brug ("Skinny Bridge") in Amsterdam crosses the river, as do the Blauwbrug, Hogesluis and Berlagebrug. The Stopera city hall and opera house and Carré Theatre are both located on the banks of the river. A nationally televised concert is held on the river every year on Liberation Day. The rowing races Head of the River Amstel and Heineken Roeivierkamp are held on the river annually. The river also forms part of the route of the Canal Parade, Amsterdam's annual floating gay pride parade.
Amstel Brewery is named after the river. The Amstel brewery, as many other breweries, was situated close to the Amstel river because river water was used to produce the beer.
The river originally began where two smaller rivers, the Drecht and Kromme Mijdrecht, joined together, a little south of Uithoorn. After the construction of a canal, the Amstel-Drecht Kanaal, the river (including the canal) now begins where the Drecht and another canal, the Aarkanaal, meet one another, near the town of Nieuwveen. Tributary rivers are the Kromme Mijdrecht, Bullewijk and Waver.
The river's outlet is in Amsterdam, where it meets the IJ bay. However, during 1936 the last part of the river (called Rokin) was filled in, so the river now ends near Muntplein square, although it remains connected to the bay through subterranean pipes.
Amsterdam took its name from the river. The city developed from a small fishing village named Amstelredam, built during the 13th century alongside a dam at the mouth of the river. The hamlet developed into the small town Amsteldam, which later became Amsterdam.
The area through which the river passes is known as the Amstelland. The city and municipality of Amstelveen, the municipality of Ouder-Amstel, the towns of Ouderkerk aan de Amstel and Nes aan de Amstel are all named for the river as well. Amsterdam has a street named Amstel (along the river), a square named Amstelveld and a train station named Amsterdam Amstel.
In the former Dutch colonies in North America, a town was captured from the Swedes in 1655 and renamed Nieuw-Amstel ("New Amstel"). It is now known as New Castle, Delaware.
The river has been depicted by many artists, including:
The Amstel, with a view of the Rembrandt Tower, the tallest building in Amsterdam
The Oostermeer in Amstelveen, an example of the lavish mansions along the Amstel
The river Amstel by night, painting by Frans Koppelaar
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