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Anthony Burns - Guitar Center
Anthony Burns - Guitar Center's 28th Annual Drum-Off Finalist
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Guitar Center
Drums - Anthony Burns Plays Drums @ GospelChops.com
Drums - Anthony Burns Plays Drums @ GospelChops.com
Published: 2013/10/30
Channel: TheRealGospelChops
Anthony Burns Ultimate Motivation
Anthony Burns Ultimate Motivation
Published: 2014/05/13
Channel: Boyka Skyman
Anthony Burns Playing Innovation
Anthony Burns Playing Innovation
Published: 2014/11/09
Channel: Anthony Burns
Wise words from Anthony Burns
Wise words from Anthony Burns
Published: 2014/04/20
Channel: Salma Anwar
Anthony Burns - Guitar Center
Anthony Burns - Guitar Center's Drum-Off 2010 Finalist
Published: 2011/03/24
Channel: Guitar Center
The Anthony Burns Story: Lighting a Fire for Liberty
The Anthony Burns Story: Lighting a Fire for Liberty
Published: 2015/11/12
Channel: Tenth Amendment Center
Guitar Center Drum Off Quarterfinal winner for Michigan Anthony Burns curtain call at GC Southfield!
Guitar Center Drum Off Quarterfinal winner for Michigan Anthony Burns curtain call at GC Southfield!
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Warren Atkinson
Impulsive Tones - Anthony Burns ft. Corey Ingram and Morgan McMillon
Impulsive Tones - Anthony Burns ft. Corey Ingram and Morgan McMillon
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: Anthony Burns
Anthony Burns Playing "Sky"
Anthony Burns Playing "Sky"
Published: 2013/12/17
Channel: Dorran Burns
Anthony Burns - Boston
Anthony Burns - Boston's Last Mistake
Published: 2010/03/28
Channel: 123Devan456
Anthony Burns - Grand Finalist at Guitar Center
Anthony Burns - Grand Finalist at Guitar Center's 20th Annual Drum-Off (2008)
Published: 2009/08/07
Channel: Guitar Center
Drums - Anthony Burns Shedding with Quintin Gulledge @ GospelChops.com
Drums - Anthony Burns Shedding with Quintin Gulledge @ GospelChops.com
Published: 2013/11/16
Channel: TheRealGospelChops
Anthony Burns, Eugene Mcbride and Caleb Robinson shedding to 5
Anthony Burns, Eugene Mcbride and Caleb Robinson shedding to 5's
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Benjamin Allen
Anthony Burns - motivational speech (WHY ME)
Anthony Burns - motivational speech (WHY ME)
Published: 2014/08/03
Channel: Flying Higher
One chip challenge
One chip challenge
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Anthony Burns
Anthony Burns - motivational speech (Forgive yourself)
Anthony Burns - motivational speech (Forgive yourself)
Published: 2014/08/03
Channel: Flying Higher
Anthony Burns.flv
Anthony Burns.flv
Published: 2009/11/20
Channel: jghprofhist
Anthony Burns - motivational speech (Popular)
Anthony Burns - motivational speech (Popular)
Published: 2014/09/15
Channel: Flying Higher
Anthony Burns - motivational speech (Flying Higher Official)
Anthony Burns - motivational speech (Flying Higher Official)
Published: 2014/05/18
Channel: Flying Higher
Anthony Burns (Drum Off 2015 Prelim)
Anthony Burns (Drum Off 2015 Prelim)
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: David Beuthin
Motivational Video - Anthony Burns & George Doumanian - Believe In You!
Motivational Video - Anthony Burns & George Doumanian - Believe In You!
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: George Doumanian
Anthony Burns motivational speech
Anthony Burns motivational speech
Published: 2014/07/12
Channel: Matthew VanDruff
Anthony Burns - Do Right Man.
Anthony Burns - Do Right Man.
Published: 2012/10/06
Channel: mrcisco13
Anthony Burns Testimonial Video
Anthony Burns Testimonial Video
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: Craig Ronaldson
Anthony Burns - Guitar Center 28th Annual Drum Off FINALS
Anthony Burns - Guitar Center 28th Annual Drum Off FINALS
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: nelsdrums
Meet the Artists: Anthony Burns
Meet the Artists: Anthony Burns
Published: 2010/01/05
Channel: Sundance Institute
Anthony Burns - Happiness
Anthony Burns - Happiness
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: softamusik
Anthony Burns-Stafford marker
Anthony Burns-Stafford marker
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Ted Schubel
Anthony Burns Drummer #2 Guitar Center 2011 Drum Off Regional Finals
Anthony Burns Drummer #2 Guitar Center 2011 Drum Off Regional Finals
Published: 2011/11/16
Channel: Jeff Kawa
Anthony Burns Inspirational Speech
Anthony Burns Inspirational Speech
Published: 2014/05/02
Channel: Sky :D
Anthony Burns - Inspirational Speech (Flyering Higher Official)
Anthony Burns - Inspirational Speech (Flyering Higher Official)
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: Flying Higher
Yes you can
Yes you can
Published: 2014/06/29
Channel: Syed Ahmed
Anthony Burns- What Do You Want In Your Book
Anthony Burns- What Do You Want In Your Book
Published: 2016/01/17
Channel: the2010madman
Apostle Anthony Burns
Apostle Anthony Burns
Published: 2010/10/03
Channel: bishopdd
Meet the Filmmaker: Anthony Burns
Meet the Filmmaker: Anthony Burns
Published: 2010/01/21
Channel: SundanceTV
Little Anthony Burns - Do Right Man - Atlanta
Little Anthony Burns - Do Right Man - Atlanta
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: John Manship Rare Soul
Anthony Burns 2008 DRUM-OFF
Anthony Burns 2008 DRUM-OFF
Published: 2009/01/14
Channel: Mars Castro
Anthony Burns GC Drum Off 2011
Anthony Burns GC Drum Off 2011
Published: 2011/10/27
Channel: ThePocketDrummer
Anthony Burns Jackson Kelly
Anthony Burns Jackson Kelly
Published: 2015/01/11
Channel: Anthony Burns
The Trial of Anthony Burns
The Trial of Anthony Burns
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: commonwealth museum
Innovation - Maison Guidry
Innovation - Maison Guidry
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: maison guidry
Anthony burns songs and stories
Anthony burns songs and stories
Published: 2015/04/10
Channel: Jessica Eithridge
Anthony Burns - Doing What You Need To Do (Bot.wmv
Anthony Burns - Doing What You Need To Do (Bot.wmv
Published: 2011/05/10
Channel: spvicetilol
Anthony Burns
Anthony Burns's
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: chase kern
Anthony burns
Anthony burns
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Victor Augustine
Anthony Burns and MISTERSAMTUNES 1
Anthony Burns and MISTERSAMTUNES 1
Published: 2010/05/05
Channel: MISTER SAM TUNES
Anthony Burns at Guitar Center Drum Off- Chicago
Anthony Burns at Guitar Center Drum Off- Chicago
Published: 2009/01/27
Channel: craftdnhim89
Anthony Burns Tie Breaker
Anthony Burns Tie Breaker
Published: 2011/11/16
Channel: Jeff Kawa
JONATHAN LINNANE V ANTHONY BURNS ROUUND 2
JONATHAN LINNANE V ANTHONY BURNS ROUUND 2
Published: 2007/03/12
Channel: KMONEY11101
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A portrait of the fugitive slave Anthony Burns, whose arrest and trial under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 touched off riots and protests by abolitionists and citizens of Boston in the spring of 1854. A bust portrait of the twenty-four-year-old Burns, "Drawn by Barry from a daguereotype [sic] by Whipple and Black," is surrounded by scenes from his life.

Anthony Burns (31 May 1834 – 17 July 1862) was born a slave in Stafford County, Virginia. As a young man, he became a Baptist and a "slave preacher" at the Falmouth Union Church in Falmouth, Virginia. In 1853 he escaped from slavery and reached Boston, where he started working.

The following year, he was captured under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 and tried under the law in Boston. The law was fiercely resisted in Boston, and the case attracted national publicity, large demonstrations, protests and an attack on US Marshals at the courthouse. Federal troops were used to ensure Burns was transported to a ship for return to Virginia after the trial. He was eventually ransomed from slavery, with his freedom purchased by Boston sympathizers. Afterward he was educated at Oberlin College and became a Baptist preacher, moving to Upper Canada for a position.[1]

Flight from slavery and capture[edit]

At the age of nineteen, Anthony Burns in 1853 escaped slavery in Richmond, traveling by ship to Boston in the free state of Massachusetts. In Boston he worked for a pie company and for a man named "Coffin Pitts, clothing dealer, no.36 Brattle Street."[2]

On May 24, 1854 he was discovered "while walking in Court Street" and arrested.[2] As a hub of resistance toward the "slave power" of the South, Boston had numerous residents who tried to free Burns. President Franklin Pierce made an example of the case to show he was willing to strongly enforce the Fugitive Slave Act. The show of force turned many New Englanders against slavery who had passively accepted its existence before.

On May 26, before Burns' court case, a crowd of abolitionists of both races, including Thomas Wentworth Higginson and other Bostonians outraged at Burns' arrest, stormed the court house to free the man.[3] In the melee, Deputy U.S. Marshal James Batchelder was fatally stabbed,[4] the second U.S. Marshal to be killed in the line of duty.[5] The police kept control of Burns, but the crowds of opponents, including such black abolitionists as Thomas James and Lewis Hayden, grew large.[6] While the federal government sent US troops in support, numerous anti-slavery activists arrived in Boston to join the protest and continue the faceoff. It has been estimated the government's cost of capturing and conducting Burns through the trial was upwards of $40,000.[7]

Trial and aftermath[edit]

Burns's trial was a formality as the requirements of the Fugitive Slave Act were clear and did not require much documentation on the part of slaveholders or their representatives. Richard Henry Dana, Jr. and his associate, the prominent black lawyer Robert Morris, acted as Burns' defenders, but were not successful in the case. United States Commissioner and Suffolk County, Massachusetts probate court judge Edward G. Loring remanded Burns to his owner, Suttle, of Alexandria, Virginia.

Following the decision against Burns, the government effectively held Boston under martial law for the afternoon. The streets between the courthouse and the harbor were lined with federal troops to hold back the waves of protesters as Burns was escorted to the ship for return to his Virginia master. On June 2 throngs in the city witnessed Burns' being taken to the ship that would carry him back to slavery in Virginia.

The matter did not end after Burns was transported south. The events generated strong opposition across the North to Pierce and his administration. Massachusetts residents formed an Anti-Man Hunting League; William Lloyd Garrison burned copies of the Fugitive Slave Act, the Burns court decision, and the Constitution of the United States; and, as a result of the efforts of the Boston Vigilance Committee to lobby the legislature and governor against him, Edward G. Loring, the judge who tried Burns was removed from office in 1857. (The next year Loring was appointed to the United States Court of Claims under President James Buchanan.) In a broader sense, the Burns case fueled anti-slavery sentiments all across the North.

We went to bed one night old-fashioned, conservative, compromise Union Whigs & waked up stark mad Abolitionists.

— Amos Adams Lawrence, Conscience Whig, on the Anthony Burns affair, 1854[8]

Grand jury[edit]

A grand jury indicted three of those involved in the attack at the courthouse. After an acquittal of one man and several hung juries in trials for the others, the federal government dropped the charges.[9]

Freedom and later life[edit]

The abolitionist community were willing to pay $1,200 to buy Burns' from his master, Charles F. Suttle, but Suttle refused to deal with anyone seeking Burns' emancipation. After Burns was transported to Virginia, Suttle sold him for $905 to David McDaniel, a slaver, cotton planter, and horse-dealer from Rocky Mount, North Carolina.

Reverend Leonard A. Grimes of Boston's Twelfth Baptist Church led efforts to raise money for the purchase of Anthony Burns' freedom. Acting through intermediaries, Grimes purchased Burns, who then returned to Massachusetts a free man.[7]

With proceeds that came from publication of his biography, combined with a scholarship, Burns received an education at Oberlin College in Ohio. After briefly preaching in Indianapolis, Burns emigrated to Upper Canada to accept a call from Zion Baptist Church in that colony. He served as a non-ordained minister until his early death from tuberculosis at the age of 28 in St. Catharines on July 17, 1862.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Finkleman, Paul. "Anthony Burns (1834–1862)". Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Boston slave riot, and trial of Anthony Burns. Fetridge and Company. 1854. p. 5. Retrieved April 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ Kathleen R. Zebley (2000). "Anthony Burns". In David S. Hedler and Jeanne T. Hedler. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War. p. 326. ISBN 0-393-04758-X. 
  4. ^ Charles Emery Stevens (1856). "Anthony Burns: A History". p. 43. 
  5. ^ "Roll Call of Honor". Retrieved May 26, 2009. 
  6. ^ Thomas James (1886). "Life of Rev. Thomas James, by Himself". Documenting the American South. University of North Carolina (original publisher: Rochester, NY: Post Express). Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b "'Trial' of Anthony Burns". Massachusetts Historical Society. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  8. ^ James M. McPherson (1989). Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Bantam Books. p. 120. 
  9. ^ Steven E. Barkan (October 1983). "Jury Nullification in Political Trials". 31 (1). Social Problems: 28–44. 
  10. ^ Von Frank, Albert J. The Trials of Anthony Burns: Freedom and Slavery in Emerson's Boston. Harvard University Press, 1998, p305

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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