Anti-Jewish Violence In Poland, 1944–1946 refers to a series of violent incidents in Poland that immediately followed the end of World War II in Europe and influenced the postwar history of the Jews as well as Polish-Jewish relations. The exact number of Jewish victims is a subject of debate, but the range is estimated as 1,000 to 2,000 (with 327 documented cases). Jews constituted between 2% and 3% of the total number of victims of postwar violence in the country, including the Polish Jews who managed to survive the Holocaust on territories of Poland annexed by the Soviet Union. The incidents ranged from individual attacks to pogroms. Partly as a result of this violence, but also because Poland was the only Eastern Bloc country to allow free Jewish aliyah to Mandate Palestine, the number of Jews on the territory of Poland changed dramatically in that period. Many Jews did not wish to remain in a place that reminded them of the Holocaust. Others aimed to pursue the Zionist objectives in Palestine.  Uninterrupted traffic across the Polish borders intensified with many Jews passing through on their way to the West. In January 1946, there were 86,000 survivors registered with the Central Committee of Polish Jews (CKŻP). By the end of summer, the number had risen to about 205,000–210,000 (with 240,000 registrations and over 30,000 duplicates). About 180,000 Jewish refugees came from the Soviet Union after the repatriation agreement. Most left without visas or exit permits thanks to a decree of General Marian Spychalski. A group of 435 Jews returned from Palestine to Poland in 1946, believing that the latter was actually safer, wrote Gazeta Ludowa of the Polish People's Party (PSL) on October 1, 1946. By the spring of 1947 only 90,000 Jews resided in Poland.