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Toyota Traction Control System (TRC)
Toyota Traction Control System (TRC)
Published: 2011/07/18
Channel: Toyota New Zealand
Traction Control - Explained
Traction Control - Explained
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Engineering Explained
How your traction control system (TCS) works
How your traction control system (TCS) works
Published: 2012/09/16
Channel: bpm03
Traction Control System (TCS)
Traction Control System (TCS)
Published: 2014/07/07
Channel: Mazda Australia
Active Traction Control
Active Traction Control
Published: 2010/01/29
Channel: LexusTechNavigator
What happens to a Lamborghini Gallardo when you switch traction control off?
What happens to a Lamborghini Gallardo when you switch traction control off?
Published: 2013/04/10
Channel: Autocar
HOW TO USE TRACTION CONTROL (9th GEN HONDA ACCORD)
HOW TO USE TRACTION CONTROL (9th GEN HONDA ACCORD)
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: KLEANTRIX
Why Not To Buy Chevys With Traction Control
Why Not To Buy Chevys With Traction Control
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: Scotty Kilmer
Learn how ABS - TCS - ESP Works in Detail
Learn how ABS - TCS - ESP Works in Detail
Published: 2012/03/16
Channel: JohnKhanna911
Extreme Traction-Control Test
Extreme Traction-Control Test
Published: 2008/11/14
Channel: Cars.com
When Not to Use Traction Control on Snow | Michelin® Winter Driving Academy
When Not to Use Traction Control on Snow | Michelin® Winter Driving Academy
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: Michelin USA
Car Traction Control ON vs OFF [0-100km/h Acceleration]
Car Traction Control ON vs OFF [0-100km/h Acceleration]
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: VučkoHD
Traction Control System: What is it & how it works.
Traction Control System: What is it & how it works.
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: Mishrology
Should You TURN OFF Traction Control When LAUNCHING Your Car?
Should You TURN OFF Traction Control When LAUNCHING Your Car?
Published: 2014/12/30
Channel: dapper_si
Motorcycle traction control system - How it works???
Motorcycle traction control system - How it works???
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Revving Heart
Traction Control Stability Control OFF Button - TCS VSM ESC ESP OFF- Ben Lindsey
Traction Control Stability Control OFF Button - TCS VSM ESC ESP OFF- Ben Lindsey
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: Ben Lindsey Kia Love
ABS Fault Traction Control Fault (Possible) Free Fix
ABS Fault Traction Control Fault (Possible) Free Fix
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: SiRobb
Subaru Safety: Traction, Control and Braking
Subaru Safety: Traction, Control and Braking
Published: 2012/03/23
Channel: Bachman Auto Group
[SOLVED] Fix Service Stabilitrack and Service Traction Control on 2007-2011 GM Trucks
[SOLVED] Fix Service Stabilitrack and Service Traction Control on 2007-2011 GM Trucks
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: J Gary
Onspot - Automatic Traction Control System (ATC)
Onspot - Automatic Traction Control System (ATC)
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: MrKlingzell
How To COMPLETELY Disable Traction/Stabilitrack Control on GM/Chevy
How To COMPLETELY Disable Traction/Stabilitrack Control on GM/Chevy
Published: 2013/07/07
Channel: Kyle Riegle
Stamina InLine Traction Control System - Fitness Direct
Stamina InLine Traction Control System - Fitness Direct
Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: FitDirect
High Efficiency Traction Control (HET) by Bosch Rexroth
High Efficiency Traction Control (HET) by Bosch Rexroth
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: Bosch Rexroth US
Range Rover Evoque Traction Control System (TCS) - Land Rover Australia
Range Rover Evoque Traction Control System (TCS) - Land Rover Australia
Published: 2012/11/01
Channel: Land Rover Australia
C0660 REPAIR SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
C0660 REPAIR SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Chris Arnau
Toyota Traction Control Demonstration
Toyota Traction Control Demonstration
Published: 2010/02/03
Channel: dledeaux
InLine Traction Control System 20 4800
InLine Traction Control System 20 4800
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: staminafitness
Turn Traction Control OFF! Why and how: Ford Mustang
Turn Traction Control OFF! Why and how: Ford Mustang
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Danny Johnson
Traction Control System (TRC) - Toyota New Zealand
Traction Control System (TRC) - Toyota New Zealand
Published: 2011/07/04
Channel: Toyota New Zealand
2012 Chevy Suburban traction control/stabilitrack
2012 Chevy Suburban traction control/stabilitrack
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: Kenan Sabani
Antilock Braking System ABS / Traction Control System TCS
Antilock Braking System ABS / Traction Control System TCS
Published: 2012/03/06
Channel: Bosch Rexroth Global
2011 Chevy Silverado  traction control and stabilitrak problem
2011 Chevy Silverado traction control and stabilitrak problem
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: MrBosanacBIH
Mazda Traction Control System TCS
Mazda Traction Control System TCS
Published: 2013/01/13
Channel: dilanmazda
Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)
Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)
Published: 2014/07/07
Channel: Mazda Australia
Traction Control System Tips From Westchester Toyota
Traction Control System Tips From Westchester Toyota
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Westchester Toyota
ระบบป้องกันล้อฟรีขณะออกตัว TCS : Traction Control System ในรถอีซูซุ (ISUZU)
ระบบป้องกันล้อฟรีขณะออกตัว TCS : Traction Control System ในรถอีซูซุ (ISUZU)
Published: 2015/07/13
Channel: ISUZU UNT
Mahindra XUV 5OO Traction Control Test
Mahindra XUV 5OO Traction Control Test
Published: 2014/02/23
Channel: MANVIR SINGH LOTEY
Kawasaki GTR1400 traction control explained
Kawasaki GTR1400 traction control explained
Published: 2009/10/26
Channel: MCN - Motorcyclenews.com
200538-Stamina InLine Traction Control System
200538-Stamina InLine Traction Control System
Published: 2013/09/27
Channel: Carli Goltowski
2009 Chevy Tahoe w/ Service Traction Control & Stabilitrak Message - EGM Diagnosis #5
2009 Chevy Tahoe w/ Service Traction Control & Stabilitrak Message - EGM Diagnosis #5
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Educated Grease Monkey
Toyota Active Traction Control (A-TRC)
Toyota Active Traction Control (A-TRC)
Published: 2011/07/18
Channel: Toyota New Zealand
Saab TCS (traction control system) test
Saab TCS (traction control system) test
Published: 2011/12/26
Channel: rspeti
Chevrolet Cruze: Traction Control System (TCS) 🚗🛠
Chevrolet Cruze: Traction Control System (TCS) 🚗🛠
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: Owner's Manuals and How-to Videos | Chevrolet
Ford Five Hundred AWD Code P1889 - Ford Fivehundred Traction Control Light On
Ford Five Hundred AWD Code P1889 - Ford Fivehundred Traction Control Light On
Published: 2015/03/22
Channel: The Car Doctor
Corvette Traction Control ~ Confusing Non-Skilled Drivers Daily!
Corvette Traction Control ~ Confusing Non-Skilled Drivers Daily!
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: JIM VETTE
McLaren MP4-12C 650S How to completely disable ESC traction control systems
McLaren MP4-12C 650S How to completely disable ESC traction control systems
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: DragTimes
Traction Control System TRC
Traction Control System TRC
Published: 2012/04/21
Channel: Александр Крупко
Xterra Traction Control System
Xterra Traction Control System
Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: sailorcolin
Pontiac Grand Prix GXP - Service Stability, Traction, ABS system is back
Pontiac Grand Prix GXP - Service Stability, Traction, ABS system is back
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: GPVlog
How To Fix ABS & Traction OFF / Service Traction System Light Monte Carlo Chevy Impala Buick Century
How To Fix ABS & Traction OFF / Service Traction System Light Monte Carlo Chevy Impala Buick Century
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Zero Gar
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Anti-slip regulation)
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A traction control system (TCS), also known as ASR (from German Antriebsschlupfregelung, engine slippage regulation), is typically (but not necessarily) a secondary function of the electronic stability control (ESC) on production motor vehicles, designed to prevent loss of traction of driven road wheels. TCS is activated when throttle input and engine torque are mismatched to road surface conditions.

Intervention consists of one or more of the following:

  • Brake force applied to one or more wheels
  • Reduction or suppression of spark sequence to one or more cylinders
  • Reduction of fuel supply to one or more cylinders
  • Closing the throttle, if the vehicle is fitted with drive by wire throttle
  • In turbocharged vehicles, a boost control solenoid is actuated to reduce boost and therefore engine power.

Typically, traction control systems share the electrohydraulic brake actuator (which does not use the conventional master cylinder and servo) and wheel speed sensors with ABS.

History[edit]

The predecessor of modern electronic traction control systems can be found in high-torque, high-power rear-wheel drive cars as a limited slip differential. A limited slip differential is a purely mechanical system that transfers a relatively small amount of power to the non-slipping wheel, while still allowing some wheel spin to occur.

In 1971, Buick introduced MaxTrac, which used an early computer system to detect rear wheel spin and modulate engine power to those wheels to provide the most traction.[1] A Buick exclusive item at the time, it was an option on all full-size models, including the Riviera, Estate Wagon, Electra 225, Centurion, and LeSabre.

Cadillac introduced the Traction Monitoring System (TMS) in 1979 on the redesigned Eldorado.

Overview[edit]

The basic idea behind the need for a traction control system is the loss of road grip that compromises steering control and stability of vehicles because of the difference in traction of the drive wheels. Difference in slip may occur due to turning of a vehicle or varying road conditions for different wheels. When a car turns, its outer and inner wheels rotate at different speeds; this is conventionally controlled by using a differential. A further enhancement of the differential is to employ an active differential that can vary the amount of power being delivered to outer and inner wheels as needed. For example, if outward slip is sensed while turning, the active differential may deliver more power to the outer wheel in order to minimize the yaw (essentially the degree to which the front and rear wheels of a car are out of line.) Active differential, in turn, is controlled by an assembly of electromechanical sensors collaborating with a traction control unit.

Operation[edit]

When the traction control computer (often incorporated into another control unit, such as the ABS module) detects one or more driven wheels spinning significantly faster than another, it invokes the ABS electronic control unit to apply brake friction to wheels spinning with lessened traction. Braking action on slipping wheel(s) will cause power transfer to wheel axle(s) with traction due to the mechanical action within the differential. All-wheel drive (AWD) vehicles often have an electronically controlled coupling system in the transfer case or transaxle engaged (active part-time AWD), or locked-up tighter (in a true full-time set up driving all wheels with some power all the time) to supply non-slipping wheels with torque.

This often occurs in conjunction with the powertrain computer reducing available engine torque by electronically limiting throttle application and/or fuel delivery, retarding ignition spark, completely shutting down engine cylinders, and a number of other methods, depending on the vehicle and how much technology is used to control the engine and transmission. There are instances when traction control is undesirable, such as trying to get a vehicle unstuck in snow or mud. Allowing one wheel to spin can propel a vehicle forward enough to get it unstuck, whereas both wheels applying a limited amount of power will not produce the same effect. Many vehicles have a traction control shut-off switch for such circumstances.

Components of traction control[edit]

Generally, the main hardware for traction control and ABS are mostly the same. In many vehicles traction control is provided as an additional option to ABS.

  • Each wheel is equipped with a sensor which senses changes in its speed due to loss of traction.
  • The sensed speed from the individual wheels is passed on to an electronic control unit (ECU).
  • The ECU processes the information from the wheels and initiates braking to the affected wheels via a cable connected to an automatic traction control (ATC) valve.

In all vehicles, traction control is automatically started when the sensors detect loss of traction at any of the wheels.

Use of traction control[edit]

  • In road cars: Traction control has traditionally been a safety feature in premium high-performance cars, which otherwise need sensitive throttle input to prevent spinning driven wheels when accelerating, especially in wet, icy or snowy conditions. In recent years, traction control systems have become widely available in non-performance cars, minivans, and light trucks and in some small hatchbacks.
  • In race cars: Traction control is used as a performance enhancement, allowing maximum traction under acceleration without wheel spin. When accelerating out of a turn, it keeps the tires at optimal slip ratio.
  • In motorcycles: Traction control for production motorcycles was first available with the BMW K1 in 1988. By 2009, traction control was an option for several models offered by BMW and Ducati, and the model year 2010 Kawasaki Concours 14 (1400GTR).
  • In off-road vehicles: Traction control is used instead of, or in addition to, the mechanical limited slip or locking differential. It is often implemented with an electronic limited slip differential, as well as other computerized controls of the engine and transmission. The spinning wheel is slowed down with short applications of brakes, diverting more torque to the non-spinning wheel; this is the system adopted by Range Rover in 1993, for example. ABS brake traction control has several advantages over limited-slip and locking differentials, such as steering control of a vehicle is easier, so the system can be continuously enabled. It also creates less stress on powertrain and driveline components, and increases durability as there are fewer moving parts to fail.[2]

When programmed or calibrated for off-road use, traction control systems like Ford’s four-wheel electronic traction control (ETC) which is included with AdvanceTrac, and Porsche’s four-wheel automatic brake differential (ABD), can send 100 percent of torque to any one wheel or wheels, via an aggressive brake strategy or "brake locking", allowing vehicles like the Expedition and Cayenne to keep moving, even with two wheels (one front, one rear) completely off the ground.[3][2][4][5][6]

Controversy in motorsports[edit]

Very effective yet small units are available that allow the driver to remove the traction control system after an event if desired. In Formula One, an effort to ban traction control led to a change of rules for 2008: every car must have a standard (but custom mappable) ECU, issued by FIA, which is relatively basic and does not have traction control capabilities. NASCAR suspended a Whelen Modified Tour driver, crew chief, and car owner for one race and disqualified the team after crossing the finish line first in a September 20, 2008 race at Martinsville Speedway after finding questionable wiring in the ignition system, which can often be used to implement traction control.

Traction control in cornering[edit]

Traction control is not just used for improving acceleration under slippery conditions. It can also help a driver to corner more safely. If too much throttle is applied during cornering, the drive wheels will lose traction and slide sideways. This occurs as understeer in front wheel drive vehicles and oversteer in rear wheel drive vehicles. Traction control can prevent this from happening by limiting power to the wheels. It cannot increase the limits of grip available and is used only to decrease the effect of driver error or compensate for a driver's inability to react quickly enough to wheel slip.

Automobile manufacturers state in vehicle manuals that traction control systems should not encourage dangerous driving or encourage driving in conditions beyond the driver's control.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Max Trac". www.buick-riviera.com. Retrieved 2013-11-26. 
  2. ^ a b "2003 Ford Expedition". www.ford-trucks.com. Retrieved 2012-09-14. 
  3. ^ "Expedition Chassis". www.media.ford.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  4. ^ "2012 Ford". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 2012-09-14. 
  5. ^ "2013 Ford Expedition". www.Ford.com. Retrieved 2012-09-14. 
  6. ^ "2008 Porsche Cayenne". www.fourwheeler.com. Retrieved 2012-09-14. 

External links[edit]

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