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The Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam
Published: 2012/09/11
Channel: antietamnps
Preservation and Commemoration at Antietam National Battlefield (Lecture)
Preservation and Commemoration at Antietam National Battlefield (Lecture)
Published: 2016/05/19
Channel: GettysburgNPS
Antietam Cornfield Tour Pt 1
Antietam Cornfield Tour Pt 1
Published: 2013/10/07
Channel: Tony Willoughby
Antietam National Battlefield, Maryland - Full Tour HD (2017)
Antietam National Battlefield, Maryland - Full Tour HD (2017)
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: ACG Travel Videos
Burnside
Burnside's Bridge Antietam National Battlefield Civil War, Ambrose McClellan
Published: 2012/05/13
Channel: ExcelDriveVideo
Antietam National Battlefield, Sharpsburg, MD, US - Part 1
Antietam National Battlefield, Sharpsburg, MD, US - Part 1
Published: 2010/07/21
Channel: OurTrip Videos
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2010/05/30
Channel: CBS
STP Investigates Antietam National Battlefield
STP Investigates Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2013/11/14
Channel: SteelTownParanormal
D.R. Miller House at Antietam National Battlefield
D.R. Miller House at Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: HPTCLandD
Antietam Civil War Battlefield - Sharpsburg Maryland
Antietam Civil War Battlefield - Sharpsburg Maryland
Published: 2012/10/22
Channel: kblakney61
Antietam Creek at Burnside Bridge, Antietam National Battlefield Park
Antietam Creek at Burnside Bridge, Antietam National Battlefield Park
Published: 2017/08/26
Channel: take4picture
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2013/10/07
Channel: chenzofilms
Antietam Creek from Burnside Bridge, Antietam National Battlefield Park, near Sharpsburg, Maryland.
Antietam Creek from Burnside Bridge, Antietam National Battlefield Park, near Sharpsburg, Maryland.
Published: 2017/08/26
Channel: take4picture
Burnside Bridge @ Antietam National Battlefield
Burnside Bridge @ Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: Canesfanatic1188
Burnside
Burnside's Bridge, Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2012/04/06
Channel: Hunnerj
Antietam National Battlefield (04-10-2017)
Antietam National Battlefield (04-10-2017)
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: softnest
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: Newsflare Clips
ANTIETAM NATIONAL BATTLEFIELD BLOODY LANE LIVING HISTORY JUNE 2017
ANTIETAM NATIONAL BATTLEFIELD BLOODY LANE LIVING HISTORY JUNE 2017
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: 28TH NC INFANTRY COMPANY H CLEVELAND REGULATORS
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: Divine
Antietam National Battlefield, Maryland - Driving Trough Antietam National Battlefield HD (2017)
Antietam National Battlefield, Maryland - Driving Trough Antietam National Battlefield HD (2017)
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: ACG Travel Videos
Antietam National Battlefield Visitor Center
Antietam National Battlefield Visitor Center
Published: 2011/12/05
Channel: DWRCast
Antietam National Battlefield Ghost Voice
Antietam National Battlefield Ghost Voice
Published: 2011/03/25
Channel: Byron Reed
Park Day at Antietam National Battlefield
Park Day at Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2012/04/24
Channel: mannie
Antietam Luminary December 4, 2011
Antietam Luminary December 4, 2011
Published: 2011/12/16
Channel: antietamnps
2012 Antietam National Battlefield Illumination
2012 Antietam National Battlefield Illumination
Published: 2012/12/02
Channel: Connie Yingling
Antietam National Battlefield Restoration
Antietam National Battlefield Restoration
Published: 2011/06/24
Channel: TheHeraldMailCompany
Sharpsburg, MD (Antietam National Battlefield)
Sharpsburg, MD (Antietam National Battlefield)
Published: 2012/07/08
Channel: Mike Gerjets
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2011/12/12
Channel: cnap56
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2012/07/07
Channel: William Bechmann
Antietam from Above - Octokopter XL
Antietam from Above - Octokopter XL
Published: 2012/07/07
Channel: EarthCopter
Antietam National Cemetery
Antietam National Cemetery
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: The History Guy
“Salute to Independence” Concert at Antietam National Battlefield
“Salute to Independence” Concert at Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Historic Jacob Rohrbach Inn
Brian
Brian's Day Trip to Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2016/01/17
Channel: Finding Micheaux
2012 Memorial Illumination at Antietam National Battlefield
2012 Memorial Illumination at Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2012/12/03
Channel: Maryland
The Cornfield at Antietam National Battlefield
The Cornfield at Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Randolph Walker
President Trump’s Salary to Help Restore Antietam National Battlefield
President Trump’s Salary to Help Restore Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: TOP NEWS HEADLINES DAILY
Pry House Field Hospital - Antietam National Battlefield
Pry House Field Hospital - Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Born to Wander
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2010/04/09
Channel: L4librarian
Wildland Firefighters: Antietam National Battlefield
Wildland Firefighters: Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2009/07/18
Channel: mannie
State 16: Maryland - Antietam National Battlefield
State 16: Maryland - Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: Mr. Sparks
Troop 303 Visits Antietam National Battlefield
Troop 303 Visits Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2009/09/23
Channel: marximillian
Burnside Bridge at Antietam National Battlefield
Burnside Bridge at Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Randolph Walker
Antietam MD National Battlefield - September 11, 1993
Antietam MD National Battlefield - September 11, 1993
Published: 2012/07/13
Channel: John Greenstreet
Antietam National Battlefield Sharpsburg,MD
Antietam National Battlefield Sharpsburg,MD
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: Mike
Rep. Roscoe Bartlett Discusses "truly moving" Antietam National Battlefield Memorial Illumination
Rep. Roscoe Bartlett Discusses "truly moving" Antietam National Battlefield Memorial Illumination
Published: 2012/04/19
Channel: RepRoscoeBartlett
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2011/08/16
Channel: steven.yankee@gmail.com
Burnside Bridge - Antietam National Battlefield, MD
Burnside Bridge - Antietam National Battlefield, MD
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: czechshark23
Antietam National Cemetery
Antietam National Cemetery
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: Ken Myers
Antietam Battlefield Part Four: Burnside Bridge, Final Attack, and Antietam National Cemetery
Antietam Battlefield Part Four: Burnside Bridge, Final Attack, and Antietam National Cemetery
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: That Scarecrow Guy
2010 Independence Day Fireworks - Antietam National Battlefield
2010 Independence Day Fireworks - Antietam National Battlefield
Published: 2010/07/05
Channel: jonodan
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Antietam National Battlefield
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Antietam Bloody Lane.JPG
Bloody Lane at Antietam
Map showing the location of Antietam National Battlefield
Map showing the location of Antietam National Battlefield
Location Washington County, Maryland, U.S.
Nearest city Sharpsburg, MD
Coordinates 39°28′N 77°44′W / 39.47°N 77.74°W / 39.47; -77.74Coordinates: 39°28′N 77°44′W / 39.47°N 77.74°W / 39.47; -77.74
Area 3,230 acres (13.1 km2)[1]
Established August 30, 1890 (1890-August-30)
Visitors 384,987 (in 2011)[2]
Governing body National Park Service
Website Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield is located in Maryland
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield is located in the US
Antietam National Battlefield
Location N of Sharpsburg off MD 45, Sharpsburg, Maryland
Built 1862
NRHP reference # 66000038[3]
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966

Antietam National Battlefield is a National Park Service protected area along Antietam Creek in Sharpsburg, Washington County, northwestern Maryland. It commemorates the American Civil War Battle of Antietam that occurred on September 17, 1862.

The area, situated on fields among the Appalachian foothills near the Potomac River, features the battlefield site and visitor center, a national military cemetery, stone arch Burnside's Bridge, and a field hospital museum.

Features[edit]

In the Battle of Antietam, General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North ended on this battlefield in 1862.[4] Established as Antietam National Battlefield Site August 30, 1890,[5] the park was transferred from the War Department August 10, 1933,[6] and redesignated November 10, 1978.[5] Along with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the battlefield was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.[3] Additional documentation on the site was recorded by the National Park Service on February 27, 2009.[7]

Cemetery[edit]

U.S. Soldier Monument ("Old Simon"), Carl Conrads, sculptor, George Keller architect, dedicated September 17, 1880.

Antietam National Cemetery, which adjoins the park, covers 11.36 acres (4.60 ha) and contains more than 4,976 interments (1,836 unidentified).[8] The cemetery was commissioned in 1865 and interments begun in 1867 after an arduous process of identifying the dead, which was only successful in about 40% of cases.[9] Civil War era burials in this cemetery consist of only Union soldiers; Confederate dead were interred in the Washington Confederate Cemetery, Hagerstown, Maryland; Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Frederick, Maryland; and Elmwood Cemetery in Shepherdstown, West Virginia.[9] The cemetery also contains the graves of veterans and their wives from the Spanish–American War, World War I and II, and the Korean War.[8] The cemetery was closed to additional interments in 1953.[8] Two exceptions have been made, the first in 1978 for Congressman Goodloe Byron and the second in 2000 for the remains of USN Fireman Patrick Howard Roy who was killed in the attack on the USS Cole.[8] The cemetery was placed under the War Department on July 14, 1870;[10] it was transferred to the National Park Service on August 10, 1933.[11] The gatehouse at the cemetery's entrance was the first building designed by Paul J. Pelz, later architect of the Library of Congress

Visitor Center[edit]

The Antietam National Battlefield Visitor Center contains museum exhibits about the battle and the Civil War. The Visitor Center was constructed in 1962 as part of the Mission 66 plan. A 26-minute orientation film narrated by James Earl Jones is shown on the hour and the half-hour. The visitor center is open seven days a week from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. except on Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day. Park rangers offer interpretive talks. An audio tour is available for purchase to accompany the self-guided 8.5-mile (13.7 km) driving tour of the battlefield with eleven stops. Park Grounds are open daylight hours. There is a park entrance fee of $5.00 per person (age 17 or older; 16 and under FREE) or $10.00 per vehicle. The entrance fee is valid for three days.[12]

Pry House Field Hospital Museum[edit]

The Pry House Field Hospital Museum is located in the house that served as Union Commander General George B. McClellan's headquarters during the battle. Exhibits focus on period medical care of the wounded, as well as information about the Pry House. The museum is sponsored by the National Museum of Civil War Medicine.[13]

Battle of Antietam[edit]

Morning phase[edit]

Dunker Church

The Battle began at dawn on September 17, 1862, when Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker began the Union artillery bombardment of the Confederate positions of Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson in the Miller cornfield. Hooker's troops advanced behind the falling shells and drove the Confederates from their positions. Around 7 a.m. Jackson reinforced his troops and pushed the Union troops back. Union Maj. Gen. Joseph K. Mansfield sent his men into the fray and regained some of the ground lost to the Confederates.[14]

Midday phase[edit]

Sunken Road.

As the fighting in the cornfield was coming to a close, Maj. Gen. William H. French was moving his Federals forward to support Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick and veered into Confederate Maj. Gen. D.H. Hill's troops posted in the Sunken Road. Fierce fighting continued here for four hours before the Union troops finally took the road.[14]

Afternoon phase[edit]

Union positions below the Confederates at Burnside Bridge

On the southeast side of town, Union Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's XI Corps had been trying to cross Antietam Creek since mid-morning, being held up by only 500 Georgia sharpshooters. Around 1 p.m., they finally crossed Burnside's Bridge and took the heights. After a 2-hour lull to reform the Union lines, they advanced up the hill, driving the Confederates back towards Sharpsburg. But for the timely arrival of Maj. Gen. A.P. Hill's division from Harpers Ferry, Burnside would have entered Sharpsburg. Instead, the Union troops were driven back to the heights above the bridge.[14]

Conclusion[edit]

The battle was over with the Union sitting on three sides, waiting for the next day. During the night of the 18th, General Lee pulled his troops back across the Potomac River, leaving the battle and the town to General McClellan. Also during this battle 23 thousand died, wounded, and missing on both sides during the battle. Among the lost was a young man Klien Cook of only the age 16. He lived his short life in southern Mississippi till 15 when he join the confederates. A lot of young men just like him were lost. Not only adults ,but young men like him.

References[edit]

External video
Antietam National Battlefield Memorial - memorial 02.JPG
Maryland Monument of the Battle of Antietam (4:33), C‑SPAN[15]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  2. ^ "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  3. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  4. ^ Tilberg, Frederick (1960). "Across the Potomac". Antietam National Battlefield Site Maryland Historical Handbook. National Park Service. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  5. ^ a b "National Park System Birthdays". National Park Service History. National Park Service. April 13, 2006. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  6. ^ Tilberg, Frederick (1960). "Antietam National Battlefield Site and Cemetery". Antietam National Battlefield Site Maryland Historical Handbook. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  7. ^ "WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 2/23/09 THROUGH 2/27/09". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-06. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Antietam National Cemetery, part 2". Antietam National Battlefield. National Park Service. Retrieved September 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Antietam National Cemetery". Antietam National Battlefield. National Park Service. Retrieved September 3, 2015. 
  10. ^ Lee, Ronald F. (1973). "III. The First Battlefield Parks,1890–1899". The Origin and Evolution of the National Military Park Idea. National Park Service. Archived from the original on February 13, 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  11. ^ "1930's". NPS Chronological Timeline. National Park Service. May 19, 2006. Archived from the original on February 10, 2008. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  12. ^ http://www.nps.gov/anti/planyourvisit/index.htm
  13. ^ Pry House Museum, accessed October 8, 2013
  14. ^ a b c Antietam National Battlefield, Maryland Brochure; National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior; Harpers Ferry Design Center, Harpers Ferry, WV
  15. ^ "Maryland Monument of the Battle of Antietam". C-SPAN. September 16, 2013. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 

External links[edit]

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