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1
The Battle of Antietam
The Battle of Antietam
::2012/09/11::
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2
STP Investigates Antietam National Battlefield
STP Investigates Antietam National Battlefield
::2013/11/14::
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3
Auto Tour - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (13)
Auto Tour - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (13)
::2013/11/22::
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4
Burnside
Burnside's Bridge Antietam National Battlefield Civil War, Ambrose McClellan
::2012/05/13::
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5
Antietam National Battlefield, Sharpsburg, MD, US - Part 1
Antietam National Battlefield, Sharpsburg, MD, US - Part 1
::2010/07/21::
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6
Sharpsburg, MD (Antietam National Battlefield)
Sharpsburg, MD (Antietam National Battlefield)
::2012/07/08::
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7
Wildland Firefighters: Antietam National Battlefield
Wildland Firefighters: Antietam National Battlefield
::2009/07/18::
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8
Rep. Roscoe Bartlett Discusses "truly moving" Antietam National Battlefield Memorial Illumination
Rep. Roscoe Bartlett Discusses "truly moving" Antietam National Battlefield Memorial Illumination
::2012/04/19::
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9
2012 Memorial Illumination at Antietam National Battlefield
2012 Memorial Illumination at Antietam National Battlefield
::2012/12/03::
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10
Antietam National Battlefield Spring Public Star Party 042014
Antietam National Battlefield Spring Public Star Party 042014
::2014/04/06::
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11
Antietam National Battlefield civil war artillery demonstration
Antietam National Battlefield civil war artillery demonstration
::2013/06/23::
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12
Antietam National Battlefield: Wildcat Drummer
Antietam National Battlefield: Wildcat Drummer
::2008/05/19::
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13
Antietam National Battlefield Restoration
Antietam National Battlefield Restoration
::2011/06/24::
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14
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
::2010/05/30::
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15
D.R. Miller House at Antietam National Battlefield
D.R. Miller House at Antietam National Battlefield
::2013/07/09::
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16
Taps at Antietam National Battlefield/Cemetery
Taps at Antietam National Battlefield/Cemetery
::2013/05/25::
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17
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (4)
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (4)
::2013/11/22::
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18
Park Day at Antietam National Battlefield
Park Day at Antietam National Battlefield
::2012/04/24::
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19
Auto Tour - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (15)
Auto Tour - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (15)
::2013/11/22::
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20
Repaving Antietam National Battlefield.dv
Repaving Antietam National Battlefield.dv
::2010/12/31::
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21
Antietam National Battlefield Public Star Party April 2009 - Part 2
Antietam National Battlefield Public Star Party April 2009 - Part 2
::2009/04/19::
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22
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (9)
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (9)
::2013/11/22::
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23
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
::2011/08/16::
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24
Antietam National Battlefield Visitor Center
Antietam National Battlefield Visitor Center
::2011/12/05::
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25
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
::2010/04/09::
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26
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (6)
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (6)
::2013/11/22::
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27
Parker
Parker's Virginia Artillery Battery at Antietam National Battlefield Slideshow-Display.m4v
::2010/10/03::
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28
Antietam National Battlefield Public Star Party April 2009
Antietam National Battlefield Public Star Party April 2009
::2009/04/19::
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29
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (5)
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (5)
::2013/11/22::
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30
Antietam National Battlefield 5
Antietam National Battlefield 5
::2014/03/13::
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31
Antietam National Battlefield 3
Antietam National Battlefield 3
::2014/03/13::
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32
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (7)
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (7)
::2013/11/22::
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33
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
::2011/12/12::
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34
Antietam National Battlefield
Antietam National Battlefield
::2011/05/05::
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35
Antietam National Battlefield 2
Antietam National Battlefield 2
::2014/03/13::
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36
Antietam National Battlefield 1
Antietam National Battlefield 1
::2014/03/13::
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37
Antietam National Battlefield.avi
Antietam National Battlefield.avi
::2012/04/21::
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38
Antietam National Battlefield 2012 Illumination
Antietam National Battlefield 2012 Illumination
::2012/12/02::
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39
Antietam National Battlefield 4
Antietam National Battlefield 4
::2014/03/13::
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40
2010 Independence Day Fireworks - Antietam National Battlefield
2010 Independence Day Fireworks - Antietam National Battlefield
::2010/07/05::
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41
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (1)
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (1)
::2013/11/22::
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42
Antietam National Battlefield Salute to Independence 2011 Fireworks!
Antietam National Battlefield Salute to Independence 2011 Fireworks!
::2011/07/03::
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43
Antietam National Battlefield Sharpsburg,MD
Antietam National Battlefield Sharpsburg,MD
::2013/10/28::
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44
The new Tidball Trail at Antietam National Battlefield
The new Tidball Trail at Antietam National Battlefield
::2011/08/12::
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45
Fireworks display Antietam National Battlefield July 3 2010  10 minutes part 1 of 2
Fireworks display Antietam National Battlefield July 3 2010 10 minutes part 1 of 2
::2010/07/05::
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46
2012 Antietam National Battlefield Illumination
2012 Antietam National Battlefield Illumination
::2012/12/02::
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47
Auto Tour - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (16)
Auto Tour - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (16)
::2013/11/22::
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48
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (2)
Visitor Center - Antietam National Battlefield - Sharpsburg - Maryland (2)
::2013/11/22::
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Fireworks display Antietam National Battlefield July 3 2010  10 minutes part 2 of 2
Fireworks display Antietam National Battlefield July 3 2010 10 minutes part 2 of 2
::2010/07/05::
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Antietam National Battlefield Visit
Antietam National Battlefield Visit
::2010/12/14::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Antietam National Battlefield
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Antietam Bloody Lane.JPG
Bloody Lane at Antietam
Map showing the location of Antietam National Battlefield
Map showing the location of Antietam National Battlefield
Location Washington County, Maryland, U.S.
Nearest city Sharpsburg, MD
Coordinates 39°28′N 77°44′W / 39.47°N 77.74°W / 39.47; -77.74Coordinates: 39°28′N 77°44′W / 39.47°N 77.74°W / 39.47; -77.74
Area 3,230 acres (1,310 ha)
2,742 acres (1,110 ha) federal[1]
Established August 30, 1890 (1890-August-30)
Visitors 384,987 (in 2011)[2]
Governing body National Park Service
Antietam National Battlefield
Location N of Sharpsburg off MD 45, Sharpsburg, Maryland
Built 1862
NRHP Reference # 66000038[3]
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966

Antietam National Battlefield is a National Park Service protected area along Antietam Creek in Sharpsburg, Washington County, northwestern Maryland. It commemorates the American Civil War Battle of Antietam that occurred on September 17, 1862.

The area, situated on fields among the Appalachian foothills near the Potomac River, features the battlefield site and visitor center, a national military cemetery, stone arch Burnside's Bridge, and a field hospital museum. Today, over 330,000 people visit the park each year.

Features[edit]

In the Battle of Antietam, General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North ended on this battlefield in 1862.[4] Established as Antietam National Battlefield Site August 30, 1890,[5] the park was transferred from the War Department August 10, 1933,[6] and redesignated November 10, 1978.[5] Along with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the battlefield was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.[3] Additional documentation on the site was recorded by the National Park Service on February 27, 2009.[7]

Cemetery[edit]

U.S. Soldier Monument ("Old Simon"), Carl Conrads, sculptor, George Keller architect, dedicated September 17, 1880.

Antietam National Cemetery, covers 11.36 acres (4.60 ha) and contains 5,032 interments (1,836 unidentified), adjoins the park. Civil War interments started in 1867. The cemetery contains only Union soldiers from the Civil War period. Confederate dead were interred in the Washington Confederate Cemetery within Rosehill Cemetery, Hagerstown, Maryland; Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Frederick, Maryland; and Elmwood Cemetery in Shepherdstown, West Virginia.[8] The cemetery also contains the graves of veterans and their wives from the Spanish-American War, World War I and II, and the Korean War. The cemetery was closed to additional interments in 1953. Two exceptions have been made, the first in 1978 for Congressman Goodloe Byron and the second in 2000 for the remains of USN Fireman Patrick Howard Roy who was killed in the attack on the USS Cole.[9] The Antietam National Cemetery was placed under the War Department on July 14, 1870;[10] it was transferred to the National Park Service on August 10, 1933.[11] The gatehouse at the cemetery's entrance was the first building designed by Paul J. Pelz, later architect of the Library of Congress

Visitor Center[edit]

The Antietam National Battlefield Visitor Center contains museum exhibits about the battle and the Civil War. The Visitor Center was constructed in 1962 as part of the Mission 66 plan. A 26-minute orientation film narrated by James Earl Jones is shown on the hour and the half hour. The visitor center is open seven days a week from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. except on Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day. Park rangers offer interpretive talks. An audio tour is available for purchase to accompany the self-guided 8.5-mile (13.7 km) driving tour of the battlefield with eleven stops. Park Grounds are open daylight hours. There is a park entrance fee of $4.00 per person(age 17 or older; 16 and under FREE) or $6.00 per vehicle. The entrance fee is valid for three days.[12]

Pry House Field Hospital Museum[edit]

The Pry House Field Hospital Museum is located in the house that served as Union Commander General George B. McClellan's headquarters during the battle. Exhibits focus on period medical care of the wounded, as well as information about the Pry House. The museum is sponsored by the National Museum of Civil War Medicine.[13]

Battle of Antietam[edit]

Main article: Battle of Antietam

Morning phase[edit]

Dunker Church

The Battle began at dawn on September 17, 1862, when Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker began the Union artillery bombardment of the Confederate positions of Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson in the Miller cornfield. Hooker's troops advanced behind the falling shells and drove the Confederates from their positions. Around 7 a.m. Jackson reinforced his troops and pushed the Union troops back. Union Maj. Gen. Joseph K. Mansfield sent his men into the fray and regained some of the ground lost to the Confederates.[14]

Midday phase[edit]

Sunken Road.

As the fighting in the cornfield was coming to a close, Maj. Gen. William H. French was moving his Federals forward to support Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick and veered into Confederate Maj. Gen. D.H. Hill's troops posted in the Sunken Road. Fierce fighting continued here for four hours before the Union troops finally took the road.[14]

Afternoon phase[edit]

Union positions below the Confederates at Burnside Bridge

On the southeast side of town, Union Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's XI Corps had been trying to cross Antietam Creek since mid-morning, being held up by only 500 Georgia sharpshooters. Around 1 p.m., they finally crossed Burnside's Bridge and took the heights. After a 2 hour lull to reform the Union lines, they advanced up the hill, driving the Confederates back towards Sharpsburg. But for the timely arrival of Maj. Gen. A.P. Hill's division from Harpers Ferry, Burnside would have entered Sharpsburg. Instead, the Union troops were driven back to the heights above the bridge.[14]

Conclusion[edit]

The battle was over with the Union sitting on three sides, waiting for the next day. During the night of the 18th, General Lee pulled his troops back across the Potomac River, leaving the battle and the town to General McClellan.

References[edit]

External video
Antietam National Battlefield Memorial - memorial 02.JPG
Maryland Monument of the Battle of Antietam (4:33), C‑SPAN[15]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  2. ^ "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  3. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  4. ^ Tilberg, Frederick (1960). "Across the Potomac". Antietam National Battlefield Site Maryland Historical Handbook. National Park Service. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  5. ^ a b "National Park System Birthdays". National Park Service History. National Park Service. April 13, 2006. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  6. ^ Tilberg, Frederick (1960). "Antietam National Battlefield Site and Cemetery". Antietam National Battlefield Site Maryland Historical Handbook. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  7. ^ "WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 2/23/09 THROUGH 2/27/09". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-06. 
  8. ^ "Antietam National Cemetery". National Park Service. July 25, 2006. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  9. ^ "Antietam National Cemetery, part 2". National Park Service. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  10. ^ Lee, Ronald F. (1973). "III. The First Battlefield Parks,1890-1899". The Origin and Evolution of the National Military Park Idea. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 13 February 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  11. ^ "1930 through 1939". NPS Chronological Timeline. National Park Service. May 19, 2006. Retrieved February 2, 2007. 
  12. ^ http://www.nps.gov/anti/planyourvisit/index.htm
  13. ^ Pry House Museum, accessed October 8, 2013
  14. ^ a b c Antietam National Battlefield, Maryland Brochure; National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior; Harpers Ferry Design Center, Harpers Ferry, WV
  15. ^ "Maryland Monument of the Battle of Antietam". C-SPAN. September 16, 2013. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 


External links[edit]


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