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Let
Let's Play Antihero - PC Gameplay Part 1 - This Is My City To Burgle, Not Yours!
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Wanderbots
Fan Friday!! - Antihero
Fan Friday!! - Antihero
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Jesse Cox
Let
Let's Look At: Antihero!
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Northernlion
Antihero: Destination Unknown - 2014
Antihero: Destination Unknown - 2014
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
ELLO GUVNOR (Antihero)
ELLO GUVNOR (Antihero)
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: TotalBiscuit Livestreams (Unofficial)
[Trap] - Noisestorm - Antihero [Monstercat Release]
[Trap] - Noisestorm - Antihero [Monstercat Release]
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Monstercat
SEKAI NO OWARI「ANTI-HERO」
SEKAI NO OWARI「ANTI-HERO」
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: sekainoowarijp
WTF is... - Antihero
WTF is... - Antihero
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: TotalBiscuit, The Cynical Brit
Talk ABout Football 17 การ Dope  ในฟุตบอลและกีฬาคิดว่าผิดไหม??? ผมคิดว่าไม่ มาฟังเหตุผลกัน
Talk ABout Football 17 การ Dope ในฟุตบอลและกีฬาคิดว่าผิดไหม??? ผมคิดว่าไม่ มาฟังเหตุผลกัน
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Let
Let's Play Antihero - Finale - Hyde Must Die
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Wanderbots
AntiHero Review "Buy, Wait for Sale, Rent, Never Touch?"
AntiHero Review "Buy, Wait for Sale, Rent, Never Touch?"
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: ACG
Antihero #01
Antihero #01
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem - ARCHIWUM STREAMÓW
Talk ABout Football EPL Week 2 Predictions
Talk ABout Football EPL Week 2 Predictions
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero #04
Antihero #04
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem - ARCHIWUM STREAMÓW
Antihero
Antihero's "The Body Corporate" Redundancies #1
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Talk ABout Football EPL Predictions Week 1 วิเคราะห์ทุกคู่
Talk ABout Football EPL Predictions Week 1 วิเคราะห์ทุกคู่
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero #02
Antihero #02
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem - ARCHIWUM STREAMÓW
Anti-Hero
Anti-Hero's "What's Up Monkey?" Part 1
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Antihero: Cow - 1998
Antihero: Cow - 1998
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Anti-Heroes: What Makes Them Different? - Troped!
Anti-Heroes: What Makes Them Different? - Troped!
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: WatchMojo.com
MANDZIO ZOSTAŁ SHERLOCKIEM! (Antihero)
MANDZIO ZOSTAŁ SHERLOCKIEM! (Antihero)
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Mandzio
Talk ABout Football 16 มาคุยกันเรื่องนักเตะที่น่าจับตามอง และอื่นๆ
Talk ABout Football 16 มาคุยกันเรื่องนักเตะที่น่าจับตามอง และอื่นๆ
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: Antihero Thailand
เรามาพูดกันถึง Chelsea vs Burnley 2-3 กันดีกว่านะ
เรามาพูดกันถึง Chelsea vs Burnley 2-3 กันดีกว่านะ
Published: 2017/08/12
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero x Volcom "The Vickie Report" Video
Antihero x Volcom "The Vickie Report" Video
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Anti Hero Israel
Anti Hero Israel
Published: 2015/04/24
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Antihero #09
Antihero #09
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem - ARCHIWUM STREAMÓW
Antihero: обзор игры и рецензия
Antihero: обзор игры и рецензия
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Лёша играет
Let
Let's Play Antihero - PC Gameplay Part 2 - Nonstop Evictions
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Wanderbots
Talk About Football 18 มาพูดถึงและสรุปฟุตบอลอาทิตย์ที่ผ่านมากันดีกว่า
Talk About Football 18 มาพูดถึงและสรุปฟุตบอลอาทิตย์ที่ผ่านมากันดีกว่า
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Talk ABout Football Calcio Serie A Predictions Week 1
Talk ABout Football Calcio Serie A Predictions Week 1
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero: Cash Money Vagrant - 2003
Antihero: Cash Money Vagrant - 2003
Published: 2014/12/26
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
The Body Corporate Trailer
The Body Corporate Trailer
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
เรามาพูดกันถึง Man Utd vs West Ham กันดีกว่านะ
เรามาพูดกันถึง Man Utd vs West Ham กันดีกว่านะ
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero #06
Antihero #06
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem - ARCHIWUM STREAMÓW
An anti-hero of one
An anti-hero of one's own - Tim Adams
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: TED-Ed
Bru-ray: Anti-Hero
Bru-ray: Anti-Hero
Published: 2013/08/15
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
คุยเรื่อง Liverpool and Napoli กัน UCL
คุยเรื่อง Liverpool and Napoli กัน UCL
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Antihero Thailand
คุยเรื่อง football กันกับพี่หมอ
คุยเรื่อง football กันกับพี่หมอ
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Talk ABout Football Clubs #JUVENTUS
Talk ABout Football Clubs #JUVENTUS
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero #08
Antihero #08
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem - ARCHIWUM STREAMÓW
Chestnut Hill
Chestnut Hill
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Antihero: Fucktards - 1997
Antihero: Fucktards - 1997
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
เรามาพูดกันถึง Arsenal vs Leicester กันดีกว่านะ
เรามาพูดกันถึง Arsenal vs Leicester กันดีกว่านะ
Published: 2017/08/12
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero #05
Antihero #05
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem - ARCHIWUM STREAMÓW
Antihero - Ruling the Night - Let
Antihero - Ruling the Night - Let's Play Antihero Gameplay
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
We
We're Gonna Need a Bigger BANG - The Saboteur! | Antihero Gameplay #2 (PC Game)
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: Yippee Ki Yay Mr Falcon
Antihero #07
Antihero #07
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem - ARCHIWUM STREAMÓW
เรามาพูดกันถึง Swansea vs Man United 0-4 กันดีกว่านะ
เรามาพูดกันถึง Swansea vs Man United 0-4 กันดีกว่านะ
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Anti Hero Skateboard Team Demo, Christchurch 2017
Anti Hero Skateboard Team Demo, Christchurch 2017
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Tk Sampson
The Antihero - Can Games Create Antiheroes? - Extra Credits
The Antihero - Can Games Create Antiheroes? - Extra Credits
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: Extra Credits
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Revisionist Western films commonly have an antihero as the lead character who is morally ambiguous. Clint Eastwood, pictured here in A Fistful of Dollars (1964), portrayed the Man with No Name, an archetypal antihero, in the Spaghetti Western Dollars Trilogy.

An antihero, or antiheroine, is a protagonist who lacks conventional heroic qualities such as idealism, courage, or morality.[1][2][3][4][5] These characters are usually considered "conspicuously contrary to an archetypal hero".[6] Although antiheroes may sometimes do the "right thing", it is often for the "wrong reasons" and because it serves their self-interest rather than being driven by moral convictions.[7]

History[edit]

The antihero archetype can be traced back as far as Homer's Thersites.[8]:197–198 The concept has also been identified in classical Greek drama,[9] Roman satire, and Renaissance literature[8]:197–198 such as Don Quixote[9][10] and the picaresque rogue.[11]

The term antihero was first used as early as 1714,[5] emerging in works such as Rameau's Nephew in the 18th century,[8]:199–200 and is also used more broadly to cover Byronic heroes as well.[12]

Literary Romanticism in the 19th century helped popularize new forms of the antihero,[13][14] such as the Gothic double.[15] The antihero eventually became an established form of social criticism, a phenomenon often associated with the unnamed protagonist in Fyodor Dostoevsky's Notes from Underground.[8]:201–207 The antihero emerged as a foil to the traditional hero archetype, a process that Northrop Frye called the fictional "centre of gravity."[16] This movement indicated a literary change in heroic ethos from feudal aristocrat to urban democrat, as was the shift from epic to ironic narratives.[16]

Huckleberry Finn (1884) has been called "the first antihero in the American nursery."[17]

The antihero became prominent in early 20th century existentialist works such as Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis (1915),[18] Jean-Paul Sartre's La Nausée (1938) (French for Nausea),[19] and Albert Camus' L'Étranger (1942) (French for The Stranger).[20] The protagonist in these works is an indecisive central character who drifts through his life and is marked by ennui, angst, and alienation.[21]

The antihero entered American literature in the 1950s and up to the mid-1960s was portrayed as an alienated figure, unable to communicate.[22]:294–295 The American antihero of the 1950s and 1960s (as seen in the works of Jack Kerouac, Norman Mailer, et al.) was typically more proactive than his French counterpart, with characters such as Kerouac's Dean Moriarty famously taking to the road to vanquish his ennui.[23]:18 The British version of the antihero emerged in the works of the "angry young men" of the 1950s.[9][24] The collective protests of Sixties counterculture saw the solitary antihero gradually eclipsed from fictional prominence,[23]:1 though not without subsequent revivals in literary and cinematic form.[22]:295

The antihero also plays a prominent role in films noir such as Double Indemnity (1944) and Night and the City (1950),[25] in gangster films such as The Godfather (1972) and Goodfellas (1990),[26] and in Western films, especially the Revisionist Western and Spaghetti Western.[citation needed] Lead figures in these westerns are often morally ambiguous, such as the "Man with No Name", portrayed by Clint Eastwood in A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965) and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966).[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American Heritage Dictionary Entry: antihero". Ahdictionary.com. 2013-01-09. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  2. ^ "anti-hero - definition of anti-hero by Macmillan Dictionary". Macmillandictionary.com. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  3. ^ "Antiheroine - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  4. ^ "anti-hero: definition of anti-hero in Oxford dictionary (British & World English)". Oxforddictionaries.com. Retrieved 2014-09-06. 
  5. ^ a b "Antihero - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  6. ^ Jonason, Peter K.; Webster, Gregory D.; Schmitt, David P.; Li, Norman P.; Crysel, Laura (2012). "The antihero in popular culture: Life history theory and the dark triad personality traits." (PDF). Review of General Psychology. 16 (2): 192–199. doi:10.1037/a0027914. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  7. ^ Laham, Nicholas (2009). Currents of Comedy on the American Screen: How Film and Television Deliver Different Laughs for Changing Times. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. p. 51. ISBN 9780786442645. 
  8. ^ a b c d Steiner, George (2013). Tolstoy Or Dostoevsky: An Essay in the Old Criticism. New York: Open Road. ISBN 9781480411913. 
  9. ^ a b c "antihero (literature) - Encyclopædia Britannica". Britannica.com. 2013-02-14. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  10. ^ "Literary Terms and Definitions A". Web.cn.edu. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  11. ^ Halliwell, Martin (2007). American Culture in the 1950s. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 60. ISBN 9780748618859. 
  12. ^ "Literary Terms and Definitions B". Web.cn.edu. Retrieved 2014-09-06. 
  13. ^ Alsen, Eberhard (2014). The New Romanticism: A Collection of Critical Essays. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. p. 72. ISBN 9781317776000. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Simmons, David (2008). The Anti-Hero in the American Novel: From Joseph Heller to Kurt Vonnegut (1st ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 5. ISBN 9780230612525. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  15. ^ Lutz, Deborah (2006). The Dangerous Lover: Gothic Villains, Byronism, and the Nineteenth-century Seduction Narrative. Columbus: Ohio State University Press. p. 82. ISBN 9780814210345. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  16. ^ a b Frye, Northrop (2002). Anatomy of Criticism. London: Penguin. p. 34. ISBN 9780141187099. 
  17. ^ Hearn, Michael Patrick (2001). The Annotated Huckleberry Finn: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Tom Sawyer's Comrade) (1st ed.). New York: Norton. p. xvci. ISBN 0393020398. 
  18. ^ Barnhart, Joe E. (2005). Dostoevsky's Polyphonic Talent. Lanham: University Press of America. p. 151. ISBN 9780761830979. 
  19. ^ Asong, Linus T. (2012). Psychological Constructs and the Craft of African Fiction of Yesteryears: Six Studies. Mankon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG. p. 76. ISBN 9789956727667. 
  20. ^ Gargett, Graham (2004). Heroism and Passion in Literature: Studies in Honour of Moya Longstaffe. Amsterdam: Rodopi. p. 198. ISBN 9789042016927. 
  21. ^ Brereton, Geoffery (1968). A Short History of French Literature. Penguin Books. pp. 254–255. 
  22. ^ a b Hardt, Michael; Weeks, Kathi (2000). The Jameson Reader (Reprint ed.). Oxford, UK ; Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell. ISBN 9780631202707. 
  23. ^ a b Edelstein, Alan (1996). Everybody is Sitting on the Curb: How and why America's Heroes Disappeared. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger. ISBN 9780275953645. 
  24. ^ Ousby, Ian (1996). The Cambridge Paperback Guide to Literature in English. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 27. ISBN 9780521436274. 
  25. ^ "A Guide To Film Noir: The Anti Hero". cargocollective.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  26. ^ "Classic Ten – Greatest Anti-Heroes". amc.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  27. ^ "The Man With No Name". weirdwildrealm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Simmons, David (2008). The Anti-Hero in the American Novel: From Heller to Vonnegut. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-230-60323-8. 

External links[edit]

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