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Let
Let's Play Antihero - PC Gameplay Part 1 - This Is My City To Burgle, Not Yours!
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Wanderbots
Antihero: Destination Unknown - 2014
Antihero: Destination Unknown - 2014
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Fan Friday!! - Antihero
Fan Friday!! - Antihero
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Jesse Cox
SEKAI NO OWARI「ANTI-HERO」
SEKAI NO OWARI「ANTI-HERO」
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: sekainoowarijp
Let
Let's Look At: Antihero!
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Northernlion
[Trap] - Noisestorm - Antihero [Monstercat Release]
[Trap] - Noisestorm - Antihero [Monstercat Release]
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Monstercat: Uncaged
Slaine & Termanology - Anti-Hero (Full Album)
Slaine & Termanology - Anti-Hero (Full Album)
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: Mr. Paka II
Antihero: Cow - 1998
Antihero: Cow - 1998
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Antihero: Fucktards - 1997
Antihero: Fucktards - 1997
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Top 10 Movie Anti-Heroes
Top 10 Movie Anti-Heroes
Published: 2013/08/04
Channel: WatchMojo.com
Grant Taylor Rides For Antihero
Grant Taylor Rides For Antihero
Published: 2014/01/01
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
WTF is... - Antihero
WTF is... - Antihero
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: TotalBiscuit, The Cynical Brit
Slaine vs. Termanology - "Anti Hero" ft. Bun B & Everlast [prod. by DJ Premier] Official Video
Slaine vs. Termanology - "Anti Hero" ft. Bun B & Everlast [prod. by DJ Premier] Official Video
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: SlaineHipHop
Beauty and the Beast - Eric Koston, Sean Malto, Alex Olson - Girl & Antihero
Beauty and the Beast - Eric Koston, Sean Malto, Alex Olson - Girl & Antihero
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Echoboom Sports
thrasher king of the road 2012 anti hero
thrasher king of the road 2012 anti hero
Published: 2013/06/03
Channel: Brad Luck
ELLO GUVNOR (Antihero)
ELLO GUVNOR (Antihero)
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: TotalBiscuit Livestreams (Unofficial)
ANTIHERO | AppSpy Review
ANTIHERO | AppSpy Review
Published: 2018/01/05
Channel: AppSpy
ANTIHEROES - Terrible Writing Advice
ANTIHEROES - Terrible Writing Advice
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: Terrible Writing Advice
Antihero
Antihero's "The Body Corporate" Redundancies #1
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Marlon Roudette - Anti Hero (Official Video)
Marlon Roudette - Anti Hero (Official Video)
Published: 2012/03/22
Channel: marlonroudette
Nightcrawler — Empathy for the Antihero
Nightcrawler — Empathy for the Antihero
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Lessons from the Screenplay
The Antihero - Can Games Create Antiheroes? - Extra Credits
The Antihero - Can Games Create Antiheroes? - Extra Credits
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: Extra Credits
Antihero x Volcom "The Vickie Report" Video
Antihero x Volcom "The Vickie Report" Video
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Anti-Hero
Anti-Hero's "What's Up Monkey?" Part 1
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
An anti-hero of one
An anti-hero of one's own - Tim Adams
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: TED-Ed
Bru-ray: Anti-Hero
Bru-ray: Anti-Hero
Published: 2013/08/15
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Let
Let's Play Antihero - Finale - Hyde Must Die
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Wanderbots
AntiHero Review "Buy, Wait for Sale, Rent, Never Touch?"
AntiHero Review "Buy, Wait for Sale, Rent, Never Touch?"
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: ACG
Anti Hero The Body Corporate Full Movie
Anti Hero The Body Corporate Full Movie
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Skate Movies
Antihero - Ruling the Night - Let
Antihero - Ruling the Night - Let's Play Antihero Gameplay
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
Antihero christchurch Demo
Antihero christchurch Demo
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: DagarMorph
ANTI HERO [Full Danganronpa Mep]
ANTI HERO [Full Danganronpa Mep]
Published: 2017/11/26
Channel: Tekilex Is Teki
Let
Let's Play Antihero - PC Gameplay Part 2 - Nonstop Evictions
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Wanderbots
Talk ABout Champions League Draw!!! (Thai Language) + NFL American football
Talk ABout Champions League Draw!!! (Thai Language) + NFL American football
Published: 2017/12/12
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Talk ABout Life มีความสุขไม่ได้ยากอย่างที่คิด
Talk ABout Life มีความสุขไม่ได้ยากอย่างที่คิด
Published: 2018/01/02
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Seriously Guys, this Mobile Game is GREAT!!! #NotSponsored - Let
Seriously Guys, this Mobile Game is GREAT!!! #NotSponsored - Let's Play AntiHero Gameplay
Published: 2018/01/12
Channel: Generikb
URBAN MUTATION
URBAN MUTATION
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Antihero #01
Antihero #01
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem
Talk ABout Liverpool vs Manchester City 4 3
Talk ABout Liverpool vs Manchester City 4 3
Published: 2018/01/14
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero #02
Antihero #02
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem
ANTI-HERO / SEKAI NO OWARI ラップver Re:REMIX アリレム,☆イニ☆,チマミレ,ytr,あまねでり,たかやん,らっぷびと
ANTI-HERO / SEKAI NO OWARI ラップver Re:REMIX アリレム,☆イニ☆,チマミレ,ytr,あまねでり,たかやん,らっぷびと
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: JIN DA HOUSE
Anti Hero Israel
Anti Hero Israel
Published: 2015/04/24
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Talk ABout ใครเป็นนักเตะยอดเยี่ยมของทีมใหญ่ ครึ่งฤดูกาลแรก
Talk ABout ใครเป็นนักเตะยอดเยี่ยมของทีมใหญ่ ครึ่งฤดูกาลแรก
Published: 2018/01/10
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Run A Thieves Guild in Victorian L O N D O N | Antihero Gameplay Part 1 (PC Game)
Run A Thieves Guild in Victorian L O N D O N | Antihero Gameplay Part 1 (PC Game)
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Yippee Ki Yay Mr Falcon
Antihero 18-Year Anniversary Party
Antihero 18-Year Anniversary Party
Published: 2013/08/05
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Talk ABout บอลยุโรปซุปเปอร์ลีกจะเกิดขึ้นเร็วนี้หรือไม่?
Talk ABout บอลยุโรปซุปเปอร์ลีกจะเกิดขึ้นเร็วนี้หรือไม่?
Published: 2018/01/05
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Man Utd หวังแย่ง Alexis จากเรือใบ Adidas ใบ้ Dybala มาผีแดง
Man Utd หวังแย่ง Alexis จากเรือใบ Adidas ใบ้ Dybala มาผีแดง
Published: 2018/01/11
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero #09
Antihero #09
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Zagrajmy z Gimperem
Talk ABout Liverpool Swansea 5-0
Talk ABout Liverpool Swansea 5-0
Published: 2017/12/27
Channel: Antihero Thailand
SEKAI NO OWARI - ANTI-HERO#01 (The Dinner 2016)
SEKAI NO OWARI - ANTI-HERO#01 (The Dinner 2016)
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: wa.
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Revisionist Western films commonly have an antihero as the lead character who is morally ambiguous. Clint Eastwood, pictured here in A Fistful of Dollars (1964), portrayed the Man with No Name, an archetypal antihero, in the Spaghetti Western Dollars Trilogy.

An antihero, or antiheroine, is a protagonist in a story who lacks some or all conventional heroic qualities and attributes such as idealism, courage, or morality.[1][2][3][4][5] Although antiheroes may sometimes do the right thing, it isn’t always for the right reasons, often acting primarily out of self-interest or in ways that defy conventional ethical codes.[6]

History[edit]

The antihero archetype can be traced back as far as Homer's Thersites.[7]:197–198 The concept has also been identified in classical Greek drama,[8] Roman satire, and Renaissance literature[7]:197–198 such as Don Quixote[8][9] and the picaresque rogue.[10]

The term antihero was first used as early as 1714,[5] emerging in works such as Rameau's Nephew in the 18th century,[7]:199–200 and is also used more broadly to cover Byronic heroes as well.[11]

Literary Romanticism in the 19th century helped popularize new forms of the antihero,[12][13] such as the Gothic double.[14] The antihero eventually became an established form of social criticism, a phenomenon often associated with the unnamed protagonist in Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Notes from Underground.[7]:201–207 The antihero emerged as a foil to the traditional hero archetype, a process that Northrop Frye called the fictional "centre of gravity."[15] This movement indicated a literary change in heroic ethos from feudal aristocrat to urban democrat, as was the shift from epic to ironic narratives.[15]

Huckleberry Finn (1884) has been called "the first antihero in the American nursery."[16]

The antihero became prominent in early 20th century existentialist works such as Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis (1915),[17] Jean-Paul Sartre's La Nausée (1938) (French for Nausea),[18] and Albert Camus' L'Étranger (1942) (French for The Stranger).[19] The protagonist in these works is an indecisive central character who drifts through his life and is marked by ennui, angst, and alienation.[20]

The antihero entered American literature in the 1950s and up to the mid-1960s was portrayed as an alienated figure, unable to communicate.[21]:294–295 The American antihero of the 1950s and 1960s (as seen in the works of Jack Kerouac, Norman Mailer, et al.) was typically more proactive than his French counterpart, with characters such as Kerouac's Dean Moriarty famously taking to the road to vanquish his ennui.[22]:18 The British version of the antihero emerged in the works of the "angry young men" of the 1950s.[8][23] The collective protests of Sixties counterculture saw the solitary antihero gradually eclipsed from fictional prominence,[22]:1 though not without subsequent revivals in literary and cinematic form.[21]:295

The antihero also plays a prominent role in films noir such as Double Indemnity (1944) and Night and the City (1950),[citation needed] in gangster films such as The Godfather (1972) and Goodfellas (1990),[24] and in Western films, especially the Revisionist Western and Spaghetti Western.[citation needed] Lead figures in these westerns are often morally ambiguous, such as the "Man with No Name", portrayed by Clint Eastwood in A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965) and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966).[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "antihero". American Heritage Dictionary. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "anti-hero". Macmillan Dictionary. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Antiheroine". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "anti-hero". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Antihero". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  6. ^ Laham, Nicholas (2009). Currents of Comedy on the American Screen: How Film and Television Deliver Different Laughs for Changing Times. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. p. 51. ISBN 9780786442645. 
  7. ^ a b c d Steiner, George (2013). Tolstoy Or Dostoevsky: An Essay in the Old Criticism. New York: Open Road. ISBN 9781480411913. 
  8. ^ a b c "antihero". Encyclopædia Britannica. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  9. ^ Wheeler, L. Lip. "Literary Terms and Definitions A". Dr. Wheeler's Website. Carson-Newman University. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  10. ^ Halliwell, Martin (2007). American Culture in the 1950s. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 60. ISBN 9780748618859. 
  11. ^ Wheeler, L. Lip. "Literary Terms and Definitions B". Dr. Wheeler's Website. Carson-Newman University. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  12. ^ Alsen, Eberhard (2014). The New Romanticism: A Collection of Critical Essays. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. p. 72. ISBN 9781317776000. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  13. ^ Simmons, David (2008). The Anti-Hero in the American Novel: From Joseph Heller to Kurt Vonnegut (1st ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 5. ISBN 9780230612525. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Lutz, Deborah (2006). The Dangerous Lover: Gothic Villains, Byronism, and the Nineteenth-century Seduction Narrative. Columbus: Ohio State University Press. p. 82. ISBN 9780814210345. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  15. ^ a b Frye, Northrop (2002). Anatomy of Criticism. London: Penguin. p. 34. ISBN 9780141187099. 
  16. ^ Hearn, Michael Patrick (2001). The Annotated Huckleberry Finn: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Tom Sawyer's Comrade) (1st ed.). New York: Norton. p. xvci. ISBN 0393020398. 
  17. ^ Barnhart, Joe E. (2005). Dostoevsky's Polyphonic Talent. Lanham: University Press of America. p. 151. ISBN 9780761830979. 
  18. ^ Asong, Linus T. (2012). Psychological Constructs and the Craft of African Fiction of Yesteryears: Six Studies. Mankon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG. p. 76. ISBN 9789956727667. 
  19. ^ Gargett, Graham (2004). Heroism and Passion in Literature: Studies in Honour of Moya Longstaffe. Amsterdam: Rodopi. p. 198. ISBN 9789042016927. 
  20. ^ Brereton, Geoffery (1968). A Short History of French Literature. Penguin Books. pp. 254–255. 
  21. ^ a b Hardt, Michael; Weeks, Kathi (2000). The Jameson Reader (Reprint ed.). Oxford, UK ; Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell. ISBN 9780631202707. 
  22. ^ a b Edelstein, Alan (1996). Everybody is Sitting on the Curb: How and why America's Heroes Disappeared. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger. ISBN 9780275953645. 
  23. ^ Ousby, Ian (1996). The Cambridge Paperback Guide to Literature in English. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 27. ISBN 9780521436274. 
  24. ^ Brinton, Sadie (September 2008). "Classic Ten – Greatest Anti-Heroes". AMC. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Simmons, David (2008). The Anti-Hero in the American Novel: From Heller to Vonnegut. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-230-60323-8. 

External links[edit]

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