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Antihero: Destination Unknown - 2014
Antihero: Destination Unknown - 2014
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
[Trap] - Noisestorm - Antihero [Monstercat Release]
[Trap] - Noisestorm - Antihero [Monstercat Release]
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Monstercat
SEKAI NO OWARI「ANTI-HERO」
SEKAI NO OWARI「ANTI-HERO」
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: sekainoowarijp
The Body Corporate Trailer
The Body Corporate Trailer
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Antihero x Volcom "The Vickie Report" Video
Antihero x Volcom "The Vickie Report" Video
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Antihero: Fucktards - 1997
Antihero: Fucktards - 1997
Published: 2014/12/06
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Antihero: Cow - 1998
Antihero: Cow - 1998
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Talk ABout Football Club #Liverpool
Talk ABout Football Club #Liverpool
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Bru-ray: Anti-Hero
Bru-ray: Anti-Hero
Published: 2013/08/15
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Anti-Hero
Anti-Hero's "What's Up Monkey?" Part 1
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Anti Hero Skateboard Team Demo, Christchurch 2017
Anti Hero Skateboard Team Demo, Christchurch 2017
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Tk Sampson
Antihero: Cash Money Vagrant - 2003
Antihero: Cash Money Vagrant - 2003
Published: 2014/12/26
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Anti-Heroes: What Makes Them Different? - Troped!
Anti-Heroes: What Makes Them Different? - Troped!
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: WatchMojo.com
An anti-hero of one
An anti-hero of one's own - Tim Adams
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: TED-Ed
Anti Hero Israel
Anti Hero Israel
Published: 2015/04/24
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Talk ABout Football 5 เข้าใจแท็กติกให้มากขึ้น แล้วทำไม343 ของคอนเต้สำคัญกับการได้แชมป์
Talk ABout Football 5 เข้าใจแท็กติกให้มากขึ้น แล้วทำไม343 ของคอนเต้สำคัญกับการได้แชมป์
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Antihero: BATB1 - Beast Edit - 2008
Antihero: BATB1 - Beast Edit - 2008
Published: 2015/01/16
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Talk ABout Football 4 ความเชื่อผิดๆของยอดขายเสื้อป๊อกบา
Talk ABout Football 4 ความเชื่อผิดๆของยอดขายเสื้อป๊อกบา
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Antihero Thailand
โรนัลโด้มึงจะเอายังไงกันแน่
โรนัลโด้มึงจะเอายังไงกันแน่
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Beauty and the Beast - Eric Koston, Sean Malto, Alex Olson - Girl & Antihero
Beauty and the Beast - Eric Koston, Sean Malto, Alex Olson - Girl & Antihero
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Echoboom Sports
Nightcrawler — Empathy for the Antihero
Nightcrawler — Empathy for the Antihero
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Lessons from the Screenplay
Talk ABout Football 9 นักเตะที่น่าจับตามองในฤดูกาลหน้า
Talk ABout Football 9 นักเตะที่น่าจับตามองในฤดูกาลหน้า
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Antihero Thailand
โรนัลโด้มีสิทธิ์ย้ายว่ะ แมนยูทุ่มเต็มที่
โรนัลโด้มีสิทธิ์ย้ายว่ะ แมนยูทุ่มเต็มที่
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Talk ABout Football 3 วิเคราะห์ตลาดนักเตะ
Talk ABout Football 3 วิเคราะห์ตลาดนักเตะ
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: Antihero Thailand
The Antihero - Can Games Create Antiheroes? - Extra Credits
The Antihero - Can Games Create Antiheroes? - Extra Credits
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: Extra Credits
Talk ABout Football 6 คุยกันเรื่อง football ยุค 90 และความหมายของภาษามืออิสเตอรี่อิอิ
Talk ABout Football 6 คุยกันเรื่อง football ยุค 90 และความหมายของภาษามืออิสเตอรี่อิอิ
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Spitfire x Antihero: Tony Trujillo
Spitfire x Antihero: Tony Trujillo
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Grant Taylor Rides For Antihero
Grant Taylor Rides For Antihero
Published: 2014/01/01
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Chestnut Hill
Chestnut Hill
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
Top 10 Comic Book Anti-Heroes
Top 10 Comic Book Anti-Heroes
Published: 2015/04/04
Channel: WatchMojo.com
Antihero 18-Year Anniversary Party
Antihero 18-Year Anniversary Party
Published: 2013/08/05
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Anti-Hero ยอมกลัวเมีย...แต่ไม่หน้าตัวเมีย..!!!
Anti-Hero ยอมกลัวเมีย...แต่ไม่หน้าตัวเมีย..!!!
Published: 2015/05/05
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Top 10 Movie Anti-Heroes
Top 10 Movie Anti-Heroes
Published: 2013/08/04
Channel: WatchMojo.com
Antihero: Bonus Footage - 2006
Antihero: Bonus Footage - 2006
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: Antihero Skateboards
IS GOKU AN ANTI-HERO? | A Dragonball Discussion
IS GOKU AN ANTI-HERO? | A Dragonball Discussion
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: MasakoX
Girl Anti Hero Beauty and the Beast 2 : Beauty edit 2009
Girl Anti Hero Beauty and the Beast 2 : Beauty edit 2009
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: Dave Waite
Anti Hero to Death Match
Anti Hero to Death Match
Published: 2012/03/22
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
thrasher king of the road 2012 anti hero
thrasher king of the road 2012 anti hero
Published: 2013/06/03
Channel: Brad Luck
ANTI-HERO / SEKAI NO OWARI ラップver Re:REMIX アリレム,☆イニ☆,チマミレ,ytr,あまねでり,たかやん,らっぷびと
ANTI-HERO / SEKAI NO OWARI ラップver Re:REMIX アリレム,☆イニ☆,チマミレ,ytr,あまねでり,たかやん,らっぷびと
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: JIN DA HOUSE
ตอบ คำถาม แฟนๆ  สไตล์ Anti Hero
ตอบ คำถาม แฟนๆ สไตล์ Anti Hero
Published: 2015/04/07
Channel: Antihero Thailand
เครื่องเกมของผม!!!
เครื่องเกมของผม!!!
Published: 2015/03/11
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Talk ABout football
Talk ABout football
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: Antihero Thailand
เดิมพันด้วยการแดกน้ำปลา #antiherothailand #antihero
เดิมพันด้วยการแดกน้ำปลา #antiherothailand #antihero
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Antihero Thailand
หม่อมถนัดแดก (พิเศษ)  - EP : 7 DJ Anti-Hero TalkTalk 65 บุกงานเกมส์ สยามพารากอน
หม่อมถนัดแดก (พิเศษ) - EP : 7 DJ Anti-Hero TalkTalk 65 บุกงานเกมส์ สยามพารากอน
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: Antihero Life TV
Marlon Roudette - Anti Hero (Official Video)
Marlon Roudette - Anti Hero (Official Video)
Published: 2012/03/22
Channel: marlonroudette
Anti hero ช่อง3
Anti hero ช่อง3
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: Antihero Thailand
Talk ABout Football 10 จริงหรือไม่ที่ตำนานในอดีตมาเล่นบอลยุคนี้ไม่ได้???
Talk ABout Football 10 จริงหรือไม่ที่ตำนานในอดีตมาเล่นบอลยุคนี้ไม่ได้???
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Antihero Thailand
ANTI-HERO /SEKAI NO OWARI 日本語ラップVer.RIKE feat.羅漢,ANATOMIA Prod.by RIKE
ANTI-HERO /SEKAI NO OWARI 日本語ラップVer.RIKE feat.羅漢,ANATOMIA Prod.by RIKE
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: R space studio
Anti-Hero
Anti-Hero's "What's Up Monkey?" Part 2
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: ThrasherMagazine
Noisestorm - Antihero
Noisestorm - Antihero
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: Noisestorm
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Revisionist Western films commonly have an antihero as the lead character who is morally ambiguous. Clint Eastwood, pictured here in A Fistful of Dollars (1964), portrayed the Man with No Name, an archetypal antihero, in the Spaghetti Western Dollars Trilogy.

An antihero, or antiheroine, is a protagonist who lacks conventional heroic qualities such as idealism, courage, or morality.[1][2][3][4][5] These characters are usually considered "conspicuously contrary to an archetypal hero".[6] Although antiheroes may sometimes do the "right thing", it is often for the "wrong reasons" and because it serves their self-interest rather than being driven by moral convictions.[7]

History[edit]

The antihero archetype can be traced back as far as Homer's Thersites.[8]:197–198 The concept has also been identified in classical Greek drama,[9] Roman satire, and Renaissance literature[8]:197–198 such as Don Quixote[9][10] and the picaresque rogue.[11]

The term antihero was first used as early as 1714,[5] emerging in works such as Rameau's Nephew in the 18th century,[8]:199–200 and is also used more broadly to cover Byronic heroes as well.[12]

Literary Romanticism in the 19th century helped popularize new forms of the antihero,[13][14] such as the Gothic double.[15] The antihero eventually became an established form of social criticism, a phenomenon often associated with the unnamed protagonist in Fyodor Dostoevsky's Notes from Underground.[8]:201–207 The antihero emerged as a foil to the traditional hero archetype, a process that Northrop Frye called the fictional "centre of gravity."[16] This movement indicated a literary change in heroic ethos from feudal aristocrat to urban democrat, as was the shift from epic to ironic narratives.[16]

The antihero became prominent in early 20th century existentialist works such as Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis (1915),[17] Jean-Paul Sartre's La Nausée (1938) (French for Nausea),[18] and Albert Camus' L'Étranger (1942) (French for The Stranger).[19] The protagonist in these works is an indecisive central character who drifts through his life and is marked by ennui, angst, and alienation.[20]

The antihero entered American literature in the 1950s and up to the mid-1960s was portrayed as an alienated figure, unable to communicate.[21]:294–295 The American antihero of the 1950s and 1960s (as seen in the works of Jack Kerouac, Norman Mailer, et al.) was typically more proactive than his French counterpart, with characters such as Kerouac's Dean Moriarty famously taking to the road to vanquish his ennui.[22]:18 The British version of the antihero emerged in the works of the "angry young men" of the 1950s.[9][23] The collective protests of Sixties counterculture saw the solitary antihero gradually eclipsed from fictional prominence,[22]:1 though not without subsequent revivals in literary and cinematic form.[21]:295

The antihero also plays a prominent role in films noir such as Double Indemnity (1944) and Night and the City (1950),[24] in gangster films such as The Godfather (1972) and Goodfellas (1990),[25] and in Western films, especially the Revisionist Western and Spaghetti Western.[citation needed] Lead figures in these westerns are often morally ambiguous, such as the "Man with No Name", portrayed by Clint Eastwood in A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965) and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966).[26] Christian Bale's portrayal as Batman in "The Dark Knight Trilogy" has been discribed as more of an antihero interpretation than previous incarnations before.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American Heritage Dictionary Entry: antihero". Ahdictionary.com. 2013-01-09. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  2. ^ "anti-hero - definition of anti-hero by Macmillan Dictionary". Macmillandictionary.com. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  3. ^ "Antiheroine - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  4. ^ "anti-hero: definition of anti-hero in Oxford dictionary (British & World English)". Oxforddictionaries.com. Retrieved 2014-09-06. 
  5. ^ a b "Antihero - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  6. ^ Jonason, Peter K.; Webster, Gregory D.; Schmitt, David P.; Li, Norman P.; Crysel, Laura (2012). "The antihero in popular culture: Life history theory and the dark triad personality traits." (PDF). Review of General Psychology. 16 (2): 192–199. doi:10.1037/a0027914. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  7. ^ Laham, Nicholas (2009). Currents of Comedy on the American Screen: How Film and Television Deliver Different Laughs for Changing Times. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. p. 51. ISBN 9780786442645. 
  8. ^ a b c d Steiner, George (2013). Tolstoy Or Dostoevsky: An Essay in the Old Criticism. New York: Open Road. ISBN 9781480411913. 
  9. ^ a b c "antihero (literature) - Encyclopædia Britannica". Britannica.com. 2013-02-14. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  10. ^ "Literary Terms and Definitions A". Web.cn.edu. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 
  11. ^ Halliwell, Martin (2007). American Culture in the 1950s. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 60. ISBN 9780748618859. 
  12. ^ "Literary Terms and Definitions B". Web.cn.edu. Retrieved 2014-09-06. 
  13. ^ Alsen, Eberhard (2014). The New Romanticism: A Collection of Critical Essays. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. p. 72. ISBN 9781317776000. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  14. ^ Simmons, David (2008). The Anti-Hero in the American Novel: From Joseph Heller to Kurt Vonnegut (1st ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 5. ISBN 9780230612525. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  15. ^ Lutz, Deborah (2006). The Dangerous Lover: Gothic Villains, Byronism, and the Nineteenth-century Seduction Narrative. Columbus: Ohio State University Press. p. 82. ISBN 9780814210345. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  16. ^ a b Frye, Northrop (2002). Anatomy of Criticism. London: Penguin. p. 34. ISBN 9780141187099. 
  17. ^ Barnhart, Joe E. (2005). Dostoevsky's Polyphonic Talent. Lanham: University Press of America. p. 151. ISBN 9780761830979. 
  18. ^ Asong, Linus T. (2012). Psychological Constructs and the Craft of African Fiction of Yesteryears: Six Studies. Mankon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG. p. 76. ISBN 9789956727667. 
  19. ^ Gargett, Graham (2004). Heroism and Passion in Literature: Studies in Honour of Moya Longstaffe. Amsterdam: Rodopi. p. 198. ISBN 9789042016927. 
  20. ^ Brereton, Geoffery (1968). A Short History of French Literature. Penguin Books. pp. 254–255. 
  21. ^ a b Hardt, Michael; Weeks, Kathi (2000). The Jameson Reader (Reprint ed.). Oxford, UK ; Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell. ISBN 9780631202707. 
  22. ^ a b Edelstein, Alan (1996). Everybody is Sitting on the Curb: How and why America's Heroes Disappeared. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger. ISBN 9780275953645. 
  23. ^ Ousby, Ian (1996). The Cambridge Paperback Guide to Literature in English. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 27. ISBN 9780521436274. 
  24. ^ "A Guide To Film Noir: The Anti Hero". cargocollective.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  25. ^ "Classic Ten – Greatest Anti-Heroes". amc.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  26. ^ "The Man With No Name". weirdwildrealm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Simmons, David (2008). The Anti-Hero in the American Novel: From Heller to Vonnegut. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-230-60323-8. 

External links[edit]

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