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Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj de muzica Usoara și Etno 2017
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj de muzica Usoara și Etno 2017
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: MusicMondoRomania
Anuta & Stefan - De ce
Anuta & Stefan - De ce
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: BOX STUDIO MEDIA PRODUCTION
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Cine ma striga Anuta
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Cine ma striga Anuta
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: MusicMondoRomania
Anuta Community Fish Drive - Tribe With Bruce Parry - BBC
Anuta Community Fish Drive - Tribe With Bruce Parry - BBC
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: BBCWorldwide
Alexandru Pop - Pa cate le cheama Anuta
Alexandru Pop - Pa cate le cheama Anuta
Published: 2013/12/17
Channel: EuroMusicStudioRo
Anuta song
Anuta song
Published: 2011/10/21
Channel: Łukasz Kurdyś
Lapita Voyage Arrival in Anuta
Lapita Voyage Arrival in Anuta
Published: 2009/04/17
Channel: James Wharram Designs
Anuta Motofelea -  Iubeste Ana, Iubeste
Anuta Motofelea - Iubeste Ana, Iubeste
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Studionick
Anuta Iuga si Lucian Madiar - Dragostea ni-i daruita
Anuta Iuga si Lucian Madiar - Dragostea ni-i daruita
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Anuta Iuga
Gurung Film asmita । अनुता गुरुङ । anuta Gurung । Rodhi digital
Gurung Film asmita । अनुता गुरुङ । anuta Gurung । Rodhi digital
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: Rodhi Digital
Anuta Zubascu si Ana Maria Simon - Mama, dragoste curata
Anuta Zubascu si Ana Maria Simon - Mama, dragoste curata
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: STUDIO- R
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj Jocuri din Ardeal 2017
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj Jocuri din Ardeal 2017
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: MusicMondoRomania
Anuta si Nicolae Tudorovici
Anuta si Nicolae Tudorovici
Published: 2012/11/25
Channel: Petre Andreica
Dansul mirilor amuzant Giani si Anuta
Dansul mirilor amuzant Giani si Anuta
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: marian radoi
Anuta Island
Anuta Island
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: Abigail villegas lopez
Anuta Tudorovici   Cucule pasare mandra
Anuta Tudorovici Cucule pasare mandra
Published: 2012/07/30
Channel: Studio Life Events
Anuta Gurung interview After View Gurung Movie NGOLO NGOLSHYO
Anuta Gurung interview After View Gurung Movie NGOLO NGOLSHYO
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: Kriti Online
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Prapaditi sunteti barbati
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Prapaditi sunteti barbati
Published: 2018/02/13
Channel: Anuta Iuga
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj Maramures - Nunta LIVE 2016
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj Maramures - Nunta LIVE 2016
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Lautarii Din Ardeal
AnuTa - West Coast
AnuTa - West Coast
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: V O R O N I N A
MONATIK - УВЛИУВТ (cover by AnuTa)
MONATIK - УВЛИУВТ (cover by AnuTa)
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: V O R O N I N A
Making Bird Calls - Tribe - Anuta - BBC
Making Bird Calls - Tribe - Anuta - BBC
Published: 2010/12/28
Channel: BBCWorldwide
A Passage to Anuta
A Passage to Anuta
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Jacob Ells
Mike Oldfield & Anuta Tribe - Song for Survival
Mike Oldfield & Anuta Tribe - Song for Survival
Published: 2008/10/12
Channel: forestman
Anuta Zubascu
Anuta Zubascu
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Cătălin Nicolae
Barpaki Maya - New Superhit Gurung Movie Ft. Anuta Gurung, Birbal Ghale | Rodhi Digital
Barpaki Maya - New Superhit Gurung Movie Ft. Anuta Gurung, Birbal Ghale | Rodhi Digital
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: HighlightsNepal
Chokho Maya - New Nepali Gurung Full Movie Ft. Anuta Gurung, Som, Jasu, Manoj Gurung
Chokho Maya - New Nepali Gurung Full Movie Ft. Anuta Gurung, Som, Jasu, Manoj Gurung
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: HighlightsNepal
anuta
anuta
Published: 2012/08/09
Channel: anuta bhukhaju
Yo Junima Bachunjel Samma | Swaroop Raj Acharya Ft. Nirajan & Anuta | New Nepali Adhunik Song 2017
Yo Junima Bachunjel Samma | Swaroop Raj Acharya Ft. Nirajan & Anuta | New Nepali Adhunik Song 2017
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: HighlightsNepal
Егор Крид - Потрачу (cover by AnuTa)
Егор Крид - Потрачу (cover by AnuTa)
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: V O R O N I N A
Anuta Zubascu Intr-o sara pa-nsarat
Anuta Zubascu Intr-o sara pa-nsarat
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Ioan Iuga
Елена Темникова - Вдох (cover AnuTa)
Елена Темникова - Вдох (cover AnuTa)
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: V O R O N I N A
Drumul parcurs de Ioana Anuta la X Factor !   Neatza cu Razvan si Dani
Drumul parcurs de Ioana Anuta la X Factor ! Neatza cu Razvan si Dani
Published: 2013/09/19
Channel: JO Official
New Nepali Gurung Movie 2016 - ASHMITA Ft  Pritam Gurung, Anuta Gurung | Rodhi Digital
New Nepali Gurung Movie 2016 - ASHMITA Ft Pritam Gurung, Anuta Gurung | Rodhi Digital
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: Highlights Gurung
Anuta Motofelia - Asta-i sara de Craciun
Anuta Motofelia - Asta-i sara de Craciun
Published: 2011/12/15
Channel: TvbBistrita
IOAN TUPITA CU SORA ANUTA DE LA OCNA SUGATAG
IOAN TUPITA CU SORA ANUTA DE LA OCNA SUGATAG
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Narcisa Rohian
Anuta Networks Customer Case Studies with Kiran Sirupa and Praveen Vengalam
Anuta Networks Customer Case Studies with Kiran Sirupa and Praveen Vengalam
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Tech Field Day
Anuta Simon - Arzav-ar focul barbati
Anuta Simon - Arzav-ar focul barbati
Published: 2013/11/02
Channel: Horea Stefan Danciu
Anuta Networks Customer Stories: Tata Communications IZO SD-WAN Orchestration on Packet Pushers
Anuta Networks Customer Stories: Tata Communications IZO SD-WAN Orchestration on Packet Pushers
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: AnutaNetworksTV
T-Fest - Улети (cover by AnuTa/Анна Воронина & Дима Борисов)
T-Fest - Улети (cover by AnuTa/Анна Воронина & Дима Борисов)
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: V O R O N I N A
nicolae si anuta tudorovici
nicolae si anuta tudorovici
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Valentin Pop
Anuta Networks NCX Demo: Cisco iWAN Orchestration with Praveen Vengalam and Kiran Sirupa
Anuta Networks NCX Demo: Cisco iWAN Orchestration with Praveen Vengalam and Kiran Sirupa
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Tech Field Day
Anuta Maria Motofelia - La cazanul lui Ionica
Anuta Maria Motofelia - La cazanul lui Ionica
Published: 2011/12/20
Channel: TvbBistrita
Anuta Village
Anuta Village
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: Jacob Ells
Nunta la Sieu- Ioan si Anuta canta Ancuta Anghel.. 1...2013
Nunta la Sieu- Ioan si Anuta canta Ancuta Anghel.. 1...2013
Published: 2013/10/11
Channel: any dunca
Anuta Arghiroiu-Stai fa lele
Anuta Arghiroiu-Stai fa lele
Published: 2014/05/13
Channel: Favorit TV Romania
Anuta NCX Demo - Cisco IWAN Orchestration
Anuta NCX Demo - Cisco IWAN Orchestration
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: AnutaNetworksTV
Viorel Costin, Anuta Tite si Gheorghe Turda cu Fratii Florea - LIVE - Arhiva 1992 Tezaur Folcloric
Viorel Costin, Anuta Tite si Gheorghe Turda cu Fratii Florea - LIVE - Arhiva 1992 Tezaur Folcloric
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: Adi Bogosel
Adrian & Anuta - 08.01.2017
Adrian & Anuta - 08.01.2017
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Oficialvgmusic
Anuta NCX - Network Services Orchestration Demo
Anuta NCX - Network Services Orchestration Demo
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: AnutaNetworksTV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Anuta (Anuda)
Nickname: Cherry Island
Anuta 169.85030E 11.61124S.png
NASA Satellite Image Geocover 2000
Karta SB SantaCruz isl.PNG
Santa Cruz Islands overview map
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 11°36′39″S 169°51′01″E / 11.61083°S 169.85028°E / -11.61083; 169.85028Coordinates: 11°36′39″S 169°51′01″E / 11.61083°S 169.85028°E / -11.61083; 169.85028
Archipelago Solomon Islands
Area 0.37 km2 (0.14 sq mi)
Length 0.876 km (0.5443 mi)
Width 0.576 km (0.3579 mi)
Highest elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Highest point unnamed
Administration
Solomon Islands
Province Temotu
Largest settlement Mua village (pop. 200)
Demographics
Population 300
Pop. density 811 /km2 (2,100 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Polynesians

Anuta is a small high island in the southeastern part of the Solomon Islands province of Temotu, one of the smallest permanently inhabited Polynesian islands.[1] It is one of the Polynesian Outlier communities in Melanesia.

Geography[edit]

Anuta is located in Pacific Ocean
Anuta
Anuta
Location of Anuta in the Pacific Ocean
Map of the Santa Cruz Islands (Solomon Islands).png

The island lies about 501 km (311 mi) to the east-southeast of Nendö. It is a small volcanic island with a fringing coral reef. The highest point on the island is 65 m (213 ft) above sea level. The island has a diameter of only about 750 m (820 yd).

History[edit]

Anuta was first mentioned in 1791, and the political and geographical circumstances led to isolation of Anuta's population.[2]

According to oral traditions, Anuta was settled by voyagers from Tonga and 'Uvea about fifteen generations ago. The time frame of the migration is not precisely identified but is understood to be some time between the 10th century and the mid-13th century,[3] although the arrival of the voyagers in Anuta could have occurred later. The pattern of settlement that is believed to have occurred is that the Polynesians spread out from Tonga and other islands in the central and southeastern Pacific islands. During pre-European-contact times, there was frequent canoe voyaging between the islands, because Polynesian navigation skills are recognised to have allowed deliberate journeys on double-hull sailing canoes or outrigger canoes.[4] The voyagers moved into the Tuvaluan atolls, with Tuvalu providing a stepping-stone to migration into the Polynesian Outlier communities in Melanesia and Micronesia.[5][6][7]

The current social structure was established about ten generations ago, when the chief, Tearakura, his two brothers, and one brother-in-law slew the remainder of the island's male population. These men, along with Tearakura's two sisters, were founders of the island's four kainanga, large descent groups that are sometimes described in English as 'clans'. Anglican missionaries arrived in 1916 and established a church, which plays an important part for Anutans, offering church services twice a day. During the 1990s, Anuta's advisors rejected western medicines on the island, arguing that it would indicate a lack of faith in the church.[2]

In December 2002, the island was impacted by Cyclone Zoe.[8]

Society and culture[edit]

Anuta has a human population of about 300. This is one of the highest population densities in the world, perhaps equalling that of Bangladesh.[9]

The island has two systems for naming villages (noporanga, or "dwelling places"). In one system there are three villages called Mua, Muri, and St. John. Mua, meaning "front", is to the east. Muri, meaning "back" is west of Mua. After establishment of the Anglican church in 1916, a third village grew up to the west of Muri and took the name of the church, St. John. In the second system, Mua and Muri are combined under the name, Rotoapi, and contrasted with the new village which, in the second system, is called Vatiana. Anutans use the uninhabited island of Fatutaka, about 60 km (37 mi) to the southeast, as a place to hunt birds.

Language[edit]

Anutans speak the Anuta language (locally te taranga paka-Anuta), which is related to other Polynesian languages.

Relationship with environment[edit]

An important value in Anutan society is aropa, which emphasizes collaboration, sharing and compassion for others. The concept of aropa encourages islanders to share their finite resources equitably.[10][11] Because Anuta's high population density has not had a severely negative impact on the island's ecosystem, Anuta has attracted interest from scientists interested in sustainability. The BBC documentary series South Pacific devotes part of an episode to the ability of Anutans to maintain their island's bounty, contrasting it with the environmental destruction found on Easter Island.

The Anuta tribe takes care to fulfil their needs with respect to the environment, to preserve it. At certain times they do not catch certain fish or hunt animals.[12]

Social life[edit]

Like most of the other Polynesian islands, Anuta has traditions of choral polyphonic singing. Free time is spent dancing, singing and swimming.[12]

Research and media exposure[edit]

Anthropologist Raymond Firth visited Anuta for a day in 1952. Ethnobotanist Douglas Yen, along with archaeologists Patrick Kirch and Paul Rosendahl,[13][14] spent about two months there in 1971, and anthropologist Richard Feinberg lived on Anuta for almost a year in 1972–1973. He has remained in communication with the Anutan community from that time onward and has made several additional visits.

In January 2005 Italian documentarists Elisabetta (Lizzi) Eordegh and Carlo Auriemma sailed aboard the sailing boat "Barca Pulita" with a crew of four (including two doctors) and visited the island for one week.[15] In 2006, Bruce Parry of the BBC visited for several weeks, during which he and his team filmed an episode of the TV show, Tribe.[11] In 2008, another film team from the BBC made a brief visit, and in 2012 a team from the Seoul Broadcasting Service filmed a TV show there for a Korean audience.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs and Steel (Norton) 1997, p. 59.
  2. ^ a b BBC (March 2008). "The island of Anuta". 
  3. ^ Kennedy, Donald G. (1929). "Field Notes on the Culture of Vaitupu, Ellice Islands". Journal of the Polynesian Society. 38: 2–5. 
  4. ^ Bellwood, Peter (1987). The Polynesians – Prehistory of an Island People. Thames and Hudson. pp. 39–44. 
  5. ^ Bellwood, Peter (1987). The Polynesians – Prehistory of an Island People. Thames and Hudson. pp. 29, 54. ISBN 0500274509. 
  6. ^ Bayard, D.T. (1976). The Cultural Relationships of the Polynesian Outiers. Otago University, Studies in Prehistoric Anthropology, Vol. 9. 
  7. ^ Kirch, P.V. (1984). "The Polynesian Outiers". Journal of Pacific History. 95 (4): 224–238. doi:10.1080/00223348408572496. 
  8. ^ Malcolm Brown and Sarah Crichton (2 January 2003). "Devastated islands languish as cyclone relief stuck in port". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  9. ^ "Anuta – An Island Governed By Love". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 14 October 2009. 
  10. ^ See Feinberg 2012.
  11. ^ a b "BBC – Tribe – Anuta". Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Stephenson, Carol; Bradley, Harriet (2009). Business in Society. p. 41. ISBN 9780745642321. 
  13. ^ Kirch, Patrick Vinton; Yen, D.E (1982), Tikopia; The Prehistory and Ecology of a Polynesian Outlier, Honolulu, Hawaii: Bishop Museum Press, ISBN 9780910240307 
  14. ^ Kirch, Patrick Vinton; D. Steadman and D. S. Pahlavan (1990), Extinction, biogeography, and human exploitation of birds on Anuta and Tikopia, Solomon Islands, Honolulu, Hawaii: Occasional Papers of the Bishop Museum 30:118-153 
  15. ^ "Barca Pulita - Anuta". Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  16. ^ "Harmony thrives in Pacific isolation". From Our Own Correspondent. BBC. 26 July 2008. Archived from the original on 28 July 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2008. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Feinberg, Richard. 1977. The Anutan Language Reconsidered: Lexicon and Grammar of a Polynesian Outlier. Two Volumes. HRAFlex Books. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files Press.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1980. History and Structure: A Case of Polynesian Dualism. Journal of Anthropological Research 36(3):361–378.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1988. Polynesian Seafaring and Navigation: Ocean Travel in Anutan Culture and Society. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1986. "The 'Anuta Problem': Local Sovereignty and National Integration in the Solomon Islands" Man 21(3):438–452.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1998. Oral Traditions of Anuta: A Polynesian Outlier in the Solomon Islands Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics, Volume 15. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 2012. Anuta: Polynesian Lifeways for the 21st Century. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
  • Firth, Raymond. 1954. Anuta and Tikopia: symbiotic elements in social organization Journal of Polynesian Society 63:87 131.
  • Yen, D. E. and Janet Gordon, eds. 1973. Anuta: A Polynesian Outlier in the Solomon Islands. Pacific Anthropological Records, Number 21. Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Press.

External links[edit]

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