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Tribe Anuta S03E03 Bruce Parry BBC
Tribe Anuta S03E03 Bruce Parry BBC
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: Bruce Parry
1000 Days for the Planet: Human Adventure - Anuta, Hidden Paradise
1000 Days for the Planet: Human Adventure - Anuta, Hidden Paradise
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: 1000 Days for the Planet
Anuta Island
Anuta Island
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: Abigail villegas lopez
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj de muzica Usoara și Etno 2017
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj de muzica Usoara și Etno 2017
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: MusicMondoRomania
Alexandru Pop - Pa cate le cheama Anuta
Alexandru Pop - Pa cate le cheama Anuta
Published: 2013/12/17
Channel: EuroMusicStudioRo
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Cine ma striga Anuta
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Cine ma striga Anuta
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: MusicMondoRomania
Lapita Voyage Arrival in Anuta
Lapita Voyage Arrival in Anuta
Published: 2009/04/17
Channel: James Wharram Designs
Community fishing trip - Tribe - BBC
Community fishing trip - Tribe - BBC
Published: 2010/09/20
Channel: BBCWorldwide
Елена Темникова - Голые (cover by AnuTa)
Елена Темникова - Голые (cover by AnuTa)
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Anu Ta
Anuta Motofelea - Te-am catat in lumea larga
Anuta Motofelea - Te-am catat in lumea larga
Published: 2009/10/20
Channel: AnutaMotofelea
Chokho Maya - New Nepali Gurung Full Movie 2017 Ft. Anuta Gurung, Som Gurung, Jasu Gurung
Chokho Maya - New Nepali Gurung Full Movie 2017 Ft. Anuta Gurung, Som Gurung, Jasu Gurung
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: Highlights Gurung
Kristina Si - Тебе не будет больно (cover by AnuTa)
Kristina Si - Тебе не будет больно (cover by AnuTa)
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Anu Ta
Anuta Arghiroiu-Stai fa lele
Anuta Arghiroiu-Stai fa lele
Published: 2014/05/13
Channel: Favorit TV Romania
Anuta Gurung & Aanan Gurung interview Gurung Movie NGOLO NGOLSHYO
Anuta Gurung & Aanan Gurung interview Gurung Movie NGOLO NGOLSHYO
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: Kriti Online
AnuTa - West Coast
AnuTa - West Coast
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: Anu Ta
tarantella from the ballet Anuta
tarantella from the ballet Anuta
Published: 2008/03/16
Channel: lldmila
Anuta song
Anuta song
Published: 2011/10/21
Channel: Łukasz Kurdyś
MONATIK - УВЛИУВТ (cover by AnuTa)
MONATIK - УВЛИУВТ (cover by AnuTa)
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Anu Ta
Anuta Motofelea & FloRIN Vos - Numai langa tine (Oficial Video)
Anuta Motofelea & FloRIN Vos - Numai langa tine (Oficial Video)
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: FloRIN Vos
Anuta Motofelea -  Iubeste Ana, Iubeste
Anuta Motofelea - Iubeste Ana, Iubeste
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Studionick
Schimb de mame 2017 familia Anuta si familia Saban
Schimb de mame 2017 familia Anuta si familia Saban
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Cristina Andronache
NICU CIOANCA SI ANUTA MOTOFELEA - Te-am catat in lumea larga
NICU CIOANCA SI ANUTA MOTOFELEA - Te-am catat in lumea larga
Published: 2013/09/17
Channel: Stefanya br
NGOLO NGOLOSHYO - New Nepali Gurung Movie Trailer 2016 Ft Anuta Gurung, Anan Gurung | Rodhi Digital
NGOLO NGOLOSHYO - New Nepali Gurung Movie Trailer 2016 Ft Anuta Gurung, Anan Gurung | Rodhi Digital
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: HighlightsNepal
Gheorghe si Anuta  -  28.03.2017
Gheorghe si Anuta - 28.03.2017
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Oficialvgmusic
nicolae si anuta tudorovici
nicolae si anuta tudorovici
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Valentin Pop
SOYA - Superhit Gurung Full Movie 2016 Ft. Pritam Gurung, Anuta Gurung | Rodhi Digital
SOYA - Superhit Gurung Full Movie 2016 Ft. Pritam Gurung, Anuta Gurung | Rodhi Digital
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: HighlightsNepal
Anuta Networks Customer Case Studies with Kiran Sirupa and Praveen Vengalam
Anuta Networks Customer Case Studies with Kiran Sirupa and Praveen Vengalam
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Tech Field Day
Making Bird Calls - Tribe - Anuta - BBC
Making Bird Calls - Tribe - Anuta - BBC
Published: 2010/12/28
Channel: BBCWorldwide
Introduction to Anuta Networks NCX with Kiran Sirupa
Introduction to Anuta Networks NCX with Kiran Sirupa
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Tech Field Day
Anuta Motofelia  - Azi draga nevasta iti multumesc
Anuta Motofelia - Azi draga nevasta iti multumesc
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Studionick
ASHMITA | Superhit Gurung Movie 2016 Ft. Pritam Gurung, Anuta Gurung | Rodhi Digital
ASHMITA | Superhit Gurung Movie 2016 Ft. Pritam Gurung, Anuta Gurung | Rodhi Digital
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: HighlightsNepal
Anuta Motofelea Am venit Doamne la Tine
Anuta Motofelea Am venit Doamne la Tine
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: Vlad Maxim
Anuta - Poveste de groaza si horror Creepypasta #32
Anuta - Poveste de groaza si horror Creepypasta #32
Published: 2015/11/06
Channel: Stefan Mihai Creepypasta
Anuta NCX - Network Services Orchestration Demo
Anuta NCX - Network Services Orchestration Demo
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: AnutaNetworksTV
Barpaki Maya - New Superhit Gurung Movie Ft. Anuta Gurung, Birbal Ghale | Rodhi Digital
Barpaki Maya - New Superhit Gurung Movie Ft. Anuta Gurung, Birbal Ghale | Rodhi Digital
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: HighlightsNepal
NICU CIOANCA SI ANUTA MOTOFELEA - Mama
NICU CIOANCA SI ANUTA MOTOFELEA - Mama
Published: 2013/09/17
Channel: Stefanya br
Anuta Zubascu Intr-o sara pa-nsarat
Anuta Zubascu Intr-o sara pa-nsarat
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Ioan Iuga
Anuta NCX Demo - Cisco IWAN Orchestration
Anuta NCX Demo - Cisco IWAN Orchestration
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: AnutaNetworksTV
Anuta Networks NCX Architecture with Kiran Sirupa
Anuta Networks NCX Architecture with Kiran Sirupa
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Tech Field Day
ANUTA MOTOFELIA - VORBESC DUSMANCELE MELE
ANUTA MOTOFELIA - VORBESC DUSMANCELE MELE
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: HoraTv
Anuta si Nicolae Tudorovici
Anuta si Nicolae Tudorovici
Published: 2012/11/25
Channel: Petre Andreica
Multi-Vendor Network Service Orchestration using YANG Model - Anuta NCX
Multi-Vendor Network Service Orchestration using YANG Model - Anuta NCX
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: AnutaNetworksTV
Елена Темникова - Вдох (cover AnuTa)
Елена Темникова - Вдох (cover AnuTa)
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Anu Ta
lapita Anuta to Tikopia with a tiki 46 wharram
lapita Anuta to Tikopia with a tiki 46 wharram
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: nicedaymovie
FINALA : Ioana Anuta - "Halo", Beyonce
FINALA : Ioana Anuta - "Halo", Beyonce
Published: 2013/08/24
Channel: JO Official
Anuta Tudorovici   Cucule pasare mandra
Anuta Tudorovici Cucule pasare mandra
Published: 2012/07/30
Channel: Studio Life Events
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj Jocuri din Ardeal 2017
Anuta Iuga si Lautarii din Ardeal - Colaj Jocuri din Ardeal 2017
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: MusicMondoRomania
Anuta Arghiroi Stai fa lele stai pa loc full HD
Anuta Arghiroi Stai fa lele stai pa loc full HD
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Marian Arghiroi
Anuta Networks NCX Demo: Cisco iWAN Orchestration with Praveen Vengalam and Kiran Sirupa
Anuta Networks NCX Demo: Cisco iWAN Orchestration with Praveen Vengalam and Kiran Sirupa
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Tech Field Day
Mike Oldfield & Anuta Tribe - Song for Survival
Mike Oldfield & Anuta Tribe - Song for Survival
Published: 2008/10/12
Channel: forestman
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Anuta (Anuda)
Nickname: Cherry Island
Anuta 169.85030E 11.61124S.png
NASA Satellite Image Geocover 2000
Karta SB SantaCruz isl.PNG
Santa Cruz Islands overview map
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 11°36′39″S 169°51′01″E / 11.61083°S 169.85028°E / -11.61083; 169.85028
Archipelago Solomon Islands
Area 0.37 km2 (0.14 sq mi)
Length 0.876 km (0.5443 mi)
Width 0.576 km (0.3579 mi)
Highest elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Highest point unnamed
Administration
Solomon Islands
Province Temotu
Largest settlement Mua village (pop. 200)
Demographics
Population 300
Pop. density 811 /km2 (2,100 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Polynesians

Anuta is a small high island in the southeastern part of the Solomon Islands province of Temotu, one of the smallest permanently inhabited Polynesian islands.[1] It is one of the Polynesian Outlier communities in Melanesia.

Geography[edit]

Anuta is located in Pacific Ocean
Anuta
Anuta
Location of Anuta in the Pacific Ocean
Map of the Santa Cruz Islands (Solomon Islands).png

The island lies about 501 km (311 mi) to the east-southeast of Nendö. It is a small volcanic island with a fringing coral reef. The highest point on the island is 65 m (213 ft) above sea level. The island has a diameter of only about 750 m (820 yd).

History[edit]

Anuta was first mentioned in 1791, and the political and geographical circumstances led to isolation of Anuta's population.[2]

According to oral traditions, Anuta was settled by voyagers from Tonga and 'Uvea about fifteen generations ago. The time frame of the migration is not precisely identified but is understood to be some time between the 10th century and the mid-13th century,[3] although the arrival of the voyagers in Anuta could have occurred later. The pattern of settlement that is believed to have occurred is that the Polynesians spread out from Tonga and other islands in the central and southeastern Pacific islands. During pre-European-contact times, there was frequent canoe voyaging between the islands, because Polynesian navigation skills are recognised to have allowed deliberate journeys on double-hull sailing canoes or outrigger canoes.[4] The voyagers moved into the Tuvaluan atolls, with Tuvalu providing a stepping-stone to migration into the Polynesian Outlier communities in Melanesia and Micronesia.[5][6][7]

The current social structure was established about ten generations ago, when the chief, Tearakura, his two brothers, and one brother-in-law slew the remainder of the island's male population. These men, along with Tearakura's two sisters, were founders of the island's four kainanga, large descent groups that are sometimes described in English as 'clans'. Anglican missionaries arrived in 1916 and established a church, which plays an important part for Anutans, offering church services twice a day. During the 1990s, Anuta's advisors rejected western medicines on the island, arguing that it would indicate a lack of faith in the church.[2]

In December 2002, the island was impacted by Cyclone Zoe.[8]

Society and culture[edit]

Anuta has a human population of about 300. This is one of the highest population densities in the world, perhaps equalling that of Bangladesh.[9]

The island has two systems for naming villages (noporanga, or "dwelling places"). In one system there are three villages called Mua, Muri, and St. John. Mua, meaning "front", is to the east. Muri, meaning "back" is west of Mua. After establishment of the Anglican church in 1916, a third village grew up to the west of Muri and took the name of the church, St. John. In the second system, Mua and Muri are combined under the name, Rotoapi, and contrasted with the new village which, in the second system, is called Vatiana. Anutans use the uninhabited island of Fatutaka, about 60 km (37 mi) to the southeast, as a place to hunt birds.

Language[edit]

Anutans speak the Anuta language (locally te taranga paka-Anuta), which is related to other Polynesian languages.

Relationship with environment[edit]

An important value in Anutan society is aropa, which emphasizes collaboration, sharing and compassion for others. The concept of aropa encourages islanders to share their finite resources equitably.[10][11] Because Anuta's high population density has not had a severely negative impact on the island's ecosystem, Anuta has attracted interest from scientists interested in sustainability. The BBC documentary series South Pacific devotes part of an episode to the ability of Anutans to maintain their island's bounty, contrasting it with the environmental destruction found on Easter Island.

The Anuta tribe takes care to fulfil their needs with respect to the environment, to preserve it. At certain times they do not catch certain fish or hunt animals.[12]

Social life[edit]

Like most of the other Polynesian islands, Anuta has traditions of choral polyphonic singing. Free time is spent dancing, singing and swimming.[12]

Research and media exposure[edit]

Anthropologist Raymond Firth visited Anuta for a day in 1952. Ethnobotanist Douglas Yen, along with archaeologists Patrick Kirch and Paul Rosendahl,[13][14] spent about two months there in 1971, and anthropologist Richard Feinberg lived on Anuta for almost a year in 1972–1973. He has remained in communication with the Anutan community from that time onward and has made several additional visits.

In January 2005 Italian documentarists Elisabetta (Lizzi) Eordegh and Carlo Auriemma sailed aboard the sailing boat "Barca Pulita" with a crew of four (including two doctors) and visited the island for one week.[15] In 2006, Bruce Parry of the BBC visited for several weeks, during which he and his team filmed an episode of the TV show, Tribe.[11] In 2008, another film team from the BBC made a brief visit, and in 2012 a team from the Seoul Broadcasting Service filmed a TV show there for a Korean audience.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs and Steel (Norton) 1997, p. 59.
  2. ^ a b BBC (March 2008). "The island of Anuta". 
  3. ^ Kennedy, Donald G. (1929). "Field Notes on the Culture of Vaitupu, Ellice Islands". Journal of the Polynesian Society. 38: 2–5. 
  4. ^ Bellwood, Peter (1987). The Polynesians – Prehistory of an Island People. Thames and Hudson. pp. 39–44. 
  5. ^ Bellwood, Peter (1987). The Polynesians – Prehistory of an Island People. Thames and Hudson. pp. 29, 54. ISBN 0500274509. 
  6. ^ Bayard, D.T. (1976). The Cultural Relationships of the Polynesian Outiers. Otago University, Studies in Prehistoric Anthropology, Vol. 9. 
  7. ^ Kirch, P.V. (1984). "The Polynesian Outiers". Journal of Pacific History. 95 (4): 224–238. doi:10.1080/00223348408572496. 
  8. ^ Malcolm Brown and Sarah Crichton (2 January 2003). "Devastated islands languish as cyclone relief stuck in port". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  9. ^ "Anuta – An Island Governed By Love". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 14 October 2009. 
  10. ^ See Feinberg 2012.
  11. ^ a b "BBC – Tribe – Anuta". Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Stephenson, Carol; Bradley, Harriet (2009). Business in Society. p. 41. ISBN 9780745642321. 
  13. ^ Kirch, Patrick Vinton; Yen, D.E (1982), Tikopia; The Prehistory and Ecology of a Polynesian Outlier, Honolulu, Hawaii: Bishop Museum Press, ISBN 9780910240307 
  14. ^ Kirch, Patrick Vinton; D. Steadman and D. S. Pahlavan (1990), Extinction, biogeography, and human exploitation of birds on Anuta and Tikopia, Solomon Islands, Honolulu, Hawaii: Occasional Papers of the Bishop Museum 30:118-153 
  15. ^ "Barca Pulita - Anuta". Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  16. ^ "Harmony thrives in Pacific isolation". From Our Own Correspondent. BBC. 26 July 2008. Archived from the original on 28 July 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2008. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Feinberg, Richard. 1977. The Anutan Language Reconsidered: Lexicon and Grammar of a Polynesian Outlier. Two Volumes. HRAFlex Books. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files Press.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1980. History and Structure: A Case of Polynesian Dualism. Journal of Anthropological Research 36(3):361–378.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1988. Polynesian Seafaring and Navigation: Ocean Travel in Anutan Culture and Society. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1986. "The 'Anuta Problem': Local Sovereignty and National Integration in the Solomon Islands" Man 21(3):438–452.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 1998. Oral Traditions of Anuta: A Polynesian Outlier in the Solomon Islands Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics, Volume 15. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Feinberg, Richard. 2012. Anuta: Polynesian Lifeways for the 21st Century. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.
  • Firth, Raymond. 1954. Anuta and Tikopia: symbiotic elements in social organization Journal of Polynesian Society 63:87 131.
  • Yen, D. E. and Janet Gordon, eds. 1973. Anuta: A Polynesian Outlier in the Solomon Islands. Pacific Anthropological Records, Number 21. Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Press.

External links[edit]

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