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Bernini, Apollo and Daphne
Bernini, Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Smarthistory. art, history, conversation.
Apollo Chasing Daphne
Apollo Chasing Daphne
Published: 2011/05/26
Channel: Rick Steves' Europe
02   Italy   03   Bernini, Apollo and Daphne
02 Italy 03 Bernini, Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: Learn Hub
Apollo e Dafne di Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Apollo and Daphne by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Apollo e Dafne di Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Apollo and Daphne by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Published: 2013/06/17
Channel: zimbiano
Bernini Apollo and Daphne
Bernini Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2015/01/16
Channel: artdone
Bernini - Apollo and Daphne
Bernini - Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2012/03/13
Channel: lena81893
The Story Of Apollo & Daphne
The Story Of Apollo & Daphne
Published: 2013/02/20
Channel: Seductive Love
Frilli Gallery 1860  The Carving of a marble block  Apollo & Daphe replica after Lorenzo Bernini
Frilli Gallery 1860 The Carving of a marble block Apollo & Daphe replica after Lorenzo Bernini
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Galleria Frilli
Apollon and Daphne - an animated short, 2011
Apollon and Daphne - an animated short, 2011
Published: 2014/12/31
Channel: Thomas Müller
Apollo and Daphne
Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2014/10/11
Channel: BlitheringGenius
The Myth of Apollo and Daphne
The Myth of Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2015/11/20
Channel: Zachary Halford
Gian Lorenzo Bernini -  Apollo and Daphne (Otello Scatolini)
Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Apollo and Daphne (Otello Scatolini)
Published: 2015/02/20
Channel: Otello Scatolini
Making-of Apollo and Daphne OOAK art doll
Making-of Apollo and Daphne OOAK art doll
Published: 2013/12/17
Channel: Patrick Bouchard
Apollo e Dafne - di Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Apollo e Dafne - di Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Published: 2009/04/27
Channel: MiBACT
Apollo and Daphne (Surreal Student Film 2014)
Apollo and Daphne (Surreal Student Film 2014)
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: Liz Roesler
Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Apollo e Dafne (1622-1625)
Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Apollo e Dafne (1622-1625)
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: ArtClip Icosaedron
daphne and apollo
daphne and apollo
Published: 2010/11/18
Channel: villagegardenerrr
Bernini
Bernini's Apollo and Daphne. Borghese Gallery
Published: 2014/11/01
Channel: Kyle Smith
Bernini- Apollo and Daphne- Galleria Borghese
Bernini- Apollo and Daphne- Galleria Borghese
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: JOYCE MARTIN
Inside Galleria Borghese-Bernini
Inside Galleria Borghese-Bernini's Apollo & Daphne sculpture-Rome, 2010
Published: 2010/09/27
Channel: gogetyerselfalife
Cyprus Paphos | Apollo and Daphne
Cyprus Paphos | Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2012/10/31
Channel: World Press Media
Apollo and Daphne
Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2012/01/18
Channel: Miss D
Bernini
Bernini's Apollo & Daphne
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Christopher McDonough
What to do in Rome 22: Myths - Apollo and Daphne (Bernini)
What to do in Rome 22: Myths - Apollo and Daphne (Bernini)
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: Awe and Flow
Rome: Apollo and Daphne by Bernini in Galleria Borghese
Rome: Apollo and Daphne by Bernini in Galleria Borghese
Published: 2015/07/01
Channel: Masha Iliakova
MN Myths: Apollo and Daphne
MN Myths: Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2014/12/10
Channel: Jenny Everett
Apollo and Daphne
Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2010/04/02
Channel: NewMediaConsortium
Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Apollo e Dafne
Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Apollo e Dafne
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: RestaurArs
Daphne and Apollo of Bernini
Daphne and Apollo of Bernini
Published: 2010/02/08
Channel: beaucart
Daphne and Apollo (mythology)
Daphne and Apollo (mythology)
Published: 2012/05/17
Channel: Igot april
Apollo and Daphne
Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: LHWatson
Gian Lorenzo Bernini-Apollo & Dafne-(Galleria Borghese)
Gian Lorenzo Bernini-Apollo & Dafne-(Galleria Borghese)
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: arte&pittura
Daphne and Apollo
Daphne and Apollo
Published: 2012/08/26
Channel: Mary Ann Sullivan
Apollo and Daphne AH Video
Apollo and Daphne AH Video
Published: 2015/06/04
Channel: Rachel K
Sister Wendy
Sister Wendy's Grand Tour: Rome.
Published: 2009/10/28
Channel: eucalyptuspauciflora
Apollo & Daphne 2.0 // schoolproject
Apollo & Daphne 2.0 // schoolproject
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: Rosaacx
Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini - Apollo i Dafne
Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini - Apollo i Dafne
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Instanityable
A Discussion on Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Naples, 1598-Rome,1680)
A Discussion on Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Naples, 1598-Rome,1680)
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Micah Christensen
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Published: 2012/11/20
Channel: Ylenia Daugenti
Bernini Sculptures 373
Bernini Sculptures 373
Published: 2011/12/08
Channel: ktgman05
Daphne and Apollo Movie Trailer
Daphne and Apollo Movie Trailer
Published: 2011/08/23
Channel: Khamil Joyce Magsalin
Apollo and Daphne 3a
Apollo and Daphne 3a
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Amy Leonard
Bernini, David
Bernini, David
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Smarthistory. art, history, conversation.
Apollo and Daphne
Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: Erla Raene Garcia
The Tale of Daphne and Apollo
The Tale of Daphne and Apollo
Published: 2008/12/05
Channel: AndyRockCandy
Greek Studies: The Story of Apollo and Daphne, with Interview
Greek Studies: The Story of Apollo and Daphne, with Interview
Published: 2012/06/20
Channel: teachgreecevideos
Illustri Conosciuti - Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Illustri Conosciuti - Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: Tv2000it
Myth Buster: Apollo and Daphne
Myth Buster: Apollo and Daphne
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: LaSophiaLara
APOLLO E DAFNE
APOLLO E DAFNE
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: andrea oliveri
Apollo & Daphne 1
Apollo & Daphne 1
Published: 2014/04/08
Channel: prettynicekid
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Apollo and Daphne
Apollo & Daphne September 2a.jpg
Artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Year 1622–25 (1622–25)
Catalogue 18
Type Sculpture
Medium Marble
Dimensions 243 cm (96 in)
Location Galleria Borghese, Rome
Coordinates Coordinates: 41°54′50.4″N 12°29′31.2″E / 41.914000°N 12.492000°E / 41.914000; 12.492000

Apollo and Daphne is a life-sized Baroque marble sculpture by Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini, executed between 1622 and 1625. Housed in the Galleria Borghese in Rome, the work depicts the climax of the story of Daphne and Phoebus in Ovid's Metamorphoses.

History[edit]

Detail of the sculpture

The sculpture was the last of a number of artworks commissioned by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, early on in Bernini's career. Apollo and Daphne was commissioned after Borghese had given an earlier work of his patronage, Bernini's Pluto and Persephone, to Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi.[1]

Much of the early work was done in 1622–1623, but a pause, quite possibly to work on the sculpture of David, interrupted its completion, and Bernini did not finish the work until 1625. Indeed, the sculpture itself was not moved to the Cardinal's Villa Borghese until September 1625.[2] Bernini did not execute the sculpture by himself; he had significant help from a member of his workshop, Giuliano Finelli, who undertook the sculpture of the details that show Daphne's conversion from human to tree, such as the bark and branches, as well as her windswept hair.[3] Some historians, however, discount the importance of Finelli's contribution.[4]

While the sculpture may be appreciated from multiple angles, Bernini planned for it to be viewed side on, allowing the observer to see the reactions of Apollo and Daphne simultaneously, thus understanding the narrative of the story in a single instant, without the need to move position.[5]

Iconography[edit]

When Phoebus (Apollo), fated by Cupid's love-exciting arrow, sees the maiden daughter of Peneus, a river god, he is filled with wonder at her beauty and consumed by desire. But Daphne has been fated by Cupid's love-repelling arrow and denies the love of men. As the Nymph flees he relentlessly chases her—boasting, pleading, and promising everything. When her strength is finally spent she prays to her father Peneus:

Destroy the beauty that has injured me, or change the body that destroys my life.

Before her prayer was ended, torpor seized on all her body, and a thin bark closed around her gentle bosom, and her hair became as moving leaves; her arms were changed to waving branches, and her active feet as clinging roots were fastened to the ground—her face was hidden with encircling leaves.[6]

Yet Phoebus lost none of his passion for Daphne:

Even like this Phoebus loved her and, placing his hand against the trunk, he felt her heart still quivering under the new bark. He clasped the branches as if they were parts of human arms, and kissed the wood. But even the wood shrank from his kisses, and the god said:

Since you cannot be my bride, you must be my tree! Laurel, with you my hair will be wreathed, with you my lyre, with you my quiver. You will go with the Roman generals when joyful voices acclaim their triumph, and the Capitol witnesses their long processions. You will stand outside Augustus's doorposts, a faithful guardian, and keep watch over the crown of oak between them. And just as my head with its uncropped hair is always young, so you also will wear the beauty of undying leaves.

Paean had done: the laurel bowed her newly made branches, and seemed to shake her leafy crown, like a head giving consent.[7]

Critical reception[edit]

Despite Bernini's reputation falling after his death, Apollo and Daphne continued to be praised. A French traveller in 1839 commented that the group is "astonishing both for mechanism of art and elaborateness, is full of charm in the ensemble and the details."[8] One 19th century literary journal considered it the only Bernini work worthy of lasting praise.[9] Others were less positive. An English travel writer in 1829 noted Bernini's technical skill but added that the sculpture "bears all the want of judgment, taste, and knowledge of that age", going on to criticise the appearance of Apollo for being too like a shepherd and not enough like a god.[10]

More recent historians have been much more positive. Robert Torsten Petersson calls it "an extraordinary masterpiece ... suffused with an energy that works out of the tips of the laurel leaves and Apollo's hand and drapery."[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hibbard 1990, p. 38.
  2. ^ Wittkower 1955, p. 240.
  3. ^ Mormando 2011, p. 45.
  4. ^ Fenton 2000, p. 94.
  5. ^ Hibbard 1990, p. 40.
  6. ^ Ovid (More) Metamorphoses, Book I
  7. ^ Ovid (Kline)Metamorphoses, Book I [1].
  8. ^ Valery 1839, p. 596.
  9. ^ Campbell 1830, p. 99.
  10. ^ New Monthly Magazine 1829, p. 276.
  11. ^ Petersson 2002, p. 80.

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External video
Smarthistory - Bernini's Apollo and Daphne
  • Barolsky, Paul. "Ovid, Bernini, and the Art of Petrification". Arion 13, no. 2 (1 October 2005): 149–162. JSTOR 29737267.
  • Bolland, Andrea. "Desiderio and Diletto: Vision, Touch, and the Poetics of Bernini's Apollo and Daphne". The Art Bulletin 82, no. 2 (1 June 2000): 309–330. doi:10.2307/3051379.
  • Kenseth, Joy. "Bernini's Borghese Sculptures: Another View". The Art Bulletin 63, no. 2 (1 June 1981): 191–210. doi:10.2307/3050112.
  • Pinton, Daniele (2009). Bernini. Sculptor and Architect. ATS Italia Editrice. ISBN 9788875717773. 
  • Wilkins, Ann Thomas. "Bernini and Ovid: Expanding the Concept of Metamorphosis". International Journal of the Classical Tradition 6, no. 3 (1 December 2000): 383–408. doi:10.1007/s12138-000-0003-5.

External links[edit]

Media related to Apollo and Daphne (Bernini) at Wikimedia Commons

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