Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
THE JUNGLE by Upton Sinclair - FULL AudioBook | GreatestAudioBooks.com P2 of 2
THE JUNGLE by Upton Sinclair - FULL AudioBook | GreatestAudioBooks.com P2 of 2
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Greatest AudioBooks
THE JUNGLE by Upton Sinclair - FULL AudioBook | GreatestAudioBooks.com P1 of 2
THE JUNGLE by Upton Sinclair - FULL AudioBook | GreatestAudioBooks.com P1 of 2
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Greatest AudioBooks
Journalism: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Journalism: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: LastWeekTonight
The Appeal of Violent Criminals
The Appeal of Violent Criminals
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: The School of Life
Trump People
Trump People's Court - SNL
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Saturday Night Live
Can You Trust The Press?
Can You Trust The Press?
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: PragerU
State of the Race: IEBC tender appeal to be heard by five judge bench
State of the Race: IEBC tender appeal to be heard by five judge bench
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: KTN News Kenya
Analyzing Trump: 15 Logical Fallacies in 3 Minutes
Analyzing Trump: 15 Logical Fallacies in 3 Minutes
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: Teach Argument
HOW World War I Started: Crash Course World History 209
HOW World War I Started: Crash Course World History 209
Published: 2014/09/13
Channel: CrashCourse
The Jeffersons and Happy Days and Valerie Bertinelli Bio
The Jeffersons and Happy Days and Valerie Bertinelli Bio
Published: 2016/01/10
Channel: Carrie Heffernan
Steven Sotloff
Steven Sotloff's Mother Makes Appeal to ISIS | The New York Times
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: The New York Times
Tony Robbins: Think on These Things (Tony Robbins Motivation)
Tony Robbins: Think on These Things (Tony Robbins Motivation)
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Law of Attraction Coaching
A Libertarian Critique of John McCain
A Libertarian Critique of John McCain
Published: 2008/01/28
Channel: FORA.tv
Closed-door hearing of jailed reporter
Closed-door hearing of jailed reporter's appeal unacceptable, wife says
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
Albert Camus (1913-1960)
Albert Camus (1913-1960)
Published: 2013/07/07
Channel: pangeaprogressredux
The Truth About Che Guevara
The Truth About Che Guevara
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Stefan Molyneux
How to Write a Letter to the Editor
How to Write a Letter to the Editor
Published: 2010/08/10
Channel: Howcast
Francis Chan: "How to Get to Heaven from Silicon Valley" | Talks at Google
Francis Chan: "How to Get to Heaven from Silicon Valley" | Talks at Google
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: Talks at Google
#Utah
#Utah's @GovHerbert reacts to SCOTUS decision not to hear Utah's appeal of #samesexmarriage ruling.
Published: 2014/10/06
Channel: The Salt Lake Tribune
WORLD WAR TOONS Beta Gameplay Walkthrough/PS4 Indie Game
WORLD WAR TOONS Beta Gameplay Walkthrough/PS4 Indie Game
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Abel & CAIN
Wednesday 12 April - Hennebury appeal, Skymark bankruptcy, Signal Hill dig
Wednesday 12 April - Hennebury appeal, Skymark bankruptcy, Signal Hill dig
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: CBC NL - Newfoundland and Labrador
Ken Johnson - The End-Times
Ken Johnson - The End-Times
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Prophecy in the News
2012 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: Faster Than the Speed of Light
2012 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: Faster Than the Speed of Light
Published: 2012/03/23
Channel: American Museum of Natural History
2015 Grand Moot
2015 Grand Moot
Published: 2016/01/06
Channel: UTorontoLaw
How to position your brand to appeal to customers
How to position your brand to appeal to customers
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: KochiesBiz
Israel Rejects Appeal By Palestinian Hunger Strikers
Israel Rejects Appeal By Palestinian Hunger Strikers
Published: 2012/05/08
Channel: Newsy World
1984 By George Orwell (2/3) Audiobook
1984 By George Orwell (2/3) Audiobook
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: Mystic Books
Jerry Buting: "A Conversation on Justice" | Talks at Google
Jerry Buting: "A Conversation on Justice" | Talks at Google
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Talks at Google
The Promised Land
The Promised Land
Published: 2015/08/29
Channel: Cameron Lindholm
America in the Trump Era: J.D.  Vance
America in the Trump Era: J.D. Vance
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: UChi Pol
Jubal Early and the Molding of Confederate Memory (Lecture)
Jubal Early and the Molding of Confederate Memory (Lecture)
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: GettysburgNPS
A JURY IN THE DARK..( an Innocent Man) FREE COLIN NORRIS NOW.
A JURY IN THE DARK..( an Innocent Man) FREE COLIN NORRIS NOW.
Published: 2012/04/23
Channel: dafthermit
The Guilty - Full Movie
The Guilty - Full Movie
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: Popcornflix
As the Pope Calls for Dialogue, a Debate on How to Resolve Venezuela
As the Pope Calls for Dialogue, a Debate on How to Resolve Venezuela's Political & Economic Crisis
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Democracy Now!
Is Faith in God Reasonable? FULL DEBATE with William Lane Craig and Alex Rosenberg
Is Faith in God Reasonable? FULL DEBATE with William Lane Craig and Alex Rosenberg
Published: 2013/02/02
Channel: BiolaUniversity
“Investigative Journalism and the Obama Administration” - Sharyl Attkisson
“Investigative Journalism and the Obama Administration” - Sharyl Attkisson
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Hillsdale College
Hero No. Zero (Sudigadu) 2016 New Full Hindi Dubbed Movie | Allari Naresh
Hero No. Zero (Sudigadu) 2016 New Full Hindi Dubbed Movie | Allari Naresh
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: Goldmines Telefilms
21 Palestinians appeal against deportation
21 Palestinians appeal against deportation
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Robert J. Shiller, "Narrative Economics": Director
Robert J. Shiller, "Narrative Economics": Director's Lecture, January 26, 2017
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Neubauer Collegium
Happy Together - There’s Nothing More Important Than Family [ENG/2016.06.16]
Happy Together - There’s Nothing More Important Than Family [ENG/2016.06.16]
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: KBS World TV
1984 By George Orwell (3/3) Audiobook
1984 By George Orwell (3/3) Audiobook
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: Mystic Books
Police appeal: "Frenzied" chicken shop stabbing
Police appeal: "Frenzied" chicken shop stabbing
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: The Telegraph
Pickett
Pickett's Charge: The Second Wave
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: GettysburgNPS
Judge McFadden Georgia Court of Appeals Marietta Kiwanis Club 7 - 13 - 17
Judge McFadden Georgia Court of Appeals Marietta Kiwanis Club 7 - 13 - 17
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Matt Flournoy
Traveling Around the World (8)
Traveling Around the World (8) ''Kevin Slean from Raheny''
Published: 2012/12/24
Channel: Kevin Slean
Boiler Room
Boiler Room
Published: 2011/04/03
Channel: Warner Movies On Demand
Gone Girl
Gone Girl
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: FHEfoxconnect
Encounter -The Killing {HD} (With Eng Subtitles) - Naseeruddin Shah - Dilip Prabhavalkar - Ratna
Encounter -The Killing {HD} (With Eng Subtitles) - Naseeruddin Shah - Dilip Prabhavalkar - Ratna
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Shemaroo
Mexico - U.S.A - Brazil - Colombia - Peru  (8)
Mexico - U.S.A - Brazil - Colombia - Peru (8) ''Kevin Slean from Raheny''
Published: 2012/09/16
Channel: Kevin Slean
Century of Enslavement: The History of The Federal Reserve
Century of Enslavement: The History of The Federal Reserve
Published: 2014/07/06
Channel: corbettreport
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Julius Wayland, publisher

The Appeal to Reason was a weekly left-wing political newspaper published in the American Midwest from 1895 until 1922. The paper was known for its politics, lending support over the years to the Farmers' Alliance and People's Party before becoming a mainstay of the Socialist Party of America, following that organization's establishment in 1901. Making use of a network of highly motivated volunteers known as the "Appeal Army" to spur subscription sales, paid circulation of the Appeal climbed to more than a quarter million copies by 1906 and half a million by 1910, making it the largest-circulation socialist newspaper in American history.

Publication history[edit]

The most direct ancestor of the Appeal was the The Coming Nation, a socialist communalist paper established by Julius Augustus Wayland in Greensburg, Indiana. It was moved to the utopian socialist Ruskin Colony in Tennessee as part of an effort to form a socialist colony there. When Wayland tired of the colony, he left his newspaper behind with the colonists, moving to Kansas City, Kansas, to publish his own independently weekly, Appeal to Reason, established on August 31, 1895.[1] In 1912 The Coming Nation listed Girard, Kansas on its masthead as its place of publication.[2]

Publication of the newspaper was briefly suspended in October 1896 when Wayland left Kansas City for the small town of Girard, Kansas, located in the southeastern corner of the state. Girard was the center of coal mining in Kansas and included many radical miners who had recently immigrated from Europe.[3] Although originally just a one-week hiatus was planned,[4] publication was actually suspended for more than three months.[5]

Following the collapse of the Ruskin Colony, a second Coming Nation was published by Wayland at Girard but folded two years later. The run of the first two incarnations, which followed a continuous whole number scheme, was #1 April 29, 1893 to #512 December 26, 1903.[6]

Growth[edit]

Fred Warren, editor in the 1910s

By 1910, the newspaper employed approximately 60 workers and boasted a "three-deck, straight-line Goss machine that prints four hundred twelve-page papers, in colors, folded, per minute, when desired."[3] The Appeal was based out of a building with the dimensions "...eighty by one hundred feet, two stories and basement."[3] In 1910, it had a weekly circulation of 550,000 and a subscription base of 450,000.[7]

The paper's popularity was powered by a folksy style of writing and the participation of many leading literary luminaries of the Socialist movement, including Upton Sinclair,[8] Jack London, Mary "Mother" Jones, Eugene Debs, and Helen Keller.[citation needed]

Decline[edit]

After founder Wayland died by suicide in 1912, the Appeal slowly lost its vitality. Wayland's sons were not temperamentally suited to the newspaper business. After a series of editorials attacking American militarism and conscription policies during the First World War, the federal government rescinded the paper’s second-class mailing rights. This, combined with the post–Russian RevolutionRed Scare” and the restrictions of the Espionage Act (as well as infighting among American socialists), led to a drastic reduction in subscriptions. The paper was sold to Marcet and Emanuel Haldeman-Julius, the latter an editor of the paper. The paper alienated a good part of its anti-militarist socialist readership by endorsing the American war effort. From issue #1151, dated December 22, 1917, to issue #1212 of February 22, 1919, the paper carried the title New Appeal to denote its new patriotic orientation. Building on the subscriber list of the Appeal, from 1919 on, Haldeman-Julius developed a very successful business selling inexpensive paperback booklets known as the Little Blue Books.

Successors and demise[edit]

The Appeal to Reason name was terminated in November 1922, to be replaced by the Haldeman-Julius Weekly.[9] This new incarnation rapidly lost its socialist character and became a "house organ" for Haldeman-Julius's lucrative publishing business.

This publication saw its name changed again to The American Freeman, effective with issue #1741 of April 13, 1929.[10] This publication continued until Haldeman-Julius' death in November 1951.

Legacy[edit]

Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle was first published as a serial in the Appeal to Reason,[8] between February 25, 1905 and November 4, 1905.[11]

Circulation[edit]

Year Circulation Notes and references
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905 162,755 "A Record of Four Years," Appeal #684 (Jan. 9, 1909), pg. 4.
1906 266,512 "A Record of Four Years," Appeal #684 (Jan. 9, 1909), pg. 4.
1907 312,329 "A Record of Four Years," Appeal #684 (Jan. 9, 1909), pg. 4.
1908 293,747 "A Record of Four Years," Appeal #684 (Jan. 9, 1909), pg. 4.
1909
1910
1911
1912 694,065 Front page banner of 1912 circulation, Appeal #892 (Jan. 4, 1913).
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Socialist Newspapers in Kansas". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  2. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=j8MsAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA12
  3. ^ a b c George D. Brewer, The Fighting Editor, or, Warren and The Appeal. Second edition. Girard, KS: George D. Brewer, 1910; pg. xv.
  4. ^ J.A. Wayland, "No Paper Next Week," Appeal to Reason (Kansas City, KS) whole no. 61 (Oct. 24, 1896), pg. 1.
  5. ^ J.A. Wayland, "In Our New Home," Appeal to Reason no. 62 (Feb. 6, 1897), pg. 1.
  6. ^ A third and final Coming Nation was published in Girard from 1910 to 1914, edited by Charles Edward Russell. This version again used whole numbers: #1 Sept. 16, 1910 - #143 June 7, 1913. See Walter Goldwater, Radical Periodicals in America, 1890-1950. New Haven: Yale University Library 1964; pg. 7.
  7. ^ Brewer, The Fighting Editor, pg. xvi.
  8. ^ a b Feldman, Bob (2005-09-12). "Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle": A 100th Anniversary Retrospective". Toward Freedom. 
  9. ^ John Graham, "Yours for the Revolution": The Appeal to Reason, 1895-1922. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990; pp. 14-16.
  10. ^ Goldwater, Radical Periodicals in America, pp. 2-3,14, 26.
  11. ^ SparkNotes Editors (2004). Spark Notes 101: Literature (SparkNotes 101). Sparknotes. ISBN 1-4114-0026-7.

Further reading[edit]

  • Rolf Potts, "The Henry Ford of Literature," The Believer, September 2008.
  • Robert Tuttle, "The Appeal to Reason and the Failure of the Socialist Party in 1912," Mid-American Review of Sociology, vol. 8, no. 1 (Spring 1983), pp. 51–81. In JSTOR

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license