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Grammar Unit 3 Lesson 2 Apposition
Grammar Unit 3 Lesson 2 Apposition
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: Bryan Tincher
Kommaregeln Teil 1 Haupt- und Nebensätze, Anreden, Appositionen, Aufzählungen
Kommaregeln Teil 1 Haupt- und Nebensätze, Anreden, Appositionen, Aufzählungen
Published: 2012/08/04
Channel: schoolseasy
Apposition Meaning
Apposition Meaning
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: SDictionary
L
L'apposition
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: Isabelle S
100 Sekunden Zeichensetzung - Komma 5 - Appositionen
100 Sekunden Zeichensetzung - Komma 5 - Appositionen
Published: 2015/09/03
Channel: 100-Sekunden-Schule
Literary Devices Pt 4 - Apposition, Assonance, Asyndeton, Balance, & Characterization
Literary Devices Pt 4 - Apposition, Assonance, Asyndeton, Balance, & Characterization
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Justin Omoi
Lesson 05   Apposition
Lesson 05 Apposition
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: SimpleStep Learning
Standing ZOA (Zone of Apposition)
Standing ZOA (Zone of Apposition)
Published: 2015/05/22
Channel: Evolution Strength & Performance
Appositive Phrases
Appositive Phrases
Published: 2013/09/02
Channel: Neil Hepworth
Apposition
Apposition
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Audiopedia
Context Clue: Apposition
Context Clue: Apposition
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: Mrs. Jessica
Apposition - Prisoner (Official Music Video)
Apposition - Prisoner (Official Music Video)
Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: Apposition Official
Appositive Phrase - Grammar
Appositive Phrase - Grammar
Published: 2013/08/09
Channel: David Carrington
4 Apposition
4 Apposition
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: GRE Verbal One Step Solution
9 Reverse Apposition
9 Reverse Apposition
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: GRE Verbal One Step Solution
SCAI 2016: APPOSITION V Late-Breaking Clinical Trial
SCAI 2016: APPOSITION V Late-Breaking Clinical Trial
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: SCAI-TV
Noun Phrase Appositives - English Grammar and Writing
Noun Phrase Appositives - English Grammar and Writing
Published: 2012/04/13
Channel: Sentence Center
prélèvement rétro-molaire et greffe d
prélèvement rétro-molaire et greffe d'apposition antérieur
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Thomas Guillaumin
Apposition word in sentence
Apposition word in sentence
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: Word in sentence
Apposition
Apposition
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: GRAMMAR JUMBO 168
Introduction (apposition)
Introduction (apposition)
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: PSD Channel
tunnel apposition
tunnel apposition
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Nikolas Magkriotis
La greffe d’apposition dans le secteur esthétique : quand et comment ?
La greffe d’apposition dans le secteur esthétique : quand et comment ?
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: IFCIA Hadi Antoun
komma apposition
komma apposition
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: Heribert Bürger
Genesis 1:5 In Apposition
Genesis 1:5 In Apposition
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Kingdom Info
Greffes d
Greffes d'apposition par blocs osseux allogéniques
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: Nice Digital Implantology
Apposition  part1
Apposition part1
Published: 2009/02/28
Channel: eidolon ballet
How to say words - apposition
How to say words - apposition
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: Zellco Productions Inc
Anam Vivekananda Reddy Fire On Apposition Leaders-STAR 9 News
Anam Vivekananda Reddy Fire On Apposition Leaders-STAR 9 News
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Star 9 Fox
Clauses Lesson 3 - Noun clauses and appositive modifiers
Clauses Lesson 3 - Noun clauses and appositive modifiers
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: MrSkypelessons
Inside Interventions | Incomplete Stent Apposition in PES and BMS
Inside Interventions | Incomplete Stent Apposition in PES and BMS
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: American College of Cardiology Video Archive
UNE APPOSITION
UNE APPOSITION
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: Classe5alfsf lfsf
Précision de APPOSITION à l
Précision de APPOSITION à l' ANC زلة قلم أم نقص في الفهم؟ news WATANIA1 18Oct12
Published: 2012/10/19
Channel: Mohamed Al Mazri Chouk
Learn English Vocabulary by Maya - Apposition
Learn English Vocabulary by Maya - Apposition
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: GuideMe Walkthrough
Alix Bougeret demande l
Alix Bougeret demande l'apposition d'une plaque en l'honneur de "Jaïc Domergue"
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: LR Paris
Apposition - Meaning | Pronunciation || Word Wor(l)d - Audio Video Dictionary
Apposition - Meaning | Pronunciation || Word Wor(l)d - Audio Video Dictionary
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: Word Wor(l)d
Target Apposition party | Big Story || CVR News
Target Apposition party | Big Story || CVR News
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: CVR Telugu News
How to pronounce Apposition
How to pronounce Apposition
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Learn English
Cine 19: “Well-apposition of the stent to the vessel wall”
Cine 19: “Well-apposition of the stent to the vessel wall”
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Boston Scientific Europe
A9 - apposition of North and South
A9 - apposition of North and South
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: Voiceof Lanka
Sam Rainsy former apposition leader talk about Khmer history
Sam Rainsy former apposition leader talk about Khmer history
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Angkor Empire
Greffe osseuse d
Greffe osseuse d'apposition
Published: 2011/09/01
Channel: pboulange1
apposition -- 5,000 SAT Test Words and Definitions Series
apposition -- 5,000 SAT Test Words and Definitions Series
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: See Hear Say Learn
How to say "apposition"! (High Quality Voices)
How to say "apposition"! (High Quality Voices)
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: WordBox
Apposition - Prisoner Cinema Screening
Apposition - Prisoner Cinema Screening
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: Set Two
英単語 apposition 発音と読み方
英単語 apposition 発音と読み方
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: 英単語発音チャンネル
Patient-specific simulation of endograft apposition
Patient-specific simulation of endograft apposition
Published: 2014/04/08
Channel: CompMechPV
apposition
apposition
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: video buzz network
Narendra modi ji gives awesome reply to apposition
Narendra modi ji gives awesome reply to apposition
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: The nashik
19-05-2017- Sindh Govt K Khilaf Apposition Jammato Ka Awam Ko Mutarekh Karny Ka Faisla
19-05-2017- Sindh Govt K Khilaf Apposition Jammato Ka Awam Ko Mutarekh Karny Ka Faisla
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: CityNews021
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition. One of the elements is called the appositive, although its identification requires consideration of how the elements are used in a sentence.[citation needed]

For example, in the two sentences below, the phrases Alice Smith and my sister are in apposition, with the appositive identified with italics:

  • My sister, Alice Smith, likes jelly beans.
  • Alice Smith, my sister, likes jelly beans.

Traditionally, appositions were called by their Latin name appositio, although the English form is now more commonly used. It is derived from Latin: ad ("near") and positio ("placement").

Apposition is a figure of speech of the scheme type, and often results when the verbs (particularly verbs of being) in supporting clauses are eliminated to produce shorter descriptive phrases. This makes them often function as hyperbatons, or figures of disorder, because they can disrupt the flow of a sentence. For example, in the phrase: "My wife, a nurse by training, ...", it is necessary to pause before the parenthetical modification "a nurse by training".

Restrictive versus non-restrictive[edit]

A restrictive appositive provides information essential to identifying the phrase in apposition. It limits or clarifies that phrase in some crucial way, and the meaning of the sentence would change if the appositive were removed. In English, restrictive appositives are not set off by commas. The sentences below use restrictive appositives. Here and elsewhere in this section, the relevant phrases are marked as the appositive phraseA or the phrase in appositionP.

  • My friendP Alice SmithA likes jelly beans. – I have many friends, but I am restricting my statement to the one named Alice Smith.
  • He likes the television showP The SimpsonsA. – There are many television shows, and he likes that particular one.

A non-restrictive appositive provides information not critical to identifying the phrase in apposition. It provides non-essential information, and the essential meaning of the sentence would not change if the appositive were removed. In English, non-restrictive appositives are typically set off by commas.[1] The sentences below use non-restrictive appositives.

  • Alice SmithP, my friendA, likes jelly beans. – The fact that Alice is my friend was not necessary to identify her.
  • I visited CanadaP, a beautiful countryA. – The appositive is not needed to identify Canada.
  • The first to arrive at the houseA, sheP unlocked the front door.

The same phrase can be a restrictive appositive in one context and a non-restrictive appositive in another:

  • My brotherP NathanA is here. – Restrictive: I have many brothers, and the one named Nathan is here.
  • My brotherP, NathanA, is here. – Non-restrictive: I have only one brother and, as an aside, his name is Nathan.

If there is any doubt that the appositive is non-restrictive, it is safer to use the restrictive form.[citation needed] In the example above, the restrictive first sentence is still correct even if there is only one brother.

A relative clause is not always an appositive.[citation needed]

  • My sisterP, Alice SmithA, likes jelly beans. – The appositive is the noun phrase Alice Smith.
  • My sisterP, a doctor whose name is Alice SmithA, likes jelly beans. – The appositive is the noun phrase with dependent relative clause a doctor whose name is Alice Smith.
  • My sister, whose name is Alice Smith, likes jelly beans. – There is no appositive. There is a relative clause: whose name is Alice Smith.

Examples[edit]

In the following examples, the appositive phrases are shown in italics:

  • I was born in Finland, the land of a thousand lakes. – Appositives are not limited to describing people.
  • Barry Goldwater, the junior senator from Arizona, received the Republican nomination in 1964.
  • John and Bob, both friends of mine, are starting a band.
  • Alexander the Great, the Macedonian conqueror of Persia, was one of the most successful military commanders of the ancient world.
  • Dean Martin, a very popular singer, will be performing at the Sands Hotel.
  • You are better than anyone, anyone I've ever met.
  • A staunch supporter of democracy, Rob campaigned against the king's authoritarian rule.

A kind of appositive is the false title, a restrictive phrase, as in "Noted biologist Jane Smith has arrived.", where the phrase Noted biologist is used as an informal title. The use of false titles is controversial.

Appositive phrases can also serve as definitions:

  • No one – not a single person – should ever suffer that way.
  • You're simply the best, better than all the rest.

Appositive genitive[edit]

In several languages, the same syntax that is used to express such relations as possession can also be used appositively. Examples include:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Commas: Some Common Problems"[permanent dead link], Princeton Writing Program, Princeton University, 1999, princeton.edu/writing/center/resources/.
  2. ^ Chapter 5, §14.3 (pages 447–448), Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-521-43146-8
  3. ^ §1322 (pages 317–318), Herbert Weir Smyth, revised by Gordon M. Messing, Greek Grammar, Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1956 Perseus Digital Library
  4. ^ "Noun-related Particles | Learn Japanese". www.guidetojapanese.org. Retrieved 2016-05-10. 
  5. ^ A dictionary of basic Japanese Grammar. The Japan Times. 1986. p. 312. ISBN 4-7890-0454-6. 
  6. ^ §9.5.3h (p. 153), Bruce K. Waltke and Michael Patrick O'Connor, An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax, Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1990. ISBN 0-931464-31-5

References[edit]

  • A comprehensive treatment of apposition in English is given in §§17.65–93 (pages 1300–1320) and elsewhere in: Randolph Quirk; Sidney Greenbaum; Geoffrey Leech; Jan Svartvik (1985). A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London and New York: Longman. ISBN 0-582-51734-6. 
  • On the apposition vs. double subject issue in Romanian, see: Appositions Versus Double Subject Sentences – What Information the Speech Analysis Brings to a Grammar Debate, by Horia-Nicolai Teodorescu and Diana Trandabăţ. In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, ISSN 0302-9743, Volume 4629/2007, "Text, Speech and Dialogue", pp. 286–293.

External links[edit]

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