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Grammar Unit 3 Lesson 2 Apposition
Grammar Unit 3 Lesson 2 Apposition
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: Bryan Tincher
Kommaregeln Teil 1 Haupt- und Nebensätze, Anreden, Appositionen, Aufzählungen
Kommaregeln Teil 1 Haupt- und Nebensätze, Anreden, Appositionen, Aufzählungen
Published: 2012/08/04
Channel: schoolseasy
L
L'apposition
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: Isabelle S
Apposition Meaning
Apposition Meaning
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: SDictionary
What are APPOSITIVES ? (GREAT lesson on a point GRAMMAR books don
What are APPOSITIVES ? (GREAT lesson on a point GRAMMAR books don't write about)
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Englishing
Adjectif qualificatif : épithète, apposé, attribut du sujet et accords : Grammaire
Adjectif qualificatif : épithète, apposé, attribut du sujet et accords : Grammaire
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Yannick Sayer
Noun Rules | Noun in Apposition | Possessive Case for  SSC CGL/ CHSL, Bank PO Part 2
Noun Rules | Noun in Apposition | Possessive Case for SSC CGL/ CHSL, Bank PO Part 2
Published: 2017/12/17
Channel: Study Smart
Apposition
Apposition
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Audiopedia
Lesson 05   Apposition
Lesson 05 Apposition
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: SimpleStep Learning
100 Sekunden Zeichensetzung - Komma 5 - Appositionen
100 Sekunden Zeichensetzung - Komma 5 - Appositionen
Published: 2015/09/03
Channel: 100-Sekunden-Schule
Use of "Noun and Phrase In Apposition"To make Simple sentence(synthesis)for the class of 11&12
Use of "Noun and Phrase In Apposition"To make Simple sentence(synthesis)for the class of 11&12
Published: 2017/12/06
Channel: Haravendra Pratap Singh
Appositive Phrases
Appositive Phrases
Published: 2013/09/02
Channel: Neil Hepworth
prélèvement rétro-molaire et greffe d
prélèvement rétro-molaire et greffe d'apposition antérieur
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Thomas Guillaumin
Context Clue: Apposition
Context Clue: Apposition
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: Mrs. Jessica
Apposition
Apposition
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: GRAMMAR JUMBO 168
Reverse Apposition
Reverse Apposition
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: math tricks tips
Appositive Phrase - Grammar
Appositive Phrase - Grammar
Published: 2013/08/09
Channel: David Carrington
Standing ZOA (Zone of Apposition)
Standing ZOA (Zone of Apposition)
Published: 2015/05/22
Channel: Evolution Strength & Performance
Apposition  part1
Apposition part1
Published: 2009/02/28
Channel: eidolon ballet
Synthesis(Case in Apposition)
Synthesis(Case in Apposition)
Published: 2017/11/28
Channel: English grammar Iconoclast
Apposition - Prisoner (Official Music Video)
Apposition - Prisoner (Official Music Video)
Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: Apposition Official
NOUN PHRASE IN APPOSITION
NOUN PHRASE IN APPOSITION
Published: 2018/02/04
Channel: B.V.RAMANA ENGLISH GRAMMAR
7b. English Grammar (Hindi) | Nouns In Apposition | समानाधिकरण | Apposition Examples
7b. English Grammar (Hindi) | Nouns In Apposition | समानाधिकरण | Apposition Examples
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: Edupedia World
What Does It Mean In Apposition?
What Does It Mean In Apposition?
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Uco Uco
Apposition in Arabic (al-badal) - Lesson 93
Apposition in Arabic (al-badal) - Lesson 93
Published: 2018/01/05
Channel: Learn Arabic Online with Loubna Duymayan
Literary Devices Pt 4 - Apposition, Assonance, Asyndeton, Balance, & Characterization
Literary Devices Pt 4 - Apposition, Assonance, Asyndeton, Balance, & Characterization
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Justin Omoi
SCAI 2016: APPOSITION V Late-Breaking Clinical Trial
SCAI 2016: APPOSITION V Late-Breaking Clinical Trial
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: SCAI-TV
Apposition : Day 21
Apposition : Day 21
Published: 2018/01/14
Channel: English Knowledge Promotion
Deutsch lernen - Learn German: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1: Apposition im Deutschen - longua.org
Deutsch lernen - Learn German: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1: Apposition im Deutschen - longua.org
Published: 2017/12/21
Channel: longua.org
Noun Phrase Appositives - English Grammar and Writing
Noun Phrase Appositives - English Grammar and Writing
Published: 2012/04/13
Channel: Sentence Center
Dr M. Jabbour Greffe Apposition Mandibulaire
Dr M. Jabbour Greffe Apposition Mandibulaire
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: Biobank Biobank
Genesis 1:5 In Apposition
Genesis 1:5 In Apposition
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Kingdom Info
komma apposition
komma apposition
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: Heribert Bürger
Greffes d
Greffes d'apposition par blocs osseux allogéniques
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: Nice Digital Implantology
33- Je privilégie l
33- Je privilégie l'apposition
Published: 2013/11/13
Channel: MYBEBOODA
How to say words - apposition
How to say words - apposition
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: How to say words
340 Beowulf and Apposition
340 Beowulf and Apposition
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: J Newman
UNE APPOSITION
UNE APPOSITION
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: Classe5alfsf lfsf
Bahas 074 - Pembahasan Soal Bahasa Inggris -  Apposition
Bahas 074 - Pembahasan Soal Bahasa Inggris - Apposition
Published: 2017/12/11
Channel: Bahas Soal
Dr M. Jabbour Greffe Apposition Maxillaire
Dr M. Jabbour Greffe Apposition Maxillaire
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: Biobank Biobank
APPosition
APPosition
Published: 2011/09/02
Channel: Corky Loesch
Asuramaya on M 31: No Mystery Without Apposition
Asuramaya on M 31: No Mystery Without Apposition
Published: 2017/12/23
Channel: Mandela Effect Decoded
Hair Apposition Technique (HAT)
Hair Apposition Technique (HAT)
Published: 2011/10/28
Channel: Singapore General Hospital
Hayden
Hayden's apposition with Annie
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Hannie April
Greffe osseuse d
Greffe osseuse d'apposition
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: Montfermé Emmanuel
LES EXTRAORDINAIRES #4 : Rêves Prémonitoires, Apposition des Mains, Médiumnité sur btlv.fr
LES EXTRAORDINAIRES #4 : Rêves Prémonitoires, Apposition des Mains, Médiumnité sur btlv.fr
Published: 2017/10/27
Channel: BTLV Le média complémentaire
Latin Lesson 8 | Second Declension (cont
Latin Lesson 8 | Second Declension (cont'd) & Apposition
Published: 2017/10/22
Channel: Nasty Womb
Babar Awan Media Talk 25 November 2016 #BabarAwan #PPP #AsifZardari #Apposition
Babar Awan Media Talk 25 November 2016 #BabarAwan #PPP #AsifZardari #Apposition
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: Ailaan TV
DMK is always a leader and an apposition : M K Stalin | News7 Tamil
DMK is always a leader and an apposition : M K Stalin | News7 Tamil
Published: 2015/11/22
Channel: News7 Tamil
AP LangComp Apposition
AP LangComp Apposition
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: FastMomentumVideos
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition. One of the elements is called the appositive, although its identification requires consideration of how the elements are used in a sentence.[1]

For example, in the two sentences below, the phrases Alice Smith and my sister are in apposition, with the appositive identified with italics:

  • My sister, Alice Smith, likes jelly beans.
  • Alice Smith, my sister, likes jelly beans.

Traditionally, appositions were called by their Latin name appositio, although the English form is now more commonly used. It is derived from Latin: ad ("near") and positio ("placement").

Apposition is a figure of speech of the scheme type, and often results when the verbs (particularly verbs of being) in supporting clauses are eliminated to produce shorter descriptive phrases. This makes them often function as hyperbatons, or figures of disorder, because they can disrupt the flow of a sentence. For example, in the phrase: "My wife, a nurse by training, ...", it is necessary to pause before the parenthetical modification "a nurse by training".

Restrictive versus non-restrictive[edit]

A restrictive appositive provides information essential to identifying the phrase in apposition. It limits or clarifies that phrase in some crucial way, and the meaning of the sentence would change if the appositive were removed. In English, restrictive appositives are not set off by commas. The sentences below use restrictive appositives. Here and elsewhere in this section, the relevant phrases are marked as the appositive phraseA or the phrase in appositionP.

  • My friendP Alice SmithA likes jelly beans. – I have many friends, but I am restricting my statement to the one named Alice Smith.
  • He likes the television showP The SimpsonsA. – There are many television shows, and he likes that particular one.

A non-restrictive appositive provides information not critical to identifying the phrase in apposition. It provides non-essential information, and the essential meaning of the sentence would not change if the appositive were removed. In English, non-restrictive appositives are typically set off by commas.[2] The sentences below use non-restrictive appositives.

  • Alice SmithP, my friendA, likes jelly beans. – The fact that Alice is my friend was not necessary to identify her.
  • I visited CanadaP, a beautiful countryA. – The appositive is not needed to identify Canada.
  • The first to arrive at the houseA, sheP unlocked the front door.

The same phrase can be a restrictive appositive in one context and a non-restrictive appositive in another:

  • My brotherP NathanA is here. – Restrictive: I have many brothers, and the one named Nathan is here.
  • My brotherP, NathanA, is here. – Non-restrictive: I have only one brother and, as an aside, his name is Nathan.

If there is any doubt that the appositive is non-restrictive, it is safer to use the restrictive form.[citation needed] In the example above, the restrictive first sentence is still correct even if there is only one brother.

A relative clause is not always an appositive.[citation needed]

  • My sisterP, Alice SmithA, likes jelly beans. – The appositive is the noun phrase Alice Smith.
  • My sisterP, a doctor whose name is Alice SmithA, likes jelly beans. – The appositive is the noun phrase with dependent relative clause a doctor whose name is Alice Smith.
  • My sister, whose name is Alice Smith, likes jelly beans. – There is no appositive. There is a relative clause: whose name is Alice Smith.

Examples[edit]

In the following examples, the appositive phrases are shown in italics:

  • I was born in Finland, the land of a thousand lakes. – Appositives are not limited to describing people.
  • Barry Goldwater, the junior senator from Arizona, received the Republican nomination in 1964.
  • John and Bob, both friends of mine, are starting a band.
  • Alexander the Great, the Macedonian conqueror of Persia, was one of the most successful military commanders of the ancient world.
  • Dean Martin, a very popular singer, will be performing at the Sands Hotel.
  • You are better than anyone, anyone I've ever met.
  • A staunch supporter of democracy, Rob campaigned against the king's authoritarian rule.

A kind of appositive is the false title, a restrictive phrase, as in "Noted biologist Jane Smith has arrived.", where the phrase Noted biologist is used as an informal title. The use of false titles is controversial.

Appositive phrases can also serve as definitions:

  • No one – not a single person – should ever suffer that way.
  • You're simply the best, better than all the rest.

Appositive genitive[edit]

In several languages, the same syntax that is used to express such relations as possession can also be used appositively. Examples include:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Whitfield, James B. (2016). Daly and Doyen's Introduction to Insect Biology and Diversity. Cram101 Textbook Reviews. ISBN 9781490268835. 
  2. ^ "Commas: Some Common Problems"[permanent dead link], Princeton Writing Program, Princeton University, 1999, princeton.edu/writing/center/resources/.
  3. ^ Chapter 5, §14.3 (pages 447–448), Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-521-43146-8
  4. ^ §1322 (pages 317–318), Herbert Weir Smyth, revised by Gordon M. Messing, Greek Grammar, Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1956 Perseus Digital Library
  5. ^ "Noun-related Particles | Learn Japanese". www.guidetojapanese.org. Retrieved 2016-05-10. 
  6. ^ A dictionary of basic Japanese Grammar. The Japan Times. 1986. p. 312. ISBN 4-7890-0454-6. 
  7. ^ §9.5.3h (p. 153), Bruce K. Waltke and Michael Patrick O'Connor, An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax, Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1990. ISBN 0-931464-31-5

References[edit]

  • A comprehensive treatment of apposition in English is given in §§17.65–93 (pages 1300–1320) and elsewhere in: Randolph Quirk; Sidney Greenbaum; Geoffrey Leech; Jan Svartvik (1985). A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London and New York: Longman. ISBN 0-582-51734-6. 
  • On the apposition vs. double subject issue in Romanian, see: Appositions Versus Double Subject Sentences – What Information the Speech Analysis Brings to a Grammar Debate, by Horia-Nicolai Teodorescu and Diana Trandabăţ. In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, ISSN 0302-9743, Volume 4629/2007, "Text, Speech and Dialogue", pp. 286–293.

External links[edit]

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