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How to Pronounce Archaeometallurgy
How to Pronounce Archaeometallurgy
DATE: 2015/02/26::
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Archaeometallurgy Meaning
Archaeometallurgy Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
3
Kalb line
Kalb line
DATE: 2014/02/21::
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Sedgeford Iron Smelt 2014
Sedgeford Iron Smelt 2014
DATE: 2015/03/25::
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Foundry: Prehistoric Bronze Casting - Making of an Iron Age ring - by Dr. Bastian Asmus
Foundry: Prehistoric Bronze Casting - Making of an Iron Age ring - by Dr. Bastian Asmus
DATE: 2014/08/28::
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Prähistorischer Bronzeguss: Eisenzeitlicher Fingerring im Wachsausschmelzverfahren
Prähistorischer Bronzeguss: Eisenzeitlicher Fingerring im Wachsausschmelzverfahren
DATE: 2014/05/28::
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Foundry: Medieval bronze casting of an aquamanile in a lost wax loam mould - by Dr. Bastian Asmus
Foundry: Medieval bronze casting of an aquamanile in a lost wax loam mould - by Dr. Bastian Asmus
DATE: 2014/08/21::
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Giesserei: Sandformen mit Naturformsand - von Dr. Bastian Asmus
Giesserei: Sandformen mit Naturformsand - von Dr. Bastian Asmus
DATE: 2013/02/24::
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Cosmic dance and science perspective on Chola bronzes | Dr.Sharada Srinivasan | TEDxGCT
Cosmic dance and science perspective on Chola bronzes | Dr.Sharada Srinivasan | TEDxGCT
DATE: 2014/08/22::
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Sedgeford Casting 2014
Sedgeford Casting 2014
DATE: 2015/03/25::
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Foundry: Prehistoric Bronze Casting - Making of an iron age ring - by Dr. Bastian Asmus
Foundry: Prehistoric Bronze Casting - Making of an iron age ring - by Dr. Bastian Asmus
DATE: 2013/01/28::
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Archaeometallurgist Meaning
Archaeometallurgist Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Sharada Srinivasan Phd Dancer
Sharada Srinivasan Phd Dancer
DATE: 2008/11/11::
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Cutting of Swords and Armor
Cutting of Swords and Armor
DATE: 2013/04/20::
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Antiregulatory Meaning
Antiregulatory Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Agronomically Meaning
Agronomically Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum (DBM) - CORPORATE VIDEO
Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum (DBM) - CORPORATE VIDEO
DATE: 2014/04/29::
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1 0 Introduction to metallurgy
1 0 Introduction to metallurgy
DATE: 2012/09/08::
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Auditable Meaning
Auditable Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Neo-noir Meaning
Neo-noir Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Kirill Meaning
Kirill Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Slackerdom Meaning
Slackerdom Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Flag Fen bronze casting 24-07-10
Flag Fen bronze casting 24-07-10
DATE: 2010/07/31::
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Shut off Meaning
Shut off Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Bioclimosequence Meaning
Bioclimosequence Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Sand casting of a Bronze Age sword
Sand casting of a Bronze Age sword
DATE: 2013/02/01::
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Autocatalyst Meaning
Autocatalyst Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Crowning Glory | RMIT University
Crowning Glory | RMIT University
DATE: 2012/09/11::
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How to Pronounce Anileridine
How to Pronounce Anileridine
DATE: 2015/02/26::
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Avidinated Meaning
Avidinated Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Antiendotoxic Meaning
Antiendotoxic Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Echoencephalography Meaning
Echoencephalography Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Zonula Meaning
Zonula Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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How to Pronounce Amidinotransferases
How to Pronounce Amidinotransferases
DATE: 2015/02/26::
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Felter Meaning
Felter Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Amblyope Meaning
Amblyope Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Archaeogenetic Meaning
Archaeogenetic Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Rheologic Meaning
Rheologic Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Smelt 2010 Documentary - Part 1
Smelt 2010 Documentary - Part 1
DATE: 2010/11/30::
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Decorrelating Meaning
Decorrelating Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Aminocyclopropane Meaning
Aminocyclopropane Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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How to Pronounce Aphorizes
How to Pronounce Aphorizes
DATE: 2015/02/26::
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Aminonicotinamide Meaning
Aminonicotinamide Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Arundinoid Meaning
Arundinoid Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Bloody Caesar Meaning
Bloody Caesar Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Whipper snapper Meaning
Whipper snapper Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Firstcomer Meaning
Firstcomer Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Autoactivation Meaning
Autoactivation Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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Picocell Meaning
Picocell Meaning
DATE: 2015/05/10::
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How to Pronounce Ascarosides
How to Pronounce Ascarosides
DATE: 2015/02/26::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Archaeometallurgy is the study of the history and prehistoric use and production of metals by humans. It is a sub-discipline of archaeology and archaeological science.

Uses[edit]

Archaeometallurgical study has many uses in both the chemical and anthropological fields. Analysis can be used to deduce conclusion on many subjects. Any project concerned with the relationship that the human species has had to all of the metals known to us is an example of archaeometallurgical study.

Methods[edit]

There are various methodological approaches to archaeometallurgical studies. The same methods used in analytical chemistry may be used to analyze artifacts. Chemical analysis methods may include the analysis of mass, density or chemical composition. Most methods are non-destructive in nature, such as X-ray spectroscopy. Non-destructive methods will be able to be used on many more artifacts. A few of the options that take a small sample from the artifact are mass spectrometry and a variety of chemical tests.

Modern to ancient[edit]

One of the methods of archaeometallurgy is the study of modern metals and alloys to explain and understand the use of metals in the past. A study conducted by the department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics at Weizmann Institute of Science and the department of Archaeology at the University of Haifia analyzed the chemical composition and the mass of different denominations of Euro coinage. They concluded that even with modern standards and technology, there is a considerable variation within the "same" denomination of coin.[1] This simple conclusion can be used to further analyze discoveries of ancient currency.

Non-ferrous archaeometallurgy[edit]

The specific study of the non-ferrous metals used in past. Gold, silver and copper were the first to be used by ancient humans.

Ferrous archaeometallurgy[edit]

The specific study of the ferrous compounds used in past.

History[edit]

After initial sporadic work, archaeometallurgy was more widely institutionalised in the 1960s and 70s, with research groups in Britain (The British Museum, the UCL Institute of Archaeology, the Institute for Archeo-Metallurgical Studies (iams)), Germany (Deutsches Bergbau Museum) and the US (MIT and Harvard). Specialisations within archaeometallurgy focus on metallography of finished objects, mineralogy of waste products such as slag and manufacturing studies.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Making Sense out of Cents, SciVerse, retrieved 11 April 2012 .

Further reading[edit]

  • R. F. Tylecote (1992) A History of Metallurgy, 2nd edn, Institute of Materials ISBN 0-901462-88-8
  • S. Kalyanaraman (2011) "Indian Hieroglyphs", Sarasvati Research Center, Herndon, VA Indian Hieroglyphs[1]
  • TH. Rehren and E. Pernicka (2008) "Coins, Artefacts and Isotopes- Archaeometallurgy and Archaeometry", UCL Institute of Archaeology.

[2]

  • Bayley, Crossley, and Ponting (2008) "Metals and Metalworking", Historical Metallurgy Society Occasional Publication no. 6, ISBN 978-0-9560225-0-9. [3]
  • Killick, David, and Thomas Fenn (2012) "Archaeometallurgy: The Study of Preindustrial Mining and Metallurgy", Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 41:559-575, DOI: 10.1146/annurev-anthro-092611-145719. [4]

External links[edit]

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