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Carl Jung - What are the Archetypes?
Carl Jung - What are the Archetypes?
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Academy of Ideas
Fear Factory - Archetype [Full Album]
Fear Factory - Archetype [Full Album]
Published: 2014/09/01
Channel: AdmirableSage20v1
Fear Factory - Archetype (Lyrics)
Fear Factory - Archetype (Lyrics)
Published: 2009/08/01
Channel: BenOwnz5
Power in Literature, Short Stories Part 5: Characterization and Archetype
Power in Literature, Short Stories Part 5: Characterization and Archetype
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: Shmoop
Archetype Archive - Ojama
Archetype Archive - Ojama
Published: 2018/01/12
Channel: RANK10YGO
Archetypes and Male Divinities: Crash Course World Mythology #15
Archetypes and Male Divinities: Crash Course World Mythology #15
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: CrashCourse
Jordan Peterson: Jungian Archetypes etc.
Jordan Peterson: Jungian Archetypes etc.
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Essential Truth
The Archetype of the Warrior – How Films Help Empower Us All
The Archetype of the Warrior – How Films Help Empower Us All
Published: 2018/01/15
Channel: Like Stories of Old
12 Common Archetypes (FTF Films)
12 Common Archetypes (FTF Films)
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: FTF1R3F1LM5
Our Connection To Something Bigger: The Archetypes of C.G. Jung
Our Connection To Something Bigger: The Archetypes of C.G. Jung
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: GRCCtv
The 12 Jungian Personality Archetypes Which One Are You
The 12 Jungian Personality Archetypes Which One Are You
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: The Event Is coming soon
CG Jung - Feminine Archetype
CG Jung - Feminine Archetype
Published: 2008/11/27
Channel: Seven Raker
The 9 Hero Archetypes
The 9 Hero Archetypes
Published: 2012/10/17
Channel: NattyGeek78
Disney Archetypes
Disney Archetypes
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Martha Vorder Bruegge
Archetype by Aaron Sims
Archetype by Aaron Sims
Published: 2012/01/20
Channel: steffenreichstadt1
What Makes a Great King? Exploring the Archetype of the King in Movies and Television
What Makes a Great King? Exploring the Archetype of the King in Movies and Television
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Like Stories of Old
Archetype - Castle Crashers
Archetype - Castle Crashers
Published: 2013/08/15
Channel: F4m1LyGuy10
Fear Factory - Archetype
Fear Factory - Archetype
Published: 2006/05/25
Channel: Alex M.
Top 5 Best Archetype Builds IN NBA 2K18
Top 5 Best Archetype Builds IN NBA 2K18
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: KellHitEmUp95
Archetype - Cold One
Archetype - Cold One
Published: 2013/05/23
Channel: Broke Records
Chiron: The Archetype of the Wounded Healer
Chiron: The Archetype of the Wounded Healer
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: ArchetypalView
STOP! DON
STOP! DON'T Make That ARCHETYPE Until You See This - NBA 2K18 Player Build Tips
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: ShakeDown2012
What is an Archetype
What is an Archetype
Published: 2012/09/09
Channel: RTHS English with Ms. Brown
Archetype Archive - Crystal Beast
Archetype Archive - Crystal Beast
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: RANK10YGO
Archetype Archive - Watt
Archetype Archive - Watt
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: RANK10YGO
My ARCHETYPE Could BREAK the GAME | OVERPOWERED POINT GUARD BUILD - NBA 2K18 DEMIGOD CREATION
My ARCHETYPE Could BREAK the GAME | OVERPOWERED POINT GUARD BUILD - NBA 2K18 DEMIGOD CREATION
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: ShootEveryone
YOU
YOU'LL REGRET NOT TRYING THIS ARCHETYPE IN NBA 2K18
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Agent 00
NBA 2K18 EVERY DUAL ARCHETYPE - ALL BEST ARCHETYPES & RATINGS FOR ALL POSITIONS IN 2K18
NBA 2K18 EVERY DUAL ARCHETYPE - ALL BEST ARCHETYPES & RATINGS FOR ALL POSITIONS IN 2K18
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: WitnessGaming
The First Ever Official Yu-Gi-Oh! Pirate Archetype !!!
The First Ever Official Yu-Gi-Oh! Pirate Archetype !!!
Published: 2018/01/15
Channel: MegaCapitalG
Archetype Archive - Ice Barrier
Archetype Archive - Ice Barrier
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: RANK10YGO
DONT MAKE THESE MISTAKES IN 2K18!! WORST ARCHETYPE BUILD!
DONT MAKE THESE MISTAKES IN 2K18!! WORST ARCHETYPE BUILD!
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: Jayo DaDon
Archetype Archive - Vampire
Archetype Archive - Vampire
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: RANK10YGO
keroinn. - archetype
keroinn. - archetype
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: Trap Nation
Archetype Archive - Volcanic
Archetype Archive - Volcanic
Published: 2017/12/27
Channel: RANK10YGO
😂HILARIOUS PURE ARCHETYPES VS DUAL ARCHETYPES |WHATS A BETTER ARCHETYPE NBA 2K18|WITH BIG YOUTUBERS
😂HILARIOUS PURE ARCHETYPES VS DUAL ARCHETYPES |WHATS A BETTER ARCHETYPE NBA 2K18|WITH BIG YOUTUBERS
Published: 2017/10/26
Channel: Cheeseaholic
Best Center Dual Archetype Build Ever • Most Overpowered Center Player Build in NBA 2K18 OMG 😱😱
Best Center Dual Archetype Build Ever • Most Overpowered Center Player Build in NBA 2K18 OMG 😱😱
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: HankDaTank
The Archetype of the Hipster
The Archetype of the Hipster
Published: 2017/11/12
Channel: Millennial Woes
NBA 2K18 BEST AND WORST SMALL FORWARD DUAL ARCHETYPE BUILDS! WITH BADGES BREAKDOWN! 💯🔥
NBA 2K18 BEST AND WORST SMALL FORWARD DUAL ARCHETYPE BUILDS! WITH BADGES BREAKDOWN! 💯🔥
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Gaming With Gino
Hour of Devastation Archetype Guide
Hour of Devastation Archetype Guide
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Nizzahon Magic
ARCHETYPE - Monarkill (OFFICIAL LYRIC VIDEO)
ARCHETYPE - Monarkill (OFFICIAL LYRIC VIDEO)
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: ARCHETYPE
Yu-Gi-Oh - 10 Worst Archetype Support Cards ~ Anniversary Edition; feat. HardlegGaming
Yu-Gi-Oh - 10 Worst Archetype Support Cards ~ Anniversary Edition; feat. HardlegGaming
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: RANK10YGO
MUST WATCH! TOP 3 DUAL ARCHETYPE BUILDS FOR PRELUDE IN NBA 2K18 IF...
MUST WATCH! TOP 3 DUAL ARCHETYPE BUILDS FOR PRELUDE IN NBA 2K18 IF...
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: P2istheName
NBA 2k18 ULTIMATE ARCHETYPES LIST GUIDE | Every Single Archetype Breakdown + NBA PLAYER Comparisons!
NBA 2k18 ULTIMATE ARCHETYPES LIST GUIDE | Every Single Archetype Breakdown + NBA PLAYER Comparisons!
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: STG
Yugioh Trivia: KOZMO ARCHETYPE - Episode 194
Yugioh Trivia: KOZMO ARCHETYPE - Episode 194
Published: 2018/01/16
Channel: TGS Anime
Archetype Archive - Morphtronic
Archetype Archive - Morphtronic
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: RANK10YGO
Yugioh Trivia: Red-Eyes Archetype - Episode 170 (レッドアイズ)
Yugioh Trivia: Red-Eyes Archetype - Episode 170 (レッドアイズ)
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: TGS Anime
Archetype - Doppelgänger (en vivo) - Capital Extremo 2015
Archetype - Doppelgänger (en vivo) - Capital Extremo 2015
Published: 2015/03/03
Channel: J Daniel Solis
THE BEST SHOOTING GUARD ARCHETYPE IN NBA 2K18 !
THE BEST SHOOTING GUARD ARCHETYPE IN NBA 2K18 !
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: GregAnthonyJET
NBA 2K18 Best CENTER Build - OVERPOWERED Slasher/Athletic Finisher BIG MAN Archetype In NBA 2K18!
NBA 2K18 Best CENTER Build - OVERPOWERED Slasher/Athletic Finisher BIG MAN Archetype In NBA 2K18!
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: COLETHEMAN TW
Female equivalent of Hero Archetype
Female equivalent of Hero Archetype
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Jerome V.
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The concept of an archetype /ˈɑːrkɪtp/ appears in areas relating to behavior, modern psychological theory, and literary analysis. An archetype can be:

  1. a statement, pattern of behavior, or prototype (model) which other statements, patterns of behavior, and objects copy or emulate. (Frequently used informal synonyms for this usage include "standard example", "basic example", and the longer form "archetypal example". Mathematical archetypes often appear as "canonical examples".)
  2. a Platonic philosophical idea referring to pure forms which embody the fundamental characteristics of a thing in Platonism
  3. a collectively-inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., that is universally present, in individual psyches, as in Jungian psychology
  4. a constantly recurring symbol or motif in literature, painting, or mythology (this usage of the term draws from both comparative anthropology and from Jungian archetypal theory). In various seemingly unrelated cases in classic storytelling, media, etc., characters or ideas sharing similar traits recur.

Etymology[edit]

The word archetype, "original pattern from which copies are made", first entered into English usage in the 1540s[1] and derives from the Latin noun archetypum, latinisation of the Greek noun ἀρχέτυπον (archetupon), whose adjective form is ἀρχέτυπος (archétupos), which means "first-molded",[2] which is a compound of ἀρχή archḗ, "beginning, origin",[3] and τύπος tupos, which can mean, amongst other things, "pattern," "model," or "type."[4]

Function[edit]

Usage of archetypes in specific pieces of writing is a holistic approach, which can help the writing win universal acceptance. This is because readers can relate to and identify with the characters and the situation, both socially and culturally. By deploying common archetypes contextually, a writer aims to impart realism[5] to his work. According to many literary critics, archetypes have a standard and recurring depiction in a particular human culture and/or the whole human race that ultimately lays concrete pillars and can shape the whole structure in a literary work.

Plato[edit]

The origins of the archetypal hypothesis date back as far as Plato. Plato's ideas were pure mental forms that were imprinted in the soul before it was born into the world. They were collective in the sense that they embodied the fundamental characteristics of a thing rather than its specific peculiarities. In the seventeenth century, Sir Thomas Browne and Francis Bacon both employ the word 'archetype' in their writings; Browne in The Garden of Cyrus (1658) attempted to depict archetypes in his usage of symbolic proper-names.

Jungian archetypes[edit]

The concept of psychological archetypes was advanced by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, c. 1919. In Jung's psychological framework, archetypes are innate, universal prototypes for ideas and may be used to interpret observations. A group of memories and interpretations associated with an archetype is a complex ( e.g. a mother complex associated with the mother archetype). Jung treated the archetypes as psychological organs, analogous to physical ones in that both are morphological constructs that arose through evolution.[6] At the same time, it has also been observed that evolution can itself be considered an archetypal construct.[7]

Jung states in part one of Man And His Symbols that:

My views about the 'archaic remnants', which I call 'archetypes' or 'primordial images,' have been constantly criticized by people who lack a sufficient knowledge of the psychology of dreams and of mythology. The term 'archetype' is often misunderstood as meaning certain definite mythological images or motifs, but these are nothing more than conscious representations. Such variable representations cannot be inherited. The archetype is a tendency to form such representations of a motif—representations that can vary a great deal in detail without losing their basic pattern.

Later in the 1900's, a Viennese psychologist named Dr. Ernest Dichter took these psychological constructs and applied them to marketing. Around 1939, he moved to New York and sent every ad agency on Madison Avenue a famous letter boasting his new discovery. He found that applying these universal themes to products promoted easier discovery and stronger loyalty for brands. [8]

Archetypal literary criticism[edit]

Archetypal literary criticism argues that archetypes determine the form and function of literary works and that a text's meaning is shaped by cultural and psychological myths. Cultural archetypes are the unknowable basic forms personified or made concrete by recurring images, symbols, or patterns (which may include motifs such as the "quest" or the "heavenly ascent"; recognizable character types such as the "trickster", "saint", "martyr" or the "hero"; symbols such as the apple or the snake; and imagery) and that have all been laden with meaning prior to their inclusion in any particular work.

The archetypes reveal shared roles among universal societies, such as the role of the mother in her natural relations with all members of the family. This archetype may create a shared imagery which is defined by many stereotypes that have not separated themselves from the traditional, biological, religious and mythical framework.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper. "Online Etymology Dictionary - Archetype". 
  2. ^ ἀρχέτυπος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  3. ^ ἀρχή, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  4. ^ τύπος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  5. ^ "Online Literary Device - Archetype Function". 
  6. ^ Boeree, C. George. "Carl Jung". Archived from the original on 6 February 2006. Retrieved 2006-03-09. 
  7. ^ Brown, R.S.(2013). Beyond the Evolutionary Paradigm in Consciousness Studies. The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 45.2, 159-171.
  8. ^ "Retail therapy. How Ernest Dichter, an acolyte of Sigmund Freud, revolutionised marketing". The Economist. December 17, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-01. In 1939 he wrote to six big American companies, introducing himself as 'a young psychologist ... 
  9. ^ Sbaihat, Ahlam (2012). La imagen de la madre en el refranero español y jordano. Estudio de Paremiología comparada. España: Sociedad Española de Estudios Literarios de Cultura Popular, Oceanide, 5

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of archetype at Wiktionary

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