Arctic Circle or Bust in a Mercedes-Benz G65 AMG! - Epic Drives Episode 14

Channel: MotorTrend   |   2013/02/22
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Arctic Circle or Bust in a Mercedes-Benz G65 AMG! - Epic Drives Episode 14
Arctic Circle or Bust in a Mercedes-Benz G65 AMG! - Epic Drives Episode 14
::2013/02/22::
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Arctic Midnight Sun
Arctic Midnight Sun
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Drive to the Arctic Circle | The List | Autoblog
Drive to the Arctic Circle | The List | Autoblog
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Arctic Circle Adventure - Rovaniemi, Finland
Arctic Circle Adventure - Rovaniemi, Finland
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INCREDIBLE - Neon Green Northern Lights in the Arctic Circle !!!
INCREDIBLE - Neon Green Northern Lights in the Arctic Circle !!!
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Man vs. Wild - Arctic Circle - Bear
Man vs. Wild - Arctic Circle - Bear's Bare Agony
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Surfing in the Arctic Circle
Surfing in the Arctic Circle
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Arctic Circle Race - World
Arctic Circle Race - World's toughest skiing race
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A winter on the arctic circle
A winter on the arctic circle
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ICELAND: Cruising Inside the Arctic Circle
ICELAND: Cruising Inside the Arctic Circle
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Arctic Circle Trail, Greenland, September 2013
Arctic Circle Trail, Greenland, September 2013
::2013/09/22::
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Riding a Honda C90 motorcycle through the Arctic Circle in Winter by Ed March
Riding a Honda C90 motorcycle through the Arctic Circle in Winter by Ed March
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Brendan Reaches the Arctic Circle
Brendan Reaches the Arctic Circle
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Snow Kingdom of the Arctic Circle
Snow Kingdom of the Arctic Circle
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Sunset to Sunrise time-lapse near the Arctic Circle / Ocaso-amanercer cerca del Círculo Polar
Sunset to Sunrise time-lapse near the Arctic Circle / Ocaso-amanercer cerca del Círculo Polar
::2013/10/27::
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Zach Gormley - Arctic Circle Second Expedition (AC2) Freestyle
Zach Gormley - Arctic Circle Second Expedition (AC2) Freestyle
::2014/03/23::
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On the Arctic Circle with a Porsche Driving Experience Instructor
On the Arctic Circle with a Porsche Driving Experience Instructor
::2014/03/25::
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About the Arctic Circle
About the Arctic Circle
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Owen Pallett - Arctic Circle
Owen Pallett - Arctic Circle
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Man vs Wild Arctic Circle Part 2
Man vs Wild Arctic Circle Part 2
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The Arctic Circle - Kevin Parry (Official)
The Arctic Circle - Kevin Parry (Official)
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Owen Pallett  -  Arctic Circle
Owen Pallett - Arctic Circle
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Lovers of the Arctic Circle
Lovers of the Arctic Circle
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► WTF Is... - Naval War : Arctic Circle ?
► WTF Is... - Naval War : Arctic Circle ?
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Naval War: Arctic Circle Gameplay 1
Naval War: Arctic Circle Gameplay 1
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Naval War: Arctic Circle Gameplay [ PC HD ]
Naval War: Arctic Circle Gameplay [ PC HD ]
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Обзорчик на Naval War: Arctic Circle
Обзорчик на Naval War: Arctic Circle
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Summer at the Arctic Circle, Rovaniemi, Lapland
Summer at the Arctic Circle, Rovaniemi, Lapland
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Man vs Wild - Arctic Circle - Reindeer Hunting
Man vs Wild - Arctic Circle - Reindeer Hunting
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Murph Returns! Exploring the Arctic Circle in a BMW R 1150 GS Adventure - The Downshift Episode 55
Murph Returns! Exploring the Arctic Circle in a BMW R 1150 GS Adventure - The Downshift Episode 55
::2013/04/30::
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Russian NUCLEAR WARSHIPS heading to the Arctic Circle to tell US Navy to KEEP OUT
Russian NUCLEAR WARSHIPS heading to the Arctic Circle to tell US Navy to KEEP OUT
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Naval War Arctic Circle Review/ Comparison with Fleet Command and Dangerous Waters
Naval War Arctic Circle Review/ Comparison with Fleet Command and Dangerous Waters
::2012/04/28::
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Arctic Circle
Arctic Circle
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[GET] Naval War Arctic Circle Installer Download
[GET] Naval War Arctic Circle Installer Download
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Naval War: Arctic Circle - PC - Launch Trailer
Naval War: Arctic Circle - PC - Launch Trailer
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Septic Flesh - Arctic Circle
Septic Flesh - Arctic Circle
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Artic Circle Race 2011
Artic Circle Race 2011
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Lean Times in the Arctic Circle
Lean Times in the Arctic Circle
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Naval War Arctic Circle - Nun aber richtig
Naval War Arctic Circle - Nun aber richtig
::2013/02/18::
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U.S. Marines and Norwegians Train Inside the Arctic Circle for Exercise Cold Response 14
U.S. Marines and Norwegians Train Inside the Arctic Circle for Exercise Cold Response 14
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The Small Town of Longyearbyen, Spitsbergen Above the Arctic Circle
The Small Town of Longyearbyen, Spitsbergen Above the Arctic Circle
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BWOM 7- Pirates of The Arctic Circle...Pt 1
BWOM 7- Pirates of The Arctic Circle...Pt 1
::2011/11/12::
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Naval War Arctic Circle trailer
Naval War Arctic Circle trailer
::2009/03/20::
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BWOM 7-Pirates of the Arctic Circle Pt ..20
BWOM 7-Pirates of the Arctic Circle Pt ..20
::2012/11/29::
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Travel Report:  Driving Alaska 11 (Dalton Highway) To The Arctic Circle
Travel Report: Driving Alaska 11 (Dalton Highway) To The Arctic Circle
::2013/11/10::
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Let
Let's play Naval War Arctic Circle Russian Mission 1
::2012/03/27::
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[GET] Naval War Arctic Circle Download
[GET] Naval War Arctic Circle Download
::2014/04/19::
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En runde rundt Arctic Circle Raceway - Sommertreff - Vår 2013
En runde rundt Arctic Circle Raceway - Sommertreff - Vår 2013
::2013/06/29::
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Man vs Wild Arctic Circle Part 3
Man vs Wild Arctic Circle Part 3
::2011/08/03::
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Landing to Tromso Airport, Arctic Circle, Norway
Landing to Tromso Airport, Arctic Circle, Norway
::2012/10/26::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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World map showing the Arctic Circle in red.
Map of the Arctic with the Arctic Circle in blue.

The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. In 2012, it is the parallel of latitude that runs 66° 33′ 44″ (or 66.5622°) [1] north of the Equator.

The region north of this circle is known as the Arctic, and the zone just to the south is called the Northern Temperate Zone. The equivalent polar circle in the Southern Hemisphere is called the Antarctic Circle.

The Arctic Circle is the southernmost latitude in the Northern Hemisphere at which the sun can remain continuously above or below the horizon for 24 hours (at the June solstice and December solstice respectively). North of the Arctic Circle, the sun is above the horizon for 24 continuous hours at least once per year (and therefore visible at midnight) and below the horizon for 24 continuous hours at least once per year. On the Arctic Circle those events occur, in principle, exactly once per year, at the June and December solstices, respectively. However, in practice, because of atmospheric refraction and mirages, and because the sun appears as a disk and not a point, part of the midnight sun may be seen on the night of the northern summer solstice up to about 50 (90 km (56 mi)) south of the Arctic Circle; similarly, on the day of the northern winter solstice, part of the sun may be seen up to about 50′ north of the Arctic Circle. That is true at sea level; those limits increase with elevation above sea level, although in mountainous regions there is often no direct view of the true horizon.

The position of the Arctic Circle is not fixed. It directly depends on the Earth's axial tilt, which fluctuates within a margin of 2° over a 40,000-year period,[2] notably due to tidal forces resulting from the orbit of the Moon. The Arctic Circle is currently drifting northwards at a speed of about 15 m (49 ft) per year; see Circle of latitude for more information.


Geography[edit]

Relatively few people live north of the Arctic Circle due to the severe climate. Areas have been settled for thousands of years by indigenous peoples. Tens of thousands of years ago, waves of people migrated from eastern Siberia across the Bering Strait into North America and gradually eastward to settle. Much later, in the historic period, there has been migration into some Arctic areas by Europeans and other immigrants.

The three largest communities north of the Arctic Circle are situated in Russia and Norway: Murmansk (population 307,257), Norilsk (175,365), and Tromsø (71,295).

Rovaniemi (in Finland), which lies slightly south of the line, has a population of approximately 60,000, and is the largest settlement in the immediate vicinity of the Arctic Circle. Among the people of the Arctic, the Norwegians have the easiest climate, with most ports in North Norway remaining ice-free all the year as a result of the Gulf Stream. Tromsø (in Norway) has about 71,000 inhabitants and Bodø 49,000.

In contrast, the largest North American community north of the Circle, Sisimiut (Greenland), has approximately 5,000 inhabitants. Of the Canadian and United States Arctic communities, Barrow, Alaska is the largest settlement with circa 4,000 inhabitants.

The Arctic Circle passes through the Arctic Ocean, the Scandinavian Peninsula, North Asia, Northern America and Greenland. The land on the Arctic Circle is divided among eight countries: Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, the United States (Alaska), Canada, Denmark (Greenland), and Iceland (where it passes through the small offshore island of Grímsey).

The area north of the Arctic Circle is about 20,000,000 km2 (7,700,000 sq mi) and covers 4% of the Earth.[3]

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the Arctic Circle passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
66°34′N 000°00′E / 66.567°N 0.000°E / 66.567; 0.000 (Prime Meridian)  Arctic Ocean Norwegian Sea
66°34′N 12°48′E / 66.567°N 12.800°E / 66.567; 12.800 (Nordland County, Norway)  Norway Nordland County
66°34′N 15°31′E / 66.567°N 15.517°E / 66.567; 15.517 (Norrbotten County, Sweden)  Sweden Norrbotten County
66°34′N 23°51′E / 66.567°N 23.850°E / 66.567; 23.850 (Lapland Province, Finland)  Finland Lapland Region
66°34′N 29°28′E / 66.567°N 29.467°E / 66.567; 29.467 (Karelia, Russia)  Russia Republic of Karelia
Murmansk Oblast — from 66°34′N 31°36′E / 66.567°N 31.600°E / 66.567; 31.600 (Murmansk, Russia)
Republic of Karelia — from 66°34′N 32°37′E / 66.567°N 32.617°E / 66.567; 32.617 (Karelia, Russia)
Murmansk Oblast (Grand Island) — from 66°34′N 33°10′E / 66.567°N 33.167°E / 66.567; 33.167 (Murmansk, Russia)
66°34′N 33°25′E / 66.567°N 33.417°E / 66.567; 33.417 (Kandalaksha Gulf, White Sea) White Sea Kandalaksha Gulf
66°34′N 34°28′E / 66.567°N 34.467°E / 66.567; 34.467 (Murmansk Oblast, Russia)  Russia Murmansk Oblast (Kola Peninsula) — for about 7 km (4.3 mi)
66°34′N 34°38′E / 66.567°N 34.633°E / 66.567; 34.633 (Kandalaksha Gulf, White Sea) White Sea Kandalaksha Gulf
66°34′N 35°0′E / 66.567°N 35.000°E / 66.567; 35.000 (Murmansk Oblast, Kola Peninsula, Russia)  Russia Murmansk Oblast (Kola Peninsula)
66°34′N 40°42′E / 66.567°N 40.700°E / 66.567; 40.700 (White Sea) White Sea
66°34′N 44°23′E / 66.567°N 44.383°E / 66.567; 44.383 (Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia)  Russia Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Komi Republic — from 66°34′N 50°51′E / 66.567°N 50.850°E / 66.567; 50.850 (Komi Republic, Russia)
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug — from 66°34′N 63°48′E / 66.567°N 63.800°E / 66.567; 63.800 (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia)
66°34′N 71°5′E / 66.567°N 71.083°E / 66.567; 71.083 (Gulf of Ob) Gulf of Ob
66°34′N 72°27′E / 66.567°N 72.450°E / 66.567; 72.450 (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia)  Russia Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Krasnoyarsk Krai — from 66°34′N 83°3′E / 66.567°N 83.050°E / 66.567; 83.050 (Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia)
Sakha Republic — from 66°34′N 106°18′E / 66.567°N 106.300°E / 66.567; 106.300 (Sakha Republic, Russia)
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug — from 66°34′N 158°38′E / 66.567°N 158.633°E / 66.567; 158.633 (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia)
66°34′N 171°1′W / 66.567°N 171.017°W / 66.567; -171.017 (Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean Chukchi Sea
66°34′N 164°38′W / 66.567°N 164.633°W / 66.567; -164.633 (Seward Peninsula, Alaska, United States)  United States Alaska (Seward Peninsula)
66°34′N 163°44′W / 66.567°N 163.733°W / 66.567; -163.733 (Kotzebue Sound, Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean Kotzebue Sound
66°34′N 161°56′W / 66.567°N 161.933°W / 66.567; -161.933 (Alaska, United States)  United States Alaska — passing through Selawik Lake
66°34′N 141°0′W / 66.567°N 141.000°W / 66.567; -141.000 (Yukon, Canada)  Canada Yukon
Northwest Territories — from 66°34′N 133°36′W / 66.567°N 133.600°W / 66.567; -133.600 (Northwest Territories, Canada), passing through the Great Bear Lake
Nunavut — from 66°34′N 115°56′W / 66.567°N 115.933°W / 66.567; -115.933 (Nunavut, Canada)
66°34′N 82°59′W / 66.567°N 82.983°W / 66.567; -82.983 (Foxe Basin, Hudson Bay) Hudson Bay Foxe Basin
66°34′N 73°25′W / 66.567°N 73.417°W / 66.567; -73.417 (Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada)  Canada Nunavut (Baffin Island), passing through Nettilling Lake
66°34′N 61°24′W / 66.567°N 61.400°W / 66.567; -61.400 (Davis Strait, Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Davis Strait
66°34′N 53°16′W / 66.567°N 53.267°W / 66.567; -53.267 (Greenland)  Greenland
66°34′N 34°9′W / 66.567°N 34.150°W / 66.567; -34.150 (Denmark Strait, Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Denmark Strait
Greenland Sea — from 66°34′N 26°18′W / 66.567°N 26.300°W / 66.567; -26.300 (Greenland Sea)
66°34′N 18°1′W / 66.567°N 18.017°W / 66.567; -18.017 (Grímsey, Iceland)  Iceland Island of Grímsey
66°34′N 17°59′W / 66.567°N 17.983°W / 66.567; -17.983 (Greenland Sea, Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Greenland Sea
Norwegian Sea — from 66°34′N 12°32′W / 66.567°N 12.533°W / 66.567; -12.533 (Norwegian Sea)
A sign along the Dalton Highway marking the location of the Arctic Circle in Alaska.
Arctic Circle line in Rovaniemi, Finland
Aurora Borealis above Arctic Circle sign along the Dempster Highway in Yukon, Canada
A sign on the Vikingen island marking the Arctic Circle in Norway
The Arctic Circle on Grímsey in Iceland

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ obliquity of the ecliptic (Eps Mean)
  2. ^ Arctic Circle
  3. ^ William M. Marsh; Martin M. Kaufman (2012). Physical Geography: Great Systems and Global Environments. Cambridge University Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-521-76428-5. 

External links[edit]

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