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UMPIRE RUINS GALARRAGA
UMPIRE RUINS GALARRAGA'S PERFECT GAME
::2010/06/03::
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2010/06/02 Galarraga is almost perfect
2010/06/02 Galarraga is almost perfect
::2010/09/26::
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Call costs Tigers perfect game vs. Tribe
Call costs Tigers perfect game vs. Tribe
::2010/06/03::
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Perfect Sportsmanship
Perfect Sportsmanship
::2010/06/03::
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Armando Galarraga - Perfect Game - Ninth Inning
Armando Galarraga - Perfect Game - Ninth Inning
::2010/06/03::
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Blown Call Blows Perfect Game - - Foolass.com
Blown Call Blows Perfect Game - - Foolass.com
::2011/04/22::
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Umpire Jim Joyce
Umpire Jim Joyce's Apology For His Call That Ruined Armando Galarraga's Perfect Game
::2010/06/05::
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Armando Galarraga Pitches A PERFECT GAME ... almost
Armando Galarraga Pitches A PERFECT GAME ... almost
::2010/06/03::
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9
Detroit Tigers Armando Galarraga Perfect Game Robbery 6/2/10
Detroit Tigers Armando Galarraga Perfect Game Robbery 6/2/10
::2010/06/02::
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Picture Shows The Umpire
Picture Shows The Umpire's Call Was Correct -- Galarraga Didn't Throw Perfect Game
::2010/06/03::
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Galarraga Reflects on Near Perfect Game
Galarraga Reflects on Near Perfect Game
::2010/06/03::
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live Armando Galarraga blown call
live Armando Galarraga blown call
::2011/09/17::
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Jim Joyce STOLE Armando Galarraga
Jim Joyce STOLE Armando Galarraga's PERFECT GAME.
::2010/06/05::
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White House Sestak job offer, mideast relations, Armando Galarraga
White House Sestak job offer, mideast relations, Armando Galarraga's near-perfect game
::2010/06/09::
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armando galarraga loses perfect game at PNC Park
armando galarraga loses perfect game at PNC Park
::2010/06/03::
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Armando Galarraga throws an almost Perfect Game and Ken Griffey Jr. Retires - Peyton
Armando Galarraga throws an almost Perfect Game and Ken Griffey Jr. Retires - Peyton's eye on Sports
::2010/06/04::
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17
George Will on Armando Galarraga and his Perfect-ish Game
George Will on Armando Galarraga and his Perfect-ish Game
::2010/06/08::
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18
Never before seen footage of Armando Galarraga
Never before seen footage of Armando Galarraga's ruined perfect game
::2010/06/09::
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Referees and Umpires Suck... Look at Armando Galarraga
Referees and Umpires Suck... Look at Armando Galarraga's Blown Perfect Game!
::2010/06/01::
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Detroit Tigers pitcher Armando Galarraga Perfect Game Ruined by the ump! 6-2-10 Leave your comment!
Detroit Tigers pitcher Armando Galarraga Perfect Game Ruined by the ump! 6-2-10 Leave your comment!
::2010/06/02::
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NEW! The Story of Armando Galarraga and Jim Joyce: Perfect Game (June 2, 2010)
NEW! The Story of Armando Galarraga and Jim Joyce: Perfect Game (June 2, 2010)
::2010/06/07::
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22
Jim Joyce Apologizes For The Call On Armando Galarraga
Jim Joyce Apologizes For The Call On Armando Galarraga's Perfect Game
::2010/06/04::
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23
Hitler reacts to Armando Galarraga
Hitler reacts to Armando Galarraga's Perfect Game
::2010/06/03::
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Armando Galarraga Is Surprised With a Corvette Before A Game (Perfect Game Aftermath)
Armando Galarraga Is Surprised With a Corvette Before A Game (Perfect Game Aftermath)
::2010/06/04::
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Hawk Harrelson Ranting on Armando Galarraga
Hawk Harrelson Ranting on Armando Galarraga's Blown Perfect Game
::2014/08/14::
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Armando Galarraga Perfect Game Reaction
Armando Galarraga Perfect Game Reaction
::2011/01/08::
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Umpire Jim Joyce ruins Armando Galarraga Perfect Game
Umpire Jim Joyce ruins Armando Galarraga Perfect Game
::2010/06/03::
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Reaction to Armando Galarraga Not Getting Perfect Game
Reaction to Armando Galarraga Not Getting Perfect Game
::2010/06/02::
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Detroit Tigers Armando Galarraga
Detroit Tigers Armando Galarraga's Perfect Game RUINED June 2nd 2010
::2010/06/03::
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Re: Jim Joyce Apologizes For The Call On Armando Galarraga
Re: Jim Joyce Apologizes For The Call On Armando Galarraga's Perfect Game
::2010/06/04::
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Armando Galarraga Perfect Game
Armando Galarraga Perfect Game
::2010/06/03::
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32
Armando Galarraga loses perfect game after blown call 6/2/2010
Armando Galarraga loses perfect game after blown call 6/2/2010
::2010/06/02::
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Blown Call Costs Galarraga Perfect Game in 9th
Blown Call Costs Galarraga Perfect Game in 9th
::2010/06/02::
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34
Yes...it IS a perfect game.  Way to go Armando Galarraga
Yes...it IS a perfect game. Way to go Armando Galarraga
::2010/06/03::
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Armando Galarraga Receives Car For Sportsmanship (Perfect Game)
Armando Galarraga Receives Car For Sportsmanship (Perfect Game)
::2010/06/03::
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Day 153 of 2010 - Armando Galarraga Loses Perfect Game
Day 153 of 2010 - Armando Galarraga Loses Perfect Game
::2010/06/03::
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Armando Galarraga Robbed of Perfect Game - Blown Call by Umpire -  Indians vs Tigers 06/02/10
Armando Galarraga Robbed of Perfect Game - Blown Call by Umpire - Indians vs Tigers 06/02/10
::2010/06/03::
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Armando Galarraga denied a perfect game by Umpire Jim Joyce
Armando Galarraga denied a perfect game by Umpire Jim Joyce
::2010/06/03::
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Armando Galarraga
Armando Galarraga's PERFECT GAME BLOWN and gets ROBBED!! 6-2-10
::2010/06/03::
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NEW! How Jim Joyce Missed The Call (Armando Galarraga
NEW! How Jim Joyce Missed The Call (Armando Galarraga's Perfect Game)
::2010/06/09::
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Armando Galarraga Traded to Arizona
Armando Galarraga Traded to Arizona
::2011/01/24::
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Detroit Tigers Armando Galarraga "perfect game" "out 27"
Detroit Tigers Armando Galarraga "perfect game" "out 27"
::2010/06/02::
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Nobody
Nobody's Perfect ft. Armando Galarraga of the Detroit Tigers (MLB 10 The Show) (HD)
::2010/06/10::
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Put Armando Galarraga Perfect Game in the Books / Detroit Tigers vs Cleveland Indians
Put Armando Galarraga Perfect Game in the Books / Detroit Tigers vs Cleveland Indians
::2010/06/03::
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45
Armando Galarraga Robbed of a perfect game - Umpire Jim Joyce
Armando Galarraga Robbed of a perfect game - Umpire Jim Joyce
::2010/06/02::
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46
Proof Armando Galarraga
Proof Armando Galarraga's Perfect game Was Stolen
::2010/06/03::
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Re: Armando Galarraga Loses Perfect Game Thanks to Umpire Jim Joyce
Re: Armando Galarraga Loses Perfect Game Thanks to Umpire Jim Joyce
::2010/06/04::
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Armando Galarraga Perfect Game - Final Out
Armando Galarraga Perfect Game - Final Out
::2010/08/07::
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Proof of Armando Galarraga
Proof of Armando Galarraga's Perfect Game
::2010/06/05::
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Armando Galarraga
Armando Galarraga's Perfect Game Ruined
::2010/06/05::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
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Galarraga pitching for the Tigers in 2010

In a Major League Baseball game played on June 2, 2010, at Comerica Park in Detroit, Michigan, Detroit Tigers pitcher Armando Galarraga nearly became the 21st pitcher in Major League history to throw a perfect game. Facing the Cleveland Indians, Galarraga retired the first 26 batters he faced, but his bid for a perfect game was ended one out short when first base umpire Jim Joyce incorrectly ruled that Indians batter Jason Donald reached first base safely on a ground ball. Galarraga instead finished with a one-hit shutout in a 3–0 victory. He faced 28 batters and threw 88 pitches (67 strikes and 21 balls), striking out three. The game is sometimes referred to as the "28-out perfect game",[1] the "Imperfect Game",[2] or simply the "Galarraga game".[3]

Joyce was tearful and apologetic to Galarraga after the game upon realizing he had made the incorrect call. Galarraga was forgiving and understanding of the mistake. Without irony, he told reporters after the game, "Nobody's perfect."[4] Galarraga was the most prominent of the many people throughout Major League Baseball who subsequently voiced their support for Joyce. Unusually, the umpire met with both the pitcher and the media after the game to apologize for his error. The sportsmanship demonstrated by Galarraga and Joyce earned them both widespread praise for their handling of the incident.

Game summary[edit]

Video clip of the blown call at first base. Replays showed that Miguel Cabrera's throw to Armando Galarraga beat Jason Donald to the base, but Jim Joyce called Donald safe. Derived from Fox Sports Detroit.

Detroit scored a run on a second-inning solo home run by Miguel Cabrera. Two more runs scored in the eighth inning when Austin Jackson singled, then advanced on an infield hit by Johnny Damon. Jackson and Damon both then scored on a single by Magglio Ordóñez and a throwing error by Shin-Soo Choo.[5]

In the top of the ninth inning, Tigers' center fielder Austin Jackson executed a superb over-the-shoulder catch on the run to retire Cleveland's Mark Grudzielanek for the first out and preserve the perfect game, a play that has been compared to DeWayne Wise's spectacular ninth-inning catch that preserved Mark Buehrle's perfect game in 2009.[6] Mike Redmond grounded out to make the second out of the inning. Jason Donald then hit a soft ground ball that first baseman Miguel Cabrera had to range far to his right to retrieve. Donald was ruled safe, giving him an infield single, but video replay showed that Cabrera's throw to Galarraga, who was covering first base, beat Donald to the bag. Donald advanced to second and third base on defensive indifference during Trevor Crowe's at-bat, until Crowe grounded out to Brandon Inge, ending the game in a 3–0 victory for the Tigers.[5]

Statistics[edit]

Linescore[edit]

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Cleveland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Detroit 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 X 3 9 0
WP: Armando Galarraga (2–1)   LP: Roberto Hernández (4–4)
Home runs:
CLE: None
DET: Miguel Cabrera (15)

Boxscore[edit]

Cleveland AB R H RBI BB SO LOB AVG
Crowe, CF 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 .240
Choo, RF 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .275
Kearns, LF 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .282
Hafner, DH 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .258
Peralta, J, 3B 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .243
Branyan, 1B 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .235
Grudzielanek, 2B 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .283
Redmond, M, C 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .220
Donald, SS 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 .280
Totals 28 0 1 0 0 3 1 .243
Cleveland IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA
Hernández 8 9 3 2 0 3 1 3.53
Detroit AB R H RBI BB SO LOB AVG
Jackson, A, CF 4 1 3 0 0 0 0 .332
Damon, LF 4 1 1 0 0 0 2 .277
Kelly, LF 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .277
Ordóñez, RF 4 0 1 1 0 0 0 .307
Cabrera, M, 1B 4 1 2 1 0 1 1 .351
Boesch, DH 3 0 1 0 0 1 0 .319
Guillén, C, 2B 3 0 0 0 0 0 2 .265
Inge, 3B 3 0 0 0 0 1 2 .232
Avila, C 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 .192
Santiago, SS 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 .239
Totals 31 3 9 2 0 3 8 .267
Detroit IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA
Galarraga 9 1 0 0 0 3 0 2.57

Source: MLB.com[7]

Historical context[edit]

Only four days before Galarraga's near-perfect outing, Roy Halladay pitched a perfect game for the Philadelphia Phillies, and just twenty days prior to that, Dallas Braden threw a perfect game for the Oakland Athletics.[8] Halladay's and Braden's perfect games had been the first pair of such games to occur in the same season during the modern era, let alone the same month. Joyce served as the second base umpire for Braden's perfect game.

The twenty days between Braden's perfect game and Halladay's was the shortest span between two perfect games since 1880 and there was a chance that for the first time in MLB history there would be three perfect games in such short succession. Had Galarraga's game been correctly called, the four-day span since Halladay's perfect game would have broken that 130-year-old record,[9] and marked the only time that three consecutive no-hitters had been perfect games, the only time that three perfect games had occurred in one season (since done in 2012 by Philip Humber, Matt Cain and Félix Hernández), the only time that three perfect games had occurred in a span shorter than a month, the only time four perfect games had occurred in a span shorter than a year (as Mark Buehrle of the Chicago White Sox threw a perfect game in July 2009), and the only time that four perfect games had occurred within a stretch of five no-hitters.[8]

This would have also marked the first perfect game in the Tigers' 110-year history. The 83 pitches thrown before the blown call would have been the fewest pitches in a perfect game since 1908. Galarraga's near-perfect game was the first such game since Mike Mussina's bid for a perfect game on September 2, 2001, which was broken up by 27th batter Carl Everett.[10] It was also the third time for a Tigers pitcher to come so close to a perfect game, as Milt Wilcox also missed getting the 27th straight batter out on April 15, 1983,[11] and Tommy Bridges missed the 27th batter on August 5, 1932.[12]

Galarraga's near-perfect game was the tenth time in major league history that the 27th batter in a game broke up what was (to that point) a perfect game. One other instance of this occurrence also involved a missed call by an umpire, who later admitted to his mistake. On July 4, 1908, Hooks Wiltse of the New York Giants, perfect through 26 batters, hit Philadelphia Phillies pitcher George McQuillan on a 2–2 count in a scoreless game. Umpire Cy Rigler later admitted that he should have called the previous pitch strike three, which would have ended the inning. Wiltse pitched on, winning 1–0 in ten innings, with the hit-batsman the only lapse separating him from a perfect game.[13]

Reactions[edit]

Armando Galarraga and Jim Joyce[edit]

On tagging first base after Cabrera's relay, Galarraga began celebrating his accomplishment. His immediate reaction to Joyce's on-field ruling was a momentary pause followed by a wry smile at the umpire before returning to the mound.[14][15] Galarraga told reporters after the game that the outing "was my best game, so far," and said that Joyce "probably feels more bad than me. Nobody's perfect. Everybody's human. I understand. I give the guy a lot of credit for saying, 'I need to talk to you.' You don't see an umpire tell you that after a game. I gave him a hug."[4] He also told reporters, "I know that I pitched a perfect game, I believe I got it. I said before, I got a perfect game. I'm going to show my son. Maybe it's not in the book, but I'm going to tell my son, 'One time I got a perfect game.' I'll show him the CD,"[16] further calling his effort "the first 28-out perfect game".[17] Tigers' manager Jim Leyland added, "It's a crying shame. Jim [Joyce] is a class guy. This sounds crazy, but after looking at the play, nobody is going to feel worse than he does. I yelled a bit after the game because emotions are high. You just want it so bad for the kid. I don't think you're as mad at the umpire as mad the kid didn't get it—and he did deserve it." Leyland also said that Joyce's call was part of the "human element of the game".[4]

Joyce, a 22-year veteran, tearfully admitted after reviewing video of the play after the game that "I did not get the call correct," insisting that he "took a perfect game away from that kid over there that worked his ass off all night". Joyce called the Donald ruling "the biggest call of my career," claiming that "I thought [Donald] beat the throw. I was convinced he beat the throw, until I saw the replay".[18] The umpire later said, "I didn't want this to be my 15 minutes of fame. I would have liked my 15 minutes to be a great call in the World Series. Hopefully, my 15 minutes are over now".[17]

Just prior to the next day's game, a tearful Joyce met Galarraga at home plate to receive the Tigers' lineup card. The two shook hands and Joyce gave the pitcher a pat on the shoulder, with a warm reception from the audience.[19] Joyce's accountability and regret, and Galarraga's sportsmanship were widely praised for turning the unfortunate situation into a positive.[15][20]

The rest of MLB[edit]

Many people within Major League Baseball spoke out in support of Joyce, offering their sympathies and noting his exceptional reputation.[20] New York Yankees pitcher Mariano Rivera said, "It happened to the best umpire we have in our game. The best. And a perfect gentleman. (...) It's a shame for both of them, for the pitcher and for the umpire. But I'm telling you he is the best baseball has, and a great guy. It's just a shame."[21] Former Chicago Cubs pitcher Milt Pappas said, "I would tell [Galarraga], 'I feel for you. There have been only 20 perfect games in the history of baseball. The umpire situation was the same one I had—they blew it. At least I had the satisfaction of getting the no-hitter. You don't. I feel for you. You pitched a tremendous game. At least you have the satisfaction of the umpire saying he was sorry. But that doesn't help your situation as far as a perfect game."[22] Pappas' own bid for a perfect game on September 2, 1972, was spoiled when umpire Bruce Froemming called a borderline 3-and-2 pitch to 27th-batter Larry Stahl a ball, issuing a walk to the pinch-hitter. Former Yankees pitcher Don Larsen—who threw the fourth perfect game of the modern era and the only one in World Series history on October 8, 1956—said, "I feel sorry for the umpire, and I just feel real badly for the kid. He's probably wondering right now whose side God is on."[19]

First base used at Comerica Park in Detroit, on the occasion of Armando Galarraga's near-perfect game. Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, New York

The incorrect call led many baseball writers to call for the increased use of instant replay in baseball, which was used only to review disputed boundaries on home runs during the 2010 season.[23][24][25] Many journalists also advocated for MLB commissioner Bud Selig to overturn Joyce's call and award a perfect game to Galarraga.[14][19] On June 3, Selig announced that Major League Baseball would look at expanded replay and umpiring, but he did not specifically address Joyce's call. A baseball official familiar with the decision confirmed to The Associated Press that the call was not being reversed.[26] For his efforts in this game, Galarraga was named the American League Player of the Week on June 7.[27] Also, first base, a ball used in the game, and Galarraga's spikes were sent to the Baseball Hall of Fame.[28]

Less than two weeks after the controversial game, ESPN The Magazine released an anonymous poll of 100 current MLB players that named Joyce as the best umpire in Major League Baseball. Joyce was named on 53% of ballots, 19 ballots ahead of second-place Tim McClelland. One player was quoted as saying, "The sad thing about the Galarraga game is, Jim Joyce is seriously one of the best umpires around... He always calls it fair, so players love him. Everyone makes mistakes, and it's terrible that this happened to him." Furthermore, the players in this poll overwhelmingly endorsed (86%) Selig's decision not to overturn the call, and were overwhelmingly against (77%) instituting replay for calls on the bases.[29]

Outside baseball[edit]

On June 3, White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs said during his morning press briefing, "I hope that baseball awards a perfect game to that pitcher," joking that the White House was "going to work on an executive order" to that effect. He elaborated, "To watch an umpire take responsibility and to watch a pitcher do what he did, the type of sportsmanship that was exhibited there—I think that gives a lot of heart (...) I think it's tremendously heartening to see somebody understand that they made a mistake and somebody accept the apology from somebody who made that mistake. I think that's a good lesson in baseball."[30] Michigan state Governor Jennifer Granholm also issued a gubernatorial proclamation stating, in part, "I, Jennifer M. Granholm, governor of the state of Michigan, do hereby declare Armando Galarraga to have pitched a perfect game."[31]

Former SportsCenter co-host Keith Olbermann dedicated a special edition of the "Worst Person in the World" segment of his political commentary show Countdown to lambasting Bud Selig's refusal to reverse Joyce's call. While Olbermann ordinarily lists three "Worsts," Selig alone was awarded the title because "there can only be one Worst Person tonight". Olbermann went on to cite Lee MacPhail's handling of George Brett's 1983 Pine Tar Incident as an example of a commissioner overruling an umpire's call, and discussed the matter with both Governor Granholm and documentarian Ken Burns.[3]

The day after the botched call, in a ceremony before the Tigers game, General Motors presented Galarraga with a red 2010 Chevy Corvette Grand-Sport convertible, recognizing his outstanding performance on and off the field. GM North American President Mark Reuss said the way the pitcher had handled the situation deserved to be recognized.[32] Galarraga was presented with a "Medal of Reasonableness" by Jon Stewart at the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear for his measured response.[33] On July 14, 2010, Joyce and Galarraga together presented the ESPY Award for Best Moment at the Nokia Theatre in Los Angeles. The winner was the stoppage-time goal scored by Landon Donovan for the US National Team versus Algeria at the 2010 World Cup.[34]

Book release and resulting MLB rule[edit]

Armando Galarraga and Jim Joyce, along with Daniel Paisner, released a book titled Nobody's Perfect, chronicling their experiences during and after the game.[35] In June 2011, one year after the near-perfect game, Major League Baseball put a rule into effect that Joyce cannot umpire any games in which Galarraga's team plays. Due to the book release, the two are now business partners, and this relationship could affect Joyce's impartiality while umpiring Galarraga's team.[36] It is similar to the policy that prevents umpire Jim Wolf from being the plate umpire in games that his younger brother Randy pitches in.[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walker, Ben (2010-06-05). "First 28-out perfect game?". Winnipeg Free Press. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  2. ^ Walker, Ben (2010-06-03). "Baseball won't reverse call in 'imperfect' game". New York Post. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  3. ^ a b "Countdown with Keith Olbermann for Thursday, June 3rd, 2010". Countdown with Keith Olbermann. MSNBC. 2010-06-03. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  4. ^ a b c White, Paul; Livingstone, Seth (2010-06-02). "Missed call leaves Detroit's Armando Galarraga one out shy of perfect game". USA Today. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  5. ^ a b "Cleveland Indians vs. Detroit Tigers - Play By Play - June 02, 2010". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. 2010-06-02. Archived from the original on 6 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  6. ^ Calcaterra, Craig (2010-06-02). "Lost in the Joycean drama: Austin Jackson made an incredible catch". NBCSports.com. Archived from the original on 6 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  7. ^ "Boxscore: Cleveland vs. Detroit - June 2, 2010". MLB.com. Archived from the original on 6 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  8. ^ a b "MLB No-Hitters". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on 24 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  9. ^ Crasnick, Jerry (2010-06-03). "Perfect moment stolen in time". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on 6 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  10. ^ "Box score: September 2, 2001—New York Yankees at Boston Red Sox". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  11. ^ ":: 25 Years Later: Milt Wilcox's Near-Perfect Game". The Daily Fungo. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  12. ^ "1932: Harris Ruins Perfect Game". Coffeyvillewhirlwind.wordpress.com. 2009-08-05. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  13. ^ Nemec (2006), pp. 86–87; Simon (2004), p. 54; "No Hitter Records". Baseball Almanac. Archived from the original on 17 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-20.  Vass (1998) notes that this is one of only three otherwise perfect games where the sole lapse was a hit batsman. The pitchers in the two other cases were Lew Burdette (August 18, 1960; fifth inning) and Kevin Brown (June 10, 1997; eighth inning).
  14. ^ a b Albom, Mitch (2010-06-04). "Yo, Bud Selig, blown call is a perfect call to action". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  15. ^ a b Cline, Andrew (2010-06-04). "Perfect Sportsmanship". The American Spectator. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  16. ^ Difilippo, Alex (2010-06-03). "Galarraga perfect in Tigers' eyes". MLB.com. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  17. ^ a b Walker, Ben (2010-06-03). "Selig won't overturn call that cost perfect game". NBCSports.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  18. ^ Kepner, Tyler (2010-06-02). "Perfect Game Thwarted by Faulty Call". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  19. ^ a b c O'Connor, Ian (2010-06-03). "Imperfect Selig ditches perfect game". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  20. ^ a b "Difficult time for Joyce turns positive". ESPN.com (ESPN Internet Ventures). Associated Press. 2010-06-04. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  21. ^ Verducci, Tom (2010-06-02). "A heartbreaking call that could change the course of baseball". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 4 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  22. ^ Weinbaum, Willie (2010-06-03). "Ex-Cub Pappas feels for Galarraga". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  23. ^ Singer, Tom (2010-06-03). "Joyce's call leads to instant call for replay". MLB.com. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  24. ^ Schwarz, Alan (2010-06-03). "Replay Gets Another Look After a Gaffe Seen by All". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  25. ^ Perkins, Dave (2010-06-03). "Time has come for baseball to expand replay". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  26. ^ "Selig won't reverse call". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. 2010-06-04. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  27. ^ Stephens, Bailey (2010-06-07). "Galarraga, Rasmus named week's best". MLB.com. Retrieved 2010-06-08. 
  28. ^ "Bagged! Hall of Fame to get base, spikes of Armando Galarraga gem". MLive.com (Booth Newspapers). Associated Press. 2010-06-08. Retrieved 2010-06-08. 
  29. ^ "Joyce tops survey; players nix replay". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. 2010-06-13. Archived from the original on 15 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  30. ^ Gibbs, Robert (2010-06-03). "Press Briefing by Press Secretary Robert Gibbs, 6/3/2010". whitehouse.gov. White House. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  31. ^ "Governor Granholm Issues Proclamation Declaring Galarraga Pitched Perfect Game". Michigan.gov. State of Michigan. 2010-06-03. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  32. ^ Beck, Jason (2010-06-03). "Galarraga gets new car, lots of attention". MLB.com. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 
  33. ^ Montopoli, Brian (2010-10-30). "Jon Stewart Rallies for Sanity -- and Against Cable News". CBS News. 
  34. ^ Miller, Doug (2010-07-15). "Galarraga, Joyce reunion an ESPYs highlight". MLB.com. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  35. ^ a b "Joyce-Galarraga relationship gets weird with book deal". Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  36. ^ Nelson, Amy K. (2011-06-01). "Jim Joyce kept from umpiring D-backs". ESPN.com. ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 

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